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  • Nevada, U.S.
    Monday Oct 31, 1864

    Abraham Lincoln

    Nevada was admitted as a free state

    Nevada, U.S.
    Monday Oct 31, 1864

    Nevada, which became the third State in the far-west of the continent, was admitted as a free state on October 31, 1864.




  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Nanchang Restoration

    Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    On 31 October, the Nanchang branch of the Tongmenghui led New Army units in a successful uprising. They established the Jiangxi Military Government. Li Liejun was elected as the military governor. Li declared Jiangxi as independent and launched an expedition against Qing official Yuan Shikai.




  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 31, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Aster Revolution in Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 31, 1918

    On 31 October 1918, the Aster Revolution in Budapest brought Hungarian liberal aristocrat Mihály Károlyi, a supporter of the Allied Powers, to power. The Hungarian Royal Honvéd army still had more than 1.400.000 soldiers when Mihály Károlyi was announced as prime minister of Hungary. Károlyi yielded to U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's demand for pacifism by ordering the disarmament of the Hungarian army. This happened under the direction of Béla Linder, minister of war in the Károlyi government. Due to the full disarmament of its army, Hungary remained without a national defence at a time of particular vulnerability.




  • Corbin, Kentucky, U.S.
    Friday Oct 31, 1919

    Red Summer

    Corbin race riot

    Corbin, Kentucky, U.S.
    Friday Oct 31, 1919

    Corbin, Kentucky race riot of 1919 was a race riot in 1919 in which a white mob forced nearly all the town's 200 black residents onto a freight train out of town, and a sundown town policy until the late 20th century.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1939

    Thanksgiving

    Last Thursday in November

    U.S.
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1939

    On October 31, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a presidential proclamation changing the holiday to the next to last Thursday in November, for business reasons.




  • Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The CIA Fail

    Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    By 31 October 1960, most guerrilla infiltrations and supply drops directed by the CIA into Cuba had failed, and developments of further guerrilla strategies were replaced by plans to mount an initial amphibious assault, with a minimum of 1,500 men. The election of John Kennedy as US President sped up preparations for the invasion; Kennedy reached out to Cuban exiles who supported Batista and hinted he was willing to bring Batista back to power in order to overthrow Castro.




  • Heathrow Airport, London, England
    Thursday Oct 31, 1963

    The Beatles

    Return to the UK

    Heathrow Airport, London, England
    Thursday Oct 31, 1963

    In late October, the Beatles began a five-day tour of Sweden. On their return to the UK on 31 October several hundred screaming fans greeted them in heavy rain at Heathrow Airport. Around 50 to 100 journalists and photographers as well as representatives from the BBC also joined the airport reception, the first of more than 100 such events.


  • Utrecht, Netherlands
    Saturday Oct 31, 1964

    Marco van Basten

    Born

    Utrecht, Netherlands
    Saturday Oct 31, 1964

    Marco van Basten was born on 31 October 1964 in Utrecht.


  • Iran
    Sunday Oct 31, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    During Operation Muharram

    Iran
    Sunday Oct 31, 1982

    During Operation Muharram (1–21 November), the Iranians captured part of the Bayat oilfield with the help of their fighter jets and helicopters, destroying 105 Iraqi tanks, 70 APCs, and 7 planes with few losses. They nearly breached the Iraqi lines but failed to capture Mandali after the Iraqis sent reinforcements.


  • Croatia and Slovenia
    Thursday Oct 31, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Otkos 10

    Croatia and Slovenia
    Thursday Oct 31, 1991

    Operation Otkos 10 (31 October to 4 November) resulted in Croatia recapturing an area between the Bilogora and Papuk mountains.


  • Vatican City
    Saturday Oct 31, 1992

    Galileo Galilei

    Pope John Paul II expressed regret for how the Galileo affair was handled

    Vatican City
    Saturday Oct 31, 1992

    On 31 October 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed regret for how the Galileo affair was handled, and issued a declaration acknowledging the errors committed by the Catholic Church tribunal that judged the scientific positions of Galileo Galilei, as the result of a study conducted by the Pontifical Council for Culture.


  • Vietnam
    Friday Oct 31, 1997

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Tropical Storm Linda (1997)

    Vietnam
    Friday Oct 31, 1997

    Severe Tropical Storm Linda, also known as Typhoon Linda, Cyclonic Storm BOB 08, or in the Philippines as Tropical Depression Openg, was the worst typhoon in southern Vietnam in at least 100 years, killing thousands of people and leaving extensive damage. It formed on October 31, 1997 in the South China Sea, between Indochina and the Philippines.


  • Rome, Italy
    Saturday Oct 31, 1998

    Francesco Totti

    A Captain

    Rome, Italy
    Saturday Oct 31, 1998

    31 October 1998, Totti became the official team captain, and the youngest Serie A club captain ever at the age of 22, inheriting the armband from Aldair.


  • The Atlantic Ocean
    Sunday Oct 31, 1999

    Plane Accidents

    EgyptAir Flight 990

    The Atlantic Ocean
    Sunday Oct 31, 1999

    Boeing 767-366ER, EgyptAir Flight 990, flying from Los Angeles International Airport, United States, to Cairo International Airport, Egypt, with a stop at John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York City, crashed into the Atlantic Ocean south of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts, killing all 203 passengers and 14 crewmembers. The National Transportation Safety Board determined that the probable cause of the crash was a deliberate action by the relief first officer in response to his removal from international service within Egyptair, a finding disputed by Egyptian authorities who maintain another cause of the accident


  • Afghanistan
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2001

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    The Afghan citizenship

    Afghanistan
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2001

    In early November 2001, the Taliban government announced they were bestowing official Afghan citizenship on him, as well as Bin Laden, Mohammed Atef, Saif al-Adl, and Shaykh Asim Abdulrahman.


  • Mountain View, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2007

    Google LLC

    The Shares Hit $350 For The First Time

    Mountain View, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2007

    The stock performed well after the IPO, with shares hitting $350 for the first time on October 31, 2007, primarily because of strong sales and earnings in the online advertising market.


  • Japan
    Friday Oct 31, 2008

    Bitcoin

    A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System

    Japan
    Friday Oct 31, 2008

    On 31 October 2008, a link to a paper authored by Satoshi Nakamoto titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System was posted to a cryptography mailing list.


  • Sinai, Egypt
    Saturday Oct 31, 2015

    Plane Accidents

    Metrojet Flight 9268

    Sinai, Egypt
    Saturday Oct 31, 2015

    An Airbus A321-231, Metrojet Flight 9268, crashed in the Sinai Peninsula after departing Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport, Egypt, On October 31, 2015, en route to Pulkovo Airport, Saint Petersburg, Russia. All 217 passengers and 7 crewmembers were killed. A branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for bringing down the jet, and a Russian investigation concluded that a bomb was detonated inside the plane at a high altitude.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2018

    Rafael Nadal

    Withdraw from the Paris Masters

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Oct 31, 2018

    On 31 October, he announced his withdrawal from the Paris Masters due to an abdominal injury and as a result Novak Djokovic replaced him as World #1.


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