Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Pretoria, South Africa
    Monday Jun 28, 1971

    Birth

    Pretoria, South Africa
    Monday Jun 28, 1971

    On June 28, 1971, Elon Musk was born in Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. The son of Maye Musk, a Canadian model and dietitian born in Saskatchewan, Canada, and raised in South Africa, and Errol Musk, a South African electromechanical engineer, pilot, and sailor.




  • Pretoria, South Africa
    1980

    The Divorce

    Pretoria, South Africa
    1980

    In 1980, Elon Musk's parents got divorced.




  • Pretoria, South Africa
    1980s

    Victim to Bullies

    Pretoria, South Africa
    1980s

    Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood and was once hospitalized after a group of boys threw him down a staircase. He attended Waterkloof House Preparatory School and Bryanston High School before graduating from Pretoria Boys High School.




  • Pretoria, South Africa
    1982

    Estranged from his Father

    Pretoria, South Africa
    1982

    After his parents' divorce, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria, a choice he made two years after his parents separated but which he subsequently regretted. Musk is estranged from his father, whom he has referred to as a terrible human being. He also has a half-sister and a half-brother.




  • Pretoria, South Africa
    Jun, 1989

    Against father's Will

    Pretoria, South Africa
    Jun, 1989

    Although Musk's father insisted that Elon go to college in Pretoria, Musk became determined to move to the United States, saying "I remember thinking and seeing that America is where great things are possible, more than any other country in the world." Musk knew it would be easier to get to the United States from Canada and moved there against his father's wishes in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, after obtaining a Canadian passport through his Canadian-born mother.




  • Pretoria, South Africa
    1990s

    Pretoria University

    Pretoria, South Africa
    1990s

    While awaiting Canadian documentation, Musk didn't waste time, he attended the University of Pretoria for five months.




  • Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    1989

    The beginning of a Path

    Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    1989

    In 1989, Elon musk went to Canada where he started his path entering Queen's University, avoiding mandatory service in the South African military.


  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    1992

    UPenn

    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    1992

    In 1992, Elon Musk left Queen's University to study economics and physics at the University of Pennsylvania.


  • Silicon Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States
    1994

    The Internships

    Silicon Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States
    1994

    In 1994, Elon Musk held two internships in Silicon Valley during the summer, at an energy storage start-up called Pinnacle Research Institute, which researched electrolytic ultracapacitors for energy storage, and at the Palo Alto-based start-up Rocket Science Games. Bruce Leak, the former lead engineer behind Apple's QuickTime who had hired Musk, said that Musk had boundless energy.


  • California, United States
    1995

    The PhD

    California, United States
    1995

    In 1995, Musk was accepted to a Ph.D. program in energy physics or materials science at Stanford University in California.


  • California, United States
    1995

    Dropping out a PhD

    California, United States
    1995

    After only two days of enrolment in Ph.D., Elon Musk couldn't ignore opportunities in the Internet boom. So, He dropped out of his Ph.D. and he decided instead to launch his first company on the internet.


  • California, United States
    1995

    Zip2

    California, United States
    1995

    In 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, a web software company, with money raised from a small group of angel investors, an individual who provides capital for a business start-up in exchange convertible debt or ownership equity. With the vector graphics mapping and direction coded by Musk in Java, the company aimed to develop and market an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry, with maps, directions, and yellow pages. Musk obtained contracts with The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune and persuaded the board of directors to abandon plans for a merger with CitySearch. Musk's attempts to become CEO were thwarted by the board.


  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    1997

    The Graduation

    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    1997

    In 1997, Elon Musk graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from Wharton and a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from the College of Arts and Sciences.


  • California, United States
    Feb, 1999

    Selling Zip2

    California, United States
    Feb, 1999

    In February 1999, Compay acquired Zip2 for US$307 million in cash. Musk received US$22 million for his 7 percent share from the sale of the company.


  • California, United States
    Mar, 1999

    X.com

    California, United States
    Mar, 1999

    In March 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, online financial services, and e-mail payment company, with US$10 million from the sale of Zip2.


  • California, United States
    Mar, 2000

    PayPal

    California, United States
    Mar, 2000

    In March 2000, X.com merged with Confinity, which had a money-transfer service called PayPal. The merged company was named X.com. However, the company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001.


  • Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    2000

    First Marriage

    Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    2000

    Musk met his first wife, Canadian author Justine Wilson, while both were students at Ontario's Queen's University. They married in 2000.


  • California, United States
    Oct, 2000

    Ousted Again

    California, United States
    Oct, 2000

    Musk was ousted in October 2000 from his role as CEO, although he remained on the board, due to disagreements with other company executives over his desire to move PayPal's Unix-based infrastructure to a Microsoft one.


