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  • (Present Day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy, Netherlands, and Germany)
    4th Century

    Roman power in Gaul declined

    (Present Day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy, Netherlands, and Germany)
    4th Century




  • (Present Day Italy)
    0726

    Political rupture was set in motion

    (Present Day Italy)
    0726




  • (Present Day France)
    8th Century

    Charles Martel, had become the de facto rulers

    (Present Day France)
    8th Century




  • (Present Day France)
    0751

    Martel's son Pepin became King of the Franks

    (Present Day France)
    0751




  • (Present Day France)
    0768

    Pepin's son Charlemagne became King of the Franks and began an extensive expansion of the realm

    (Present Day France)
    0768


  • Aachen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    0794

    The Holy Roman Empire capital

    Aachen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    0794


  • Constantinople (Present Day Turkey)
    0797

    Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VI was removed from the throne by his mother Irene who declared herself Empress

    Constantinople (Present Day Turkey)
    0797


  • Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Dec 25, 0800

    Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor

    Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Dec 25, 0800


  • Byzantine Empire (Present Day Turkey)
    0802

    Irene was overthrown and exiled by Nikephoros I and henceforth there were two Roman Emperors

    Byzantine Empire (Present Day Turkey)
    0802


  • (Present Day France and Germany)
    840s

    Western Francia and Eastern Francia

    (Present Day France and Germany)
    840s


  • Ingelheim (Present Day in Germany)
    Wednesday Jun 20, 0840

    Louis the Pious death

    Ingelheim (Present Day in Germany)
    Wednesday Jun 20, 0840


  • (Present Day Frankfurt, Germany)
    0911

    King Louis the Child death

    (Present Day Frankfurt, Germany)
    0911


  • Holy Roman Empire
    0915

    Berengar I of Italy

    Holy Roman Empire
    0915


  • East Francia (Present Day Germany)
    Wednesday May 24, 0919

    Henry the Fowler

    East Francia (Present Day Germany)
    Wednesday May 24, 0919


  • (Present Day Central Germany)
    Sunday Mar 15, 0933

    Battle of Riade

    (Present Day Central Germany)
    Sunday Mar 15, 0933


  • Aachen, East Francia
    Monday Jul 02, 0936

    Otto I king of Aachen (Germany (East Francia))

    Aachen, East Francia
    Monday Jul 02, 0936


  • Italy
    0951

    Otto married Adelaide

    Italy
    0951


  • Lechfeld plain, near Augsburg, Bavaria
    Sunday Aug 10, 0955

    Battle of Lechfeld

    Lechfeld plain, near Augsburg, Bavaria
    Sunday Aug 10, 0955


  • Rome, Italy
    0962

    Otto is Holy Roman Emperor

    Rome, Italy
    0962


  • Holy Roman Empire
    0962

    Holy Roman Empire became eventually composed of four kingdoms

    Holy Roman Empire
    0962


  • Italy
    0963

    Otto deposed the current Pope John XII and chose Pope Leo VIII

    Italy
    0963


  • Germany
    0994

    Series of regencies until age of majority

    Germany
    0994


  • Rome, Italy
    0996

    First German Pope

    Rome, Italy
    0996


  • Central Europe
    10th Century

    The House of Habsburg

    Central Europe
    10th Century


  • Faleria, Holy Roman Empire (Present Day Italy)
    Saturday Jan 23, 1002

    Otto III died

    Faleria, Holy Roman Empire (Present Day Italy)
    Saturday Jan 23, 1002


  • Göttingen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1024

    Henry II Died

    Göttingen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1024


  • (Present Day Italy)
    11th Century

    Investiture Controversy with Henry IV

    (Present Day Italy)
    11th Century


  • Canossa Castle, Italy
    Jan, 1077

    Walk to Canossa

    Canossa Castle, Italy
    Jan, 1077


  • Duchy of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Sicily, Kingdom of Jerusalem
    1079

    Hohenstaufen

    Duchy of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire, Kingdom of Sicily, Kingdom of Jerusalem
    1079


  • Rome, Italy
    1090s

    Hildebrand

    Rome, Italy
    1090s


  • Worms, Germany
    Sep, 1122

    Concordat of Worms

    Worms, Germany
    Sep, 1122


  • Utrecht, Germany
    Saturday May 23, 1125

    Salian dynasty ended

    Utrecht, Germany
    Saturday May 23, 1125


  • Rome, Italy
    Sunday Jan 02, 1155

    Frederick Barbarossa was crowned Emperor

    Rome, Italy
    Sunday Jan 02, 1155


  • (Then Germany)
    1157

    Roman Empire

    (Then Germany)
    1157


  • Saleph River, Cilician Armenia (Present Day Turkey)
    Sunday Jun 10, 1190

    Frederick's Death

    Saleph River, Cilician Armenia (Present Day Turkey)
    Sunday Jun 10, 1190


  • Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Apr 15, 1191

    Henry VI

    Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Apr 15, 1191


  • Sicily, Italy
    1198

    Frederick II King of Sicily

    Sicily, Italy
    1198


  • Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212

    Golden Bull of Sicily

    Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212


  • Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Apr 26, 1220

    1220 Confoederatio cum principibus ecclesiasticis

    Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Apr 26, 1220


  • Rome, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Nov 22, 1220

    Frederick II Holy Roman Empror

    Rome, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Nov 22, 1220


  • Jerusalem
    1228

    Frederick led the Sixth Crusade

    Jerusalem
    1228


  • Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1232

    The 1232 Statutum in favorem principum

    Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1232


  • Holy Roman Empire
    1250

    Interregnum

    Holy Roman Empire
    1250


  • Castel Fiorentino, Sicily, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Dec 13, 1250

