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  • Michelena, Táchira, Venezuela
    Wednesday Oct 12, 1949

    Birth

    Michelena, Táchira, Venezuela
    Wednesday Oct 12, 1949

    Ilich Ramírez Sánchez born in Michelena, Táchira, Venezuela, in 12-10-1949.




  • Moscow, Russia
    1970

    Expelled from the university

    Moscow, Russia
    1970

    Eventually opted for the Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow. He was expelled from the university in 1970.




  • Beirut, Lebanon
    1970

    The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

    Beirut, Lebanon
    1970

    From Moscow Ramírez Sánchez traveled to Beirut, Lebanon, where he volunteered for the PFLP (The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine) in July 1970. He was sent to a training camp for foreign volunteers of the PFLP on the outskirts of Amman, Jordan. On graduating, he studied at a finishing school, code-named H4 and staffed by the Iraqi military, near the Syria-Iraq border.




  • Queen's Grove, St John's Wood, London, United Kingdom
    Sunday Dec 30, 1973

    Failed assassination

    Queen's Grove, St John's Wood, London, United Kingdom
    Sunday Dec 30, 1973

    In 1973, Carlos conducted a failed PFLP assassination attempt on Joseph Sieff, a Jewish businessman and vice president of the British Zionist Federation. On 30 December, Carlos called on Sieff's home on Queen's Grove in St John's Wood and ordered the maid to take him to Sieff. Finding Sieff in the bathroom, in his bath, Carlos fired one bullet at Sieff from his Tokarev 7.62mm pistol, which bounced off Sieff just between his nose and upper lip and knocked him unconscious; the gun then jammed and Carlos fled.




  • Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport

    Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    He later participated in two failed rocket propelled grenade attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport near Paris on 13 and 17 January 1975.




  • Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 26, 1975

    A Parisian house party

    Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 26, 1975

    On 26 June 1975, Carlos's PFLP contact, Lebanon-born Michel Moukharbal, was captured and interrogated by the French domestic intelligence agency, the DST. When two unarmed agents of the DST interrogated Carlos at a Parisian house party, Moukharbal revealed Carlos's identity. Carlos then shot and killed the two agents and Moukharbal, fled the scene, and managed to escape via Brussels to Beirut.




  • Vienna, Austria
    Sunday Dec 21, 1975

    OPEC Attack

    Vienna, Austria
    Sunday Dec 21, 1975

    On 21 December 1975, he led the six-person team (which included Gabriele Kröcher-Tiedemann) that attacked the meeting of OPEC leaders; they took more than 60 hostages and killed three: an Austrian policeman, an Iraqi OPEC employee and a member of the Libyan delegation. Carlos demanded that the Austrian authorities read a communiqué about the Palestinian cause on Austrian radio and television networks every two hours. To avoid the threatened execution of a hostage every 15 minutes, the Austrian government agreed and the communiqué was broadcast as demanded.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    The hostages' release

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    On 22 December, the government provided the PFLP and 42 hostages an airplane and flew them to Algiers, as demanded for the hostages' release. Ex-Royal Navy pilot Neville Atkinson, at that time the personal pilot for Libya's leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, flew Carlos and a number of others, including Hans-Joachim Klein, a supporter of the imprisoned Red Army Faction and a member of the Revolutionary Cells, and Gabriele Kröcher-Tiedemann, from Algiers.


  • Tehran, Iran
    1975

    Carlos Assassination agreement

    Tehran, Iran
    1975

    Manuel Contreras, Gerhard Mertins, Sergio Arredondo and an unidentified Brazilian general traveled to Tehran in 1976 to offer a collaboration to the Shah regime to kill Carlos in exchange for a large sum of money. It's not known what actually happened in the meetings.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sep, 1976

    Organization of Armed Struggle

    Yugoslavia
    Sep, 1976

    In September 1976, Carlos was arrested, detained in Yugoslavia, and flown to Baghdad. He chose to settle in Aden, where he tried to found his own Organization of Armed Struggle, composed of Syrian, Lebanese and German rebels. He also connected with the Stasi, East Germany's secret police. They provided him with an office and safe houses in East Berlin, a support staff of 75, and a service car, and allowed him to carry a pistol while in public.


  • Munich, Germany
    Saturday Feb 21, 1981

    Bombing of the Radio Free Europe offices

    Munich, Germany
    Saturday Feb 21, 1981

    Carlos is believed to have planned his attacks on several European targets, including the bombing of the Radio Free Europe offices in Munich in February 1981, which was part of an eventually unsuccessful hunt for Ion Mihai Pacepa ordered and financed by the Romanian government.


