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  • Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Now Italy)
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1642

    Galileo Galilei

    Death

    Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Now Italy)
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1642

    Galileo continued to receive visitors until 1642, when, after suffering fever and heart palpitations, he died on 8 January 1642, aged 77. The Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando II, wished to bury him in the main body of the Basilica of Santa Croce, next to the tombs of his father and other ancestors, and to erect a marble mausoleum in his honor.




  • Iran
    Saturday Jan 8, 1780

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1780 Tabriz Earthquake

    Iran
    Saturday Jan 8, 1780

    1780 Tabriz earthquake occurred on January 8, 1780 in Iran, there were an estimated 200,000 deaths.




  • U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1808

    Robert Fulton

    Marriage

    U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1808

    On January 8, 1808, Fulton married Harriet Livingston (1786–1824), the daughter of Walter Livingston and niece of Robert Livingston, prominent men in the Hudson River area, whose family dated to the colonial era. Harriet, who was nineteen years his junior, was well educated and was an accomplished amateur painter and musician. Together, they had four children.




  • France
    Saturday Jan 8, 1887

    Eiffel Tower

    Contract was signed

    France
    Saturday Jan 8, 1887

    After some debate about the exact location of the tower, a contract was signed on 8 January 1887. This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him 1.5 million francs toward the construction costs: less than a quarter of the estimated 6.5 million francs. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation of the tower during the exhibition and for the next 20 years. He later established a separate company to manage the tower, putting up half the necessary capital himself.




  • Yili, Xinjiang, China
    Monday Jan 8, 1912

    Xinhai Revolution

    The New Yili Government For The Revolutionaries

    Yili, Xinjiang, China
    Monday Jan 8, 1912

    In the morning of 8 January, a new Yili government was established for the revolutionaries, but the revolutionaries would be defeated at Jinghe in January and February.




  • Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1941

    World War II

    New Fourth Army incident

    Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1941

    Continued antipathy between Chinese communist and nationalist forces culminated in armed clashes in January 1941, effectively ending their co-operation. New Fourth Army incident was argued as a punishment of Communist insubordination and Nationalist treachery.




  • Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Stephen Hawking

    Birth

    Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943

    Nikola Tesla

    Death

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943

    On 7 January 1943, at the age of 86, Tesla died alone in Room 3327 of the New Yorker Hotel.


  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Fidel Castro took six more days to arrive, as he stopped to rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously into Havana on January 8, 1959.


  • France and Algeria
    Sunday Jan 8, 1961

    Algerian War

    The first referendum on the self-determination of Algeria

    France and Algeria
    Sunday Jan 8, 1961

    De Gaulle convoked the first referendum on the self-determination of Algeria on January 8, 1961, which 75% of the voters (both in France and Algeria) approved and de Gaulle's government began secret peace negotiations with the FLN. In the Algerian départements 69.51% voted in favor of self-determination.


  • United Arab Emirates
    Monday Jan 8, 1968

    Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

    The UK's Foreign Office Minister's Visit

    United Arab Emirates
    Monday Jan 8, 1968

    Between 8–11 January 1968, the UK's Foreign Office Minister Goronwy Roberts visited the Trucial States and announced to its shocked rulers that the United Kingdom would abrogate its treaties with them and intended to withdraw from the area.


  • Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jan 8, 1987

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Karbala-5

    Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jan 8, 1987

    The Siege of Basra, code-named Operation Karbala-5, was an offensive operation carried out by Iran in an effort to capture the Iraqi port city of Basra in early 1987. This battle, known for its extensive casualties and ferocious conditions, was the biggest battle of the war and proved to be the beginning of the end of the Iran–Iraq War. While Iranian forces crossed the border and captured east part of Basra Governorate, the operation ended in a stalemate.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 8, 1993

    Bosnian War

    The Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 8, 1993

    On 8 January 1993, the Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić after stopping the UN convoy taking him from the airport.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1999

    Impeachment of Bill Clinton

    Call Witnesses in the Trial

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1999

    A resolution on rules and procedure for the trial was adopted unanimously on the following day; however, senators tabled the question of whether to call witnesses in the trial.


  • U.S.
    Monday Jan 8, 2001

    Ruby Bridges

    Bridges was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal

    U.S.
    Monday Jan 8, 2001

    On January 8, 2001, Bridges was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Bill Clinton.


  • Singapore
    Tuesday Jan 8, 2013

    Halimah Yacob

    The Prime Minister nominated Halimah to succeed Michael Palmer as Speaker of Parliament

    Singapore
    Tuesday Jan 8, 2013

    On 8 January 2013, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong nominated Halimah to succeed Michael Palmer as Speaker of Parliament following Palmer's resignation after he was revealed to have had an extramarital affair.


  • Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    Donald Trump

    Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps launched multiple ballistic missiles

    Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    On January 8, 2020, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps launched multiple ballistic missiles on two U.S. airbases in Iraq.


  • Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    Qasem Soleimani

    A Respond

    Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    On 8 January 2020, the Iranian military responded to Soleimani's death by launching ballistic missiles at two U.S. bases in Iraq, resulting in no reported casualties.


  • Najaf, Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

    Buried

    Najaf, Iraq
    Wednesday Jan 8, 2020

    On January 8, Al-Muhandis was buried in Iraq's Najaf where hundreds of mourners gathered to pay their final respects. Funeral processions were also held in several Iraqi cities prior to Najaf, including Baghdad and Karbala.


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