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  • Eisenach, Germany
    Saturday Mar 31, 1685

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    Birth

    Eisenach, Germany
    Saturday Mar 31, 1685

    Bach was born in 1685 in Eisenach, in the duchy of Saxe-Eisenach, into an extensive musical family. His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, was the director of the town musicians, and all of his uncles were professional musicians. His father probably taught him to play the violin and harpsichord, and his brother Johann Christoph Bach taught him the clavichord and exposed him to much of the contemporary music.




  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Mar 31, 1850

    David Copperfield

    Household Words

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Mar 31, 1850

    Although plunged into the writing of his novel, Dickens set out to create a new journal, Household Words, the first issue of which appeared on 31 March 1850. This daunting task, however, did not seem to slow down the writing of David Copperfield: I am "busy as a bee", he writes happily to the actor William Macready.




  • Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Saturday Mar 31, 1900

    Second Boer War

    Sanna's Post

    Bloemfontein, South Africa
    Saturday Mar 31, 1900

    British observers believed the war to be all but over after the capture of the two capital cities. However, the Boers had earlier met at the temporary new capital of the Orange Free State, Kroonstad, and planned a guerrilla campaign to hit the British supply and communication lines. The first engagement of this new form of warfare was at Sanna's Post on 31 March where 1,500 Boers under the command of Christiaan de Wet attacked Bloemfontein's waterworks about 37 kilometres (23 mi) east of the city, and ambushed a heavily escorted convoy, which caused 155 British casualties and the capture of seven guns, 117 wagons, and 428 British troops.




  • Germany
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1920

    Adolf Hitler

    Discharged from the army

    Germany
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1920

    Hitler was discharged from the army on 31 March 1920 and began working full-time for the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party).




  • U.S.
    Friday Mar 31, 1933

    Great Depression

    Civilian Conservation Corps is created

    U.S.
    Friday Mar 31, 1933

    The Civilian Conservation Corps, a public works relief program, is created. It would last until 1942 and is an icon of the New Deal programs.




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 31, 1935

    Ho Chi Minh

    Member of the Politburo

    Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 31, 1935

    On 31 March 1935, Hồ Chí Minh became Member of the Politburo




  • Oslo, Norway
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1937

    Harald V

    Baptism

    Oslo, Norway
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1937

    He was baptized in the Royal Chapel of the Royal Palace in Oslo on 31 March 1937 by Bishop Johan Lunde.


  • Germany
    Friday Mar 31, 1939

    Adolf Hitler

    Offended by the British "guarantee"

    Germany
    Friday Mar 31, 1939

    Offended by the British "guarantee" on 31 March 1939 of Polish independence, he said, "I shall brew them a devil's drink".


  • Spain
    Friday Mar 31, 1939

    Spanish Civil War

    Nationalists occupied all Spanish territory

    Spain
    Friday Mar 31, 1939

    On 28 March the Nationalists occupied Madrid and, by 31 March, they controlled all Spanish territory.


  • Christmas Island
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1942

    Christmas Island

    The Island Surrendered To The Japanese Fleet

    Christmas Island
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1942

    At dawn on 31 March 1942, a dozen Japanese bombers launched the attack, destroying the radio station. The same day, a Japanese fleet of nine vessels arrived, and the island was surrendered.


  • Indian Ocean and Ceylon
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1942

    World War II

    Indian Ocean raid

    Indian Ocean and Ceylon
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1942

    The Indian Ocean raid was a naval sortie carried out by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 31 March to 10 April 1942. Japanese aircraft carriers under Admiral Chūichi Nagumo struck Allied shipping and naval bases around Ceylon, but failed to locate and destroy the bulk of the British Eastern Fleet.


  • Upper Silesia, Germany
    Saturday Mar 31, 1945

    World War II

    Upper Silesian Offensive

    Upper Silesia, Germany
    Saturday Mar 31, 1945

    In February, the Soviets entered Upper Silesia.


  • England
    Monday Mar 31, 1952

    Alan Turing

    The Trial

    England
    Monday Mar 31, 1952

    Turing was later convinced by the advice of his brother and his own solicitor, and he entered a plea of guilty. The case, Regina v. Turing and Murray, was brought to trial on 31 March 1952. Turing was convicted and given a choice between imprisonment and probation. His probation would be conditional on his agreement to undergo hormonal physical changes designed to reduce libido. He accepted the option of injections of what was then called stilboestrol (now known as diethylstilbestrol or DES), a synthetic oestrogen; this feminization of his body was continued for the course of one year.


