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  • Japan
    Monday Aug 18, 2008

    "bitcoin.org"

    Japan
    Monday Aug 18, 2008

    The domain name "bitcoin.org" was registered on 18 August 2008.




  • Japan
    Friday Oct 31, 2008

    A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System

    Japan
    Friday Oct 31, 2008

    On 31 October 2008, a link to a paper authored by Satoshi Nakamoto titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System was posted to a cryptography mailing list.




  • Japan
    Jan, 2009

    Nakamoto implemented the bitcoin software as an open-source code

    Japan
    Jan, 2009

    Nakamoto implemented the bitcoin software as an open-source code and released it in January 2009. Nakamoto's identity remains unknown.




  • Japan
    Saturday Jan 03, 2009

    The genesis block

    Japan
    Saturday Jan 03, 2009

    On 3 January 2009, the bitcoin network was created when Nakamoto mined the starting block of the chain, known as the genesis block. Embedded in the coinbase of this block was the text "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks". This note references a headline published by The Times and has been interpreted as both a timestamp and a comment on the instability caused by fractional-reserve banking.




  • U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 2009

    Finney received ten bitcoins from Nakamoto

    U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 2009

    The receiver of the first bitcoin transaction was cypherpunk Hal Finney, who had created the first reusable proof-of-work system (RPoW) in 2004. Finney downloaded the bitcoin software on its release date, and on 12 January 2009 received ten bitcoins from Nakamoto. Other early cypherpunk supporters were creators of bitcoin predecessors: Wei Dai, creator of b-money, and Nick Szabo, creator of bit gold.




  • U.S.
    2010

    First known commercial transaction using bitcoin

    U.S.
    2010

    In 2010, the first known commercial transaction using bitcoin occurred when programmer Laszlo Hanyecz bought two Papa John's pizzas for ₿10,000.




  • Japan
    2010

    Disappeared

    Japan
    2010

    Blockchain analysts estimate that Nakamoto had mined about one million bitcoins before disappearing in 2010, when he handed the network alert key and control of the code repository over to Gavin Andresen. Andresen later became lead developer at the Bitcoin Foundation.


  • U.S.
    Feb, 2011

    Silk Road exclusively accepted bitcoins as payment

    U.S.
    Feb, 2011

    After early "proof-of-concept" transactions, the first major users of bitcoin were black markets, such as Silk Road. During its 30 months of existence, beginning in February 2011, Silk Road exclusively accepted bitcoins as payment, transacting 9.9 million in bitcoins, worth about $214 million.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Wednesday Jun 08, 2011

    The price rose to $31.50

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Wednesday Jun 08, 2011

    The price rose to $31.50 on 8 June. Within a month the price fell to $11.00. The next month it fell to $7.80, and in another month to $4.77.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    2011

    Start Price

    U.S. and Worldwide
    2011

    In 2011, the price started at $0.30 per bitcoin, growing to $5.27 for the year.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 01, 2011

    Bitcoin-Qt version 0.5.0 was released

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 01, 2011

    On 1 November 2011, the reference implementation Bitcoin-Qt version 0.5.0 was released. It introduced a front end that used the Qt user interface toolkit. The software previously used Berkeley DB for database management. Developers switched to LevelDB in release 0.8 in order to reduce blockchain synchronization time.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sep, 2012

    The Bitcoin Foundation was founded

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sep, 2012

    The Bitcoin Foundation was founded in September 2012 to promote bitcoin's development and uptake.


  • U.S.
    Oct, 2012

    BitPay reported having over 1,000 merchants accepting bitcoin

    U.S.
    Oct, 2012

    In October 2012, BitPay reported having over 1,000 merchants accepting bitcoin under its payment processing service.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Mar, 2013

    The blockchain temporarily split into two independent chains

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Mar, 2013

    In March 2013 the blockchain temporarily split into two independent chains with different rules due to a bug in version 0.8 of the bitcoin software. The two blockchains operated simultaneously for six hours, each with its own version of the transaction history from the moment of the split. Normal operation was restored when the majority of the network downgraded to version 0.7 of the bitcoin software, selecting the backward-compatible version of the blockchain. As a result, this blockchain became the longest chain and could be accepted by all participants, regardless of their bitcoin software version. During the split, the Mt. Gox exchange briefly halted bitcoin deposits and the price dropped by 23% to $37 before recovering to the previous level of approximately $48 in the following hours.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Mar 11, 2013

    The update to this release resulted in a minor blockchain fork

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Mar 11, 2013

    The update to this release resulted in a minor blockchain fork on the 11 March 2013. The fork was resolved shortly afterward. Seeding nodes through IRC was discontinued in version 0.8.2. From version 0.9.0 the software was renamed to Bitcoin Core.


