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  • Appomattox, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1865

    Abraham Lincoln

    Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox

    Appomattox, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1865

    On April 9, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, officially ending the war.




  • Ireland
    Monday Apr 8, 1918

    Irish War of Independence

    The Report of the Irish Convention

    Ireland
    Monday Apr 8, 1918

    In April 1918, the British Cabinet, in the face of the crisis caused by the German Spring Offensive, attempted with a dual policy to simultaneously link the enactment of conscription into Ireland with the implementation of Home Rule, as outlined in the report of the Irish Convention of 8 April 1918.




  • Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    World War II

    Operation Wilfred

    Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    Operation Wilfred was a British naval operation during the Second World War that involved the mining of the channel between Norway and her offshore islands to prevent the transport of Swedish iron ore through neutral Norwegian waters to be used to sustain the German war effort. The Allies assumed that Wilfred would provoke a German response in Norway and prepared a separate operation known as Plan R 4 to occupy Narvik and other important locations. On 8 April 1940, the operation was partly carried out, but was overtaken by events as a result of the following day′s German invasion of Norway and Denmark (Operation Weserübung), which began the Norwegian Campaign.




  • Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    World War II

    Norwegian campaign

    Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    The Norwegian campaign was an attempted Allied occupation of northern Norway, during the early stages of World War II. Resulted evacuation of the Norwegian government and the royal family, establishment of the Norwegian armed forces from the exile. The 62 days of fighting made Norway the nation that withstood a German land invasion for the second longest period of time, after the Soviet Union.




  • Crimea, U.S.S.R.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1944

    World War II

    Crimean Offensive

    Crimea, U.S.S.R.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1944

    By May 1944, the Soviets had liberated Crimea. The Crimean Offensive was led by the Red Army on Crimea, the Offensive begun on 8 April 1944, and ended with the evacuation of the Crimea by the Germans.




  • Königsberg, East Prussia (Present Day Kaliningrad, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 8, 1945

    World War II

    Fall of Königsberg

    Königsberg, East Prussia (Present Day Kaliningrad, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 8, 1945

    The Battle of Königsberg was one of the last operations of the East Prussian Offensive. The siege started in late January 1945 when the Soviets initially surrounded the city. The battle ended when the German garrison surrendered to the Soviets on 9 April after a three-day assault made their position untenable. As result, Königsberg and its surrounding areas are annexed by the Soviet Union.




  • United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 8, 1957

    James Bond

    From Russia, with Love was published

    United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 8, 1957

    From Russia, with Love novel was published.


  • France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1962

    Algerian War

    The Évian Accords

    France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1962

    Charles de Gaulle, the first President of the Fifth Republic, decided to open a series of negotiations with the FLN. These concluded with the signing of the Évian Accords in March 1962. A referendum took place on 8 April 1962 and the French electorate approved the Évian Accords.


  • France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1962

    Algerian War

    The Second referendum on the independence of Algeria

    France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1962

    In the second referendum on the independence of Algeria, held in April 1962, 91 percent of the French electorate approved the Evian Accords.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Thursday Apr 8, 1965

    Brexit

    The Merger Treaty

    Brussels, Belgium
    Thursday Apr 8, 1965

    In 1967, these became known as the European Communities (EC). The Merger Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Brussels, was a European treaty that unified the executive institutions of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Economic Community (EEC). The treaty was signed in Brussels on 8 April 1965 and came into force on 1 July 1967. It set out that the Commission of the EEC and the Council of the EEC should replace the Commission and Council of Euratom and the High Authority and Council of the ECSC. Although each Community remained legally independent, they shared common institutions (prior to this treaty, they already shared a Parliamentary Assembly and Court of Justice) and were together known as the European Communities. This treaty is regarded by some as the real beginning of the modern European Union.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 8, 1969

    Internet

    Host Software

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 8, 1969

    ARPANET development was centered around the Request for Comments (RFC) process, still used today for proposing and distributing Internet Protocols and Systems. RFC 1, entitled "Host Software", was written by Steve Crocker from the University of California, Los Angeles, and published on April 7, 1969. These early years were documented in the 1972 film Computer Networks: The Heralds of Resource Sharing.


  • Mougins, France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1973

    Pablo Picasso

    Death

    Mougins, France
    Sunday Apr 8, 1973

    Pablo Picasso died on 8 April 1973 in Mougins, France from pulmonary edema and heart failure.


  • Odessa, Texas, U.S.
    Monday Apr 8, 1974

    American Sniper: Christopher Scott Kyle

    Birth

    Odessa, Texas, U.S.
    Monday Apr 8, 1974

    Kyle was born in Odessa, Texas, the first of two boys born to Deby Lynn (née Mercer) and Wayne Kenneth Kyle, a Sunday school teacher and deacon.


  • Hong Kong, China
    Tuesday Apr 8, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    SARS Spreading through Hong Kong: So far!

    Hong Kong, China
    Tuesday Apr 8, 2003

    On April 8, SARS started to plague the Lower Ngau Tau Kok Estate near Amoy Gardens in Kowloon. Hong Kong health officials warned that SARS had spread so far domestically and abroad that it was here to stay.


  • the Ritz Hotel, London, England
    Monday Apr 8, 2013

    Margaret Thatcher

    Death

    the Ritz Hotel, London, England
    Monday Apr 8, 2013

    Baroness Thatcher died on 8 April 2013, at the age of 87, after suffering a stroke.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 8, 2014

    Uber

    Uber launches Uber Rush in New York City

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 8, 2014

    Uber launches Uber Rush in New York City, a courier service using bicycle messengers to deliver packages. This marks the beginning of Uber's transition into a logistics company.


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