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  • Rheydt, Mönchengladbach, Germany
    Friday Oct 29, 1897

    Joseph Goebbels's Birth

    Rheydt, Mönchengladbach, Germany
    Friday Oct 29, 1897

    Paul Joseph Goebbels was born on 29 October 1897 in Rheydt, an industrial town south of Mönchengladbach near Düsseldorf, Germany. Both of his parents were Roman Catholics with modest family backgrounds.




  • Germany
    1917

    Goebbels was educated at a Gymnasium

    Germany
    1917

    Goebbels was educated at a Gymnasium, where he completed his Abitur (university entrance examination) in 1917. He was the top student in his class and was given the traditional honor to speak at the awards ceremony. He studied literature and history at the universities of Bonn, Würzburg, Freiburg, and Munich, aided by a scholarship from the Albertus Magnus Society.




  • Freiburg, Germany
    1918

    Goebbels met Else Janke

    Freiburg, Germany
    1918

    At Freiburg, he met and fell in love with Anka Stalherm, who was three years his senior. She went on to Würzburg to continue school, as did Goebbels.




  • Germany
    1921

    Goebbels wrote Michael

    Germany
    1921

    In 1921, Goebbels wrote a semi-autobiographical novel, Michael, a three-part work of which only Parts I and III have survived. Goebbels felt he was writing his "own story".




  • Heidelberg, Germany
    1921

    Goebbels earned his Ph.D

    Heidelberg, Germany
    1921

    At the University of Heidelberg, Goebbels wrote his doctoral thesis on Wilhelm von Schütz, a minor 19th-century romantic dramatist. After submitting the thesis and passing his oral examination, Goebbels earned his Ph.D. in 1921.




  • Germany
    1922

    Goebbels met and began a love affair with Else Janke

    Germany
    1922

    Goebbels returned home and worked as a private tutor. He also found work as a journalist and was published in the local newspaper. His writing during that time reflected his growing antisemitism and dislike for modern culture. In the summer of 1922, Goebbels met and began a love affair with Else Janke, a schoolteacher. After she revealed to him that she was half-Jewish, Goebbels stated the "enchantment [was] ruined." Nevertheless, he continued to see her on and off until 1927.




  • Cologne, Germany
    1923

    Bank clerk in Cologne

    Cologne, Germany
    1923

    The lack of income from his literary works (he wrote two plays in 1923, neither of which sold) forced him to take employment as a caller on the stock exchange and as a bank clerk in Cologne, a job he detested.


  • Cologne, Germany
    Aug, 1923

    Goebbels was dismissed from the bank

    Cologne, Germany
    Aug, 1923

    Goebbels was dismissed from the bank in August 1923 and returned to Rheydt.


  • Munich, Germany
    Thursday Nov 8, 1923

    Hitler's trial for treason began in the wake of his failed attempt to seize power

    Munich, Germany
    Thursday Nov 8, 1923

    In February 1924, Hitler's trial for treason began in the wake of his failed attempt to seize power in the Beer Hall Putsch of 8–9 November 1923.


  • Rheydt, Germany
    Dec, 1923

    Diary entries of mid-December 1923 forward show Goebbels was moving towards the Völkisch nationalist movement

    Rheydt, Germany
    Dec, 1923

    During this period, he read avidly and was influenced by the works of Oswald Spengler, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Houston Stewart Chamberlain, the British-born German writer whose book The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (1899) was one of the standard works of the extreme right in Germany. He also began to study the "social question" and read the works of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Rosa Luxemburg, August Bebel, and Gustav Noske. According to German historian Peter Longerich, Goebbels's diary entries from late 1923 to early 1924 reflected the writings of a man who was isolated, preoccupied with "religious-philosophical" issues, and lacked a sense of direction. Diary entries of mid-December 1923 forward show Goebbels was moving towards the Völkisch nationalist movement.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1923

    Goebbels had a lack of income from his literary works

    Berlin, Germany
    1923

    He wrote two plays in 1923, neither of which sold. which caused a lack of income from his literary works.


  • Germany
    1923

    Goebbels began his diaries

    Germany
    1923

    Goebbels continued for several years to try to become a published author. His diaries, which he began in 1923 and continued for the rest of his life, provided an outlet for his desire to write.


  • Germany
    1924

    Goebbels first took an interest in Adolf Hitler and Nazism

    Germany
    1924

    Goebbels first took an interest in Adolf Hitler and Nazism in 1924. Goebbels was drawn to the NSDAP mostly because of Hitler's charisma and commitment to his beliefs. He joined the NSDAP around this time, becoming member number 8762.


  • Germany
    1924

    Goebbels offered his services to NSDAP district leader

    Germany
    1924

    In late 1924, Goebbels offered his services to Karl Kaufmann, who was Gauleiter (NSDAP district leader) for the Rhine-Ruhr District. Kaufmann put him in touch with Gregor Strasser, a leading Nazi organizer in northern Germany, who hired him to work on their weekly newspaper and undertake secretarial work for the regional party offices.


  • Germany
    Saturday Dec 20, 1924

    Hitler was released

    Germany
    Saturday Dec 20, 1924

    The trial attracted widespread press coverage and gave Hitler a platform for propaganda. Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison but was released on 20 December 1924, after serving just over a year.


