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  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Nov 18, 1990

    The First multi-party election

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Nov 18, 1990

    In the First multi-party election in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in November 1990, votes were cast largely according to ethnicity, leading to the success of the Bosniak Party of Democratic Action, the Serbian Democratic Party and the Croatian Democratic Union.




  • Karađorđevo, Serbia
    Monday Mar 25, 1991

    Karađorđevo meeting

    Karađorđevo, Serbia
    Monday Mar 25, 1991

    On 25 March, Franjo Tuđman and Serbian President Slobodan Milošević held a meeting in Karađorđevo. The meeting became controversial in later months due to claims by some Yugoslav politicians that the two presidents agreed to the partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina.




  • Croatia
    Thursday Jun 06, 1991

    A Weak Confederation

    Croatia
    Thursday Jun 06, 1991

    On 6 June, Izetbegović and Macedonian president Kiro Gligorov proposed a weak confederation between Croatia, Slovenia and a federation of the other four republics, which was rejected by Milošević.




  • Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    Slovenia and Croatia declared independence

    Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    On 25 June 1991, both Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to a short armed conflict in Slovenia called the Ten-Day War, and an all-out war in Croatia in the Croatian War of Independence in areas with a substantial ethnic Serb population.




  • Serbia
    Jul, 1991

    The Zulfikarpašić–Karadžić agreement

    Serbia
    Jul, 1991

    In July 1991, representatives of the Serb Democratic Party (SDS), including SDS president Karadžić, and Muhamed Filipović and Adil Zulfikarpašić from the Muslim Bosniak Organisation (MBO), drafted an agreement known as the Zulfikarpašić–Karadžić agreement which would leave SR Bosnia and Herzegovina in a state union with SR Serbia and SR Montenegro. The agreement was denounced by Croat political parties. Although initially welcoming the initiative, Izetbegović later dismissed the agreement.




  • Brussels, Belgium
    Aug, 1991

    A conference to prevent Bosnia and Herzegovina sliding into war

    Brussels, Belgium
    Aug, 1991

    In August 1991, the European Economic Community hosted a conference in an attempt to prevent Bosnia and Herzegovina sliding into war.




  • Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Sep 15, 1991

    Croatian National Guard (ZNG) raided Bosanski Brod

    Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Sep 15, 1991

    In September 1991, Croatian National Guard (ZNG) organised armed incursions across the Croatian border into Bosnia. ZNG opened mortar fire on Bosanska Dubica on 13 September 1991, and raided Bosanski Brod on 15 September 1991.


  • Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 19, 1991

    The JNA moved extra troops to the area around the city of Mostar

    Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 19, 1991

    On 19 September 1991, the JNA moved extra troops to the area around the city of Mostar, which was publicly protested by the local government.


  • Vokovar, Croatia
    Friday Sep 20, 1991

    the JNA transferred troops to the front at Vukovar

    Vokovar, Croatia
    Friday Sep 20, 1991

    On 20 September 1991, the JNA transferred troops to the front at Vukovar via the Višegrad region of northeastern Bosnia. In response, local Croats and Bosniaks set up barricades and machine-gun posts. They halted a column of 60 JNA tanks but were dispersed by force the following day. More than 1,000 people had to flee the area. This action, nearly seven months before the start of the Bosnian War, caused the first casualties of the Yugoslav Wars in Bosnia.


  • New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 25, 1991

    Imposing an arms embargo on all of the former Yugoslav territories

    New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 25, 1991

    On 25 September 1991, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 713, imposing an arms embargo on all of the former Yugoslav territories. The embargo hurt the Army of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina the most because the Republic of Serbia inherited the lion's share of the Yugoslav People Army's arsenal and the Croatian Army could smuggle weapons through its coast. Over 55% of the armories and barracks of the former Yugoslavia were located in Bosnia, owing to its mountainous terrain in anticipation of a guerrilla war had Yugoslavia been invaded, but many of those factories (such as the UNIS PRETIS factory in Vogošća) were under Serb control, and others were inoperable due to a lack of electricity and raw materials.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    Memorandum on the Sovereignty of Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    On 15 October 1991, the parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo passed a "Memorandum on the Sovereignty of Bosnia-Herzegovina" by a simple majority.


