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  • France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy

    France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy (2 July) and had the National Assembly (10 July) vote to dissolve itself and give him dictatorial powers, making the beginning of his Révolution Nationale (National Revolution) intended to "reorient" French society. This was the dawn of the Vichy regime.




  • Algeria
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    A British naval attack on French Navy ships at the naval base

    Algeria
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    De Gaulle initially reacted angrily to news of the Royal Navy's attack on the French fleet (3 July)at Mers El Kébir, at Oran, on the coast of French Algeria.




  • Mers El Kébir, French Algeria, North Africa (Present Day Algeria)
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    World War II

    Attack on Mers-el-Kébir

    Mers El Kébir, French Algeria, North Africa (Present Day Algeria)
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    France kept its fleet, which the United Kingdom attacked on 3 July in an attempt to prevent its seizure by Germany.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Jul 6, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    Peak of Hitler's popularity

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Jul 6, 1940

    Hitler's popularity within Germany, and German support for the war, reached its peak when he returned to Berlin on 6 July from his tour of Paris.




  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 10, 1940

    World War II

    Britain is under attack

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 10, 1940

    The Battle of Britain began in early July with Luftwaffe attacks on shipping and harbors. The United Kingdom rejected Hitler's ultimatum, and the German air superiority campaign started in August but failed to defeat RAF Fighter Command, forcing the indefinite postponement of the proposed German invasion of Britain. The Battle lasted from 10 July to 31 October.




  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 14, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle laid a wreath at the statue of Ferdinand Foch

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 14, 1940

    On Bastille Day (14 July) 1940 de Gaulle led a group of between 200 and 300 sailors to lay a wreath at the statue of Ferdinand Foch at Grosvenor Gardens.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jul 19, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    1940 Field Marshal Ceremony

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jul 19, 1940

    Following the unexpected swift victory, Hitler promoted twelve generals to the rank of field marshal during the 1940 Field Marshal Ceremony.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jul 22, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle used 4 Carlton Gardens headquarters

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jul 22, 1940

    From 22 July 1940 de Gaulle used 4 Carlton Gardens in central London as his London headquarters. His family had left Brittany (the other ship which left at the same time was sunk) and lived for a time at Petts Wood.


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