  • California, United States
    2001

    Mars Oasis

    California, United States
    2001

    Musk believed that for humanity to survive we have to become a multiplanet species. So, in 2001, he conceived Mars Oasis, an idea to land a miniature experimental greenhouse on Mars, containing food crops growing on Martian regolith, in an attempt to reawaken public interest in space exploration.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Oct, 2001

    Disappointed

    Moscow, Russia
    Oct, 2001

    In October 2001, Musk traveled to Moscow with Jim Cantrell, an aerospace supplies fixer, and Adeo Ressi, his best friend from college, to buy refurbished Dnepr Intercontinental ballistic missiles, a guided ballistic missile primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery but converted for space utilization, where it could send the envisioned payloads into space. The group met with companies such as NPO Lavochkin and Kosmotras. However, according to Cantrell, Musk was seen as a novice and was consequently spat on by one of the Russian chief designers. The group returned to the United States empty-handed.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Feb, 2002

    Another Failure

    Moscow, Russia
    Feb, 2002

    In February 2002, the group returned to Russia to look for three ICBMs, bringing along Mike Griffin. Griffin had worked for the CIA's venture capital arm, In-Q-Tel, as well as NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and was just leaving Orbital Sciences, a maker of satellites and spacecraft. The group had another meeting with Kosmotras and was offered one rocket for US$8 million. Musk considered the price too high and stormed out of the meeting.


  • California, United States
    2002

    Aim for The Stars

    California, United States
    2002

    On the flight back from Moscow, Elon Musk thought of launching a company that can build the rockets he needs at affordable prices. He calculated that the raw materials for building a rocket were only 3 percent of the sales price of a rocket at the time. It was concluded that the company could cut launch price by a factor of ten and still enjoy a 70-percent gross margin.


  • Hawthorne, California, United States
    May, 2002

    SpaceX

    Hawthorne, California, United States
    May, 2002

    In May 2002, Musk founded Space Exploration Technologies Corp., traded as SpaceX, with US$100 million of his early fortune.


  • California, United States
    Oct, 2002

    Selling PayPal

    California, United States
    Oct, 2002

    In October 2002, PayPal was acquired by eBay for US$1.5 billion in stock, of which Musk received US$165 million. Before its sale, Musk, who was the company's largest shareholder, owned 11.7% of PayPal's shares.


  • Palo Alto, California, United States
    Feb, 2004

    Tesla Motors

    Palo Alto, California, United States
    Feb, 2004

    Elon Musk was always keen on the possibilities of electric cars. So, in February 2004, he became one of the major funders of Tesla Motors, later renamed Tesla, Musk led the Series A round of investment, joining Tesla's board of directors as its chairman.


  • Palo Alto, California, United States
    2006

    Tesla's Master Plan

    Palo Alto, California, United States
    2006

    Iterated by Musk in 2006, Tesla's plan was to build sports cars. Use that money to build an affordable car. Use that money to build an even more affordable car. While doing that, also provide zero-emission electric power generation options.


  • San Mateo, California
    2006

    SolarCity

    San Mateo, California
    2006

    Musk provided the initial concept and financial capital for SolarCity, which was then co-founded in 2006 by his cousins Lyndon and Peter Rive.


  • Washington D.C., United States
    2006

    Member of The United States NAS

    Washington D.C., United States
    2006

    In 2006, Musk was a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.


  • Palo Alto, California, United States
    2008

    The CEO of Tesla

    Palo Alto, California, United States
    2008

    Following the financial crisis in 2008 and after a series of escalating conflicts in 2007, Eberhard was ousted from the firm. Musk assumed leadership of the company as CEO and product architect in 2008.


  • United States
    2010s

    Musk's sons

    United States
    2010s

    Together, Musk and his wife Justine had their first son, Nevada Alexander Musk, who died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) at the age of 10 weeks. They later had five sons through in vitro fertilization, twins in 2004 (Griffin and Xavier), followed by triplets in 2006 (Kai, Saxon, and Damian). After their divorce in 2008, They shared custody of all five sons.


  • Dornoch, Scotland, United Kingdom
    2010

    Second Marriage

    Dornoch, Scotland, United Kingdom
    2010

    In 2008, Musk began dating English actress Talulah Riley, and in 2010, the couple married at Dornoch cathedral.


  • Jersey City, New Jersey, United States
    Feb, 2011

    Powerful CEOs

    Jersey City, New Jersey, United States
    Feb, 2011

    In February 2011, Forbes listed Musk as one of "America's 20 Most Powerful CEOs 40 And Under".


  • California, United States
    2011

    A Vision

    California, United States
    2011

    Musk believed that living on multiple planets may serve as a hedge against threats to the survival of the human species. Space X's goal is to reduce the cost of human spaceflight by a factor of 10. In a 2011 interview, Elon Musk said he hopes to send humans to Mars' surface within 10–20 years.


