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  • Lille, France
    Saturday Nov 22, 1890

    De Gaulle's birth

    Lille, France
    Saturday Nov 22, 1890

    Charles de Gaulle born in Lille on 22 November 1890.




  • France
    1905

    De Gaulle wrote an essay imagining

    France
    1905

    At the age of fifteen, he wrote an essay imagining "General de Gaulle" leading the French Army to victory over Germany.




  • France
    1905

    The growth of socialism and syndicalism, the legal separation of Church and State in 1905 De unwelcome to the De Gaulle family

    France
    1905

    France during de Gaulle's teenage years was a divided society, with many developments which were unwelcome to the de Gaulle family: the growth of socialism and syndicalism, the legal separation of Church and State in 1905.




  • France
    Jul, 1906

    De Gaulle worked harder at school

    France
    Jul, 1906

    In July 1906 he worked harder at school as he focused on winning a place to train as an army officer at the military academy, Saint-Cyr.




  • France
    Friday Jan 1, 1909
    02:50:00 PM

    De Gaulle won a place at St Cyr

    France
    Friday Jan 1, 1909

    De Gaulle won a place at St Cyr in 1909. His class ranking was mediocre (119th out of 221 entrants), but he was relatively young and this was his first attempt at the exam.




  • France
    Oct, 1909

    De Gaulle enlisted in the 33rd Infantry Regiment

    France
    Oct, 1909

    In October 1909, de Gaulle enlisted (for four years, as required, rather than the normal two-year term for conscripts) in the 33rd Infantry Regiment.




  • France
    Apr, 1910

    De Gaulle was promoted to corporal

    France
    Apr, 1910

    In April 1910 he was promoted to corporal. His company commander declined to promote him to sergeant, the usual rank for a potential officer, commenting that the young man clearly felt that nothing less than Constable of France would be good enough for him.


  • France
    Sep, 1910

    De Gaulle promoted to sergeant

    France
    Sep, 1910

    He was eventually promoted to sergeant in September 1910.


  • France
    Oct, 1910

    De Gaulle took up his place at St Cyr

    France
    Oct, 1910

    De Gaulle took up his place at St Cyr in October 1910.


  • France
    1912

    De Gaulle's graduated

    France
    1912

    Charles de Gaulle graduated from Saint-Cyr in 1912.


  • France
    Oct, 1912

    De Gaulle rejoined the 33rd Infantry Regiment as a sous-lieutenant

    France
    Oct, 1912

    In October 1912 he rejoined the 33rd Infantry Regiment as a sous-lieutenant (second lieutenant). The regiment was now commanded by Colonel (and future Marshal) Philippe Pétain, whom de Gaulle would follow for the next 15 years. He later wrote in his memoirs: "My first colonel, Pétain, taught me the art of command".


  • France
    Oct, 1913

    De Gaulle was promoted to the first lieutenant

    France
    Oct, 1913

    De Gaulle was promoted to the first lieutenant in October 1913.


  • Dinant, Belgium
    Saturday Aug 15, 1914

    De Gaulle was involved in fierce fighting in the First World War

    Dinant, Belgium
    Saturday Aug 15, 1914

    De Gaulle was involved in fierce fighting from the outset As a platoon commander, He received his baptism of fire on 15 August and was among the first to be wounded, receiving a bullet in the knee at the Battle of Dinant.


  • France
    1914

    De Gaulle rejoined his regiment

    France
    1914

    Charles rejoined his regiment in October, as commander of the 7th company. Many of his former comrades were already dead.


  • France
    Dec, 1914

    De Gaulle mental adjutant

    France
    Dec, 1914

    In December he became regimental adjutant.


  • France
    Monday Jan 18, 1915

    De Gaulle received the Croix de Guerre

    France
    Monday Jan 18, 1915

    De Gaulle's unit gained recognition for repeatedly crawling out into no man's land to listen to the conversations of the enemy in their trenches, and the information brought back was so valuable that on 18 January 1915 he received the Croix de Guerre.


  • France
    Aug, 1915

    De Gaulle commanded the 10th company

    France
    Aug, 1915

    In August he commanded the 10th company before returning to duty as regimental adjutant.


  • France
    Friday Sep 3, 1915

    De Gaulle rank of the captain became permanent

    France
    Friday Sep 3, 1915

    On 3 September 1915, his rank of the captain became permanent.