    Frederick II died

    Castel Fiorentino, Sicily, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Dec 13, 1250


  • Holy Roman Empire
    1257

    The Crown was contested

    Holy Roman Empire
    1257


  • Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England
    Saturday Apr 02, 1272

    Richard's death (Richard of Cornwall)

    Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England
    Saturday Apr 02, 1272


  • Austria and Styria, Holy Roman Empire
    1282

    Rudolf I thus lent Austria and Styria to his own sons

    Austria and Styria, Holy Roman Empire
    1282


  • Speyer, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Jul 15, 1291

    Rudolf's death (Rudolf I of Germany)

    Speyer, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sunday Jul 15, 1291


  • Windisch, Austria
    Tuesday May 01, 1308

    Albert was assassinated (Albert I of Germany)

    Windisch, Austria
    Tuesday May 01, 1308


  • France
    1308

    Charles of Valois

    France
    1308


  • Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1312

    Henry VII is Holy Roman Emperor

    Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1312


  • Nuremberg and Metz, Holy Roman Empire
    Saturday Jan 10, 1356

    Golden Bull of 1356

    Nuremberg and Metz, Holy Roman Empire
    Saturday Jan 10, 1356


  • Holy Roman Empire
    15th Century

    Local wars

    Holy Roman Empire
    15th Century


  • Vienne, France, Holy Roman Empire
    1414

    Council of Constance

    Vienne, France, Holy Roman Empire
    1414


  • Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Friday Mar 19, 1452

    Frederick III Holy Roman Emperor (Frederick III of Habsburg)

    Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Friday Mar 19, 1452


  • Lower Austria, Holy Roman Empire
    1477

    Austrian–Hungarian War

    Lower Austria, Holy Roman Empire
    1477


  • Kingdom of Aragon (Present Day Spain)
    Wednesday Jan 22, 1479

    Ferdinand II of Aragon

    Kingdom of Aragon (Present Day Spain)
    Wednesday Jan 22, 1479


  • Worms, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1495

    Diet of Worms 1495

    Worms, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1495


  • (Then Germany)
    1512

    Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation

    (Then Germany)
    1512


  • Germany
    1512

    Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation

    Germany
    1512


  • Madrigalejo, Extremadura
    Sunday Jan 23, 1516

    Ferdinand II of Aragon death

    Madrigalejo, Extremadura
    Sunday Jan 23, 1516


  • Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1517

    Martin Luther launched what later be known as the Reformation

    Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1517


  • Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    1519

    Charles V Holy Roman Emperor

    Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    1519


  • Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
    1554

    Philip II married Queen Mary of England

    Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
    1554


  • Rome, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
    1555

    Pope Paul IV

    Rome, Italy, Holy Roman Empire
    1555


  • Augsburg, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sep, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    Augsburg, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Sep, 1555


  • Holy Roman Empire
    Saturday Jul 25, 1564

    Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor

    Holy Roman Empire
    Saturday Jul 25, 1564


  • Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire (Present Day Czechia)
    1576

    Rudolf II became Holy Roman Emperor

    Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire (Present Day Czechia)
    1576


  • The Netherlands
    1581

    Netherlands to depart the empire

    The Netherlands
    1581


  • Frankfurt, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1612

    Matthias became Holy Roman Emperor

    Frankfurt, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1612


  • Central Europe
    1618

    The Thirty Years' War

    Central Europe
    1618


  • Osnabrück and Münster, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire
    1648

    The Peace of Westphalia

    Osnabrück and Münster, Westphalia, Holy Roman Empire
    1648


  • Vienna, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
    1683

    Battle of Vienna

    Vienna, Austria, Holy Roman Empire
    1683


  • Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1740

    The German dualism between Austria and Prussia dominated the empire's history after 1740

    Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1740


  • France
    1792

    Revolutionary France was at war with various parts of the Empire

    France
    1792


  • Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1795

    German mediatization

    Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    1795


  • Austerlitz, Moravia, Holy Roman Empire (now Slavkov u Brna, Czech Republic)
    Monday Dec 02, 1805

    Battle of the Three Emperors

    Austerlitz, Moravia, Holy Roman Empire (now Slavkov u Brna, Czech Republic)
    Monday Dec 02, 1805


  • Bratislava
    1805

    Treaty of Pressburg

    Bratislava
    1805


  • Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 12, 1806

    The Confederation of the Rhine

    Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 12, 1806


  • Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Aug 06, 1806

    The empire was dissolved

    Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Aug 06, 1806


  • Germany
    1815

    The German Confederation

    Germany
    1815


  • North Germany
    Jul, 1867

    North German Confederation

    North Germany
    Jul, 1867


  • (then Germany)
    1971

    Roman-German Empire

    (then Germany)
    1971


  • Aachen, Francia (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Mar 09, 2020
    11:34:00 PM

    Charlemagne died

    Aachen, Francia (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Mar 09, 2020


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