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  • Near present-day Farmington and Uniontown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1754

    George Washington

    Washington's surrender

    Near present-day Farmington and Uniontown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1754

    The full Virginia Regiment joined Washington at Fort Necessity the following month with news that he had been promoted to command of the regiment and to colonel upon the death of the regimental commander. The regiment was reinforced by an independent company of 100 South Carolinians led by Captain James Mackay, whose royal commission outranked that of Washington, and a conflict of command ensued. On July 3, a French force attacked with 900 men, and the ensuing battle (Battle of Fort Necessity) ended in Washington's surrender. In the aftermath, Colonel James Innes took command of intercolonial forces, the Virginia Regiment was divided, and Washington was offered a captaincy which he refused, with resignation of his commission.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1776

    Flag of the United States

    Declaration of Independence

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1776

    At the time of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the Continental Congress would not legally adopt flags with "stars, white in a blue field" for another year. The flag contemporaneously known as "the Continental Colors" has historically been referred to as the first national flag.




  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1798

    George Washington

    Lieutenant General

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1798

    Washington grew restless in retirement, prompted by tensions with France, and he wrote to Secretary of War James McHenry offering to organize President Adams' army. In a continuation of the French Revolutionary Wars, French privateers began seizing American ships in 1798, and relations deteriorated with France and led to the "Quasi-War". Without consulting Washington, Adams nominated him for a lieutenant general commission on July 4, 1798 and the position of commander-in-chief of the armies.




  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1819

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Illinois

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1819

    The flag was changed to have 21 stars, with a new star to be added for Illinois.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1820

    Flag of the United States

    23 Stars

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1820

    The flag was changed to have 23 stars. (for Alabama and Maine)




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1822

    Flag of the United States

    24 Stars

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1822

    The flag was changed to have 24 stars. (for Missouri)




  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1827

    Sojourner Truth

    process of emancipating those people enslaved in New York was completed

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1827

    In 1799, the State of New York began to legislate the abolition of slavery, although the process of emancipating those people enslaved in New York was not complete until July 4, 1827. Dumont had promised to grant Truth her freedom a year before the state emancipation, "if she would do well and be faithful." However, he changed his mind, claiming a hand injury had made her less productive. She was infuriated but continued working, spinning 100 pounds of wool, to satisfy her sense of obligation to him.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1845

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Florida

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1845

    The flag was changed to have 27 stars. (for Florida)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1846

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Texas

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1846

    The flag was changed to have 28 stars. (for Texas)


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1847

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Iowa

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1847

    The flag was changed to have 29 stars. (for Iowa)


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1848

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Wisconsin

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1848

    The flag was changed to have 30 stars. (for Wisconsin)


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1851

    Flag of the United States

    Star for California

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1851

    The flag was changed to have 31 stars. (for California)


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1858

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Minnesota

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1858

    The flag was changed to have 32 stars. (for Minnesota)


  • U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1859

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Oregon

    U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1859

    The flag was changed to have 33 stars. (for Oregon)


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1861

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Kansas

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1861

    The flag was changed to have 34 stars. (for Kansas)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1863

    Flag of the United States

    Star for West Virginia

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1863

    The flag was changed to have 35 stars. (for West Virginia)


  • Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1864

    Memorial day

    Boalsburg ladies

    Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1864

    On July 4, 1864, ladies decorated soldiers' graves according to local historians in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania. Boalsburg promotes itself as the birthplace of Memorial Day. However, no reference to this event existed until the printing of the History of the 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers in 1904.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1865

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Nevada

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1865

    The flag was changed to have 36 stars. (for Nevada)


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1867

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Nebraska

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1867

    The flag was changed to have 37 stars. (for Nebraska)


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1877

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Colorado

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1877

    The flag was changed to have 38 stars. (for Colorado)


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1890

    Flag of the United States

    5 More stars

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 4, 1890

    The flag was changed to have 43 stars. (for North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1891

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Wyoming

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1891

    The flag was changed to have 44 stars. (for Wyoming)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1896

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Utah

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1896

    The flag was changed to have 45 stars. (for Utah)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1908

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Oklahoma

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1908

    The flag was changed to have 46 stars. (for Oklahoma)


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1912

    Flag of the United States

    48 Stars flag

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1912

    The flag was changed to have 48 stars. (for New Mexico, Arizona)


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1936

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Arkansas

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1936

    The flag was changed to have 25 stars. (for Arkansas)


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1937

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Michigan

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 4, 1937

    The flag was changed to have 26 stars. (for Michigan)


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1957

    Flag of the United States

    The first U.S. postage stamp to feature the flag as the sole subject

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1957

    The first U.S. postage stamp to feature the flag as the sole subject was issued July 4, 1957, Scott catalog number 1094.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1959

    Flag of the United States

    Alaska joined the U.S. flag

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1959

    The flag was changed to have 49 stars. (for Alaska)


  • U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1960

    Flag of the United States

    The Current Flag

    U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1960

    The flag was changed to have 50 stars. (for Hawaii)


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 2007

    Flag of the United States

    The flag in longest used

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 4, 2007

    On July 4, 2007, the 50-star flag became the version of the flag in longest use, surpassing the 48-star flag that was used from 1912 to 1959.


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