  • France
    Oct, 1915

    De Gaulle returned to command of the 10th company again

    France
    Oct, 1915

    In late October, returning from leave, he returned to command of the 10th company again.


  • Verdun, France
    Thursday Mar 2, 1916

    De Gaulle was a company commander at Douaumont

    Verdun, France
    Thursday Mar 2, 1916

    De Gaulle was a company commander at Douaumont (during the Battle of Verdun) on 2 March 1916.


  • France
    Sunday Dec 1, 1918

    De Gaulle returned to his father's house after the war

    France
    Sunday Dec 1, 1918

    On 1 December 1918, three weeks later, he returned to his father's house in the Dordogne to be reunited with his three brothers, who had all served in the army and survived the war.


  • Poland
    1921

    De Gaulle served as an instructor of Poland's infantry during its war with communist Russia

    Poland
    1921

    De Gaulle served with the staff of the French Military Mission to Poland as an instructor of Poland's infantry during its war with communist Russia (1919–1921).


  • Calais Nord Notre-Dame, France
    Thursday Apr 7, 1921

    De Gaulle married Yvonne Vendroux

    Calais Nord Notre-Dame, France
    Thursday Apr 7, 1921

    De Gaulle married Yvonne Vendroux on 7 April 1921 in Église Notre-Dame de Calais.


  • France
    1921

    Philippe (The first De Gaulle child)

    France
    1921

    Philippe was born in 1921.


  • France
    1924

    Élisabeth (The second De Gaulle child)

    France
    1924

    Élisabeth was born in 1924.


  • France
    Oct, 1924

    De Gaulle studied at the École de Guerre

    France
    Oct, 1924

    He then studied at the École de Guerre (staff college) from November 1922 to October 1924.


  • Morocco
    1925

    De Gaulle disapproved to take command in Morocco

    Morocco
    1925

    De Gaulle disapproved of Pétain's decision to take command in Morocco in 1925.


  • France
    1925

    Joseph Paul-Boncour the first political patron

    France
    1925

    In 1925 de Gaulle began to cultivate Joseph Paul-Boncour, his first political patron.


  • France
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1925

    De Gaulle worked "pen officer"

    France
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1925

    From 1 July 1925, he worked for Pétain (as part of the Maison Pétain), largely as a "pen officer" (ghostwriter). De Gaulle disapproved of Pétain's decision to take command in Morocco in 1925 (he was later known to remark that "Marshal Pétain was a great man.


  • France
    Sunday Sep 25, 1927

    De Gaulle promoted to commandant

    France
    Sunday Sep 25, 1927

    De Gaulle was promoted to commandant (major) on 25 September 1927.


  • Trier, Germany
    Nov, 1927

    De Gaulle began a two-year posting as commanding officer

    Trier, Germany
    Nov, 1927

    In November 1927 he began a two-year posting as commanding officer of the 19th chasseurs à pied (a battalion of élite light infantry) with the occupation forces at Trier.


  • Trier, Germany
    Sunday Jan 1, 1928

    The youngest daughter of General Charles de Gaulle

    Trier, Germany
    Sunday Jan 1, 1928

    Anne de Gaulle was born in 1928. She was born in Trier, Germany.


  • France
    1929

    Thirty soldiers died

    France
    1929

    De Gaulle at this time that although he encouraged young officers, "his ego...glowed from far off". In the winter of 1928–1929, thirty soldiers ("not counting Annamese") from so-called "German flu", seven of them from de Gaulle's battalion.


  • France
    1929

    Pétain did not used de Gaulle's draft text

    France
    1929

    In 1929 Pétain did not use de Gaulle's draft text for his eulogy for the late Ferdinand Foch, whose seat at the Academie Française he was assuming.


  • France
    1929

    De Gaulle wanted a teaching post at the École de Guerre

    France
    1929

    The Allied occupation of the Rhineland was coming to an end, and de Gaulle's battalion was due to be disbanded, although the decision was later rescinded after he had moved to his next posting. De Gaulle wanted a teaching post at the École de Guerre in 1929.


  • France
    1930

    De Gaulle wrote his youth dream

    France
    1930

    In 1930; he later wrote that in his youth he had looked forward with somewhat naive anticipation to the inevitable future war with Germany to avenge the French defeat of 1870.


