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  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1960

    Richard Nixon

    Losing the 1960 United States presidential election

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1960

    In 1960 Nixon launched his first campaign for President of the United States. He faced little opposition in the Republican primaries and chose former Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. as his running mate. His Democratic opponent was John F. Kennedy and the race remained close for the duration. Then a new political medium was introduced in the campaign: televised presidential debates. In the first of four such debates Nixon appeared pale, with a five o'clock shadow, in contrast to the photogenic Kennedy. Nixon's performance in the debate was perceived to be mediocre in the visual medium of television, though many people listening on the radio thought that Nixon had won. Nixon narrowly lost the election; Kennedy won the popular vote by only 112,827 votes (0.2 percent).




  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Ruby Bridges

    Judge J. Skelly Wright's court order for the first day of integrated schools in New Orleans

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Judge J. Skelly Wright's court order for the first day of integrated schools in New Orleans on Monday, November 14, 1960, was commemorated by Norman Rockwell in the painting, The Problem We All Live With (published in Look magazine on January 14, 1964).




  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Ruby Bridges

    Barbara Henry

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    As soon as Bridges entered the school, white parents pulled their own children out; all the teachers except for one refused to teach while a black child was enrolled. Only one person agreed to teach Bridges and that was Barbara Henry, from Boston, Massachusetts, and for over a year Henry taught her alone, "as if she were teaching a whole class."




  • U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Telling President-elect John Kennedy about the outline plans

    U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1960

    On 18 November 1960, Allen Dulles and Richard Bissell first briefed President-elect John Kennedy on the outline plans. Having experience in actions such as the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'├ętat, Dulles was confident that the CIA was capable of overthrowing the Cuban government.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Chiefs' Meeting

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1960

    On 29 November 1960, President Eisenhower met with the chiefs of the CIA, Defense, State, and Treasury departments to discuss the new concept. None expressed any objections, and Eisenhower approved the plans with the intention of persuading John Kennedy of their merit. On 8 December 1960, Bissell presented outline plans to the "Special Group" while declining to commit details to written records.




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