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  • Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 07, 1977

    Torrijos–Carter Treaties

    Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 07, 1977

    On September 7, 1977, U.S. President Jimmy Carter and the de facto leader of Panama, General Omar Torrijos, signed Torrijos–Carter Treaties, which set in motion the process of handing over the Panama Canal to Panamanian control by 2000. Although the canal was destined for Panamanian administration, the military bases remained and one condition of the transfer was that the canal would remain open for American shipping. The U.S. had long-standing relations with General Noriega, who served as a U.S. intelligence asset and paid informant of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1967, including the period when Bush was head of the CIA (1976–77).




  • Panama
    Wednesday Mar 16, 1988

    The First Coup attempt

    Panama
    Wednesday Mar 16, 1988

    In March 1988, Noriega's forces resisted an attempted coup against the government of Panama. As relations continued to deteriorate, Noriega appeared to shift his Cold War allegiance towards the Soviet bloc, soliciting and receiving military aid from Cuba, Nicaragua, and Libya. American military planners began preparing contingency plans to invade Panama.




  • Panama
    Thursday May 11, 1989

    Operation Nimrod Dancer

    Panama
    Thursday May 11, 1989

    President Bush orders 1,900 additional combat troops to Panama (Operation Nimrod Dancer).




  • Panama City, Panama
    Tuesday Oct 03, 1989

    The Second coup attempt

    Panama City, Panama
    Tuesday Oct 03, 1989

    In October 1989, Noriega foiled a second coup attempt by members of the Panamanian Defense Forces (PDF), led by Major Moisés Giroldi.




  • Panama City, Panama
    Sunday Oct 22, 1989

    Operation Nifty Package

    Panama City, Panama
    Sunday Oct 22, 1989

    The operation began with an assault of strategic installations, such as the civilian Punta Paitilla Airport in Panama City and a PDF garrison and airfield at Rio Hato, where Noriega also maintained a residence. U.S. Navy SEALs destroyed Noriega's private jet and a Panamanian gunboat. A Panamanian ambush killed four SEALs and wounded nine.




  • Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Friday Dec 15, 1989

    The Panamanian general assembly declaration

    Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Friday Dec 15, 1989

    Pressure mounted on Bush. Bush declared that the U.S. would not negotiate with a drug trafficker and denied knowledge of Noriega's involvement with the drug trade prior to his February 1988 indictment, although Bush had met with Noriega while Director of the CIA and had been the Chair of the Task Force on Drugs while Vice President. On 15 December, the Panamanian general assembly passed a resolution declaring that a state of war existed between Panama and the United States




  • El Chorrillo, Panama
    Saturday Dec 16, 1989
    09:00:00 PM

    Stoping Four U.S. military personnel

    El Chorrillo, Panama
    Saturday Dec 16, 1989

    16 December, four U.S. military personnel were stopped at a roadblock around 9:00 p.m. outside PDF headquarters in the neighborhood of Panama City.


  • Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Dec 17, 1989
    1 AM

    President Bush order of the execution of the Panama invasion plan

    Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Dec 17, 1989
    1 AM

    The next day after the four U.S. military personnel incident, President Bush ordered the execution of the Panama invasion plan; the military set H-Hour as 0100 on 20 December.


  • Panama
    Tuesday Dec 19, 1989
    1 AM

    The Military incursion into Panama

    Panama
    Tuesday Dec 19, 1989
    1 AM

    The military incursion into Panama began on 20 December 1989, at 1:00 a.m. local time. The operation involved 27,684 U.S. troops and over 300 aircraft. These aircraft were deployed against the 16,000 members of the PDF.


  • Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    The official U.S. justification For The invasion

    Washington, D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    The official U.S. justification for the invasion was articulated by President George H. W. Bush on the morning of 20 December 1989, a few hours after the start of the operation.


  • Colón, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Operations in Colon City

    Colón, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    3d Bde, 7th Infantry Division (L) (4/17th Inf) began operations in Colon City, the Canal Zone, and Panama City.


  • Panama City, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Operation Nifty Package

    Panama City, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Operation Nifty Package was an operation launched by Navy SEALs to prevent Noriega's escape. They sank Noriega's boat and destroyed his jet, at a cost of four killed and nine wounded.


  • Pacora River Bridge, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Securing Pacora River Bridge

    Pacora River Bridge, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Elements of 1st and 3rd Bn, 7th Special Forces Group (Airborne) conducted air assault and secured Pacora River Bridge preventing PDF reinforcements from reaching Omar Torrijos Airport and Panama City.


  • Gamboa, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    Raid at Renacer Prison

    Gamboa, Panama
    Wednesday Dec 20, 1989

    The Raid at Renacer Prison was an attack on the El Renacer prison in Gamboa, Panama, by units of the 82nd Airborne Division of the US Army on 20 December 1989, during the United States invasion of Panama. During the raid the U.S. military was able to free the sixty-four prisoners held in the detention facility.


  • Panama City, Panama
    Thursday Dec 21, 1989

    Marriott hostages

    Panama City, Panama
    Thursday Dec 21, 1989

    Marriott Hotel was secured and hostages evacuated.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 29, 1989

    the General Assembly of the United Nations

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 29, 1989

    On 29 December, the General Assembly of the United Nations voted 75–20, with 40 abstentions, to condemn the invasion as a flagrant violation of international law.


  • Panama City, Panama
    Wednesday Jan 03, 1990

    Noriega Surrendered To The U.S. Military

    Panama City, Panama
    Wednesday Jan 03, 1990

    Noriega remained at large for several days, but realizing he had few options in the face of a massive manhunt and a $1 million reward for his capture, he obtained refuge in the Vatican diplomatic mission in Panama City. The U.S. military's psychological pressure on him and diplomatic pressure on the Vatican mission, Noriega finally surrendered to the U.S. military on 3 January 1990. He was immediately put on an MC-130E Combat Talon I aircraft and flown to the U.S.


  • Panama
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1990

    Operation Promote Liberty

    Panama
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1990

    Operation Just Cause ends, and beginning Operation Promote Liberty to rebuild the Panamanian military and civilian infrastructure.


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