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  • Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Present Day)
    Saturday Apr 13, 1963

    Birth

    Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Present Day)
    Saturday Apr 13, 1963

    Kasparov was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR (now Azerbaijan), Soviet Union.




  • Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Now)
    1970

    The Young Pioneer Palace

    Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Now)
    1970

    From age 7, Kasparov attended the Young Pioneer Palace in Baku.




  • Soviet Union, (Azerbaijan)
    1972

    Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school

    Soviet Union, (Azerbaijan)
    1972

    At 10 began training at Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school under noted coach Vladimir Makogonov.




  • Tbilisi, Georgia
    1976

    The Soviet Junior Championship

    Tbilisi, Georgia
    1976

    Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship in Tbilisi in 1976, scoring 7 points of 9, at age 13.




  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1978

    The Soviet Chess Championship

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1978

    He first qualified for the Soviet Chess Championship at age 15 in 1978, the youngest ever player at that level. He won the 64-player Swiss system tournament at Daugavpils on tiebreak over Igor V. Ivanov to capture the sole qualifying place.




  • Minsk, Belarus
    1978

    A Turning point in his life

    Minsk, Belarus
    1978

    In 1978, Kasparov participated in the Sokolsky Memorial tournament in Minsk. He had been invited as an exception but took first place and became a chess master. Kasparov has repeatedly said that this event was a turning point in his life, and that it convinced him to choose chess as his career. "I will remember the Sokolsky Memorial as long as I live", he wrote. He has also said that after the victory, he thought he had a very good shot at the World Championship.




  • Bugojno, Yugoslavia (Present Day Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    1982

    First win in a Superclass-level international tournament

    Bugojno, Yugoslavia (Present Day Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    1982

    His first win in a superclass-level international tournament was scored at Bugojno, Yugoslavia in 1982.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1984

    He joined the (CPSU)

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1984

    That year he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), as a member of which he was elected to the Central Committee of Komsomol in 1987.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1984

    First-ever win against the World Champion

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1984

    The World Chess Championship 1984 match between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov had many ups and downs, and a very controversial finish. Karpov started in very good form, and after nine games Kasparov was down 4–0 in a "first to six wins" match. Fellow players predicted he would be whitewashed 6–0 within 18 games. In an unexpected turn of events, there followed a series of 17 successive draws, some relatively short, and others drawn in unsettled positions. Kasparov lost game 27 (5–0), then fought back with another series of draws until game 32 (5–1), earning his first-ever win against the World Champion.


  • Vilnius, Lithuania
    1984

    He won the Candidates' final

    Vilnius, Lithuania
    1984

    Later in 1984, he won the Candidates' final 8½–4½ (four wins, no losses) against the resurgent former world champion Vasily Smyslov, at Vilnius, thus qualifying to play Anatoly Karpov for the World Championship.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Jan, 1984

    Became the No. 1 ranked player in the world

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Jan, 1984

    In January 1984, Kasparov became the No. 1 ranked player in the world, with a FIDE rating of 2710. He became the youngest ever world No. 1, a record that lasted 12 years until being broken by Vladimir Kramnik in January 1996; the record is currently held by Magnus Carlsen.


  • Hamburg, Germany
    1985

    Kasparov played against thirty-two different chess computers

    Hamburg, Germany
    1985

    In 1985, Kasparov played against thirty-two different chess computers in Hamburg, winning all games, but with some difficulty.


  • Russia
    Sunday Oct 22, 1989

    Deep Thought

    Russia
    Sunday Oct 22, 1989

    On October 22, 1989, Kasparov defeated the chess computer "Deep Thought" in both games of a two-game match.


  • Russia
    May, 1990

    The Democratic Party of Russia

    Russia
    May, 1990

    In May 1990, Kasparov took part in the creation of the Democratic Party of Russia.


  • Russia
    1991

    The Keeper of the Flame award

    Russia
    1991

    In 1991, Kasparov received the Keeper of the Flame award from the Center for Security Policy for "propagation of democracy and the respect for individual rights throughout the world". In his acceptance speech Kasparov lauded the defeat of communism while also urging the United States to give no financial assistance to central Soviet leaders.


  • Russia
    Sunday Apr 28, 1991

    Kasparov left the party

    Russia
    Sunday Apr 28, 1991

    Kasparov left the party on April 28, 1991, after its conference.


