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  • French Morocco and French Algeria
    Sunday Nov 8, 1942

    World War II

    Operation Torch

    French Morocco and French Algeria
    Sunday Nov 8, 1942

    Second Battle of El Alamein was followed up shortly after by Anglo-American landings (Operation Torch) in French North Africa, which resulted in the region joining the Allies. Operation Torch took place between 8 to 16 November 1942.




  • Vichy France
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    World War II

    Case Anton

    Vichy France
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    Hitler occupied Vichy France in Case Anton, which lasted from 10 to 27 November 1942, although Vichy forces did not resist this violation of the armistice, they managed to scuttle their fleet to prevent its capture by German forces.




  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    Winston Churchill

    End of the beginning

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    As 1942 drew to a close, the tide of war began to turn with Allied victory in the key battles of El Alamein and Stalingrad. Until November, the Allies had always been on the defensive, but from November, the Germans were. Churchill ordered the church bells to be rung throughout Great Britain for the first time since early 1940. On 10 November, knowing that El Alamein was a victory, he delivered one of his most memorable war speeches to the Lord Mayor's Luncheon at the Mansion House in London, in response to the Allied victory at El Alamein: "This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning".




  • Egypt
    Wednesday Nov 11, 1942

    Joseph Goebbels

    The Allied victory at the Second Battle of El Alamein

    Egypt
    Wednesday Nov 11, 1942

    The thousand-bomber raid on Cologne (May 1942), the Allied victory at the Second Battle of El Alamein.




  • Buna and Gona, Territory of Papua
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    World War II

    Battle of Buna–Gona

    Buna and Gona, Territory of Papua
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    The Battle of Buna–Gona was part of the New Guinea campaign, It ended the Kokoda Track campaign and lasted from 16 November 1942 until 22 January 1943. The battle was fought by Australian and United States forces against the Japanese beachheads at Buna, Sanananda and Gona. The resolve and tenacity of the Japanese in defense was unprecedented and had not previously been encountered. For the Allies, there were a number of valuable but costly lessons in the conduct of jungle warfare. Allied losses in the battle were at a rate higher than that experienced at Guadalcanal. For the first time, the American public was confronted with the images of dead American troops.




  • Germany
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels appointed the Reich Defense Commissioner for his Gau

    Germany
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    On 16 November 1942 Goebbels, like all Gauleiters, was appointed the Reich Defense Commissioner for his Gau. This enabled him to issue direct instructions to authorities within his jurisdiction in matters concerning the civilian war effort.




  • Christmas Island
    Tuesday Nov 17, 1942

    Christmas Island

    The Torpedoing of The Nissei Maru at The Wharf

    Christmas Island
    Tuesday Nov 17, 1942

    Isolated acts of sabotage and the torpedoing of the Nissei Maru at the wharf on 17 November 1942 meant that only small amounts of phosphate were exported to Japan during the occupation.


  • Stalingrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Volgograd, Russia)
    Thursday Nov 19, 1942

    World War II

    Operation Uranus

    Stalingrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Volgograd, Russia)
    Thursday Nov 19, 1942

    The Soviets began their second winter counter-offensive, starting with a successful encirclement of German forces at Stalingrad, the operation lasted from 19 to 23 November 1942.


  • Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Nov 20, 1942

    Joe Biden

    Birth

    Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Nov 20, 1942

    Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and lived there for ten years before moving with his family to Delaware. He became a lawyer in 1969 and was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970.


  • Rzhev and Velikie Luki, U.S.S.R.
    Wednesday Nov 25, 1942

    World War II

    Operation Mars

    Rzhev and Velikie Luki, U.S.S.R.
    Wednesday Nov 25, 1942

    Operation Mars, also known as Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive Operation, was the code name for an offensive launched by Soviet forces against German forces in Rzhev and Velikie Luki. It took place between 25 November and 20 December 1942. The battles became known as the "Rzhev meat grinder" for their huge losses, particularly on the Soviet side.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    In liberated territories, the Partisans organised People's Committees to act as civilian government. The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) convened in Bihać on 26–27 November 1942.


  • Toulon, France
    Friday Nov 27, 1942

    World War II

    Scuttling of the French fleet at Toulon

    Toulon, France
    Friday Nov 27, 1942

    The scuttling of the French fleet at Toulon was orchestrated by Vichy France on 27 November 1942 to prevent Nazi German forces from taking it over. The Germans began Operation Anton but the French naval crews used deceit to delay them until the scuttling was complete. Anton was judged a failure, with the capture of 39 small ships, while the French destroyed 77 vessels; several submarines escaped to French North Africa. It marked the end of Vichy France as a credible naval power.


  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 28, 1942

    Penicillin

    Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 28, 1942

    In November 1942, survivors of the Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston were the first burn patients to be successfully treated with penicillin.


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