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  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    Atlantic Charter

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, a larger group of nations, who adhered to the principles of the Atlantic Charter, issued a joint Declaration by United Nations stressing their solidarity in the defense against Hitlerism.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    World War II

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, the Allied Big Four (the Soviet Union, China, the United Kingdom and the United States) and 22 smaller or exiled governments issued the Declaration by United Nations.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    United Nations

    United Nations Declaration

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    "On New Year's Day 1942, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, Maxim Litvinov, of the USSR, and T. V. Soong, of China, signed a short document which later came to be known as the United Nations Declaration, and the next day the representatives of twenty-two other nations added their signatures". A JOINT DECLARATION BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS, CHINA, AUSTRALIA, BELGIUM, CANADA, COSTA RICA, CUBA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, EL SALVADOR, GREECE, GUATEMALA, HAITI, HONDURAS, INDIA, LUXEMBOURG, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NICARAGUA, NORWAY, PANAMA, POLAND, SOUTH AFRICA, YUGOSLAVIA The Governments signatory hereto, Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Great Britain dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter, Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world, DECLARE: Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents with which such government is at war. Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies. The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism. The Washington Conference 1941–1942




  • Moscow, U.S.S.R.
    Wednesday Jan 7, 1942

    World War II

    100-250 km from Moscow

    Moscow, U.S.S.R.
    Wednesday Jan 7, 1942

    The offensive halted on 7 January 1942, after having the German armies pushed back 100–250 km (62–155 mi) from Moscow.




  • Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Stephen Hawking

    Birth

    Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford.




  • Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 1942

    Shep (American dog)

    Shep was run over by a train

    Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 1942

    Shep kept this daily vigil for almost six years until he was run over by a train on January 12, 1942. It is believed that his front paws were on one of the rails and he simply did not hear the train until it was too late, and he slipped off the rail. The train's engineer could not stop the train in time.




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1942

    Hirohito

    The Emperor pressed Sugiyama four times to launch an Attack on Bataan

    Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1942

    The Emperor made major interventions in some military operations. For example, he pressed Sugiyama four times, on January 13 and 21 and February 9 and 26, to increase troop strength and launch an attack on Bataan.


  • Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1942

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Birth

    Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1942

    Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. was born on January 17, 1942, in Louisville, Kentucky.


  • U.S.
    Monday Jan 19, 1942

    Frank Sinatra

    Dorsey Eventually relented

    U.S.
    Monday Jan 19, 1942

    As Sinatra's success and popularity grew, Sinatra pushed Dorsey to allow him to record some solo songs. Dorsey eventually relented, and on January 19, 1942, Sinatra recorded "Night and Day", "The Night We Called It a Day", "The Song is You", and "Lamplighter's Serenade" at a Bluebird recording session, with Axel Stordahl as arranger and conductor.


  • Germany
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1942

    Adolf Hitler

    The records of the Wannsee Conference

    Germany
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1942

    By January 1942, he had decided that the Jews, Slavs, and other deportees considered undesirable should be killed. The genocide was organised and executed by Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich. The records of the Wannsee Conference, held on 20 January 1942 and led by Heydrich, with fifteen senior Nazi officials participating, provide the clearest evidence of systematic planning for the Holocaust.


  • West White Beach, Christmas Island
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1942

    Christmas Island

    The First Attack by The Japanese on The Island

    West White Beach, Christmas Island
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1942

    From the outbreak of the South-East Asian theatre of World War II, Christmas Island was a target for Japanese occupation because of its rich phosphate deposits. The first attack was carried out on 20 January 1942, by Japanese submarine I-59, which torpedoed a Norwegian freighter, the Eidsvold. The vessel drifted and eventually sank off West White Beach. Most of the European and Asian staff and their families were evacuated to Perth.


  • Rabaul, New Britain
    Friday Jan 23, 1942

    World War II

    Battle of Rabaul

    Rabaul, New Britain
    Friday Jan 23, 1942

    The Battle of Rabaul, also known by the Japanese as Operation R, was fought on the island of New Britain in the Australian Territory of New Guinea, on 23 January and February 1942. It was a strategically significant defeat of Allied forces by Japan.


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