  • Cologne, Germany
    Dec, 1992

    Kasparov visited Frederic Friedel

    Cologne, Germany
    Dec, 1992

    In December 1992, Kasparov visited Frederic Friedel in his hotel room in Cologne, and played 37 blitz games against Fritz 2 winning 24, drawing 4 and losing 9.


  • Russia
    Jun, 1993

    Choice of Russia

    Russia
    Jun, 1993

    In June 1993, Kasparov was involved with the creation of the "Choice of Russia" bloc of parties and in 1996 took part in the election campaign of Boris Yeltsin. In 2001 he voiced his support for the Russian television channel NTV.


  • Russia
    Nov, 1993

    Producing video material for the computer game Kasparov's Gambit

    Russia
    Nov, 1993

    Kasparov cooperated in producing video material for the computer game Kasparov's Gambit released by Electronic Arts in November 1993.


  • Russia
    Apr, 1994

    Intel acted as a sponsor for the first Professional Chess Association

    Russia
    Apr, 1994

    In April 1994, Intel acted as a sponsor for the first Professional Chess Association Grand Prix event in Moscow played a time control of 25 minutes per game.


  • U.S.
    1996

    Deep Blue

    U.S.
    1996

    Kasparov played in a pair of six-game chess matches with an IBM supercomputer called "Deep Blue". The first match was played in Philadelphia in 1996 and won by Kasparov. The second was played in New York City in 1997 and won by "Deep Blue".


  • London, England
    2000

    The Kasparov-Kramnik match

    London, England
    2000

    The Kasparov-Kramnik match took place in London during the latter half of 2000. Kramnik had been a student of Kasparov's at the famous Botvinnik/Kasparov chess school in Russia, and had served on Kasparov's team for the 1995 match against Viswanathan Anand.


  • New York, U.S.
    Jan, 2003

    Deep Junior

    New York, U.S.
    Jan, 2003

    In January 2003, he engaged in a six-game classical time control match with a $1 million prize fund which was billed as the FIDE "Man vs. Machine" World Championship, against "Deep Junior". The engine evaluated three million positions per second. After one win each and three draws, it was all up to the final game. After reaching a decent position Kasparov offered a draw, which was soon accepted by the Deep Junior team. Asked why he offered the draw, Kasparov said he feared making a blunder.


  • U.S.
    Jun, 2003

    Mindscape released the computer game Kasparov Chessmate

    U.S.
    Jun, 2003

    In June 2003, Mindscape released the computer game Kasparov Chessmate with Kasparov himself listed as a co-designer.


  • Russia
    Thursday Mar 10, 2005

    Retirement

    Russia
    Thursday Mar 10, 2005

    After winning the prestigious Linares tournament for the ninth time, Kasparov announced on 10 March 2005 that he would retire from serious competitive chess.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Sunday Apr 10, 2005

    A Promotional event

    Moscow, Russia
    Sunday Apr 10, 2005

    On 10 April 2005, Kasparov was in Moscow at a promotional event when he was struck over the head with a chessboard he had just signed. The assailant was reported to have said "I admired you as a chess player, but you gave that up for politics" immediately before the attack.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Aug 22, 2006

    First public chess games since his retirement

    Russia
    Tuesday Aug 22, 2006

    On 22 August 2006, in his first public chess games since his retirement, Kasparov played in the Lichthof Chess Champions Tournament, a blitz event played at the time control of 5 minutes per side and 3-second increments per move. Kasparov tied for first with Anatoly Karpov, scoring 4½/6.


  • France
    2007

    Return from retirement

    France
    2007

    In 2017, Kasparov came out of retirement to participate in the inaugural St. Louis Rapid and Blitz tournament from 14–19 August, scoring 3.5/9 in the rapid and 9/18 in the blitz, finishing 8th out of 10 participants, which included Nakamura, Caruana, former world champion Anand, and the eventual winner, Aronian.


  • Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Saturday Mar 03, 2007

    Saint Petersburg Dissenters' March

    Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Saturday Mar 03, 2007

    Kasparov helped organize the Saint Petersburg Dissenters' March on 3 March 2007


  • Moscow, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 27, 2007

    The March of the Dissenters

    Moscow, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 27, 2007

    Kasparov helped organize The March of the Dissenters on 24 March 2007.


  • Russia
    Apr, 2007

    The National Security Advisory Council of Center for Security Policy

    Russia
    Apr, 2007

    In April 2007, it was asserted that Kasparov was a board member of the National Security Advisory Council of Center for Security Policy, a "non-profit, non-partisan national security [think tank in Washington, DC], which specializes in identifying policies, actions, and resource needs that are vital to American security".