  • Serbia
    Thursday Oct 24, 1991

    The Serb people wished to remain in Yugoslavia

    Serbia
    Thursday Oct 24, 1991

    The Serb political representatives proclaimed the Assembly of the Serb People of Bosnia and Herzegovina on 24 October 1991, declaring that the Serb people wished to remain in Yugoslavia.


  • Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    The Croatian Community of Bosnian Posavina

    Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    On 12 November 1991, the Croatian Community of Bosnian Posavina was established in Bosanski Brod. It covered eight municipalities in northern Bosnia.


  • Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Nov 18, 1991

    The Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia

    Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Nov 18, 1991

    On 18 November 1991, the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia was established in Mostar. Mate Boban was chosen as its president. Its founding document said: "The Community will respect the democratically elected government of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina for as long as exists the state independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina in relation to the former, or any other, Yugoslavia".


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 09, 1992

    Republic of the Serbian People in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 09, 1992

    On 9 January 1992, the Bosnian Serbs proclaimed the "Republic of the Serbian People in Bosnia-Herzegovina" (SR BiH, later Republika Srpska), but did not officially declare independence.


  • Serbia
    Saturday Jan 11, 1992

    The Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference

    Serbia
    Saturday Jan 11, 1992

    The Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia in its 11 January 1992 Opinion No. 4 on Bosnia and Herzegovina stated that the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina should not be recognised because the country had not yet held a referendum on independence.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Feb, 1992

    Clashes

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Feb, 1992

    There is debate over the start date of the Bosnian War. Clashes between Bosnian Muslims, Serbs and Croats started in late February 1992.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Feb 21, 1992

    The United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Feb 21, 1992

    The Croatian War would result in United Nations Security Council Resolution 743 on 21 February 1992, which created the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR).


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 29, 1992

    Boycott the referendums held on 29 February and 1 March 1992

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 29, 1992

    The Bosnian Serb assembly members advised Serbs to boycott the referendums held on 29 February and 1 March 1992. The turnout to the referendums was reported as 63.7%, with 92.7% of voters voting in favour of independence (implying that Bosnian Serbs, which made up approximately 34% of the population, largely boycotted the referendum).


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 01, 1992

    The Sarajevo wedding shooting

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 01, 1992

    Serbs consider the Sarajevo wedding shooting, when a groom's father was killed on the second day of the Bosnian independence referendum, 1 March 1992, to have been the first victim of the war.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Mar 03, 1992

    Independence

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Mar 03, 1992

    The Serb political leadership used the referendum as a pretext to set up roadblocks in protest. Independence was formally declared by the Bosnian parliament on 3 March 1992.


  • Lisbon, Portugal
    Wednesday Mar 18, 1992

    The Lisbon Agreement

    Lisbon, Portugal
    Wednesday Mar 18, 1992

    On 18 March 1992, all three sides signed the Lisbon Agreement: Alija Izetbegović for the Bosniaks, Radovan Karadžić for the Serbs and Mate Boban for the Croats.


  • Sijekovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Mar 26, 1992

    The Sijekovac killings

    Sijekovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Mar 26, 1992

    The Sijekovac killings of Serbs took place on 26 March.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 28, 1992

    Opposition to any type of ethnic division of Bosnia

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 28, 1992

    on 28 March 1992, Izetbegović, after meeting with the then-US ambassador to Yugoslavia Warren Zimmermann in Sarajevo, withdrew his signature and declared his opposition to any type of ethnic division of Bosnia.


  • Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Apr 01, 1992

    The Bijeljina Killings

    Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Apr 01, 1992

    The Bijeljina Killings (of mostly Bosniaks) on 1–2 April.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Apr, 1992

    War in Bosnia escalated

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Apr, 1992

    The war in Bosnia escalated in April.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 03, 1992

    Battle of Kupres

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 03, 1992

    On 3 April, the Battle of Kupres began between the JNA and a combined HV-HVO force that ended in a JNA victory.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 06, 1992

    Serb forces began shelling Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 06, 1992

    On 6 April Serb forces began shelling Sarajevo, and in the next two days crossed the Drina from Serbia proper and besieged Muslim-majority Zvornik, Višegrad and Foča.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 06, 1992

    Full-scale hostilities had broken out by 6 April

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 06, 1992

    "full-scale hostilities had broken out by 6 April", the same day that the United States and European Economic Community (EEC) recognized Bosnia and Herzegovina.


  • Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 23, 1992

    the JNA evacuated its personnel by helicopters from the barracks in Čapljina

    Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 23, 1992

    On 23 April, the JNA evacuated its personnel by helicopters from the barracks in Čapljina, which was under blockade since 4 March.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 27, 1992

    The Bosnian government ordered the JNA

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 27, 1992

    On 27 April, the Bosnian government ordered the JNA to be put under civilian control or expelled, which was followed by a series of conflicts in early May between the two.


  • Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovania
    Thursday Apr 30, 1992

    Prijedor was taken over by Serbs

    Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovania
    Thursday Apr 30, 1992

    Prijedor was taken over by Serbs on 30 April.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    May, 1992

    The Čelebići prison

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    May, 1992

    From May to December 1992, the Bosnian Ministry of the Interior (BiH MUP), Croatian Defence Council (HVO) and later the Bosnian Territorial Defence Forces (TO RBiH) operated the Čelebići prison camp. It was used to detain 700 Bosnian Serb prisoners of war arrested during military operations that were intended to de-block routes to Sarajevo and Mostar in May 1992 which had earlier been blocked by Serb forces. Of these 700 prisoners, 13 died while in captivity.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 02, 1992

    Cutting Sarajevo in two

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 02, 1992

    On 2 May, the Green Berets and local gang members fought back a disorganized Serb attack aimed at cutting Sarajevo in two.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 03, 1992

    Izetbegović was kidnapped

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 03, 1992

    On May 3, Izetbegović was kidnapped at the Sarajevo airport by JNA officers, and used to gain safe passage of JNA troops from downtown Sarajevo.


  • Graz, Austria
    Wednesday May 06, 1992

    Agreement for a ceasefire

    Graz, Austria
    Wednesday May 06, 1992

    On 6 May 1992, Mate Boban met with Radovan Karadžić in Graz, Austria, where they reached an agreement for a ceasefire and discussed the details of the demarcation between a Croat and Serb territorial unit in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


  • Serbia
    Tuesday May 12, 1992

    The Army of Republika Srpska

    Serbia
    Tuesday May 12, 1992

    The Army of Republika Srpska (Vojska Republike Srpske, VRS) was established on 12 May 1992. It was loyal to Republika Srpska, a Serb breakaway state that sought unification with FR Yugoslavia.


  • Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday May 15, 1992

    A JNA column was ambushed in Tuzla

    Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday May 15, 1992

    On 15 May 1992, a JNA column was ambushed in Tuzla. 92nd Motorised JNA Brigade (stationed in "Husinska buna" barracks in Tuzla) received orders to leave the city of Tuzla and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and to enter Serbia.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday May 22, 1992

    A member State of the United Nations

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday May 22, 1992

    The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was admitted as a member State of the United Nations on 22 May 1992.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 24, 1992

    Shelling on Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 24, 1992

    The Army of Republika Srpska was newly established and put under the command of General Ratko Mladić, in a new phase of the war. Shelling on Sarajevo on 24, 26, 28 and 29 May were attributed to Mladić by UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jun, 1992

    Operation Vrbas 92

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jun, 1992

    In June 1992, the Bosnian Serbs started Operation Vrbas 92.


  • Busovača, Bosnia and Herz
    Jun, 1992

    Armed conflicts occurred in Busovača

    Busovača, Bosnia and Herz
    Jun, 1992

    An armed conflict occurred in Busovača in early May and another one on 13 June.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jun, 1992

    The number of refugees

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jun, 1992

    By June 1992, the number of refugees and internally displaced persons had reached 2.6 million.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 05, 1992

    The last JNA personnel left the city

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 05, 1992

    On 5 and 6 June the last JNA personnel left the city during heavy street fighting and shelling.


  • Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    A conflict in Novi Travnik

    Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    On 19 June, a conflict between the units of the TO on one side, and HVO and HOS units on the other side broke out in Novi Travnik.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jun 20, 1992

    The 20 June cease-fire

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jun 20, 1992

    The 20 June cease-fire, executed in order for UN takeover of the Sarajevo airport for humanitarian flights, was broken as both sides battled for control of the territory between the city and airport.


  • Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Jun 21, 1992

    Bosniak forces entered the Bosnian Serb village of Ratkovići

    Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Jun 21, 1992

    On 21 June 1992, Bosniak forces entered the Bosnian Serb village of Ratkovići near Srebrenica and murdered 24 Serb civilians.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 24, 1992

    Operation Corridor 92

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 24, 1992

    In June 1992, the Bosnian Serbs started Operation Corridor 92.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 26, 1992

    Boutros-Ghali's ultimatum

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 26, 1992

    The airport crisis led to Boutros-Ghali's ultimatum on 26 June, that the Serbs stop attacks on the city, allow the UN to take control of the airport, and place their heavy weapons under UN supervision.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1992

    Military Cooperation

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1992

    On 21 July 1992, the Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation was signed by Tuđman and Izetbegović, establishing a military cooperation between the two armies.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Aug 12, 1992

    Republika Srpska

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Aug 12, 1992

    On 12 August 1992, the name of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was changed to Republika Srpska (RS).


  • Croatia
    Sep, 1992

    Croatia had accepted 335,985 refugees

    Croatia
    Sep, 1992

    By September 1992, Croatia had accepted 335,985 refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, mostly Bosniak civilians (excluding men of drafting age).


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jan, 1993

    The Vance-Owen Peace Plan

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Jan, 1993

    Numerous peace plans were proposed by the UN, the United States, and the European Community (EC), but with little impact on the war. The most notable proposal was the Vance-Owen Peace Plan, revealed in January 1993.


  • Kravica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 07, 1993

    Bratunac Killings

    Kravica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 07, 1993

    On 7 January 1993, Orthodox Christmas Day, 8th Operational Unit Srebrenica, a unit of the ARBiH under the command of Bratunac Killings, attacked the village of Kravica near Bratunac. 46 Serbs died in the attack: 35 soldiers and 11 civilians.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 08, 1993

    The Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 08, 1993

    On 8 January 1993, the Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić after stopping the UN convoy taking him from the airport.


  • Skelani, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 16, 1993

    The ARBiH attacked the Bosnian Serb village of Skelani

    Skelani, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 16, 1993

    On 16 January 1993, soldiers of the ARBiH attacked the Bosnian Serb village of Skelani, near Srebrenica. 69 people were killed, 185 were wounded. Among the victims were 6 children.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jan 26, 1993

    The ARBiH seized control of several villages in the area

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jan 26, 1993

    By 26 January, the ARBiH seized control of several villages in the area, including Kaćuni and Bilalovac on the Busovača–Kiseljak road, thus isolating Kiseljak from Busovača. In the Kiseljak area, the ARBiH secured the villages northeast of the town of Kiseljak, but most of the municipality and the town itself remained in HVO control.


  • Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 30, 1993

    A Ceasefire in the area of central Bosnia

    Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 30, 1993

    On 30 January, ARBiH and HVO leaders met in Vitez, together with representatives from UNPROFOR and other foreign observers, and signed a ceasefire in the area of central Bosnia, which came into effect on the following day.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 22, 1993

    Resolution 808

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 22, 1993

    On 22 February 1993, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 808 that decided "that an international tribunal shall be established for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law".


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    A no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    On 31 March 1993, the United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 816, calling on member states to enforce a no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 12, 1993

    Operation Deny Flight

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 12, 1993

    On 12 April 1993, NATO commenced Operation Deny Flight to enforce this no-fly zone.


  • Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 15, 1993

    The Outnumbered HVO in the Zenica municipality was quickly defeated

    Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 15, 1993

    The April incidents escalated into an armed conflict on 15 April in the area of Vitez, Busovača, Kiseljak and Zenica. The outnumbered HVO in the Zenica municipality was quickly defeated, followed by a large exodus of Croat civilians.


  • Ahmići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    the HVO launched a spoiling attack on the village of Ahmići

    Ahmići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    On 16 April, the HVO (The Croatian Defence Council) launched a spoiling attack on the village of Ahmići, east of Vitez. After the attacking units breached the ARBiH lines and entered the village, groups of irregular HVO units went from house to house, burning them and killing civilians. The massacre in Ahmići resulted in more than 100 killed Bosniak civilians.


  • Trusina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    Killings by the ARBiH in the village of Trusina

    Trusina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    On 16 April, 15 Croat civilians and 7 POWs were killed by the ARBiH in the village of Trusina, north of Jablanica.


  • Miletići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Apr 24, 1993

    Mujahideen forces attacked the village of Miletići

    Miletići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Apr 24, 1993

    On 24 April, mujahideen forces attacked the village of Miletići northeast of Travnik and killed four Croat civilians. The rest of the captured civilians were taken to the Poljanice camp.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 25, 1993

    Izetbegović and Boban signed a ceasefire agreement

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 25, 1993

    On 25 April, Izetbegović and Boban signed a ceasefire agreement.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 15, 1993

    The Vance-Owen peace plan was rejected

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 15, 1993

    On 15–16 May, the Vance-Owen peace plan was rejected on a referendum.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday May 25, 1993

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday May 25, 1993

    On 25 May 1993 the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was formally established by Resolution 827 of the United Nations Security Council.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 04, 1993

    The UN Security Council passed Resolution 836

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 04, 1993

    On 4 June 1993, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 836 authorising the use of force by UNPROFOR in the protection of the safe zones.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jun 08, 1993

    Croat civilians and POWs were killed by the mujahideen

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jun 08, 1993

    On 8 June, 24 Croat civilians and POWs were killed by the mujahideen near the village of Bikoši.


  • Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 09, 1993

    The ARBiH attacked HVO units positioned east of the town

    Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 09, 1993

    A similar development took place in Novi Travnik. On 9 June, the ARBiH (Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) attacked HVO units positioned east of the town, facing the VRS in Donji Vakuf, and the next day heavy fighting followed in Novi Travnik.


  • Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Jun 14, 1993

    The ARBiH offensive continued east of Travnik

    Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Jun 14, 1993

    The ARBiH offensive continued east of Travnik to secure the road to Zenica, which was achieved by 14 June.


  • Adriatic Sea
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1993

    Operation Sharp Guard

    Adriatic Sea
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1993

    On 15 June 1993, Operation Sharp Guard, a naval blockade in the Adriatic Sea by NATO and the Western European Union, began and continued until it was lifted on 18 June 1996 on termination of the UN arms embargo.


  • Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1993

    The ARBiH secured the area northwest of the town

    Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1993

    By 15 June, the ARBiH secured the area northwest of the town, while the HVO kept the northeastern part of the municipality and the town of Novi Travnik. The battle continued into July with only minor changes on the front lines.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jun 24, 1993

    An ARBiH defeat

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jun 24, 1993

    On 24 June, the Battle of Žepče began that ended with an ARBiH defeat on 30 June.


  • Kreševo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jul 03, 1993

    The HVO held off an attack on Kreševo

    Kreševo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jul 03, 1993

    In the Kiseljak enclave, the HVO held off an attack on Kreševo, but lost Fojnica on 3 July.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Sep 08, 1993

    Operation Neretva 93

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Sep 08, 1993

    At the beginning of September, the ARBiH launched an operation known as Operation Neretva 93 against the HVO in Herzegovina and central Bosnia, on a 200 km long front. It was one of their largest offensives in 1993.


  • Grabovica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Sep 08, 1993

    Grabovica Killings

    Grabovica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Sep 08, 1993

    During the night of 8/9 September, at least 13 Croat civilians were killed by the ARBiH in the Grabovica Killings.


