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  • Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Dec 1, 1941

    Hirohito

    Imperial Conference Sanctioned The War

    Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Dec 1, 1941

    On December 1 an Imperial Conference sanctioned the "War against the United States, United Kingdom and the Kingdom of the Netherlands."




  • Germany
    Thursday Dec 4, 1941

    Martin Bormann

    The Edict on Criminal Law Practices against Poles and Jews in the Incorporated Eastern Territories

    Germany
    Thursday Dec 4, 1941

    Knowing Hitler viewed Slavic people as inferior, Bormann opposed the introduction of German criminal law into the conquered eastern territories. He lobbied for and eventually achieved a strict separate penal code that implemented martial law for the Polish and Jewish inhabitants of these areas. The "Edict on Criminal Law Practices against Poles and Jews in the Incorporated Eastern Territories", promulgated 4 December 1941, permitted corporal punishment and death sentences for even the most trivial of offences.




  • Moscow, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Dec 5, 1941

    World War II

    Massive counterattack

    Moscow, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Dec 5, 1941

    Newly created Soviet units near Moscow now numbered over 500,000 men, and on 5 December, they launched a massive counterattack as part of the Soviet winter counteroffensive.




  • Pearl Harbor, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese struck the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor with a surprise attack, knocking out the main American battleship fleet and killing 2,403 American servicemen and civilians.




  • Pearl Harbor, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    Adolf Hitler

    Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    On 7 December 1941, Japan attacked the American fleet based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Four days later, Hitler declared war against the United States.




  • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The Consequences of The attack on Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States declared war against Japan, and within days China joined the Allies in formal declaration of war against Japan, Germany and Italy.




  • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    World War II

    Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    On 7 December 1941 (8 December in Asian time zones), Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor a surprise military strike by the Imperial Navy Air Service upon the United States against naval base at Pearl Harbor.


  • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    Hirohito

    The Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 7, 1941

    On December 8 (December 7 in Hawaii), 1941, in simultaneous attacks, Japanese forces struck at the Hong Kong Garrison, the US Fleet in Pearl Harbor and in the Philippines, and began the invasion of Malaya.


  • U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    War declaration against Japan

    U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    Roosevelt signed declaration of war against Japan on December 8


  • Philippines
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    Fall of the Philippines

    Philippines
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    The Philippines campaign fought 8 December 1941, was the invasion of the Philippines by Imperial Japan and the defense of the islands by United States and Philippine forces, the invasion ended on 8 May 1942.


  • British Malaya
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    Malayan campaign

    British Malaya
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    The Malayan campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942, The Japanese had air and naval supremacy from the opening days of the campaign. For the British, Indian, Australian and Malayan forces defending the colony, the campaign was a total disaster, the Japanese occupied Malaya.


  • Hong Kong
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    Battle of Hong Kong

    Hong Kong
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    Japan occupied the British Crown colony of Hong Kong. The Hong Kong garrison consisted of British, Indian and Canadian units besides Chinese soldiers and conscripts from both within and outside Hong Kong.


  • Japan
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire

    Japan
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    The declaration of war by the Empire of Japan on the United States and the British Empire was published on December 8, 1941 (Japan time; December 7 in the United States).


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    United States declaration of war on Japan

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    On December 8, 1941 (9 December in Asian time zones), the United States Congress declared war on the Empire of Japan in response to that country's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor the prior day.


  • United Kingdom
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    United Kingdom declaration of war on Japan

    United Kingdom
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    On 8 December 1941 (9 December in Asian time zones), the government of the United Kingdom declared war on the Empire of Japan, following the Japanese attacks the prior day.


  • Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia)
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    World War II

    The Dutch East Indies campaign

    Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia)
    Monday Dec 8, 1941

    The Dutch East Indies campaign of 1941–1942 was the conquest of the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia) by forces from the Empire of Japan. Forces from the Allies attempted unsuccessfully to defend the islands. The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war.


  • South China Sea
    Wednesday Dec 10, 1941

    World War II

    Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse

    South China Sea
    Wednesday Dec 10, 1941

    The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement, that took place on 10 December 1941 in the South China Sea off the east coast of the British colony of Malaya (present-day Malaysia), 70 miles (61 nautical miles; 110 kilometres) east of Kuantan, Pahang. The Royal Navy battleship HMS Prince of Wales and battle cruiser HMS Repulse were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    War declaration against Germany

    U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On December 11, 1941, Hitler and Mussolini declared war on the United States, which responded in kind.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    World War II

    German declaration of war against the United States

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On 11 December 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against the Japanese Empire, Germany declared war against the United States.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    World War II

    United States declared war upon Germany

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On December 11, 1941, the United States Congress declared war upon Germany, hours after Germany declared war on the United States after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Dec 21, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    The First Proletarian Brigade

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Dec 21, 1941

    On 21 December 1941, the Partisans created the First Proletarian Brigade (commanded by Koča Popović).


  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    As the Western Allies entered the war against Japan, the Sino-Japanese War would become part of a greater conflict, the Pacific theatre of World War II. Almost immediately, Chinese troops achieved another decisive victory in the Battle of Changsha, which earned the Chinese government much prestige from the Western Allies.


  • Changsha, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    World War II

    Third Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    The third Battle of Changsha (24 December 1941 – 15 January 1942) was a major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies. The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat. In January 1942, the only Allied success against Japan was a Chinese victory at Changsha.


  • U.S.
    Friday Dec 26, 1941

    Thanksgiving

    Joint resolution

    U.S.
    Friday Dec 26, 1941

    On December 26, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a joint resolution of Congress changing the national Thanksgiving Day to the fourth Thursday in November.


  • Crimean Peninsula, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Dec 26, 1941

    World War II

    Battle of the Kerch Peninsula

    Crimean Peninsula, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Dec 26, 1941

    In May the Germans defeated Soviet offensives in the Kerch Peninsula. The Battle of the Kerch Peninsula was a World War II battle between Erich von Manstein's German and Romanian 11th Army and the Soviet Crimean Front forces in the Kerch Peninsula. It began on 26 December 1941 with an amphibious landing operation by two Soviet armies intended to break the Siege of Sevastopol. From January through April, the Crimean Front launched repeated offensives against the 11th Army, all of which failed with heavy losses. Superior German artillery firepower was largely responsible for the Soviet debacle. On 8 May 1942, the Axis struck with great force in a major counteroffensive code-named Trappenjagd which concluded by around 19 May 1942 with the liquidation of the Soviet defending forces.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Dec 29, 1941

    United Nations

    Four Policemen

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Dec 29, 1941

    The text of the "Declaration by United Nations" was drafted at the White House on 29 December 1941, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Roosevelt aide Harry Hopkins. It incorporated Soviet suggestions but left no role for France. "Four Policemen" was coined to refer to four major Allied countries, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the Republic of China, which emerged in the Declaration by the United Nations.


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