  • Moscow, Russia
    Saturday Apr 14, 2007

    Held for some 10 hours

    Moscow, Russia
    Saturday Apr 14, 2007

    On 14 April 2007, Kasparov led a pro-democracy demonstration in Moscow. Soon after the demonstration's start, however, over 9,000 police descended on the group and seized almost everyone. Kasparov, who was briefly arrested by the Moscow police, was warned by the prosecution office on the eve of the march that anyone participating risked being detained. He was held for some 10 hours and then fined and released.


  • Russia
    Sunday Sep 30, 2007

    Kasparov entered the Russian Presidential race

    Russia
    Sunday Sep 30, 2007

    On 30 September 2007, Kasparov entered the Russian Presidential race, receiving 379 of 498 votes at a congress held in Moscow by The Other Russia.


  • Russia
    Oct, 2007

    Kasparov announced his intention of standing for the Russian presidency as the candidate of the "Other Russia"

    Russia
    Oct, 2007

    In October 2007, Kasparov announced his intention of standing for the Russian presidency as the candidate of the "Other Russia" coalition and vowed to fight for a "democratic and just Russia".


  • Moscow, Russia
    Saturday Nov 24, 2007

    Kasparov and other protesters were detained by police at an Other Russia rally in Moscow

    Moscow, Russia
    Saturday Nov 24, 2007

    On 24 November 2007, Kasparov and other protesters were detained by police at an Other Russia rally in Moscow. 3,000 demonstrators arrived to allege the rigging of upcoming elections. Following an attempt by about 100 protesters to march through police lines to the electoral commission, which had barred Other Russia candidates from parliamentary elections, arrests were made. The Russian authorities stated a rally had been approved but not any marches, resulting in several detained demonstrators.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Thursday Nov 29, 2007

    Released from jail

    Moscow, Russia
    Thursday Nov 29, 2007

    He was subsequently charged with resisting arrest and organizing an unauthorized protest and given a jail sentence of five days. Kasparov appealed the charges, citing that he had been following orders given by the police, although it was denied. He was released from jail on 29 November.


  • Russia
    Wednesday Dec 12, 2007

    Kasparov announced that he had to withdraw his presidential candidacy

    Russia
    Wednesday Dec 12, 2007

    On 12 December 2007, Kasparov announced that he had to withdraw his presidential candidacy due to inability to rent a meeting hall where at least 500 of his supporters could assemble.


  • Russia
    Feb, 2009

    Coached Magnus Carlsen

    Russia
    Feb, 2009

    Kasparov actively coached Magnus Carlsen for approximately one year beginning in February 2009. The collaboration remained secret until September 2009.


  • Valencia, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 2009

    A 12-game match

    Valencia, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 2009

    Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov played a 12-game match from 21–24 September 2009, in Valencia, Spain.


  • Russia
    Oct, 2009

    Carlsen became the youngest ever to achieve a FIDE rating higher than 2,800

    Russia
    Oct, 2009

    Under Kasparov's tutelage, Carlsen in October 2009 became the youngest ever to achieve a FIDE rating higher than 2,800, and rose from world number four to world number one. While the pair initially planned to work together throughout 2010.


  • Russia
    Mar, 2010

    Carlsen had split from Kasparov

    Russia
    Mar, 2010

    in March of that year it was announced that Carlsen had split from Kasparov and would no longer be using him as a trainer.


  • Russia
    Wednesday Mar 10, 2010

    Putin must go

    Russia
    Wednesday Mar 10, 2010

    Kasparov was among the 34 first signatories and a key organizer of the online anti-Putin campaign "Putin must go", started on 10 March 2010.


  • Tel Aviv, Israel
    May, 2010

    Played 30 games simultaneously

    Tel Aviv, Israel
    May, 2010

    In May 2010 he played 30 games simultaneously, winning each one, against players at Tel Aviv University in Israel.


  • New York, U.S.
    Jan, 2011

    Kasparov began training Hikaru Nakamura

    New York, U.S.
    Jan, 2011

    In January 2011, Kasparov began training the U.S. grandmaster Hikaru Nakamura. The first of several training sessions was held in New York just prior to Nakamura's participation in the Tata Steel Chess tournament in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.


