Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 9, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    The Parliament approved a New Constitution

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 9, 1948

    On 9 May, a new constitution was approved by parliament. Although it declared Czechoslovakia a "people's democracy" under the leadership of the KSČ, it was not a completely Communist document. However, it was close enough to the Soviet model that Beneš refused to sign it.




  • South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    Korean War

    General election was held in the South

    South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    A general election was held in the South on 10 May 1948.




  • U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1948

    Harry S. Truman

    State of Israel recognization

    U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1948

    Truman recognized the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, eleven minutes after it declared itself a nation.




  • Israel
    Friday May 14, 1948

    David Ben-Gurion

    Israeli declaration of independence

    Israel
    Friday May 14, 1948

    On 14 May 1948, on the last day of the British Mandate, Ben-Gurion declared the independence of the state of Israel. In the Israeli declaration of independence, he stated that the new nation would "uphold the full social and political equality of all its citizens, without distinction of religion, race".




  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    Josip Broz Tito

    Cominform

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    On 17 May Tito suggested that the matter be settled at the meeting of the Cominform to be held that June. However, Tito did not attend the second meeting of the Cominform, fearing that Yugoslavia was to be openly attacked.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday May 19, 1948

    Richard Nixon

    Nixon's first significant victory in Congress

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday May 19, 1948

    By May 1948, Nixon had co-sponsored a "Mundt-Nixon Bill" to implement "a new approach to the complicated problem of internal communist subversion... It provided for registration of all Communist Party members and required a statement of the source of all printed and broadcast material issued by organizations that were found to be Communist fronts." He served as floor manager for the Republican Party. On May 19, 1948, the bill passed the House by 319 to 58 but failed to pass the Senate.




  • Changchun, Jilin, China
    Sunday May 23, 1948

    Mao Zedong

    Siege of Changchun

    Changchun, Jilin, China
    Sunday May 23, 1948

    In 1948, under direct orders from Mao, the People's Liberation Army starved out the Kuomintang forces occupying the city of Changchun. At least 160,000 civilians are believed to have perished during the siege, which lasted until October. PLA lieutenant colonel Zhang Zhenglu, who documented the siege in his book White Snow, Red Blood, compared it to Hiroshima: "The casualties were about the same. Hiroshima took nine seconds; Changchun took five months."


  • Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 30, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    The 30 May Elections

    Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 30, 1948

    At the 30 May elections, voters were presented with a single list from the National Front, which officially won 89.2% of the vote; within the National Front list, the Communists had an absolute majority of 214 seats (160 for the main party and 54 for the Slovak branch). This majority grew even larger when the Social Democrats merged with the Communists later in the year.


<