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  • Batu Kitang, Malaysia
    Tuesday Aug 05, 1952

    First known Sarawak Communist Organisation operation

    Batu Kitang, Malaysia
    Tuesday Aug 05, 1952

    First known Sarawak Communist Organisation operation was an assault on the Batu Kitang bazaar on 5 August 1952.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Jun, 1959

    The predominantly-Chinese Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP), the state's first political party which was founded in June 1959.

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Jun, 1959

    Besides the communist insurgency in Peninsular Malaysia, a second one was waged in Sarawak, one of Malaysia's Borneo states. As with their MCP counterparts, the Sarawak Communist Organisation (SCO) or the Communist Clandestine Organisation (CCO), was predominantly dominated by ethnic Chinese but also included Dayak supporters. However, the Sarawak Communist Organisation had little support from ethnic Malays and the indigenous Sarawak races. At its height, the SCO had 24,000 members. During the 1940s, Maoism had spread among Chinese vernacular schools in Sarawak. Following the Second World War, Communist influence also penetrated the labour movement, trade unions, the Chinese-language media, and the predominantly-Chinese Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP), the state's first political party which was founded in June 1959.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Dec, 1962

    SCO still lacked a military wing and its members had not yet undergone military training

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Dec, 1962

    In December 1962, the SCO (the Sarawak Communist Organisation) still lacked a military wing and its members had not yet undergone military training. Following the Brunei Revolt, the SCO switched to a policy of armed insurgency from January 1963 since the defeat of the Bruneian rebels deprived it of a source of weapons.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Dec, 1962

    Sarawak Insurgency formally began

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Dec, 1962

    the Sarawak Insurgency formally began after the Brunei Revolt in December 1962.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Monday Mar 30, 1964

    Sarawak People's Guerilla Force was formed

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Monday Mar 30, 1964

    The Sarawak People's Guerilla Force was formed on 30 March 1964 at Mount Asuansang in West Kalimantan with the assistance of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The SPGF's leaders included Bong Kee Chok, Yang Chu Chung, and Wen Ming Chyuan.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    1965

    Federal Government had built three permanent settlements

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    1965

    By the end of 1965, the Federal Government had built three permanent settlements at Siburan, Beratok, and Tapah to replace the five temporary settlements, which covered 600 acres and were designed to accommodate 8,000 inhabitants.




  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Wednesday Jun 30, 1965

    Goodsir Plan

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Wednesday Jun 30, 1965

    On 30 June 1965, the Sarawak government's Operations Sub-Committee of the State Security Executive Council (Ops SSEC) implemented the Goodsir Plan. This plan involved the resettlement of 7,500 people in five "temporary settlements" along the Kuching-Serian road in Sarawak's First and Third Divisions. The Goodsir Plan was named after David Goodsir, the British acting commissioner of police in Sarawak.


  • West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    North Kalimantan People's Army was formed

    West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    The North Kalimantan People's Army was formed by Bong Kee Chok near Melawi River in West Kalimantan with the assistance of the PKI on 26 October 1965.


  • Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Friday Jul 22, 1966

    Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman estimated that there were approximately 700 Communists

    Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Friday Jul 22, 1966

    By 22 July 1966, the Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman estimated that there were approximately 700 Communists in Indonesian Kalimantan and about 2,000 sympathisers.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Oct, 1966

    "hot pursuit" operations

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Oct, 1966

    On October 1966, both governments allowed their military forces to cross the border in "hot pursuit" operations.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Feb, 1969

    Sarawak United People's Party's leadership reversed the party's anti-Malaysia policy

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Feb, 1969

    In February 1969, the Sarawak United People's Party's leadership reversed the party's anti-Malaysia policy following a meeting between the party's leader Stephen Yong and Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman.


  • West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Mar 25, 1969

    Indonesian forces eliminated the Third Branch of the SPGF at Songkong

    West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Mar 25, 1969

    On 25 March 1969, Indonesian forces eliminated the Third Branch of the SPGF at Songkong in West Kalimantan following a two-day battle, wiping out the Sarawak People's Guerrilla Force's largest corps.


  • North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Sunday Jul 13, 1969

    Sarawak Communist Organisation created the North Kalimantan People's Guerrilla Force

    North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Sunday Jul 13, 1969

    To replace the decimated SPGF, the Sarawak Communist Organisation created the North Kalimantan People's Guerrilla Force at Nonok on 13 July 1969.


  • North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Monday Mar 30, 1970

    Head of the Sarawak People's Guerrillas in Sarawak's First Division, formed the North Kalimantan Communist Party

    North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Monday Mar 30, 1970

    On 30 March 1970, Wen Ming Chyuan, the Head of the Sarawak People's Guerrillas in Sarawak's First Division, formed the North Kalimantan Communist Party.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Jul, 1970

    SUPP then entered into a coalition with the Alliance Party's Sarawak partners

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Jul, 1970

    Following state elections in July 1970, the SUPP then entered into a coalition with the Alliance Party's Sarawak partners, the Bumiputera Party and the Parti Pesaka Anak Sarawak, in the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly.


  • Malaysia
    Sunday Sep 19, 1971

    The official date of the formation of the party to coincide with the Pontianak Conference

    Malaysia
    Sunday Sep 19, 1971

    However, 19 September 1971 was chosen as the official date of the formation of the party to coincide with the Pontianak Conference, which had been held on 17–19 September 1965.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Tuesday Apr 18, 1972

    Rajang Area Security Command

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Tuesday Apr 18, 1972

    The Rajang Area Security Command or simply known as RASCOM is a Malaysian security area that covers the area of Rajang River in Sarawak. It was established on 18 April 1972 by the Malaysian government and its main headquarters is located at Sibu.


  • Kuching, Malaysia
    Wednesday Oct 17, 1990

    Peace agreement formally ending the insurgency was ratified at Wisma Bapa Malaysia in the state capital Kuching

    Kuching, Malaysia
    Wednesday Oct 17, 1990

    By 17 October 1990, a peace agreement formally ending the insurgency was ratified at Wisma Bapa Malaysia in the state capital Kuching. Shortly afterwards, the last remaining NKCP operatives led by Ang Cho Teng surrendered. These developments ended the communist insurgency in Sarawak.


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