Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Colombia
    Friday Apr 09, 1948

    La Violencia

    Colombia
    Friday Apr 09, 1948

    In 1948 the assassination of populist Jorge Eliécer Gaitán radically stirred up the armed conflict. It led to the Bogotazo, an urban riot killing more than 4,000 people, and subsequently to ten years of sustained rural warfare between members of Colombian Liberal Party and the Colombian Conservative Party, a period known as La Violencia ("The Violence"), which took the lives of more than 200,000 people throughout the countryside.




  • Colombia
    Oct, 1959

    The Investigation of Colombia's Internal Security Situation

    Colombia
    Oct, 1959

    In October 1959, the United States sent a "Special Survey Team", composed of counterinsurgency experts, to investigate Colombia's internal security situation.




  • Colombia
    Feb, 1962

    The Fort Bragg top-level U.S. Special Warfare team visited Colombia

    Colombia
    Feb, 1962

    In February 1962, a Fort Bragg top-level U.S. Special Warfare team headed by Special Warfare Center commander General William P. Yarborough, visited Colombia for a second survey.




  • Marquetalia, Caldas, Colombia
    1964

    The Attack on the Community of Marquetalia

    Marquetalia, Caldas, Colombia
    1964

    In the early 1960s Colombian Army units loyal to the National Front began to attack peasant communities. This happened throughout Colombia with the Colombian army considering that these peasant communities were enclaves for bandits and Communists. It was the 1964 attack on the community of Marquetalia that motivated the later creation of FARC.




  • Colombia
    1974

    The 19th of April Movement

    Colombia
    1974

    By 1974, another challenge to the state's authority and legitimacy had come from the 19th of April Movement (M-19), leading to a new phase in the conflict. The M-19 was a mostly urban guerrilla group, founded in response to an electoral fraud during the final National Front election of Misael Pastrana Borrero (1970–1974) and the forced removal of former president Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.




  • Colombia
    1981

    The Creation of The 1981 Muerte a Secuestradores (MAS)

    Colombia
    1981

    Guerrillas and newly wealthy drug lords had mutually uneven relations and thus numerous incidents occurred between them. Eventually the kidnapping of drug cartel family members by guerrillas led to the creation of the 1981 Muerte a Secuestradores (MAS) death squad ("Death to Kidnappers").




  • Bogota, Colombia
    Monday Apr 30, 1984

    The Assassination of the Justice Minister

    Bogota, Colombia
    Monday Apr 30, 1984

    Pressure from the U.S. government and critical sectors of Colombian society was met with further violence, as the Medellín Cartel and its hitmen, bribed or murdered numerous public officials, politicians and others who stood in its way by supporting the implementation of extradition of Colombian nationals to the U.S. Victims of cartel violence included Justice Minister Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, assassinated in 1984, an event which made the Betancur administration begin to directly oppose the drug lords.


  • Colombia
    1985

    The first Negotiated Cease-Fire with the M-19 ended

    Colombia
    1985

    The first negotiated cease-fire with the M-19 ended when the guerrillas resumed fighting in 1985, claiming that the cease-fire had not been fully respected by official security forces, saying that several of its members had suffered threats and assaults, and also questioning the government's real willingness to implement any accords.


  • Bogotá, Colombia
    Tuesday May 28, 1985

    the creation of the Patriotic Union (Unión Patriótica)

    Bogotá, Colombia
    Tuesday May 28, 1985

    The Betancur administration in turn questioned the M-19's actions and its commitment to the peace process, as it continued to advance high-profile negotiations against with the FARC, which led to the creation of the Patriotic Union (Unión Patriótica) -UP-, a legal and non-clandestine political organization.


  • Bogota, Colombia
    Wednesday Nov 06, 1985

    Storming The Colombian Palace of Justice

    Bogota, Colombia
    Wednesday Nov 06, 1985

    On November 6, 1985, the M-19 stormed the Colombian Palace of Justice and held the Supreme Court magistrates hostage, intending to put president Betancur on trial. In the ensuing crossfire that followed the military's reaction, some 120 people lost their lives, as did most of the guerrillas, including several high-ranking operatives and 12 Supreme Court Judges. Both sides blamed each other for the outcome. This marked the end of Betancur's peace process.


