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  • Ireland
    Tuesday Nov 25, 1913

    Irish War of Independence

    The Irish Volunteers were formed

    Ireland
    Tuesday Nov 25, 1913

    On 25 November 1913, the Irish Volunteers were formed by Eoin MacNeill in response to the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force that had been founded earlier in the year to fight against Home Rule.




  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    Martial arts

    Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    European swordsmanship always had a sportive component, but the duel was always a possibility until World War I. Modern sport fencing began developing during the 19th century as the French and Italian military academies began codifying instruction. The Olympic games led to standard international rules, with the Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded in 1913.




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