  • France
    Sep, 2011

    Played two blitz exhibition matches in the autumn of 2011

    France
    Sep, 2011

    Kasparov played two blitz exhibition matches in the autumn of 2011. The first was in September against French grandmaster Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, in Clichy (France), which Kasparov won 1½–½.


  • Bratislava, Slovakia
    Oct, 2011

    Defeated fourteen opponents in a simultaneous exhibition

    Bratislava, Slovakia
    Oct, 2011

    A little after that, in October 2011, Kasparov played and defeated fourteen opponents in a simultaneous exhibition that took place in Bratislava.


  • France
    Sunday Oct 09, 2011

    Played two blitz exhibition matches in the autumn of 2011

    France
    Sunday Oct 09, 2011

    The second was a longer match consisting of eight blitz games played on 9 October, against English grandmaster Nigel Short. Kasparov won again by a score of 4½–3½.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Friday Aug 17, 2012

    Kasparov was arrested and beaten outside of the Moscow court

    Moscow, Russia
    Friday Aug 17, 2012

    On 17 August 2012, Kasparov was arrested and beaten outside of the Moscow court while attending the verdict reading in the case involving the all-female punk band Pussy Riot.


  • Russia
    Friday Aug 24, 2012

    He was Cleared of charges

    Russia
    Friday Aug 24, 2012

    On 24 August, he was cleared of charges that he took part in an unauthorized protest against the conviction of three members of Pussy Riot. Judge Yekaterina Veklich said there were "no grounds to believe the testimony of the police". He could still face criminal charges over a police officer's claims that the opposition leader bit his finger while he was being detained.


  • Russia
    Monday Apr 01, 2013

    Joined in an HRF condemnation of Kanye West

    Russia
    Monday Apr 01, 2013

    In April 2013, joined in an HRF condemnation of Kanye West for having performed for the leader of Kazakhstan in exchange for a $3 million paycheck, saying that West "has entertained a brutal killer and his entourage" and that his fee "came from the loot stolen from the Kazakhstan treasury".


  • Tallinn, Estonia
    Monday Oct 07, 2013

    Announced his Candidacy for World Chess Federation president

    Tallinn, Estonia
    Monday Oct 07, 2013

    On 7 October 2013, Kasparov announced his candidacy for World Chess Federation president during a reception in Tallinn, Estonia, where the 84th FIDE Congress took place.


  • Croatia
    Feb, 2014

    Kasparov applied for citizenship by naturalization in Croatia

    Croatia
    Feb, 2014

    In early February 2014, Kasparov applied for citizenship by naturalization in Croatia, adding that he was finding it increasingly difficult to live in Russia.


  • Croatia
    Friday Feb 28, 2014

    A Croatian passport holder

    Croatia
    Friday Feb 28, 2014

    On 28 February 2014, his application for naturalization was approved, and he is now a Croatian passport holder.


  • Switzerland
    Aug, 2014

    Kasparov lost the presidential election

    Switzerland
    Aug, 2014

    At the FIDE General Assembly in August 2014, Kasparov lost the presidential election to incumbent FIDE president Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, with a vote of 110–61.


  • Russia
    Saturday Apr 25, 2015

    Kasparov played a mini-match against Nigel Short

    Russia
    Saturday Apr 25, 2015

    On 25 and 26 April 2015, Kasparov played a mini-match against Nigel Short. The match consisted of two rapid games and eight blitz games. Kasparov won the match decisively with a score of 8½–1½, winning all five games on the second day.


  • Pula, Croatia
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2015

    He played and won the 19 games of a simultaneous exhibition

    Pula, Croatia
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2015

    On Wednesday 19 August 2015 he played and won the 19 games of a simultaneous exhibition in Pula, Croatia.


  • St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 28, 2016

    The Ultimate Blitz Challenge

    St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 28, 2016

    On Thursday 28 April and Friday 29 April 2016 at the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis, Kasparov played a 6-round exhibition blitz round-robin tournament with Fabiano Caruana, Wesley So, and Hikaru Nakamura in an event called the Ultimate Blitz Challenge.


  • Mönchengladbach, Germany
    Thursday Jun 02, 2016

    Played against fifteen chess players in a simultaneous exhibition

    Mönchengladbach, Germany
    Thursday Jun 02, 2016

    On 2 June 2016, Kasparov played against fifteen chess players in a simultaneous exhibition in the Kaiser-Friedrich-Halle of Mönchengladbach. He won all games.


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