  • Caquetá, Colombia
    Monday Jun 01, 1987

    The Ceasefire between FARC and the Colombian Government formally collapsed

    Caquetá, Colombia
    Monday Jun 01, 1987

    In June 1987, the ceasefire between FARC and the Colombian government formally collapsed after the guerrillas attacked a military unit in the jungles of Caquetá.


  • La Mesa, Cundinamarca, Colombia
    Oct, 1987

    Assassination of The UP's 1986 Presidential Candidate

    La Mesa, Cundinamarca, Colombia
    Oct, 1987

    In October 1987, the UP's 1986 presidential candidate Jaime Pardo Leal was assassinated amid a wave of violence that would lead to the deaths of thousands of its party members at the hands of death squads. According to Pecáut, the killers included members of the military and the political class who had opposed Belisario Betancur's peace process and considered the UP to be little more than a "facade" for FARC, as well as drug traffickers and landowners who were also involved in the establishment of paramilitary groups.


  • Colombia
    Sunday Dec 09, 1990

    The Elections For a Constituent Assembly of Colombia

    Colombia
    Sunday Dec 09, 1990

    The M-19 and several smaller guerrilla groups were successfully incorporated into a peace process as the 1980s ended and the '90s began, which culminated in the elections for a Constituent Assembly of Colombia that would write a new constitution, which took effect in 1991.


  • Colombia
    1994

    The Creation of CONVIVIR

    Colombia
    1994

    Paramilitary activities increased, both legally and illegally. The creation of legal CONVIVIR self-defense and intelligence gathering groups was authorized by Congress and the Samper administration in 1994.


  • Putumayo, Colombia
    1996

    The 1996 Civic Protest Movement

    Putumayo, Colombia
    1996

    In mid-1996, a civic protest movement made up of an estimated 200,000 coca growers from Putumayo and part of Cauca began marching against the Colombian government to reject its drug war policies, including fumigations and the declaration of special security zones in some departments.


  • Las Delicias, Caquetá, Colombia
    Friday Aug 30, 1996

    FARC Attack on The Colombian Army base in Las Delicias

    Las Delicias, Caquetá, Colombia
    Friday Aug 30, 1996

    In Las Delicias, Caquetá, five FARC fronts (about 400 guerrillas) recognized intelligence pitfalls in a Colombian Army base and exploited them to overrun it on August 30, 1996, killing 34 soldiers, wounding 17 and taking some 60 as prisoners.


  • Colombia
    1997

    The CONVIVIR Groups were left without legal Support

    Colombia
    1997

    Members of CONVIVIR groups were accused of committing numerous abuses against the civilian population by several human rights organizations. The groups were left without legal support after a 1997 decision by the Colombian Constitutional Court which restricted many of their prerogatives and demanded stricter oversight.


  • Colombia
    1997

    The Colombian Government renounced landmines use

    Colombia
    1997

    In the past, the Colombian government laid landmines around 34 military bases to protect key infrastructure, but it renounced their use in 1997.


  • Colombia
    Apr, 1997

    Creating the AUC

    Colombia
    Apr, 1997

    In April 1997, preexisting paramilitary forces and several former CONVIVIR members were joined to create the AUC (United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia), a large paramilitary militia closely tied to drug trafficking which carried out attacks on the FARC and ELN rebel groups as well as civilians starting with the 1997 Mapiripán Massacre.


  • Cartagena Del Chairá, Caquetá, Colombia
    Jul, 1997

    The Temporary demilitarization of The Municipality of Cartagena del Chairá

    Cartagena Del Chairá, Caquetá, Colombia
    Jul, 1997

    The Samper administration reacted against FARC's attacks by contacted the guerrillas in order to negotiate the release of some or all of the hostages in FARC hands, which led to the temporary demilitarization of the municipality of Cartagena del Chairá, Caquetá in July 1997 and the unilateral liberation of 70 soldiers, a move which was opposed by the command of the Colombian military. Other contacts between the guerrillas and government, as well as with representatives of religious and economic sectors, continued throughout 1997 and 1998.


  • El Billar, Caquetá
    Monday Mar 02, 1998

    The Attack on El Billar

    El Billar, Caquetá
    Monday Mar 02, 1998

    A New Significant attack took place in El Billar, Caquetá on March 2, 1998, where a Colombian Army counterinsurgency battalion was patrolling, resulting in the death of 62 soldiers and the capture of some 43.