  • Beirut, Lebanon
    1931

    de Gaulle once again asked Pétain for a posting to the École de Guerre

    Beirut, Lebanon
    1931

    In the spring of 1931, as his posting in Beirut drew to a close, de Gaulle once again asked Pétain for a posting to the École de Guerre.


  • France
    Nov, 1931

    De Gaulle was posted as a "drafting officer"

    France
    Nov, 1931

    De Gaulle was posted to SGDN in November 1931, initially as a "drafting officer".


  • France
    Dec, 1932

    De Gaulle was promoted to lieutenant-colonel

    France
    Dec, 1932

    He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in December 1932 and appointed Head of the Third Section (operations). His service at SGDN gave him six years' experience in the interface between army planning and government.


  • France
    1934

    De Gaulle wrote Vers l'Armée de Métier

    France
    1934

    In 1934 de Gaulle wrote Vers l'Armée de Métier (Towards a Professional Army). He proposed mechanization of the infantry, with stress on an élite force of 100,000 men and 3,000 tanks. The book imagined tanks driving around the country like cavalry.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 5, 1934

    Paul Reynaud first invited De Gaulle to meet him

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 5, 1934

    De Gaulle's views attracted the attention of the maverick politician Paul Reynaud, to whom he wrote frequently, sometimes in obsequious terms. Reynaud first invited him to meet him on 5 December 1934.


  • Paris, France
    1936

    De Gaulle approved of the rearmament for infantry support

    Paris, France
    1936

    Charles approved of the rearmament drive which the Popular Front government began in 1936, although French military doctrine remained that tanks should be used in penny packets for infantry support.


  • France
    1938

    De Gaulle became a disciple of Émile Mayer

    France
    1938

    De Gaulle became a disciple of Émile Mayer (1851–1938), a retired lieutenant-colonel (his career had been damaged by the Dreyfus Affair), and a military thinker.


  • France
    Sunday Jun 5, 1938

    De Gaulle appointed government minister

    France
    Sunday Jun 5, 1938

    On 5 June, the day the Germans began the second phase of their offensive (Fall Rot), Prime Minister Paul Reynaud appointed de Gaulle a government minister, as Under-Secretary of State for National Defence and War, with particular responsibility for coordination with the British.


  • France
    1939

    De Gaulle was put in command of the French Fifth Army's tanks

    France
    1939

    At the outbreak of World War II, De Gaulle was put in command of the French Fifth Army's tanks (five scattered battalions, largely equipped with R35 light tanks) in Alsace.


  • Bitche, France
    Tuesday Sep 12, 1939

    De Gaulle attacked at Bitche

    Bitche, France
    Tuesday Sep 12, 1939

    On 12 September 1939, he attacked at Bitche, simultaneously with the Saar Offensive.


  • France
    Oct, 1939

    Reynaud asked for a staff posting under De Gaulle

    France
    Oct, 1939

    At the start of October 1939 Reynaud asked for a staff posting under de Gaulle, but in the event remained at his post as Minister of Finance.


  • France
    1940

    De Gaulle took on ministerial responsibilities

    France
    1940

    Charles de Gaulle took on ministerial responsibilities in 1940.


  • France
    1940

    De Gaulle had advocated would be a German war

    France
    1940

    In 1940 it would be German panzer units that would be used like what de Gaulle had advocated.


  • France
    1940

    De Gaulle proposed to be appointed Secretary-General of the War Council

    France
    1940

    Early in 1940 de Gaulle proposed to Reynaud that he be appointed Secretary-General of the War Council.


  • France
    Feb, 1940

    De Gaulle had been earmarked for command of an armored division

    France
    Feb, 1940

    In late-February 1940, Reynaud told de Gaulle that he had been earmarked for command of an armored division as soon as one became available.


  • France
    Mar, 1940

    Reynaud demanded that France be released from the agreement which he had made with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain

    France
    Mar, 1940

    Reynaud demanded that France be released from the agreement which he had made with Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in March 1940, so that France could seek an armistice.


  • Germany
    May, 1940

    The Germans attacked

    Germany
    May, 1940

    The Germans attacked the West on 10 May.


