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  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 1, 1937

    Josip Broz Tito

    The new party was inaugurated at a conference

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 1, 1937

    Tito travelled several times between Paris and Zagreb organising the movement of volunteers and creating a separate Communist Party of Croatia. The new party was inaugurated at a conference at Samobor on the outskirts of Zagreb on 1–2 August 1937.




  • Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The KMT laid a siege to the Japanese area of Shanghai

    Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    The Imperial General Headquarters (GHQ) in Tokyo, content with the gains acquired in northern China following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, initially showed reluctance to escalate the conflict into full-scale war. The KMT, however, determined that the "breaking point" of Japanese aggression had been reached. Chiang Kai-shek quickly mobilized the central government's army and air force, placed them under his direct command, and laid siege to the Japanese area of Shanghai International Settlement, where 30,000 Japanese civilians lived with 30,000 troops on August 12, 1937.




  • Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The Battle of Shanghai

    Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    On August 13, 1937, Kuomintang soldiers and warplanes attacked Japanese Marine positions in Shanghai, leading to the Battle of Shanghai.




  • Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Accidentally bombed The Shanghai International Settlement

    Shanghai, China
    Thursday Aug 12, 1937

    On August 14, Kuomintang planes accidentally bombed the Shanghai International Settlement, which led to more than 3,000 civilian deaths. In the three days from August 14 through 16, 1937, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) sent many sorties of the then-advanced long-ranged G3M medium-heavy land-based bombers and assorted carrier-based aircraft with the expectation of destroying the Chinese Air Force. However, the Imperial Japanese Navy encountered unexpected resistance from the defending Chinese Hawk III and P-26/281 Peashooter fighter squadrons.




  • Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The Sino-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

    Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    In September 1937, the Soviet Union and China signed the Sino-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact and approved Operation Zet, the formation of a secret Soviet volunteer air force, in which Soviet technicians upgraded and ran some of China's transportation systems.




  • Nanjing, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    World War II

    Soviet non-aggression pact with China

    Nanjing, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    Soviets signed a non-aggression pact with China to lend material support, ending China's co-operation with Germany.




  • northern Shanghai, Shanghai, China
    Monday Aug 23, 1937

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Japanese Army Reinforcements

    northern Shanghai, Shanghai, China
    Monday Aug 23, 1937

    On August 23, Japanese Army reinforcements succeeded in landing in northern Shanghai. The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) ultimately committed over 200,000 troops, along with numerous naval vessels and aircraft, to capture the city. After more than three months of intense fighting, their casualties far exceeded initial expectations.


  • Belchite, near Zaragoza, Spain
    Tuesday Aug 24, 1937

    Spanish Civil War

    Battle of Belchite

    Belchite, near Zaragoza, Spain
    Tuesday Aug 24, 1937

    A Republican offensive against Zaragoza was also a failure. Despite having land and aerial advantages, the Battle of Belchite, a place lacking any military interest, resulted in an advance of only 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) and the loss of much equipment. The Battle of Belchite refers to a series of military operations that took place between 24 August and 7 September 1937, in and around the small town of Belchite, in Aragon during the Spanish Civil War.


  • Spain
    Tuesday Aug 24, 1937

    Spanish Civil War

    Santoña Agreement

    Spain
    Tuesday Aug 24, 1937

    With the surrender of the Republican army in the Basque territory came the Santoña Agreement. The Santoña Agreement, or Pact of Santoña, was an agreement signed in the town of Guriezo, near Santoña, Cantabria, on August 24, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, between politicians close to the Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco or PNV), fighting for the Spanish Republicans, and Italian forces, fighting for Francisco Franco.


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