  • Bogota, Colombia
    Friday Aug 07, 1998

    Andrés Pastrana Arango was sworn in as The President of Colombia

    Bogota, Colombia
    Friday Aug 07, 1998

    On August 7, 1998, Andrés Pastrana Arango was sworn in as the President of Colombia. A member of the Conservative Party, Pastrana defeated Liberal Party candidate Horacio Serpa in a run-off election marked by high voter turn-out and little political unrest. The new president's program was based on a commitment to bring about a peaceful resolution of Colombia's longstanding civil conflict and to cooperate fully with the United States to combat the trafficking of illegal drugs.


  • Puerto Lleras, Meta, Colombia
    Jul, 1999

    Colombian Military Forces attacked the Town of Puerto Lleras

    Puerto Lleras, Meta, Colombia
    Jul, 1999

    In July 1999, Colombian military forces attacked the town of Puerto Lleras, Colombia where FARC rebels were stationed. Using U.S. supplied aircraft and equipment, and backed with U.S. logistical support, Colombian government forces strafed and bombed the town for over 72 hours.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    2001

    The AUC Was added to the US State Department's List of Foreign Terrorist Organizations

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    2001

    In 2001 the largest government supported paramilitary group, the AUC, which had been linked to drug trafficking and attacks on civilians, was added to the US State Department's list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations and the European Union and Canada soon followed suit.


  • Chengue, Colombia
    Thursday Jan 17, 2002

    Right-wing paramilitaries entered the Village of Chengue

    Chengue, Colombia
    Thursday Jan 17, 2002

    On January 17, 2002, right-wing paramilitaries entered the village of Chengue, and divided up the villagers into two groups. They then went from person to person in one of the groups, smashing each person's head with sledgehammers and rocks, killing 24 people, as the Colombian military sat by and watched. Two other bodies were later discovered dumped in a shallow grave. As the paramilitaries left, they set fire to the village.


  • San José Del Guaviare, San José del Guaviare, Guaviare, Colombia
    Jun, 2005

    A Boy Matching Emmanuel's Description

    San José Del Guaviare, San José del Guaviare, Guaviare, Colombia
    Jun, 2005

    Colombian authorities indicated that a boy matching Emmanuel's description had been taken to a hospital in San José del Guaviare in June 2005. The child was in poor condition; one of his arms was hurt, he had severe malnutrition, and he had diseases that are commonly suffered in the jungle. Having been evidently mistreated, the boy was later sent to a foster home in Bogotá and DNA tests were announced in order to confirm his identity.


  • Casibare, Puerto Lleras, Meta, Colombia
    Wednesday Apr 12, 2006

    Completing disarmament Process of Colombia's Paramilitary Groups

    Casibare, Puerto Lleras, Meta, Colombia
    Wednesday Apr 12, 2006

    Starting in 2004 a disarmament process was begun of Colombia's paramilitary groups (especially the AUC) and was completed on April 12, 2006, when 1,700 fighters turned in their weapons in the town of Casibare.


  • Colombia
    Sunday May 28, 2006

    The 2006 Colombian Presidential Election

    Colombia
    Sunday May 28, 2006

    In May 2006, the Colombian presidential election resulted in Uribe winning re-election with a historic first round vote tally of 62%, followed by leftist Carlos Gaviria with 22% and Horacio Serpa.


  • Valle del Cauca, Colombia
    Thursday Jun 28, 2007

    The FARC Sudden Report

    Valle del Cauca, Colombia
    Thursday Jun 28, 2007

    On June 28, 2007 the FARC suddenly reported the death of 11 of the 12 kidnapped provincial deputies from Valle del Cauca Department. The Colombian government accused the FARC of executing the hostages and stated that government forces had not made any rescue attempts. FARC claimed that the deaths occurred during a crossfire, after an attack to one of its camps by an "unidentified military group".


