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  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    October Manifesto

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    The October Manifesto, written by Sergei Witte and Alexis Obolenskii, was presented to the Tsar on 14 October [O.S. 1 October]. It closely followed the demands of the Zemstvo Congress in September, granting basic civil rights, allowing the formation of political parties, extending the franchise towards universal suffrage, and establishing the Duma as the central legislative body.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1905

    Vladimir Lenin

    October Manifesto

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1905

    In response to the revolution of 1905, Tsar Nicholas II accepted a series of liberal reforms in his October Manifesto, after which Lenin felt it safe to return to St. Petersburg.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 21, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Strike by railway workers

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 21, 1905

    A strike by railway workers on 21 October [O.S. 8 October] 1905 quickly developed into a general strike in Saint Petersburg and Moscow.




  • Russian Empire
    Thursday Oct 26, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    2 million workers were on strike and there were almost no active railways in all of Russia

    Russian Empire
    Thursday Oct 26, 1905

    By 26 October [O.S. 13 October] 1905, over 2 million workers were on strike and there were almost no active railways in all of Russia. Growing inter-ethnic confrontation throughout the Caucasus resulted in Armenian-Tatar massacres, heavily damaging the cities and the Baku oilfields.




  • Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire
    Sunday Oct 29, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Russian army opened fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn in which about 8 000-10 000 people

    Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire
    Sunday Oct 29, 1905

    In the Governorate of Estonia, Estonians called for freedom of the press and assembly, for universal suffrage, and for national autonomy. On 29 October [O.S. 16 October], the Russian army opened fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn in which about 8 000-10 000 people participated, killing 94 and injuring over 200. The October Manifesto was supported in Estonia and the Estonian flag was displayed publicly for the first time.




  • Russian Empire
    Monday Oct 30, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Tsar finally signed the manifesto

    Russian Empire
    Monday Oct 30, 1905

    The Tsar waited and argued for three days, but finally signed the manifesto on 30 October [O.S. 17 October] 1905, citing his desire to avoid a massacre and his realisation that there was insufficient military force available to pursue alternative options. He regretted signing the document, saying that he felt "sick with shame at this betrayal of the dynasty ... the betrayal was complete".




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