  • France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    De Gaulle activated his new division

    France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    De Gaulle activated his new division on 12 May. which gave him command of the 4th Armoured Division.


  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    De Gaulle was given command of the 4th Armoured Division

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    In late-March de Gaulle was told by Reynaud that he would be given command of the 4th Armoured Division, due to form by 15 May.


  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    The Germans broke through at Sedan

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    The Germans broke through at Sedan on 15 May 1940.


  • Montcornet, France
    Friday May 17, 1940

    De Gaulle commandeered some retreating cavalry

    Montcornet, France
    Friday May 17, 1940

    De Gaulle commandeered some retreating cavalry and artillery units and also received an extra half-brigade, one of whose battalions included some heavy B1 bis tanks. The attack at Montcornet, a key road junction near Laon, began around 04:30 on 17 May.


  • France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    De Gaulle was reinforced by two fresh regiments

    France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    On 18 May he was reinforced by two fresh regiments of armored cavalry, bringing his strength up to 150 vehicles.


  • Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    De Gaulle attacked again and his forces were once again devastated

    Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    Charles attacked again on 19 May and his forces were once again devastated by German Stukas and artillery. He ignored orders from General Georges to withdraw, and in the early afternoon demanded two more divisions from Touchon, who refused his request.


  • Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    De Gaulle delayed his retreat

    Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    Charles delayed his retreat until 20 May.


  • Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    De Gaulle gave a talk on French radio

    Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    On 21 May, at the request of propaganda officers, he gave a talk on French radio about his recent attack.


  • France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    De Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary

    France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    In recognition of his efforts de Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary (acting, in Anglophone parlance) brigadier-general on 23 May 1940.


  • Abbeville, France
    May, 1940

    De Gaulle attacked the German bridgehead south of the Somme at Abbeville

    Abbeville, France
    May, 1940

    On 28–29 May, de Gaulle attacked the German bridgehead south of the Somme at Abbeville, taking around 400 German prisoners in the last attempt to cut an escape route for the Allied forces falling back on Dunkirk.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general

    France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general became effective on 1 June 1940.UTC (GMT -00:00)


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    De Gaulle sent a memo to Weygand

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    On 2 June he sent a memo to Weygand vainly urging that the French armored divisions be consolidated from four weak divisions into three stronger ones and concentrated into an armored corps under his command. He made the same suggestion to Reynaud.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    De Gaulle suggested fighting on

    France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    On 8 June, de Gaulle visited Weygand, who believed it was "the end" and that after France was defeated Britain would also soon sue for peace. He hoped that after an armistice the Germans would allow him to retain enough of a French Army to "maintain order" in France. He gave a "despairing laugh" when de Gaulle suggested fighting on.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 9, 1940

    De Gaulle flew to London and met British Prime Minister Winston Churchill

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 9, 1940

    On 9 June, De Gaulle flew to London and met British Prime Minister Winston Churchill for the first time. It was thought that half a million men could be evacuated to French North Africa, provided the British and French navies and air forces coordinated their efforts.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    De Gaulle offered General Hunziger as Commander-in-Chief

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    On 11 June, Charles de Gaulle drove to Arcis-Sur-Aube and offered General Hunziger (Commander of the Central Army Group) Weygand's job as Commander-in-Chief.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    De Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Later on, 11 June de Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau du Muguet at Briare. The British were represented by Churchill, Anthony Eden, John Dill, General Ismay, and Edward Spears, and the French by Reynaud, Pétain, Weygand, and Georges.


  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Paris was declared an open city

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    it was declared an open city. At around 23:00 Reynaud and de Gaulle left Paris for Tours; the rest of the government left Paris on 11 June.


  • France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    De Gaulle attended another Anglo-French

    France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    On 13 June de Gaulle attended another Anglo-French conference at Tours with Churchill, Lord Halifax, Lord Beaverbrook, Spears, Ismay, and Alexander Cadogan. This time few other major French figures were present apart from Reynaud and Baudoin.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux

    Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux on 14 June and was given a new mission to go to London to discuss the potential evacuation to North Africa.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Jun, 1940

    Reynaud had resigned as prime minister

    Bordeaux, France
    Jun, 1940

    De Gaulle landed at Bordeaux at around 22:00 to be told that he was no longer a minister, as Reynaud had resigned as prime minister after the Franco-British Union had been rejected by his cabinet.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    De Gaulle talked about Jean Monnet's mooted Anglo-French political union