  • United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1953

    James Bond

    Dr. No was published

    United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1953

    Dr. No novel was published. Dr. No is the sixth novel by the English author Ian Fleming to feature his British Secret Service agent James Bond. Fleming wrote the novel in early 1957 at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica.


  • Paris, France
    Saturday Mar 31, 1984

    Eiffel Tower

    Robert Moriarty flew a Beechcraft Bonanza under the tower

    Paris, France
    Saturday Mar 31, 1984

    Robert Moriarty flew a Beechcraft Bonanza under the tower on 31 March 1984.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1992

    First Chechen War

    There was an urgent need for a law to clearly define the powers of each federal subject

    Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1992

    There was an urgent need for a law to clearly define the powers of each federal subject. Such a law was passed on 31 March 1992, when Yeltsin and Ruslan Khasbulatov, then chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet and an ethnic Chechen himself, signed the Federation Treaty bilaterally with 86 out of 88 federal subjects.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    Bosnian War

    A no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    On 31 March 1993, the United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 816, calling on member states to enforce a no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina.


  • Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
    Monday Mar 31, 1997

    Dwayne Johnson

    Johnson Defeated Bret Hart

    Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
    Monday Mar 31, 1997

    Johnson defeated Bret Hart by disqualification in a title defense on the March 31, 1997, episode of Raw is War. Behind the scenes, Hart mentored Johnson for his first year in WWF and refused to be booked to take the title from him


  • U.S.
    Sunday Mar 31, 2002

    Xerox

    Xerox restated its financials which reflected the reallocation of equipment sales revenue of more than $2 billion

    U.S.
    Sunday Mar 31, 2002

    On March 31, 2002, Xerox restated its financials which reflected the reallocation of equipment sales revenue of more than $2 billion.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Mar 31, 2002

    Eminem

    Jacques Loussier

    U.S.
    Sunday Mar 31, 2002

    On March 31, 2002, French jazz pianist Jacques Loussier filed a $10 million lawsuit against Eminem and Dr. Dre, claiming that the beat for "Kill You" was taken from his instrumental "Pulsion". Loussier demanded that sales of The Marshall Mathers LP be halted, and any remaining copies destroyed. The case was later settled out of court.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Mar 31, 2003

    Dwayne Johnson

    The Rock Appreciation Night

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Mar 31, 2003

    The next night, Raw was billed as "The Rock Appreciation Night", in honor of his victory over Austin. That night, he was attacked by a debuting Goldberg.


  • San Bruno, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 31, 2010

    YouTube

    YouTube website launched a new design

    San Bruno, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 31, 2010

    On March 31, 2010, the YouTube website launched a new design, with the aim of simplifying the interface and increasing the time users spend on the site.


  • Vatican City
    Sunday Mar 31, 2013

    Pope Francis

    First Easter homily

    Vatican City
    Sunday Mar 31, 2013

    On 31 March 2013, Francis used his first Easter homily to make a plea for peace throughout the world, specifically mentioning the Middle East, Africa, and North and South Korea.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Mar 31, 2016

    Tesla, Inc.

    Tesla unveiled (Model 3)

    U.S.
    Thursday Mar 31, 2016

    On March 31, 2016, Tesla unveiled the car (Model 3).


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Mar 31, 2017

    Buckingham Palace

    580,000 people visited the palace

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Mar 31, 2017

    In the year to 31 March 2017, 580,000 people visited the palace, and 154,000 visited the gallery.


  • Rome, Italy
    Saturday Mar 31, 2018

    Ciro Immobile

    Lazio's single season top scorer

    Rome, Italy
    Saturday Mar 31, 2018

    On 31 March 2018, Immobile scored twice in Lazio's 6–2 home win over Benevento, his 36th goal of the season, breaking Giorgio Chinaglia's previous record for most goals scored by a Lazio player in a single season, by two goals.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 2020

    Prince Harry

    Harry and his wife have agreed not to use their Royal Highness styles

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 2020

    On 18 January 2020, Buckingham Palace announced that, following their decision to step back from royal duties, from 31 March 2020 Harry and his wife have agreed not to use their Royal Highness styles, but as a British prince he will not be stripped of his style and titles.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 31, 2020

    Xerox

    Xerox abolished its $24 a share offer

    U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 31, 2020

    On March 31, 2020, Xerox abolished its $24 a share offer.


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