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  • Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Sep 12, 1980

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Death of His Wiife

    Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Sep 12, 1980

    Hoffa's wife, Josephine, died on September 12, 1980. She is entombed in Michigan.




  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 17, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iraq abrogated The Algiers Protocol

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 17, 1980

    on 17 September 1980, Iraq suddenly abrogated the Algiers Protocol following the Iranian revolution. Saddam Hussein claimed that the Islamic Republic of Iran refused to abide by the stipulations of the Algiers Protocol and, therefore, Iraq considered the Protocol null and void. Five days later, the Iraqi army crossed the border.




  • Damascus, Arkansas, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 18, 1980

    Atomic Bomb

    The Damascus Accident

    Damascus, Arkansas, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 18, 1980

    September 18–19, 1980: the Damascus Accident, occurred in Damascus, Arkansas, where a Titan missile equipped with a nuclear warhead exploded. The accident was caused by a maintenance man who dropped a socket from a socket wrench down an 80-foot (24 m) shaft, puncturing a fuel tank on the rocket. Leaking fuel resulted in a hypergolic fuel explosion, jettisoning the W-53 warhead beyond the launch site.




  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Starting The Battle of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    On 22 September, a prolonged battle began in the city of Khorramshahr, eventually leaving 7,000 dead on each side. Reflecting the bloody nature of the struggle, Iranians came to call Khorramshahr "City of Blood".




  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    War with Iraq

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran, beginning the Iran–Iraq War (September 1980 – August 1988).




  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iraqi Air Force Launched Surprise Air Strikes

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran on 22 September 1980. The Iraqi Air Force launched surprise air strikes on ten Iranian airfields with the objective of destroying the Iranian Air Force. The attack failed to damage the Iranian Air Force significantly; it damaged some of Iran's airbase infrastructure, but failed to destroy a significant number of aircraft.




  • Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    Qasem Soleimani

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    On 22 September 1980, when Saddam Hussein launched an invasion of Iran, setting off the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), Soleimani joined the battlefield serving as the leader of a military company, consisting of men from Kerman whom he assembled and trained.


  • Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    IraqI ground invasion To Iran

    Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    The next day, Iraq launched a ground invasion along a front measuring 644 km (400 mi) in three simultaneous attacks. The invasion's purpose, according to Saddam, was to blunt the edge of Khomeini's movement and to thwart his attempts to export his Islamic revolution to Iraq and the Persian Gulf states.


  • Iraqi
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Kaman 99

    Iraqi
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Though the Iraqi air invasion surprised the Iranians, the Iranian air force retaliated the day after with a large-scale attack against Iraqi air bases and infrastructure in Operation Kaman 99. Groups of F-4 Phantom and F-5 Tiger fighter jets attacked targets throughout Iraq, such as oil facilities, dams, petrochemical plants, and oil refineries, and included Mosul Airbase, Baghdad, and the Kirkuk oil refinery.


  • The Benedum Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Bob Marley

    Marley's Last Concert

    The Benedum Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Marley's last concert occurred at the Stanley Theater (now called The Benedum Center For The Performing Arts) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on 23 September 1980.


  • Basra, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iranian Navy Attack

    Basra, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1980

    On 24 September, the Iranian Navy attacked Basra, Iraq, destroying two oil terminals near the Iraqi port Faw, which reduced Iraq's ability to export oil. The Iranian ground forces (primarily consisting of the Revolutionary Guard) retreated to the cities, where they set up defences against the invaders.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Iranians From The outskirts of The city

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    By 30 September, the Iraqis had managed to clear the Iranians from the outskirts of the city. The next day, the Iraqis launched infantry and armoured attacks into the city. After heavy house-to-house fighting, the Iraqis were repelled.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Sep 30, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Scorch Sword

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Sep 30, 1980

    On 30 September, Iran's air force launched Operation Scorch Sword, striking and badly damaging the nearly-complete Osirak nuclear reactor near Baghdad.


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