  • Uzdol, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Sep 14, 1993

    Uzdol Killings

    Uzdol, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Sep 14, 1993

    29 Croat civilians were killed in the Uzdol Killings on 14 September.


  • Stupni Do, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Oct 23, 1993

    Stupni Do Massacre

    Stupni Do, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Oct 23, 1993

    On 23 October, 37 Bosniaks were killed by the HVO in the Stupni Do massacre.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 05, 1994

    Markale massacre

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 05, 1994

    On 5 February 1994, Sarajevo suffered its deadliest single attack of the entire siege with the first Markale massacre, when a 120 millimeter mortar shell landed in the centre of the crowded marketplace, killing 68 people and wounding another 144.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 06, 1994

    Future requests for air strikes would be carried out immediately

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 06, 1994

    On 6 February, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali formally requested NATO to confirm that future requests for air strikes would be carried out immediately.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Feb 09, 1994

    Air strikes—at the request of the UN—against artillery and mortar positions in or around Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Feb 09, 1994

    On 9 February 1994, NATO authorized the Commander of Allied Forces Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH), US Admiral Jeremy Boorda, to launch air strikes—at the request of the UN—against artillery and mortar positions in or around Sarajevo determined by UNPROFOR to be responsible for attacks against civilian targets.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 12, 1994

    First casualty free day

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 12, 1994

    On 12 February, Sarajevo enjoyed its first casualty free day since April 1992.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Feb 17, 1994

    The large-scale removal of Bosnian-Serb heavy weapons

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Feb 17, 1994

    The large-scale removal of Bosnian-Serb heavy weapons began on 17 February 1994.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 20, 1994

    An ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 20, 1994

    NATO also issued an ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs demanding the removal of heavy weapons around Sarajevo by midnight of 20–21 February, or they would face air strikes.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    The Croat-Bosniak war

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    The Croat-Bosniak war ended with the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the HVO Chief of Staff, general Ante Roso, and the ARBiH Chief of Staff, general Rasim Delić, on 23 February 1994 in Zagreb. The agreement went into effect on 25 February.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 28, 1994

    NATO became actively involved

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 28, 1994

    NATO became actively involved when its jets shot down four Serb aircraft over central Bosnia on 28 February 1994 for violating the UN no-fly zone.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 12, 1994

    First request for NATO air support

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 12, 1994

    On 12 March 1994, the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) made its first request for NATO air support, but close air support was not deployed, owing to a number of delays associated with the approval process.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1994

    Washington Agreement

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1994

    A peace agreement known as the Washington Agreement, mediated by the US, was concluded on 2 March by representatives of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Herzeg-Bosnia.


  • Maglaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 20, 1994

    An aid convoy with medical supplies and doctors reached Maglaj

    Maglaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 20, 1994

    On 20 March an aid convoy with medical supplies and doctors reached Maglaj, a city of 100,000 people, which had been under siege since May 1993 and had been surviving off food supplies dropped by US aircraft. A second convoy on 23 March was hijacked and looted.


  • Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 10, 1994

    The first time in NATO's history it had conducted air strikes

    Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 10, 1994

    On 10–11 April 1994, UNPROFOR called in air strikes to protect the Goražde safe area, resulting in the bombing of a Serbian military command outpost near Goražde by two US F-16 jets.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 14, 1994

    Serbs took 150 U.N. personnel hostage

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 14, 1994

    In retaliation, Serbs took 150 U.N. personnel hostage on 14 April.


  • Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 15, 1994

    the Bosnian government lines around Goražde broke

    Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 15, 1994

    On 15 April, the Bosnian government lines around Goražde broke.


  • Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 29, 1994

    A Danish contingent (Nordbat 2) on peacekeeping duty in Bosnia

    Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 29, 1994

    Around 29 April 1994, a Danish contingent (Nordbat 2) on peacekeeping duty in Bosnia, as part of UNPROFOR's Nordic battalion located in Tuzla, was ambushed when trying to relieve a Swedish observation post (Tango 2) that was under heavy artillery fire by the Bosnian Serb Šekovići brigade at the village of Kalesija.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 12, 1994

    the US Senate adopted S. 2042

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 12, 1994

    On 12 May, the US Senate adopted S. 2042, introduced by Sen. Bob Dole, to unilaterally lift the arms embargo against the Bosnians, but it was repudiated by President Clinton.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Aug 05, 1994

    NATO aircraft attacked a target within the Sarajevo Exclusion Zone

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Aug 05, 1994

    On 5 August, at the request of UNPROFOR, NATO aircraft attacked a target within the Sarajevo Exclusion Zone after weapons were seized by Bosnian Serbs from a weapons collection site near Sarajevo.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 22, 1994

    NATO aircraft carried out an air strike against a Bosnian Serb tank

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 22, 1994

    On 22 September 1994, NATO aircraft carried out an air strike against a Bosnian Serb tank at the request of UNPROFOR.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 05, 1994

    Pub.L. 103–337 was signed by the President

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 05, 1994

    On 5 October 1994, Pub.L. 103–337 was signed by the President and stated that if the Bosnian Serbs had not accepted the Contact Group proposal by 15 October the President should introduce a UN Security Council proposal to end the arms embargo, and that if it was not passed by 15 November, only funds required by all UN members under Resolution 713 could be used to enforce the embargo, which would effectively end the embargo.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1994

    Operation Amanda

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1994

    Operation Amanda was an UNPROFOR mission led by Danish peacekeeping troops, with the aim of recovering an observation post near Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina, on 25 October 1994.


  • Kupres, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Nov 03, 1994

    The first military effort coordinated between the HVO and the ARBiH following the Washington Agreement

    Kupres, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Nov 03, 1994

    The first military effort coordinated between the HVO and the ARBiH following the Washington Agreement was the advance towards Kupres, which was retaken from the VRS on 3 November 1994.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 12, 1994

    The US unilaterally lifted the arms embargo

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 12, 1994

    On 12–13 November, the US unilaterally lifted the arms embargo against the government of Bosnia.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 19, 1994

    the North Atlantic Council approved the extension of Close Air Support to Croatia

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 19, 1994

    On 19 November 1994, the North Atlantic Council approved the extension of Close Air Support to Croatia for the protection of UN forces in that country.


  • Udbina, Croatia
    Monday Nov 21, 1994

    NATO aircraft attacked the Udbina airfield

    Udbina, Croatia
    Monday Nov 21, 1994

    NATO aircraft attacked the Udbina airfield in Serb-held Croatia on 21 November, in response to attacks launched from that airfield against targets in the Bihac area of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1994

    Operation Winter 94

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1994

    On 29 November, the HV and the HVO initiated Operation Winter 94 in southwestern Bosnia. After a month of fighting, Croat forces had taken around 200 square kilometres (77 square miles) of VRS-held territory and directly threatened the main supply route between Republika Srpska and Knin, the capital of Republic of Serbian Krajina. The primary objective of relieving pressure on the Bihać pocket was not achieved, although the ARBiH repelled VRS attacks on the enclave.


  • Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday May 25, 1995

    NATO bombed VRS positions in Pale due to their failure to return heavy weapons

    Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday May 25, 1995

    On 25 May 1995, NATO bombed VRS positions in Pale due to their failure to return heavy weapons.


  • Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 11, 1995

    (VRS) occupied the UN "safe area" of Srebrenica

    Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 11, 1995

    On 11 July 1995, Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) forces under general Ratko Mladić occupied the UN "safe area" of Srebrenica in eastern Bosnia where more than 8,000 men were killed in the Srebrenica massacre (most women were expelled to Bosniak-held territory). The United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR), represented on the ground by a 400-strong contingent of Dutch peacekeepers, Dutchbat, failed to prevent the town's capture by the VRS and the subsequent massacre.


  • Split, Croatia
    Saturday Jul 22, 1995

    The Split Agreement

    Split, Croatia
    Saturday Jul 22, 1995

    the Split Agreement signed between Tuđman and Izetbegović on 22 July.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 25, 1995

    Operation Summer 95

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 25, 1995

    Military offensive by the HV (the Croatian Army) and the HVO (the Croatian Defence Council) codenamed Operation Summer 95 took place in western Bosnia.