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    On the afternoon of Sunday, 16 June de Gaulle was at 10 Downing Street for talks about Jean Monnet's mooted Anglo-French political union. He telephoned Reynaud – they were cut off during the conversation and had to resume later – with the news that the British had agreed.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    De Gaulle took off from London

    Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    Charles took off from London on a British aircraft at 18:30 on 16 June (it is unclear whether, as was later claimed, he and Churchill agreed that he would be returning soon)landing at Bordeaux.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    De Gaulle escaped to London

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    At around 09:00 on the morning of 17 June, he flew to London on a British aircraft with Edward Spears. The escape was hair-raising.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    De Gaulle landed at Heston Airport

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    De Gaulle landed at Heston Airport soon after 12:30 on 17 June 1940.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    De Gaulle saw Churchill

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 17, 1940

    Charles saw Churchill at around 15:00 and Churchill offered him broadcast time on BBC. They both knew about Pétain's broadcast earlier that day that stated that "the fighting must end" and that he had approached the Germans for terms.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1940

    British Cabinet was reluctant to agree to de Gaulle giving a radio address

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1940

    British Cabinet was reluctant to agree to de Gaulle giving a radio address, as Britain was still in communication with the Pétain government about the fate of the French fleet. Duff Cooper had an advance copy of the text of the address, to which there were no objections.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1940

    De Gaulle's Appeal to continue to resist the occupation of France

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1940

    De Gaulle's Appeal of 18 June exhorted the French people not to be demoralized and to continue to resist the occupation of France. He also – apparently on his own initiative – declared that he would broadcast again the next day.


  • London
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1940

    De Gaulle denied the legitimacy of the government at Bordeaux

    London
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1940

    In his next broadcast on 19 June de Gaulle denied the legitimacy of the government at Bordeaux. He called on the North African troops to live up to the tradition of Bertrand Clausel, Thomas Robert Bugeaud, and Hubert Lyautey by defying orders from Bordeaux. The British Foreign Office protested to Churchill.


  • Compiègne, France
    Friday Jun 21, 1940

    Armistice was signed

    Compiègne, France
    Friday Jun 21, 1940

    The armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    De Gaulle spoke to denounce the armistice

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    De Gaulle spoke at 20:00 on 22 June to denounce it.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    The Bordeaux government declared that De Gaulle compulsorily retired from the French Army

    Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    The Bordeaux government declared him compulsorily retired from the French Army (with the rank of colonel) on 23 June 1940.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    British Government denounced the armistice

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    On 23 June the British Government denounced the armistice as a breach of the Anglo-French treaty signed in March and stated that they no longer regarded the Bordeaux Government as a fully independent state. They also "took note" of the plan to establish a French National Committee (FNC) in exile, but did not mention de Gaulle by name.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    Jean Monnet broke with de Gaulle

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    Jean Monnet broke with de Gaulle on 23 June, as he thought his appeal was "too personal" and went too far, and that French opinion would not rally to a man who was seen to be operating from British soil.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 24, 1940

    De Gaulle broadcast again

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 24, 1940

    De Gaulle broadcast again on 24 June after Monnet soon resigned as head of the Inter-Allied Commission and departed for the US.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1940

    The armistice was took effect

    France
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1940

    The armistice (Armistice of 22 June 1940) took effect from 00:35 on 25 June.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1940

    De Gaulle wrote to Churchill demanding recognition of his French Committee

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1940

    On 26 June de Gaulle wrote to Churchill demanding recognition of his French Committee.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Jun 28, 1940

    The British Government recognized de Gaulle as leader of the Free French

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Jun 28, 1940

    On 28 June, after Churchill's envoys had failed to establish contact with the French leaders in North Africa, the British Government recognized de Gaulle as leader of the Free French, despite the reservations of Halifax and Cadogan at the foreign office.


  • France
    Sunday Jun 30, 1940

    Admiral Muselier joined the Free French

    France
    Sunday Jun 30, 1940

    On 30 June 1940 Admiral Muselier joined the Free French.