  • Vienna, Virginia, U.S.
    Mar, 2013

    (FinCEN) established regulatory guidelines for "decentralized virtual currencies"

    Vienna, Virginia, U.S.
    Mar, 2013

    The US Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) established regulatory guidelines for "decentralized virtual currencies" such as bitcoin, classifying American bitcoin miners who sell their generated bitcoins as Money Service Businesses (MSBs), that are subject to registration or other legal obligations.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 10, 2013

    The bitcoin price rose to $259

    U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 10, 2013

    The bitcoin price rose to $259 on 10 April, but then crashed by 83% to $45 over the next three days.


  • U.S.
    Apr, 2013

    Price Change in six hours

    U.S.
    Apr, 2013

    In April, exchanges BitInstant and Mt. Gox experienced processing delays due to insufficient capacity resulting in the bitcoin price dropping from $266 to $76 before returning to $160 within six hours.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday May 15, 2013

    US authorities seized accounts associated with Mt. Gox

    U.S.
    Wednesday May 15, 2013

    On 15 May 2013, US authorities seized accounts associated with Mt. Gox after discovering it had not registered as a money transmitter with FinCEN in the US.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jun 23, 2013

    US Drug Enforcement Administration listed ₿11.02 as a seized asset in a United States Department of Justice

    U.S.
    Sunday Jun 23, 2013

    On 23 June 2013, the US Drug Enforcement Administration listed ₿11.02 as a seized asset in a United States Department of Justice seizure notice pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 881. This marked the first time a government agency had seized bitcoin.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Oct, 2013

    FBI seized about ₿30,000

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Oct, 2013

    The FBI seized about ₿30,000 in October 2013 from the dark web website Silk Road, following the arrest of Ross William Ulbricht. These bitcoins were sold at blind auction by the United States Marshals Service to venture capital investor Tim Draper.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Nov 30, 2013

    The Price reached $1,163

    U.S.
    Saturday Nov 30, 2013

    On 30 November 2013, the price reached $1,163 before starting a long-term crash, declining by 87% to $152 in January 2015.


  • Beijing, China
    Thursday Dec 05, 2013

    People's Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bitcoins

    Beijing, China
    Thursday Dec 05, 2013

    On 5 December 2013, the People's Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bitcoins. After the announcement, the value of bitcoins dropped, and Baidu no longer accepted bitcoins for certain services. Buying real-world goods with any virtual currency had been illegal in China since at least 2009.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 01, 2014

    From $13.30 rising to $770

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 01, 2014

    In 2013, prices started at $13.30 rising to $770 by 1 January 2014.


  • San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 2014

    Wikimedia Foundation started accepting donations of bitcoin

    San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 2014

    On 30 July 2014, the Wikimedia Foundation started accepting donations of bitcoin.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    2014

    HSBC refused to serve a hedge fund with links to bitcoin

    London, England, United Kingdom
    2014

    HSBC refused to serve a hedge fund with links to bitcoin.


  • Melbourne, Australia
    2014

    National Australia Bank closed accounts of businesses with ties to bitcoin

    Melbourne, Australia
    2014

    In 2014, the National Australia Bank closed accounts of businesses with ties to bitcoin.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Feb 16, 2015

    Release 0.10 of the software was made public

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Feb 16, 2015

    Release 0.10 of the software was made public on 16 February 2015. It introduced a consensus library which gave programmers easy access to the rules governing consensus on the network. In version, 0.11.2 developers added a new feature that allowed transactions to be made unspendable until a specific time in the future.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Friday Apr 15, 2016

    Bitcoin Core 0.12.1 was released

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Friday Apr 15, 2016

    Bitcoin Core 0.12.1 was released on April 15, 2016 and enabled multiple soft forks to occur concurrently.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Aug 23, 2016

    Bitcoin Core 0.13.0 which was released

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Aug 23, 2016

    Around 100 contributors worked on Bitcoin Core 0.13.0 which was released on 23 August 2016.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Oct, 2016

    Bitcoin Core’s 0.13.1 release featured the "Segwit" soft fork that included a scaling improvement aiming to optimize the bitcoin blocksize

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Oct, 2016

    In October 2016, Bitcoin Core’s 0.13.1 release featured the "Segwit" soft fork that included a scaling improvement aiming to optimize the bitcoin blocksize.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jan 01, 2017

    Prices rose and climbed up to $998

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jan 01, 2017

    In 2015, prices started at $314 and rose to $434 for the year. In 2016, prices rose and climbed up to $998 by 1 January 2017.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Saturday Jul 15, 2017

    The controversial Segregated Witness [SegWit] software upgrade was approved ("locked in")

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Saturday Jul 15, 2017

    On 15 July 2017, the controversial Segregated Witness [SegWit] software upgrade was approved ("locked in"). Segwit was intended to support the Lightning Network as well as improve scalability.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Friday Jul 21, 2017

    Bitcoin was trading at $2,748

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Friday Jul 21, 2017

    On 21 July 2017, bitcoin was trading at $2,748, up 52% from 14 July 2017's $1,835.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Aug 01, 2017

    Bitcoin Cash

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Aug 01, 2017

    Supporters of large blocks who were dissatisfied with the activation of SegWit forked the software on 1 August 2017 to create Bitcoin Cash.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Thursday Aug 24, 2017

    SegWit was subsequently activated on the network

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Thursday Aug 24, 2017

    SegWit was subsequently activated on the network on 24 August 2017. The bitcoin price rose almost 50% in the week following SegWit's approval.


  • Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 10, 2017

    Chicago Board Options Exchange started trading bitcoin futures

    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 10, 2017

    On 10 December 2017, the Chicago Board Options Exchange started trading bitcoin futures.


  • Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 17, 2017

    Chicago Mercantile Exchange started trading bitcoin futures

    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 17, 2017

    Chicago Mercantile Exchange started trading bitcoin futures on 17 December 2017.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Dec 17, 2017

    Reaching its all-time high

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Dec 17, 2017

    Prices started at $998 in 2017 and rose to $13,412.44 on 1 January 2018, after reaching its all-time high of $19,783.06 on 17 December 2017.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    2018

    Several hacks

    U.S. and Worldwide
    2018

    Bitcoin prices were negatively affected by several hacks or thefts from cryptocurrency exchanges, including thefts from Coincheck in January 2018, Coinrail and Bithumb in June, and Bancor in July. For the first six months of 2018, $761 million worth of cryptocurrencies was reported stolen from exchanges. Bitcoin's price was affected even though other cryptocurrencies were stolen at Coinrail and Bancor as investors worried about the security of cryptocurrency exchanges.


  • China
    Thursday Feb 01, 2018

    Complete ban

    China
    Thursday Feb 01, 2018

    China banned trading in bitcoin, with the first steps taken in September 2017, and a complete ban that started on 1 February 2018.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jul 01, 2018

    Bitcoin's price was $6,343

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jul 01, 2018

    Throughout the rest of the first half of 2018, bitcoin's price fluctuated between $11,480 and $5,848. On 1 July 2018, bitcoin's price was $6,343.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sep, 2018

    Anonymous party discovered and reported an invalid-block denial-of-server vulnerability to developers of Bitcoin Core, Bitcoin ABC, and Bitcoin Unlimited

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sep, 2018

    In September 2018, an anonymous party discovered and reported an invalid-block denial-of-server vulnerability to developers of Bitcoin Core, Bitcoin ABC, and Bitcoin Unlimited. Further analysis by bitcoin developers showed the issue could also allow the creation of blocks violating the 21 million coin limit and CVE-2018-17144 was assigned and the issue resolved.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Jan 01, 2019

    The price fell to $3,747

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Jan 01, 2019

    The price on 1 January 2019 was $3,747, down 72% for 2018, and down 81% since the all-time high.


  • Vancouver, Canada
    Feb, 2019

    Canadian cryptocurrency exchange Quadriga Fintech Solutions failed

    Vancouver, Canada
    Feb, 2019

    In February 2019, Canadian cryptocurrency exchange Quadriga Fintech Solutions failed with approximately $200 million missing.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Jun, 2019

    Price had recovered to $13,000

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Jun, 2019

    By June 2019 the price had recovered to $13,000.


  • Venezuela
    Sep, 2019

    Central Bank of Venezuela ran tests to determine if bitcoin

    Venezuela
    Sep, 2019

    In September 2019 the Central Bank of Venezuela, at the request of PDVSA, ran tests to determine if bitcoin and ether could be held in central bank's reserves. The request was motivated by oil company's goal to pay its suppliers.


  • U.S.
    Sep, 2019

    Bakkt

    U.S.
    Sep, 2019

    In September 2019 the Intercontinental Exchange (the owner of the NYSE) began trading of bitcoin futures on its exchange called Bakkt. Bakkt also announced that it would launch options on bitcoin in December 2019.


  • San Mateo, California, U.S.
    Dec, 2019

    YouTube removed bitcoin and cryptocurrency videos

    San Mateo, California, U.S.
    Dec, 2019

    In December 2019, YouTube removed bitcoin and cryptocurrency videos, but later restored the content after judging they had "made the wrong call."


  • New Jersey, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 11, 2020

    281,000 bitcoins were sold by owners who held them for only thirty days

    New Jersey, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 11, 2020

    According to CoinMetrics and Forbes, on 11 March, 281,000 bitcoins were sold by owners who held them for only thirty days. This compared to 4,131 bitcoins that had laid dormant for a year or more indicating that the vast majority of the bitcoin volatility on that day was from recent buyers.


  • San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Mar, 2020

    Kraken experienced an 83% increase

    San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Mar, 2020

    During the week of 11 March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, cryptocurrency exchange Kraken experienced an 83% increase in the amount of account signups over the week of bitcoin's price collapse, a result of buyers looking to capitalize on the low price.


  • Frankfurt, Germany
    Thursday Sep 03, 2020

    Frankfurt Stock Exchange admitted in its Regulated Market the quotation of the first Bitcoin exchange-traded note (ETN)

    Frankfurt, Germany
    Thursday Sep 03, 2020

    On September 3, 2020, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange admitted in its Regulated Market the quotation of the first Bitcoin exchange-traded note (ETN), centrally cleared via Eurex Clearing.


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