  • Creys-Malville, France
    Monday Jan 18, 1982

    Attack on the Superphénix French nuclear power station

    Creys-Malville, France
    Monday Jan 18, 1982

    With conditional support from the Iraqi regime and after the death of Haddad, Carlos offered the services of his group to the PFLP and other groups. His group's first attack may have been a failed rocket attack on the Superphénix French nuclear power station on 18 January 1982.


  • The Hague, the Netherlands
    Tuesday Feb 16, 1982

    2 of the Group are arrested

    The Hague, the Netherlands
    Tuesday Feb 16, 1982

    On 16 February 1982, two of the group—Swiss terrorist Bruno Breguet and Carlos' wife Magdalena Kopp—were arrested in Paris, in a car containing explosives. Following the arrest, a letter was sent to the French embassy in The Hague demanding their immediate release. Meanwhile, Carlos unsuccessfully lobbied the French government for their release.


  • Paris, France
    Monday Mar 29, 1982

    Bombing of the Paris-Toulouse

    Paris, France
    Monday Mar 29, 1982

    France was struck by a wave of terrorist attacks, including: the bombing of the Paris-Toulouse TGV 'Le Capitole' train on 29 March 1982 (5 dead, 77 injured).


  • Paris, France
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    The car-bombing of the newspaper Al-Watan al-Arabi

    Paris, France
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    The car-bombing of the newspaper Al-Watan al-Arabi in Paris on April 22, 1982 (1 dead, 63 injured).


  • West Berlin, Germany
    Monday Aug 01, 1983

    The Maison de France in West Berlin attack

    West Berlin, Germany
    Monday Aug 01, 1983

    In August 1983, he also attacked the Maison de France in West Berlin, killing one man and injuring twenty-two.


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train (3 dead, 12 injured).


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles in Marseille on December 31, 1983 (2 dead, 33 injured).


  • Khartoum, Sudan
    1990

    To Sudan

    Khartoum, Sudan
    1990

    The Syrian government forced Carlos to remain inactive, and he was subsequently seen as a neutralized threat. In 1990, the Iraqi government approached him for work and, in September 1991, he was expelled from Syria, which had supported the American intervention against the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. After a short stay in Jordan, he was accorded protection in Sudan where he lived in Khartoum.


  • Sudan
    Sunday Aug 14, 1994

    To Paris for a trail

    Sudan
    Sunday Aug 14, 1994

    On 14 August 1994, Sudan transferred him to French agents of the DST, who flew him to Paris for trial.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Dec 12, 1997

    The Trail

    Paris, France
    Friday Dec 12, 1997

    The trial began on 12 December 1997 and ended on December 23, when he was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.


  • Paris, France
    2001

    Convert to Islam

    Paris, France
    2001

    In 2001, after converting to Islam, Ramírez Sánchez married his lawyer, Isabelle Coutant-Peyre, in a Muslim ceremony, although he was still married to his second wife.


  • Paris, France
    2005

    European Court

    Paris, France
    2005

    In 2005, the European Court of Human Rights heard a complaint from Ramírez Sánchez that his long years of solitary confinement constituted "inhuman and degrading treatment". In 2006 the court decided that Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatment) had not been violated; however, Article 13 (right to an effective remedy) had been. Ramírez Sánchez was awarded €10,000 for costs and expenses, having made no claim for compensation for damage.


  • Clairvaux Prison, France
    2006

    To Clairvaux Prison

    Clairvaux Prison, France
    2006

    In 2006, he was later moved from La Santé to Clairvaux Prison.


  • France
    May, 2007

    82-83 attacks trail

    France
    May, 2007

    In May 2007, anti-terrorism judge Jean-Louis Bruguière ordered a new trial for Ramírez Sánchez on charges relating to "killings and destruction of property using explosive substances" in France in 1982 and 1983. The bombings killed eleven and injured more than 100 people.


  • Venezuela
    Friday Nov 20, 2009

    Chavez defended Carlos

    Venezuela
    Friday Nov 20, 2009

    On 20 November 2009, Chávez publicly defended Carlos, saying that he is wrongly considered to be "a bad guy" and that he believed Carlos had been unfairly convicted. Chávez also called him "one of the great fighters of the Palestine Liberation Organisation". France summoned the Venezuelan ambassador and demanded an explanation. Chávez, however, declined to retract his comments.


  • France
    Thursday Dec 15, 2011

    Sentenced to life in prison

    France
    Thursday Dec 15, 2011

    On 15 December 2011, Ramírez Sánchez, Weinrich and Issawi were convicted and sentenced to life in prison; Fröhlich was acquitted.


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