  • France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy

    France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy (2 July) and had the National Assembly (10 July) vote to dissolve itself and give him dictatorial powers, making the beginning of his Révolution Nationale (National Revolution) intended to "reorient" French society. This was the dawn of the Vichy regime.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    A British naval attack on French Navy ships at the naval base

    Algeria
    Wednesday Jul 3, 1940

    De Gaulle initially reacted angrily to news of the Royal Navy's attack on the French fleet (3 July)at Mers El Kébir, at Oran, on the coast of French Algeria.


  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 14, 1940

    De Gaulle laid a wreath at the statue of Ferdinand Foch

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Jul 14, 1940

    On Bastille Day (14 July) 1940 de Gaulle led a group of between 200 and 300 sailors to lay a wreath at the statue of Ferdinand Foch at Grosvenor Gardens.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jul 22, 1940

    De Gaulle used 4 Carlton Gardens headquarters

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jul 22, 1940

    From 22 July 1940 de Gaulle used 4 Carlton Gardens in central London as his London headquarters. His family had left Brittany (the other ship which left at the same time was sunk) and lived for a time at Petts Wood.


  • France
    Friday Aug 2, 1940

    De Gaulle was condemned to death

    France
    Friday Aug 2, 1940

    The Vichy regime had already sentenced de Gaulle to four years' imprisonment; on 2 August 1940, he was condemned to death by court-martial in absentia, although Pétain commented that he would ensure that the sentence was never carried out.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Aug 7, 1940

    Britain would fund the Free French, with the bill to be settled after the war

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Aug 7, 1940

    De Gaulle and Churchill reached an agreement on 7 August 1940, that Britain would fund the Free French, with the bill to be settled after the war (the financial agreement was finalized in March 1941). A separate letter guaranteed the territorial integrity of the French Empire.


  • Chad
    Oct, 1940

    Félix Éboué supported General De Gaulle

    Chad
    Oct, 1940

    Félix Éboué, governor of Chad, switched his support to General de Gaulle in September. Encouraged, de Gaulle traveled to Brazzaville in October, where he announced the formation of an Empire Defense Council in his Brazzaville Manifesto.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Oct, 1940

    De Gaulle was asked to tone down his attacks on Pétain

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Oct, 1940

    In October 1940, after talks between the foreign office and Louis Rougier, de Gaulle was asked to tone down his attacks on Pétain. On average he spoke on BBC radio three times a month.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Mar, 1941

    The financial agreement between France and London after the war

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Mar, 1941

    The financial agreement was finalized in March 1941. A separate letter guaranteed the territorial integrity of the French Empire.


  • France
    Sep, 1941

    De Gaulle formed the Free French National Council

    France
    Sep, 1941

    In September 1941 de Gaulle formed the Free French National Council, with himself as president. It was an all-encompassing coalition of resistance forces, ranging from conservative Catholics like himself to communists.


  • France
    1942

    De Gaulle created the Normandie-Niemen squadron

    France
    1942

    In 1942, de Gaulle created the Normandie-Niemen squadron, a Free French Air Force regiment, to fight on the Eastern Front. It is the only Western allied formation to have fought until the end of the war in the East.


  • Algeria
    1943

    De Gaulle the assurance in person that a French force would liberate Paris

    Algeria
    1943

    In Algiers in 1943, Eisenhower gave de Gaulle the assurance in person that a French force would liberate Paris and arranged that the army division of French General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque would be transferred from North Africa to the UK to carry out that liberation.


  • Casablanca, Morocco
    1943

    Winston Churchill and General de Gaulle at Marrakesh

    Casablanca, Morocco
    1943

    In Casablanca in 1943, Churchill supported de Gaulle as the embodiment of a French Army that was otherwise defeated, stating that "De Gaulle is the spirit of that Army. Perhaps the last survivor of a warrior race.


  • Scotland, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1943

    De Gaulle was scheduled to fly in a Wellington

    Scotland, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1943

    On 21 April 1943, de Gaulle was scheduled to fly in a Wellington bomber to Scotland to inspect the Free French Navy.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    May, 1943

    De Gaulle moved his headquarters to Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    May, 1943

    De Gaulle moved his headquarters to Algiers in May 1943, leaving Britain to be on French territory. He became the first joint head.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943

    Churchill sent to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain

    Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943

    Churchill on 2 June he sent two passenger aircraft and his representative, Duff Cooper, to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    1944

    De Gaulle lived at the Connaught Hotel

    London, England, United Kingdom
    1944

    De Gaulle lived at the Connaught Hotel in London, then from 1942 to 1944, he lived in Hampstead, North London.