  • Colombia
    Wednesday Dec 26, 2007

    Operation Emmanuel was approved

    Colombia
    Wednesday Dec 26, 2007

    At the end of 2007, FARC agreed to release former senator Consuelo González, politician Clara Rojas and her son Emmanuel, born in captivity after a relationship with one of her captors. Operation Emmanuel was proposed and set up by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, with the permission of the Colombian government. The mission was approved on December 26. Although, on December 31, FARC claimed that the hostage release had been delayed because of Colombian military operations. On the same time, Colombian President Álvaro Uribe indicated that FARC had not freed the three hostages because Emmanuel may not be in their hands anymore. Two FARC gunmen were taken prisoner.


  • Colombia
    Friday Jan 04, 2008

    The Results of a Mitochondrial DNA Test For Emmanuel

    Colombia
    Friday Jan 04, 2008

    On January 4, 2008, the results of a mitochondrial DNA test, comparing the child's DNA with that of his potential grandmother Clara de Rojas, were revealed by the Colombian government. It was reported that there was a very high probability that the boy was indeed part of the Rojas family.The same day, FARC released a communique in which they admitted that Emmanuel had been taken to Bogotá and "left in the care of honest persons" for safety reasons until a humanitarian exchange took place. The group accused President Uribe of "kidnapping" the child in order to sabotage his liberation.


  • Colombia
    Thursday Jan 10, 2008

    FARC released Rojas and Gonzalez

    Colombia
    Thursday Jan 10, 2008

    on January 10, 2008, FARC released Rojas and Gonzalez through a humanitarian commission headed by the International Committee of the Red Cross.


  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Sunday Jan 13, 2008

    Hugo Chávez stated his disapproval with The FARC Strategy

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Sunday Jan 13, 2008

    On January 13, 2008, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez stated his disapproval with the FARC strategy of armed struggle and kidnapping saying "I don't agree with kidnapping and I don't agree with armed struggle".


  • Colombia
    Feb, 2008

    FARC released four political hostages "as a gesture of goodwill" toward Chávez

    Colombia
    Feb, 2008

    On February 2008, FARC released four political hostages "as a gesture of goodwill" toward Chávez, who had brokered the deal and sent Venezuelan helicopters with Red Cross logos into the Colombian jungle to pick up the freed hostages.


  • Ecuador
    Saturday Mar 01, 2008

    The Military Operation in Ecuador on a FARC Position

    Ecuador
    Saturday Mar 01, 2008

    On March 1, 2008, the Colombian armed forces launched a military operation 1.8 kilometres into Ecuador on a FARC position, killing 24, including Raúl Reyes, member of the FARC Central High Command. This led to the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis between Colombia and Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa, supported by Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez.


  • Caldas, Colombia
    Monday Mar 03, 2008

    Killing Iván Ríos

    Caldas, Colombia
    Monday Mar 03, 2008

    On March 3, Iván Ríos, also a member of the FARC Central High Command was killed by his security chief "Rojas". In March 2008 alone, FARC lost 3 members of their Secretariat, including their founder.


  • U.S.
    May, 2008

    Extraditing the Jailed paramilitary leaders to the United States

    U.S.
    May, 2008

    In May 2008, a dozen jailed paramilitary leaders were extradited to the United States on drug-related charges.


  • Colombia
    Sunday May 25, 2008

    FARC-Commander 'Timochenko' announcement

    Colombia
    Sunday May 25, 2008

    On May 24, 2008, Colombian magazine, Revista Semana, published an interview with Colombian defense minister Juan Manuel Santos in which Santos mentions the death of Manuel Marulanda Vélez. The news was confirmed by FARC-commander 'Timochenko' on Venezuelan based television station Telesur on May 25, 2008. 'Timochenko' announced the new commander in chief is 'Alfonso Cano'.


  • Guaviare, Colombia
    Wednesday Jul 02, 2008

    Operation Jaque

    Guaviare, Colombia
    Wednesday Jul 02, 2008

    On July 2, 2008, the Colombian armed forces launched Operation Jaque that resulted in the freedom of 15 political hostages, including former Colombian presidential candidate Íngrid Betancourt, Marc Gonsalves, Thomas Howes, and Keith Stansell, three American military contractors employed by Northrop Grumman and 11 Colombian military and police. Two FARC members were arrested. This trick to the FARC was presented by the Colombian government as a proof that the guerrilla organisation and influence is declining.


  • Colombia
    Sunday Oct 26, 2008

    The ex-congressman Óscar Tulio Lizcano escaped

    Colombia
    Sunday Oct 26, 2008

    On October 26, 2008, after 8 years of captivity, the ex-congressman Óscar Tulio Lizcano escaped with the assistance of a FARC rebel he convinced to travel with him.


