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  • El Alamein, Egypt
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1942

    World War II

    First Battle of El Alamein

    El Alamein, Egypt
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1942

    The Axis offensive in Libya (Battle of Gazala) forced an Allied retreat deep inside Egypt until Axis forces were stopped at El Alamein (First Battle of El Alamein), which lasted from 1 to 27 July 1942. The British prevented a second advance by the Axis forces into Egypt. Axis positions near El Alamein, only 66 mi (106 km) from Alexandria, were dangerously close to the ports and cities of Egypt, the base facilities of the Commonwealth forces and the Suez Canal.




  • England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    John Maynard Keynes

    Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex

    England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    On 7 July his title was gazetted as "Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex" and he took his seat in the House of Lords on the Liberal Party benches.




  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 12, 1942

    John F. Kennedy

    First Command

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 12, 1942

    His first command was PT-101 from December 7, 1942, until February 23, 1943




  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1942

    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

    Promotion to lieutenant

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1942

    Promotion to lieutenant followed on 16 July 1942.




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