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  • Canada
    Jun, 1991

    Oak

    Canada
    Jun, 1991

    In June 1991, James Gosling, Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton initiated the Java language project. Java was originally designed for interactive television, but it was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time. The language was initially called Oak after an oak tree that stood outside Gosling's office. Later the project went by the name Green and was finally renamed Java, from Java coffee, the coffee from Indonesia.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday May 23, 1995

    Originally Developed

    U.S.
    Tuesday May 23, 1995

    On 23 May 1995, Java was originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and released as a core component of Sun Microsystems' Java platform.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 23, 1996

    Java 1.0

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 23, 1996

    On 23 January 1996, Sun Microsystems released the first public implementation as Java 1.0, which promised Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) functionality, providing no-cost run-times on popular platforms.




  • California, U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 19, 1997

    JDK 1.1

    California, U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 19, 1997

    On February 19, 1997, Sun Microsystems released JDK 1.1.




  • U.S.
    1997

    De Facto Standard

    U.S.
    1997

    In 1997, Sun Microsystems approached the ISO/IEC JTC 1 standards body and later the Ecma International to formalize Java, but it soon withdrew from the process. Java remains a de facto standard, controlled through the Java Community Process.




  • California, U.S.
    1997

    Sued

    California, U.S.
    1997

    In 1997, Sun sued Microsoft, claiming that the Microsoft implementation did not support RMI (Java Remote Method Invocation) or JNI (Java Native Interface) and had added platform-specific features of their own, as Sun's trademark license for usage of the Java brand insists that all implementations be compatible.




  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 08, 1998

    J2SE 1.2

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 08, 1998

    On December 8, 1998, Sun Microsystems released J2SE 1.2.


  • California, U.S.
    Monday May 08, 2000

    J2SE 1.3

    California, U.S.
    Monday May 08, 2000

    On May 8, 2000, Sun Microsystems released J2SE 1.3.


  • California, U.S.
    2001

    Winning The Settlement

    California, U.S.
    2001

    In 2001, After suing Microsoft in 1997, Sun won a settlement of US$20 million, as well as a court order enforcing the terms of the license from Sun. As a result, Microsoft no longer ships Java with Windows.


  • California, U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 06, 2002

    J2SE 1.4

    California, U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 06, 2002

    On February 6, 2002, Sun Microsystems released J2SE 1.4.


  • California, U.S.
    2004

    Generics

    California, U.S.
    2004

    In 2004, generics were added to the Java language as part of J2SE 5.0.


  • California, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 30, 2004

    J2SE 5.0

    California, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 30, 2004

    On September 30, 2004, Sun Microsystems released J2SE 5.0.


  • U.S.
    2006

    Renamed Versions

    U.S.
    2006

    In 2006, for marketing purposes, Sun renamed new J2 versions as Java EE (Enterprise Edition included technologies and APIs for enterprise applications typically run in server environments), Java ME (Micro Edition featured APIs optimized for mobile applications ), and The desktop version, J2SE, was renamed Java SE (Java Standard Edition).


  • U.S.
    Monday Nov 13, 2006

    Java Virtual Machine

    U.S.
    Monday Nov 13, 2006

    On 13 November 2006, Sun Microsystems released much of its Java virtual machine (JVM) as free and open-source software (FOSS), under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).


  • California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 11, 2006

    Java SE 6

    California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 11, 2006

    On December 11, 2006, Sun Microsystems released Java SE 6.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday May 08, 2007

    JVM Finished

    U.S.
    Tuesday May 08, 2007

    On 8 May 2007, Sun finished the process of Java virtual machine, making all of its core code available under free software/open-source distribution terms, aside from a small portion of code to which Sun did not hold the copyright.


  • Worldwide
    May, 2007

    Alternative Implementations

    Worldwide
    May, 2007

    As of May 2007, in compliance with the specifications of the Java Community Process, Sun had relicensed most of its Java technologies under the GNU General Public License. Meanwhile, others have developed alternative implementations of these Sun technologies, such as the GNU Compiler for Java (bytecode compiler), GNU Classpath (standard libraries), and IcedTea-Web (browser plugin for applets).


  • California, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 27, 2010

    Oracle

    California, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 27, 2010

    On 27 January 2010, Oracle acquired Sun Microsystems, becoming the owner of the official implementation of the Java SE platform.


  • California, U.S.
    Friday Apr 02, 2010

    James Gosling's Resignation

    California, U.S.
    Friday Apr 02, 2010

    On 2 April 2010, James Gosling, the creator of Java, resigned from Oracle, at the age of 55.


  • California, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 28, 2011

    Java SE 7

    California, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 28, 2011

    On July 28, 2011, Oracle released Java SE 7.


  • U.S.
    Monday May 07, 2012

    Legal Dispute

    U.S.
    Monday May 07, 2012

    The use of Java-related technology in Android led to a legal dispute between Oracle and Google. On May 7, 2012, a San Francisco jury found that if APIs could be copyrighted, then Google had infringed Oracle's copyrights by the use of Java in Android devices.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 18, 2014

    Java SE 8

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 18, 2014

    On March 18, 2014, Oracle released Java SE 8.


  • California, U.S.
    May, 2014

    Court of Appeals

    California, U.S.
    May, 2014

    District Judge William Haskell Alsup ruled on May 31, 2012, that APIs cannot be copyrighted, but this was reversed by the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in May 2014.


  • U.S.
    Jan, 2016

    Plugin

    U.S.
    Jan, 2016

    In January 2016, Oracle announced that Java run-time environments, based on JDK 9, will discontinue the browser plugin, as, by late 2015, browser vendors were working on reducing plugin support in their products.


  • California, U.S.
    Thursday May 26, 2016

    In Favor of Google

    California, U.S.
    Thursday May 26, 2016

    On May 26, 2016, the district court decided in favor of Google, ruling the copyright infringement of the Java API in Android constitutes fair use.


  • California, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 21, 2017

    Java SE 9

    California, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 21, 2017

    On September 21, 2017, Oracle released Java SE 9.


  • California, U.S.
    2017

    Java Applets

    California, U.S.
    2017

    Java applets were programs that were embedded in other applications typically in a Web page displayed in a web browser. The Java applet, API, is now deprecated since Java 8 in 2017.


  • California, U.S.
    Mar, 2018

    Overturned

    California, U.S.
    Mar, 2018

    In March 2018, the last court decision, concerning the dispute between Google and Oracle, was overturned by the Appeals Court, which sent down the case of determining the damages to federal court in San Francisco.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 20, 2018

    Java SE 10

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 20, 2018

    On March 20, 2018, Oracle released Java SE 10.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 25, 2018

    Java 11

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 25, 2018

    On 25 September 2018, Java 11 was released, a currently supported long-term support (LTS) version.


  • California, U.S.
    Jan, 2019

    Last free public Update

    California, U.S.
    Jan, 2019

    In January 2019, Oracle released for the legacy Java 8 LTS the last free public update for commercial use, while it will otherwise still support Java 8 with public updates for personal use up to at least December 2020.


  • Washington, U.S.
    Jan, 2019

    The Writ

    Washington, U.S.
    Jan, 2019

    In January 2019, Google filed a petition for a writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court of the United States to challenge the two rulings that were made by the Appeals Court towards Oracle's favor.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 19, 2019

    Java SE 12

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 19, 2019

    On March 19, 2019, Sun Microsystems released Java SE 12.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 17, 2019

    Java SE 13

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 17, 2019

    On September 17, 2019, Sun Microsystems released Java SE 13.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 17, 2020

    Java 14

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 17, 2020

    On 17 March 2020, Java 14, the latest version of Java, was released.


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