  • U.S.
    1944

    Roosevelt to recognize de Gaulle

    U.S.
    1944

    Roosevelt to recognize de Gaulle in late 1944.


  • Brazzaville, Congo
    Sunday Jan 30, 1944

    De Gaulle's speech at the opening of the Brazzaville Conference

    Brazzaville, Congo
    Sunday Jan 30, 1944

    General de Gaulle giving a speech at the opening of the Brazzaville Conference on 30 January 1944.


  • France
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1944

    De Gaulle left Britain for France

    France
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1944

    On 14 June 1944, Charles left Britain for France for what was supposed to be a one-day trip. Despite an agreement that he would take only two staff, he was accompanied by a large entourage with extensive luggage, and although many rural Normans remained mistrustful of him, he was warmly greeted by the inhabitants of the towns he visited, such as the badly damaged Isigny.


  • Rome, Italy
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    De Gaulle meet the Pope and the new Italian government

    Rome, Italy
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    On 16 June and then went on to Rome to meet the Pope and the new Italian government.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers on 16 June.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1944

    De Gaulle arrival at RAF Northolt

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1944

    Upon his arrival at RAF Northolt on 4 June 1944 he received an official welcome, and a letter reading "My dear general! Welcome to these shores, very great military events are about to take place!.


  • Paris, France
    Aug, 1944

    General Charles de Gaulle and his entourage set off service of thanksgiving following the city's liberation

    Paris, France
    Aug, 1944

    General Charles de Gaulle and his entourage set off from the Arc de Triomphe down the Champs Elysees to Notre Dame for a service of thanksgiving following the city's liberation in August 1944.


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    De Gaulle allowed to entered Paris

    Paris, France
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    On 20 August; it allowed him to enter Paris as a liberator in the midst of the general euphoria. After the Germans had forcibly removed members of the Vichy government and taken them to Germany a few days earlier.


  • Paris, France
    Monday Aug 21, 1944

    Gaulle had appointed his military advisor General Marie-Pierre Koenig

    Paris, France
    Monday Aug 21, 1944

    On 21 August, de Gaulle had appointed his military advisor General Marie-Pierre Koenig as Governor of Paris.


  • France
    Friday Aug 25, 1944

    De Gaulle was under machine-gun fire by the Vichy militia

    France
    Friday Aug 25, 1944

    On Saturday 26 August, it came under machine-gun fire by the Vichy militia and fifth columnists. Later, on entering the Notre Dame Cathedral to be received as head of the provisional government by the Committee of Liberation.


  • France
    Sunday Sep 10, 1944

    The Provisional Government of the French Republic

    France
    Sunday Sep 10, 1944

    On 10 September 1944, the Provisional Government of the French Republic or Government of National Unanimity formed. It included many of de Gaulle's Free French associates.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Nov 10, 1944

    Churchill flew to Paris to a reception by de Gaulle

    Paris, France
    Friday Nov 10, 1944

    On 10 November 1944, Churchill flew to Paris to a reception by de Gaulle, and the two together were greeted by thousands of cheering Parisians on the next day.


  • Paris, France
    1945

    Winston Churchill made his first visit to France since the liberation

    Paris, France
    1945

    On Armistice Day in 1945, Winston Churchill made his first visit to France since the liberation and received a good reception in Paris where he laid a wreath to Georges Clemenceau.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945

    Roosevelt died

    U.S.
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945

    On 12 April 1945, Roosevelt died, and despite their uneasy relationship de Gaulle declared a week of mourning in France and forwarded an emotional and conciliatory letter to the new American president, Harry S. Truman, in which he said of Roosevelt, "all of France loved him".


  • Tunisia
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    Serious riots were in French Tunisia

    Tunisia
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    On VE Day, there were also serious riots in French Tunisia.


  • Paris, France
    May, 1945

    De Gaulle refused to allow any British participation in the victory parade in Paris

    Paris, France
    May, 1945

    In May 1945 the German armies surrendered to the Americans and British at Rheims, and a separate armistice was signed with France in Berlin. De Gaulle refused to allow any British participation in the victory parade in Paris.