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  • Baltimore County, Province of Maryland, British America (Now U.S.)
    Friday Nov 9, 1731
    Benjamin Banneker

    Birth

    Baltimore County, Province of Maryland, British America (Now U.S.)
    Friday Nov 9, 1731

    Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, 1731, in Baltimore County, Maryland to Mary Banneky, a free black, and Robert, a freed slave from Guinea.




  • France
    Saturday Nov 9, 1799
    Napoleon

    Coup d'état on 9 November 1799

    France
    Saturday Nov 9, 1799

    Despite the failures in Egypt, Napoleon returned to a hero's welcome. He drew together an alliance with director Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, his brother Lucien, speaker of the Council of Five Hundred Roger Ducos, director Joseph Fouché, and Talleyrand, and they overthrew the Directory by a coup d'état on 9 November 1799 ("the 18th Brumaire" according to the revolutionary calendar), closing down the Council of Five Hundred.




  • U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1904
    The Wright brothers

    Wright's two best flights

    U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1904

    Their two best flights were November 9 by Wilbur and December 1 by Orville, each exceeding five minutes and covering nearly three miles in almost four circles.




  • Guangdong, China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911
    Xinhai Revolution

    Guangdong Independence

    Guangdong, China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    On 9 November, Guangdong announced its independence and established a military government. They elected Hu Hanmin and Chen Jiongming as the chief and vice governor. Qiu Fengjia is known to have helped make the independence declaration more peaceful. It was unknown at the time if representatives from the European colonies of Hong Kong and Macau would be ceded to the new government.




  • China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911
    Xinhai Revolution

    Huang Xing invited Yuan Shikai To Join The Republic

    China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    On 9 November, Huang Xing even cabled Yuan Shikai and invited him to join the Republic.




  • France
    Friday Nov 9, 1917
    Treaty of Versailles

    Decree on Peace

    France
    Friday Nov 9, 1917

    The Decree on Peace was published in the Izvestiya newspaper, #208, 9 November 1917. It proposed an immediate withdrawal of Russia from World War I.




  • Germany
    Saturday Nov 9, 1918
    Weimar Republic

    The German Republic was announced by Philipp Scheidemann

    Germany
    Saturday Nov 9, 1918

    On 9 November 1918, the "German Republic" was proclaimed by MSPD member Philipp Scheidemann at the Reichstag building in Berlin, to the fury of Friedrich Ebert, the leader of the MSPD, who thought that the question of monarchy or republic should be answered by a national assembly.


  • Germany
    Saturday Nov 9, 1918
    World War 1

    Germany defeat

    Germany
    Saturday Nov 9, 1918

    On 9 November 1918, having lost the support of the military, and with a revolution underway at home, Kaiser Wilhelm II was forced to abdicate his throne and flee Germany for Holland. Power was handed to a government led by the leader of the left-wing Social Democratic Party, Friedrich Ebert.


  • Stockholm, Sweden
    Thursday Nov 9, 1922
    Albert Einstein

    Nobel Prize

    Stockholm, Sweden
    Thursday Nov 9, 1922

    Einstein won Nobel Prize in physics, November 9, 1922


  • Shanghai, China
    Tuesday Nov 9, 1937
    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The NRA began a general retreat

    Shanghai, China
    Tuesday Nov 9, 1937

    On November 5, additional reinforcements of Japan landed from Hangzhou Bay. Finally, on November 9, the NRA began a general retreat.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1938
    The Holocaust

    Ernst vom Rath died

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1938

    When vom Rath died on 9 November, the government used his death as a pretext to instigate a pogrom against the Jews. The government claimed it was spontaneous, but in fact, it had been ordered and planned by Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, although with no clear goals, according to David Cesarani. The result, he writes, was "murder, rape, looting, destruction of property, and terror on an unprecedented scale".


  • Germany
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1938
    The Holocaust

    30,000 Jews were sent to the Buchenwald, Dachau, and Sachsenhausen concentration camps

    Germany
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1938

    Between 9 and 16 November, 30,000 Jews were sent to the Buchenwald, Dachau, and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. Many were released within weeks; by early 1939, 2,000 remained in the camps. German Jewry was held collectively responsible for restitution of the damage; they also had to pay an "atonement tax" of over a billion Reichmarks. Insurance payments for damage to their property were confiscated by the government.


  • Phu Doan, Vietnam
    Sunday Nov 9, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Salan Took Phu Doan

    Phu Doan, Vietnam
    Sunday Nov 9, 1952

    Salan took Phu Doan on November 9 by a parachute drop.


  • Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Saturday Nov 9, 1957
    Fido (dog)

    Awarded a gold medal

    Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Saturday Nov 9, 1957

    Media interest in Fido grew during his lifetime. Italian magazines Gente and Grand Hotel published the story of the dog, which also appeared in several newsreels of the Istituto Luce. Many readers were struck by the extraordinary faithfulness of Fido, including the mayor of Borgo San Lorenzo, who, on November 9, 1957, awarded him a gold medal in the presence of many citizens including Soriani's moved widow.


  • Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, France
    Monday Nov 9, 1970
    Charles de Gaulle

    Charles de Gaulle died

    Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, France
    Monday Nov 9, 1970

    On 9 November 1970, less than two weeks short of what would have been his 80th birthday.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980
    Iran–Iraq War

    Capturing the city of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980

    By 24 October, most of the city was captured, and the Iranians evacuated across the Karun River. Some partisans remained, and fighting continued until 10 November.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Nov 9, 1989
    Angela Merkel

    The fall of the Berlin Wall

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Nov 9, 1989

    The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 served as the catalyst for Merkel's political career. Although she did not participate in the crowd celebrations the night the wall came down, one month later Merkel became involved in the growing democracy movement, joining the new party Democratic Awakening.Following the first (and only) multi-party election in East Germany, she became the deputy spokesperson of the new pre-unification caretaker government under Lothar de Maizière.


  • Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Thursday Nov 9, 1989
    Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Thursday Nov 9, 1989

    The fall of the Berlin Wall began the evening of 9 November 1989 and continued over the following days and weeks, with people nicknamed Mauerspechte (wall woodpeckers) using various tools to chip off souvenirs, demolishing lengthy parts in the process, and creating several unofficial border crossings.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1994
    Samsung

    Founding Samsung Medical Center

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1994

    The Samsung Medical Center was founded on 9 November 1994, under the philosophy of "contributing to improving the nation's health through the best medical service, advanced medical research and development of outstanding medical personnel". The Samsung Medical Center consists of a hospital and a cancer center. The hospital is located in an intelligent building with floor space of more than 200,000 square meters and 20 floors above ground and 5 floors underground, housing 40 departments, 10 specialist centers, 120 special clinics and 1,306 beds.The 655-bed Cancer Center has 11 floors above ground and 8 floors underground, with floor space of over 100,000 square meters. SMC is a tertiary hospital manned by approximately 7,400 staff including over 1,200 doctors and 2,300 nurses. Since its foundation, the Samsung Medical Center has successfully incorporated and developed an advanced model with the motto of becoming a "patient-centered hospital", a new concept in Korea.


  • United Kingdom and U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 9, 1999
    James Bond

    The World Is Not Enough was published

    United Kingdom and U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 9, 1999

    The World Is Not Enough is a 1999 spy film and the nineteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and the third to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Nov 9, 2015
    Sony Corporation

    Sony's announcement about The Betamax

    Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Nov 9, 2015

    On 9 November 2015, Sony announced that they are going to stop producing Betamax Tapes in March 2016.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 9, 2017
    Jacinda Ardern

    APEC summit

    Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 9, 2017

    Ardern flew to Vietnam on 9 November for her first visit to an APEC summit.


  • Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.
    Friday Nov 9, 2018
    Mass Shootings in the United States

    Thousand Oaks Shooting

    Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.
    Friday Nov 9, 2018

    A mass shooting took place on November 7, 2018, in Thousand Oaks, California, United States, at the Borderline Bar and Grill, a country-western bar frequented by college students. Thirteen people were killed, including the perpetrator, who died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound, and a police officer who was shot multiple times, with the fatal wound accidentally being fired by another officer. Ten to twelve others were injured. Police identified the killer as 28-year-old Ian David Long, a United States Marine Corps veteran.


  • New York, New York, United States
    Monday Nov 9, 2020
    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    Pfizer released trial results for a vaccine

    New York, New York, United States
    Monday Nov 9, 2020

    On 9 November 2020, Pfizer released their trial results for a candidate vaccine, showing that it is 90% effective against the virus. Later that day, Novavax entered an FDA Fast Track application for their vaccine. The 9 November announcement does not mean the vaccine is about to be released. However, virologist and U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Dr. Anthony Fauci indicated that the Pfizer vaccine targets the spike protein used to infect cells by the virus. Some issues left to be answered are how long the vaccine offers protection, and if it offers the same level of protection to all ages. Initial doses will likely go to healthcare workers on the front lines.


  • U.S.
    Monday Nov 9, 2020
    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    10 Million U.S. Cases

    U.S.
    Monday Nov 9, 2020

    On 9 November 2020 the United States surpassed 10 million confirmed cases of COVID-19, making it the country with the most cases worldwide by a large margin.


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