  • Colombia
    Feb, 2009

    Releasing 6 Hostages

    Colombia
    Feb, 2009

    In February 2009, the guerrilla released 6 hostages as a humanitarian gesture.


  • Colombia
    Mar, 2009

    Releasing The Swedish Hostage

    Colombia
    Mar, 2009

    In March, the guerrilla released Swedish hostage Erik Roland Larsson.


  • Arauca, Colombia
    Apr, 2009

    The Colombian Armed Forces launched strategic leap

    Arauca, Colombia
    Apr, 2009

    In April 2009, the Colombian armed forces launched Strategic Leap, an offensive in borders areas where the FARC's forces still has a strong military presence, especially in Arauca, near the Venezuelan border.


  • Colombia
    Nov, 2009

    The FARC Attack In a Southwestern Part of The Country

    Colombia
    Nov, 2009

    In November 2009, Nine Colombian soldiers were killed when their post was attacked by FARC guerrillas in a southwestern part of the country.


  • Caquetá, Colombia
    Dec, 2009

    FARC rebels raided the home of provincial governor Luis Francisco Cuéllar

    Caquetá, Colombia
    Dec, 2009

    On December 22, 2009, FARC rebels raided the home of Provincial governor Luis Francisco Cuéllar, killing one police officer and wounding two. Cuellar was found dead the following day.


  • Colombia
    Friday Jan 01, 2010

    The Colombian Air Force bombed a Jungle Camp in Southern Colombia

    Colombia
    Friday Jan 01, 2010

    On January 1, 2010, Eighteen FARC rebels were killed when the Colombian Air Force bombed a jungle camp in Southern Colombia. Colombian troops of the elite Task Force Omega then stormed the camp, capturing fifteen FARC rebels, as well as 25 rifles, war materials, explosives, and information which was given to military intelligence. In Southwestern Colombia, FARC rebels ambushed an army patrol, killing a soldier. The troops then exchanged fire with the rebels. During the fighting, a teenager was killed in the crossfire.


  • Bogota, Colombia
    Saturday Aug 07, 2010

    President Juan Manuel Santos

    Bogota, Colombia
    Saturday Aug 07, 2010

    When Juan Manuel Santos was elected president in August 2010, he promised to "continue the armed offensive" against rebel movements. In the month after his inauguration, FARC and ELN killed roughly 50 soldiers and policemen in attacks all over Colombia.


  • Colombia
    Sep, 2010

    The Killing of FARC's Second-In-Command

    Colombia
    Sep, 2010

    In September 2010, the FARC's second-in-command Mono Jojoy was killed. By the end of 2010, it became increasingly clear that "neo-paramilitary groups", referred to as "criminal groups" (BACRIM) by the government, had become an increasing threat to national security, with violent groups such as Los Rastrojos and Aguilas Negras taking control of large parts of the Colombian countryside.


  • Bogota, Colombia
    2011

    The Colombian Congress' statement

    Bogota, Colombia
    2011

    In 2011, the Colombian Congress issued a statement claiming that the FARC has a "strong presence" in roughly one third of Colombia, while their attacks against security forces "have continued to rise" throughout 2010 and 2011.


  • Colombia
    2012

    The Espada de Honor war plan

    Colombia
    2012

    In 2012, the Colombia Military launched The Espada de Honor War Plan, an aggressive counterinsurgency strategies that aims to dismantle FARC's structure, crippling them both militarily and financially. The plan targets FARC leadership and it is focused on eliminating 15 of the most powerful economic and military fronts.


  • Colombia
    Saturday Jul 20, 2013

    Two Rebel Attacks on Government Positions

    Colombia
    Saturday Jul 20, 2013

    On July 20, 2013, as peace talks were making progress, two rebel attacks on government positions killed 19 soldiers and an unspecified number of combatants. It was the deadliest day since peace talks began in November 2012.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 21, 2013

    The Washington Post revealed a Covert CIA Program

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 21, 2013

    In December 2013, The Washington Post revealed a covert CIA program, started in the early 2000s, which provides the Colombian government with intelligence and GPS guidance systems for smart bombs.