  • California, United States
    May, 2013

    Surpassing Range Limitation

    California, United States
    May, 2013

    In May 2013 interview with All Things Digital, Musk said that to overcome the range limitations of electric cars, Tesla planned to expand its network of supercharger stations, tripling the number on the East and West coasts of the U.S. that June, with plans for more expansion across North America, including Canada, throughout the year.


  • United States
    Monday Aug 12, 2013

    Hyperloop

    United States
    Monday Aug 12, 2013

    On 12 August 2013, Musk unveiled a concept for a very high-speed transportation system, named Hyperloop, incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors. Where such a transport system might be built between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area.


  • California, United States
    Tuesday Aug 13, 2013

    A New Transportation Idea

    California, United States
    Tuesday Aug 13, 2013

    On 12 August 2013, Musk unveiled a concept for a high-speed transportation system, called Hyperloop, incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors. where such a transport system might be built between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area.


  • Buffalo, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 18, 2014

    The Biggest SolarCity

    Buffalo, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 18, 2014

    On 17 June 2014, Musk committed to building a SolarCity advanced production facility in Buffalo, New York, that would triple the size of the largest solar plant in the United States and it will be followed by one or more even bigger facilities in subsequent years. The Tesla Gigafactory 2 is a photovoltaic (PV) cell factory, leased by Tesla subsidiary SolarCity in Buffalo, New York.


  • California, United States
    2014

    Electric Cars

    California, United States
    2014

    In 2014, aiming to entice automobile manufacturers to speed up the development of electric cars, Musk announced that Tesla would allow its technology patents to be used by anyone in good faith.


  • San Francisco, California, United States
    Dec, 2015

    OpenAI

    San Francisco, California, United States
    Dec, 2015

    In December 2015, Musk announced the creation of OpenAI, a not-for-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company. OpenAI aims to develop artificial general intelligence in a way that is safe and beneficial to humanity.


  • California, United States
    Wednesday Dec 23, 2015

    A Breakthrough

    California, United States
    Wednesday Dec 23, 2015

    Musk believed the key to making space travel affordable was to make rockets reusable, though space industry experts believed reusable rockets were impossible or infeasible. On December 22, 2015, SpaceX successfully landed the first stage of its Falcon rocket back at the launch pad, the first time this had been achieved by an orbital rocket.


  • California, United States
    Friday Jan 29, 2016

    Tesla Shares

    California, United States
    Friday Jan 29, 2016

    On 29 January 2016, Musk owned about 28.9 million Tesla shares, which equates to about 22% of the company.


  • California, United States
    Feb, 2016

    Tesla.com

    California, United States
    Feb, 2016

    In February 2016, Musk announced that he had acquired the Tesla.com domain name from Stu Grossman, who had owned it since 1992, and changed Tesla's homepage to that domain.


  • Hawthorne, California, United States
    2016

    Paid Off

    Hawthorne, California, United States
    2016

    By 2016, Musk's private trust held 54% of SpaceX stock, equivalent to 78% of voting shares.


  • California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    Master Plan Part 2

    California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    In July 2016, Musk released Tesla's "master plan part 2": Create stunning solar roofs with seamlessly integrated battery storage. Expand the electric vehicle product line to address all major segments, including small Sports utility vehicle (SUV) and pickup truck. Develop a self-driving capability that is 10X safer than manual via massive fleet learning. Enable your car to make money for you when you aren't using it.


  • California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    Autopilot

    California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    In July 2016, Tesla started developing their autopilot hardware and software in-house, ending their previous partnership with Mobileye, a subsidiary of Intel Corporation that develops vision-based self-driving cars and advanced driver-assistance systems.


  • San Francisco, California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    Neuralink

    San Francisco, California, United States
    Jul, 2016

    Elon Musk had shared his concerns about the dangers of developing artificial intelligence indiscriminately. Consequently, In 2016, Musk co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology startup company to integrate the human brain with artificial intelligence.


  • California, United States
    Oct, 2016

    Second Divorce

    California, United States
    Oct, 2016

    In October 2016, the divorce of Riley and Musk was finalized.


  • Los Angeles, California, United States
    Saturday Dec 17, 2016

    The Boring Company

    Los Angeles, California, United States
    Saturday Dec 17, 2016

    On 17 December 2016, while stuck in traffic, Musk tweeted, am going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging ..., The company was named 'The Boring Company' (TBC), an American infrastructure and tunnel construction services company.


  • California, United States
    Jul, 2017

    Regaining X.com

    California, United States
    Jul, 2017

    In July 2017, Musk purchased the domain X.com from PayPal for an undisclosed amount, stating that it has sentimental value to him.


  • United States
    2017

    The Approved Idea

    United States
    2017

    On 20 July 2017, Elon Musk said that he had received what he described as "verbal government approval" to build a hyperloop from New York City to Washington, D.C., stopping in both Philadelphia and Baltimore.


