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  • India
    Thursday Jan 31, 1924

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    The Release

    India
    Thursday Jan 31, 1924

    Gandhi was released in February 1924 for an appendicitis operation, having served only two years.




  • Vietnam
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1968

    Ho Chi Minh

    Tet Offensive

    Vietnam
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1968

    With Hồ Chí Min's permission, the Việt Cộng planned a massive Tet Offensive that would commence on 31 January 1968, with the aim of taking much of the South by force and administering a heavy blow to the American military. The offensive was executed at great cost and with heavy casualties on Việt Cộng's political branches and armed forces.




  • Nigeria
    Thursday Jan 31, 1974

    Magdi Yacoub

    Performing The First Open Heart Surgery in Nigeria

    Nigeria
    Thursday Jan 31, 1974

    As a visiting professor to the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Yacoub, Fabian Udekwu, C. H Anyanwu, FRCS and others performed the first open heart surgery in Nigeria in 1974.




  • Tehran, Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    Khomeini Returned To Tehran

    Tehran, Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Bakhtiar invited Khomeini back to Iran, with the intention of creating a Vatican-like state in the holy city of Qom, declaring that "We will soon have the honor of welcoming home the Ayatollah Khomeini". On 1 February 1979 Khomeini returned to Tehran in a chartered Air France Boeing 747. The welcoming crowd of several million Iranians was so large he was forced to take a helicopter after the car taking him from the airport was overwhelmed by an enthusiastic welcoming crowd.




  • Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Return to Iran

    Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Two weeks later, on Thursday, 1 February 1979, Khomeini returned in triumph to Iran, welcomed by a joyous crowd estimated (by the BBC) to be of up to five million people.




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 31, 1989

    Hirohito

    Releasing His definitive Posthumous Name Shōwa Tennō

    Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 31, 1989

    From January 7 until January 31, the Emperor's formal appellation was "Departed Emperor." His definitive posthumous name, Shōwa Tennō, was determined on January 13 and formally released on January 31 by Toshiki Kaifu, the prime minister.




  • Panama
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1990

    Invasion of Panama

    Operation Promote Liberty

    Panama
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1990

    Operation Just Cause ends, and beginning Operation Promote Liberty to rebuild the Panamanian military and civilian infrastructure.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jan 31, 1999

    Dwayne Johnson

    A Forklift Truck

    U.S.
    Sunday Jan 31, 1999

    On January 31, during an episode of Sunday Night Heat, Mankind pinned The Rock using a forklift truck in an Empty Arena match to win the WWF title. This match was referred to as "Halftime Heat" as it was televised during halftime of that year's Super Bowl.


  • Växjö, Sweden
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2001

    Zlatan Ibrahimović

    Ibrahimović's 1st International Match

    Växjö, Sweden
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2001

    Ibrahimović was eligible to represent Sweden, Bosnia and Herzegovina or Croatia at international level; he chose Sweden. He made his debut for Sweden in a 0–0 friendly draw against the Faroe Islands at Tipshallen on 31 January 2001 during the 2000–01 Nordic Football Championship.


  • Brazil
    Thursday Jan 31, 2002

    Kaká

    International debut

    Brazil
    Thursday Jan 31, 2002

    He made his debut for the senior Brazil squad in a friendly match against Bolivia on 31 January 2002.


  • Guangzhou, China
    Friday Jan 31, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    The first international spreaded

    Guangzhou, China
    Friday Jan 31, 2003

    The first super-spreader, Zhou Zuofen would bring the disease to the international stage. He checked in to the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital in Guangzhou on January 31. This was the same hospital where Liu Jianlun was treating the disease. The virus was soon spread to nearby hospitals while Liu would later spread the disease to Hong Kong.


  • China
    Saturday Jan 31, 2004

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    Fourth new SARS infection in China

    China
    Saturday Jan 31, 2004

    On January 31, China announced the fourth case of SARS as a 40-year-old doctor from the southern city of Guangzhou.


  • Volgodonsk, Russia
    Tuesday Jan 31, 2006

    Vasily Zaitsev

    Vasily Zaytsev was reburied on Mamayev Hill in Volgograd with full military honors

    Volgodonsk, Russia
    Tuesday Jan 31, 2006

    On 31 January 2006, Vasily Zaytsev was reburied on Mamayev Hill in Volgograd with full military honors.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2007

    Joe Biden

    2008 presidential campaign

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2007

    Biden declared his candidacy for president on January 31, 2007, after having discussed running for months prior. Biden made a formal announcement to Tim Russert on Meet the Press, stating he would "be the best Biden I can be". In January 2006, Delaware newspaper columnist Harry F. Themal wrote that Biden "occupies the sensible center of the Democratic Party". Themal concludes that this is the position Biden desires and that in a campaign "he plans to stress the dangers to the security of the average American, not just from the terrorist threat, but from the lack of health assistance, crime, and energy dependence on unstable parts of the world".


  • Munich, Germany
    Thursday Jan 31, 2013

    BMW

    Announced that Pierer Industrie AG has bought Husqvarna for an undisclosed amount

    Munich, Germany
    Thursday Jan 31, 2013

    BMW Group, on 31 January 2013, announced that Pierer Industrie AG has bought Husqvarna for an undisclosed amount, which will not be revealed by either party in the future. The company is headed by Stephan Pierer (CEO of KTM). Pierer Industrie AG is 51% owner of KTM and 100% owner of Husqvarna.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jan 31, 2015

    Internet

    ("with some caveats")

    U.S.
    Saturday Jan 31, 2015

    On January 31, 2015, AP News reported that the FCC will present the notion of applying ("with some caveats") Title II (common carrier) of the Communications Act of 1934 to the internet in a vote expected on February 26, 2015.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 31, 2017

    Donald Trump

    Trump nominated U.S. Appeals Court judge Neil Gorsuch to fill the seat on the Supreme Court

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 31, 2017

    On January 31, Trump nominated U.S. Appeals Court judge Neil Gorsuch to fill the seat on the Supreme Court previously held by Justice Antonin Scalia until his death on February 13, 2016.


  • Japan
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2018

    Xerox

    Xerox announced that Fujifilm had agreed to acquire a 50.1% controlling stake in the company for US$6.1 billion

    Japan
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2018

    On January 31, 2018, Xerox announced that Fujifilm had agreed to acquire a 50.1% controlling stake in the company for US$6.1 billion, which was to be combined into their existing joint venture Fuji Xerox (having a value of $18 billion post-acquisition).


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    Donald Trump

    Without witness testimony

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    On January 31, the Senate voted against calling any witnesses, making this the first impeachment trial in U.S. history without witness testimony.


  • Italy
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    Italy closed air traffic

    Italy
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    On 31 January 2020, Italy closed all passenger air traffic between Italy and China and Taiwan. The Italian Civil Aviation Authority NOTAM says that effective 31 January, all passenger flights from China, including the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, and Taiwan are suspended until further notice, on request of the Italian health authorities. Aircraft that were flying to Italy when the NOTAM was published, was cleared to land. On the same day, the WHO declared that the number of infected cases is 9826 and 213 confirmed death case


  • Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    The Lancet estimation

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Friday Jan 31, 2020

    On 31 January 2020, an article in The Lancet estimated that 75,815 individuals (95% CrI 37,304–130,330) have been infected in Wuhan as of 25 January, with an estimated doubling time of 6.4 days in the period of study.


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