  • Meta, Colombia
    Monday Dec 15, 2014

    The Colombian Air Force Airstrikes In Meta

    Meta, Colombia
    Monday Dec 15, 2014

    On 15 December 2014, 9 FARC guerrillas were killed in the aftermath airstrikes conducted by the Colombian air force in the Meta province.


  • Colombia
    Mar, 2015

    FARC begin humanitarian demining

    Colombia
    Mar, 2015

    In March 2015, FARC stated that it would begin humanitarian demining in selected parts of Colombia.


  • Colombia
    Friday May 22, 2015

    The FARC suspended a truce

    Colombia
    Friday May 22, 2015

    On 22 May 2015, the FARC suspended a truce after 26 of its fighters were killed in a government air and ground offensive.


  • Colombia
    Monday Jun 22, 2015

    Destroying a Colombian Army Black Hawk Helicopter

    Colombia
    Monday Jun 22, 2015

    On 22 June 2015, a Colombian Army Black Hawk helicopter was destroyed while landing on a mine field laid by FARC: four soldiers were killed and six were wounded.


  • Colombia
    Thursday Jun 23, 2016

    The Ceasefire

    Colombia
    Thursday Jun 23, 2016

    On 23 June 2016, the Colombian government and FARC agreed to a ceasefire.


  • Colombia
    Wednesday Aug 24, 2016

    The Definitive Accord

    Colombia
    Wednesday Aug 24, 2016

    A "final, full and definitive accord" was agreed to on August 24, 2016. This accord does not include ELN.


  • Colombia
    Sunday Oct 02, 2016

    The Results of the Referendum to decide whether or not to support the Peace Accord

    Colombia
    Sunday Oct 02, 2016

    On 2 October 2016, the results of the referendum to decide whether or not to support the peace accord showed that 50.2% opposed the accord while 49.8% favoured it.


  • Oslo, Norway
    Friday Oct 07, 2016

    President Juan Manuel Santos Was awarded The Nobel Peace Prize

    Oslo, Norway
    Friday Oct 07, 2016

    In October 2016, President Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long war to an end.


  • Bogota, Colombia
    Wednesday Nov 30, 2016

    The House of Representatives unanimously approved the peace deal

    Bogota, Colombia
    Wednesday Nov 30, 2016

    The Colombian government and the FARC on November 24 signed a revised peace deal and the revised agreement will be submitted to Congress for approval. The House of Representatives unanimously approved the plan on November 30, a day after the Senate also gave its backing.


  • Colombia
    Sunday Jul 15, 2018

    Operation Armageddon

    Colombia
    Sunday Jul 15, 2018

    FARC dissidents are a group formerly part of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, who have refused to lay down their arms after the FARC-government peace treaty came into effect in 2016. On 15 July 2018, the Colombian and Peruvian governments launched a joint military effort known as Operation Armageddon to combat FARC dissidents. Peru issued a 60-day state of emergency in the Putumayo Province, an area bordering both Colombia and Ecuador. On the first day alone, more than 50 individuals were arrested in the operation, while four cocaine labs were dismantled. The group has attempted to recruit locals in the Putumayo Province in Peru to take up their cause.


  • Cereté, Colombia
    Saturday Apr 25, 2020

    Gustavo Adolfo Álvarez Téllez was arrested

    Cereté, Colombia
    Saturday Apr 25, 2020

    On April 25, senior Gulf's Cartel (Clan de Golfo) leader Gustavo Adolfo Álvarez Téllez, who was one of Colombia's most-wanted drug lords and had the bounty of up to 580 million pesos for his capture, was arrested at his lavish estate in Cereté while holding a party under quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Álvarez was described as the "brain" of the cartel, and by this point was reported to have taken charge of the cartel's Caribbean operations.


  • Antioquia, Colombia
    Friday Jun 26, 2020

    Operation Mil

    Antioquia, Colombia
    Friday Jun 26, 2020

    On June 26, Clan del Golfo and FARC dissidents were confirmed to be in a direct armed conflict in northern Antioquia known as Operation Mil. The Gulf's Clan, which dispatched 1,000 of its paramilitaries from Urabá, southern Córdoba, and Chocó, hopes to remove FARC dissent from northern Antioquia and take control of the entire municipality of Ituango.


<