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  • Boeotia, Greece
    Wednesday Jul 7, 371

    Ancient Greece

    Battle of Leuctra

    Boeotia, Greece
    Wednesday Jul 7, 371

    The Spartan hegemony lasted another 16 years, until, when attempting to impose their will on the Thebans, the Spartans were defeated at Leuctra in 371 BC. The Theban general Epaminondas then led Theban troops into the Peloponnese, whereupon other city-states defected from the Spartan cause. The Thebans were thus able to march into Messenia and free the helot population.




  • Carlsbad, Czech Republic
    Sunday Jul 7, 1720

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    Bach's wife suddenly died

    Carlsbad, Czech Republic
    Sunday Jul 7, 1720

    On 7 July 1720, while Bach was away in Carlsbad with Prince Leopold, Bach's wife suddenly died.




  • Tilsit (Present Day Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1807

    Napoleon

    Treaties of Tilsit

    Tilsit (Present Day Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1807

    Moreover, Alexander's pretensions at friendship with Napoleon led the latter to seriously misjudge the true intentions of his Russian counterpart, who would violate numerous provisions of the treaty in the next few years. Despite these problems, the Treaties of Tilsit at last gave Napoleon a respite from war and allowed him to return to France, which he had not seen in over 300 days.




  • Istanbul ,Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Wednesday Jul 7, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    A two-page report concerning the Armenian massacres

    Istanbul ,Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Wednesday Jul 7, 1915

    Although a neutral state throughout the war, Sweden had permanent representatives in the Ottoman Empire who closely followed and continuously reported on major developments there. Its embassy in Constantinople was led by Ambassador Cossva Anckarsvärd, with M. Ahlgren as envoy and Captain Einar af Wirsén as military attaché. On 7 July 1915, Ambassador Anckarsvärd dispatched a two-page report concerning the Armenian massacres to Stockholm.




  • Beijing, China
    Wednesday Jul 7, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The Marco Polo Bridge Incident

    Beijing, China
    Wednesday Jul 7, 1937

    On the night of July 7, 1937, Chinese and Japanese troops exchanged fire in the vicinity of the Marco Polo (or Lugou) Bridge, a crucial access-route to Beijing. What began as confused, sporadic skirmishing soon escalated into a full-scale battle in which Beijing and its port city of Tianjin fell to Japanese forces (July–August 1937).




  • England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    John Maynard Keynes

    Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex

    England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    On 7 July his title was gazetted as "Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex" and he took his seat in the House of Lords on the Liberal Party benches.




  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 7, 1950

    United Nations

    Security Council resolution

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 7, 1950

    Though the UN's primary mandate was peacekeeping, the division between the US and USSR often paralyzed the organization, generally allowing it to intervene only in conflicts distant from the Cold War. Two notable exceptions were a Security Council resolution on 7 July 1950 authorizing a US-led coalition to repel the North Korean invasion of South Korea, passed in the absence of the USSR, and the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement on 27 July 1953.


  • Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 7, 1957

    Pelé

    Pele's International debut

    Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 7, 1957

    Pelé's first international match was a 2–1 defeat against Argentina on 7 July 1957 at the Maracanã.


  • Munich, Germany
    Sunday Jul 7, 1974

    Johan Cruyff

    1974 World Cup

    Munich, Germany
    Sunday Jul 7, 1974

    Cruyff led the Netherlands to a runners-up medal to West Germany in the 1974 World Cup and was named player of the tournament.


  • United Kingdom and U.S.
    Thursday Jul 7, 1977

    James Bond

    The Spy Who Loved Me

    United Kingdom and U.S.
    Thursday Jul 7, 1977

    The Spy Who Loved Me is a 1977 spy film, the tenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions. It is the third to star Roger Moore as the fictional secret agent James Bond. The film co-stars Barbara Bach and Curd Jürgens and was directed by Lewis Gilbert.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 7, 1983

    James Bond

    Icebreaker was published

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 7, 1983

    Icebreaker, first published in 1983, was the third novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Fleming's secret agent, James Bond. Carrying the Glidrose Publications copyright, it was first published in the United Kingdom by Jonathan Cape and is the first Bond novel to be published in the United States by Putnam, beginning a long-standing association.


  • Brijuni Islands, Croatia
    Sunday Jul 7, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    War was formally ended

    Brijuni Islands, Croatia
    Sunday Jul 7, 1991

    The Ten-Day War was formally ended with the Brioni Accord, signed on the Croatian Brijuni Islands. Slovenian and Croatian independence were agreed to.


  • Madison Square Garden, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1998

    Kobe Bryant

    The youngest NBA All-Star starter in NBA history

    Madison Square Garden, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1998

    In Bryant's second season, he received more playing time and began to show more of his abilities as a talented young guard. As a result, Bryant's point averages more than doubled, from 7.6 to 15.4 points per game. Bryant would see an increase in minutes when the Lakers "played small", which would feature Bryant playing small forward alongside the guards he would usually back up. Bryant was the runner-up for the NBA's Sixth Man of the Year Award, and through fan voting, he also became the youngest NBA All-Star starter in NBA history. He was joined by teammates O'Neal, Van Exel, and Jones, making it the first time since 1983 that four players on the same team were selected to play in the same All-Star Game. Bryant's 15.4 points per game were the highest of any non-starter in the season.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Jul 7, 2000

    PlayStation

    PS One

    Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Jul 7, 2000

    Released on July 7, 2000, concurrently with its successor the PlayStation 2, the PS One (stylized as PS one) was a considerably smaller, redesigned version of the original PlayStation video game console. The PS one went on to outsell all other consoles, including its successor, throughout the remainder of the year.


  • U.S.
    Monday Jul 7, 2008

    Financial crisis of 2007–2008

    IndyMac announcements

    U.S.
    Monday Jul 7, 2008

    On July 7, 2008, IndyMac announced on the company blog that it: Had failed to raise capital since its May 12, 2008 quarterly earnings report; Had been notified by bank and thrift regulators that IndyMac Bank was no longer deemed "well-capitalized". IndyMac: The first visible institution to run into trouble in the United States was the Southern California–based IndyMac, a spin-off of Countrywide Financial. Before its failure, IndyMac Bank was the largest savings and loan association in the Los Angeles market and the seventh largest mortgage originator in the United States.


  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 7, 2013

    Ellie Goulding

    "Burn" top the charts

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 7, 2013

    On 7 July 2013, the official music video for "Burn" premiered on Goulding's Vevo channel on YouTube. "Burn" became Goulding's first single to top the UK's Official Singles Chart. Goulding was performing at V Festival Chelmsford when news of her first UK No. 1 broke


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 7, 2017

    Marvel Studios

    Spider-Man: Homecoming

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 7, 2017

    In February 2015, it was announced that Disney and Sony Pictures will collaborate on the next Spider-Man films, the first of which, Spider-Man: Homecoming, was released on July 7, 2017. Former Sony executive Amy Pascal will co-produce the films with Kevin Feige. The film rights to Spider-Man will still remain with Sony. Marvel Studios will also explore opportunities to integrate other characters of MCU into future Spider-Man films.


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