  • Hornsdale, South Australia, Australia
    Sep, 2017

    In time or Free

    Hornsdale, South Australia, Australia
    Sep, 2017

    In September 2017, Musk arranged a contract with the government of South Australia for Tesla Energy to install what would then be the world's largest lithium-ion battery pack, to help alleviate energy blackouts in the state. Musk arranged this on Twitter, with the guarantee that it would be installed in 100 days or would be free. This deadline was achieved and the resulting battery exceeded expected performance and returns, despite skepticism from Australian federal politicians.


  • United States
    Monday May 07, 2018

    Musk and Grimes

    United States
    Monday May 07, 2018

    On 7 May 2018, Musk and Canadian musician Grimes revealed that they had begun dating.


  • Chiang Rai Province, Thailand
    Jul, 2018

    For Rescue

    Chiang Rai Province, Thailand
    Jul, 2018

    In July 2018, Musk attempted to provide assistance to rescuers during the Tham Luang cave rescue by arranging for his employees to build a small rescue pod.


  • London, United Kingdom
    2018

    FRS

    London, United Kingdom
    2018

    Musk was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2018.


  • United States
    2018

    World’s most powerful People

    United States
    2018

    In 2018, Musk was ranked 25th of the world’s most powerful people by Forbes.


  • Los Angeles, California, United States
    Sep, 2018

    The Misleading Tweet

    Los Angeles, California, United States
    Sep, 2018

    In September 2018, Musk was sued by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for a tweet claiming that funding had been secured for potentially taking Tesla private. The lawsuit claimed that verbal discussions Musk held with foreign investors in July 2018 did not confirm key deal terms and thus characterized the tweet as false, misleading, and damaging to investors, and sought to bar Musk from serving as CEO on publicly traded companies. Musk called the allegations unjustified and that he had never compromised his integrity.


  • California, United States
    Sep, 2018

    The Penalty

    California, United States
    Sep, 2018

    Two days calling the allegations unjustified, Musk settled with the SEC, without admitting or denying the SEC's allegations. As a result, Musk and Tesla were fined $20 million each, and Musk was forced to step down temporarily as Tesla chairman while remaining Tesla's CEO.


  • California, United States
    Thursday Oct 04, 2018

    Mocking Tweets

    California, United States
    Thursday Oct 04, 2018

    On 4 October 2018, Musk issued a sarcastic tweet, describing the SEC agency as the "Shortseller Enrichment Commission", despite having agreed to settlement terms a week earlier that his company, Tesla, would monitor his tweets and other communications.


  • Flint, Michigan, United States
    Oct, 2018

    Benevolence

    Flint, Michigan, United States
    Oct, 2018

    In October 2018, to help solve the Flint water crisis, Musk and the Musk Foundation donated over $480,000 to install new water fountains with filtration systems for access to clean water at all Flint, Michigan schools. As of 2019, approximately 30,000 children in all 12 area schools have free, safe drinking water from the water filtration systems.


  • Shanghai, China
    Jan, 2019

    Shanghai Gigafactory

    Shanghai, China
    Jan, 2019

    In January 2019, Musk traveled to China for the groundbreaking of Tesla's Shanghai Gigafactory, which is the company's first large-scale plant outside the U.S.


  • California, United States
    Tuesday Feb 19, 2019

    The Agreement

    California, United States
    Tuesday Feb 19, 2019

    On 19 February 2019, Musk stated in a tweet that Tesla would build half a million cars in 2019. The SEC reacted to Musk's tweet by filing in court, initially asking the court to hold him in contempt for violating the terms of a settlement agreement with such a tweet, which was disputed by Musk. This was eventually settled by a joint agreement between Musk and the SEC clarifying the previous agreement details, in which agreement included a list of topics that Musk would need preclearance before tweeting about.


  • Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    2019

    Another Award

    Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
    2019

    In 2019, Musk was awarded the Starmus Festival's Stephen Hawking Medal for Science Communication.


  • United States
    Oct, 2019

    Team Trees

    United States
    Oct, 2019

    In October 2019, Musk donated US$1 million to '#TeamTrees' a tree planting initiative to plant 20 million trees led by the YouTube community and in collaboration with Arbor Day Foundation.


  • California, United States
    Nov, 2019

    Tesla Cybertruck

    California, United States
    Nov, 2019

    In November 2019, Musk unveiled the Tesla Cybertruck, an all-electric battery-powered pickup truck.


  • United States
    Monday May 04, 2020

    Another Son

    United States
    Monday May 04, 2020

    On 8 January 2020, Grimes announced that she was pregnant with her first child with Musk. On 4 May 2020, Grimes gave birth to a son named X Æ A-Xii, where his first name is X and Æ is pronounced Ash.


<