  • Germany
    1926

    Goebbels published a pamphlet titled Nazi-Sozi

    Germany
    1926

    In 1926, Goebbels published a pamphlet titled Nazi-Sozi which attempted to explain how National Socialism differed from Marxism.


  • Germany
    Feb, 1926

    Goebbels speech titled "Lenin or Hitler?"

    Germany
    Feb, 1926

    In February 1926, Goebbels gave a speech titled "Lenin or Hitler?" in which he asserted that communism or Marxism could not save the German people, but he believed it would cause a "socialist nationalist state" to arise in Russia.


  • Germany
    1926

    Goebbels was first offered the position of party Gauleiter

    Germany
    1926

    Goebbels was first offered the position of party Gauleiter for the Berlin section in August 1926.


  • Germany
    Nov, 1926

    Strasser disagreed with Hitler on many parts of the party platform began working on a revision

    Germany
    Nov, 1926

    Members of Strasser's northern branch of the NSDAP, including Goebbels, had a more socialist outlook than the rival Hitler group in Munich. Strasser disagreed with Hitler on many parts of the party platform, and in November 1926 began working on a revision.


  • Weimar, Germany
    1926

    Goebbels spoke at party meetings in Munich and at the annual Party Congress

    Weimar, Germany
    1926

    At Hitler's invitation, Goebbels spoke at party meetings in Munich and at the annual Party Congress, held in Weimar in 1926.


  • Germany
    Thursday May 5, 1927

    Goebbels used provocation to bring attention to the NSDAP

    Germany
    Thursday May 5, 1927

    Goebbels' tactic of using provocation to bring attention to the NSDAP, along with violence at the public party meetings and demonstrations, led the Berlin police to ban the NSDAP from the city on 5 May 1927.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday May 20, 1928

    The ban on the NSDAP was lifted

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday May 20, 1928

    The ban on the NSDAP was lifted before the Reichstag elections on 20 May 1928.


  • Germany
    1930

    Goebbels used the death of Horst Wessel

    Germany
    1930

    Goebbels used the death of Horst Wessel (pictured) in 1930 as a propaganda tool against "Communist subhuman". By 1930 Berlin was the party's second-strongest base of support after Munich. That year the violence between the Nazis and communists led to local SA troop leader Horst Wessel being shot by two members of the Communist Party of Germany. He later died in hospital. Exploiting Wessel's death, Goebbels turned him into a martyr for the Nazi movement. He officially declared Wessel's march Die Fahne Hoch (Raise the flag), renamed as the Horst-Wessel-Lied, to be the NSDAP anthem.


  • Germany
    Apr, 1930

    Hitler announced that Goebbels was replaced as Reich leader of NSDAP

    Germany
    Apr, 1930

    In late April 1930, Hitler publicly and firmly announced his opposition to Gregor Strasser and appointed Goebbels to replace him as Reich leader of NSDAP propaganda.


  • Germany
    Sunday Sep 14, 1930

    Goebbels took charge of the NSDAP's national campaign

    Germany
    Sunday Sep 14, 1930

    Goebbels took charge of the NSDAP's national campaign for Reichstag elections called for 14 September 1930.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1930

    The first time that "Goebbels met Magda Quandt"

    Berlin, Germany
    1930

    In late 1930 Goebbels met Magda Quandt, a divorcée who had joined the party a few months earlier. She worked as a volunteer in the party offices in Berlin, helping Goebbels organize his private paper.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Feb, 1931

    Reichstag changed the immunity regulations

    Berlin, Germany
    Feb, 1931

    The Reichstag changed the immunity regulations in February 1931, and Goebbels was forced to pay fines for libelous material he had placed in Der Angriff over the course of the previous year. Goebbels continued to be elected to the Reichstag at every subsequent election during the Weimar and Nazi regimes.


  • Germany
    Saturday Dec 19, 1931

    Goebbels and Quandt married

    Germany
    Saturday Dec 19, 1931

    Goebbels and Quandt married on 19 December 1931.


  • Germany
    1932

    "The Führer over Germany"

    Germany
    1932

    For two further elections held in 1932, Goebbels organized massive campaigns that included rallies, parades, speeches, and Hitler traveling around the country by airplane with the slogan "the Führer over Germany".


  • Berlin, Germany
    1932

    Goebbels organized massive campaigns supported Nazis

    Berlin, Germany
    1932

    For two further elections held in 1932, Goebbels organized massive campaigns that included rallies, parades, speeches.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Reich chancellor

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Support for the party continued to grow, but neither of these elections led to a majority government. In an effort to stabilize the country and improve economic conditions, Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Reich chancellor on 30 January 1933. Goebbels was disappointed not to be given a post in Hitler's new cabinet. Bernhard Rust was appointed as Minister of Culture, the post that Goebbels was expecting to receive. Like other NSDAP officials, Goebbels had to deal with Hitler's leadership style of giving contradictory orders to his subordinates, while placing them into positions where their duties and responsibilities overlapped.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Feb 27, 1933

    The Reichstag fire

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Feb 27, 1933

    The NSDAP took advantage of the Reichstag fire of 27 February 1933, with Hindenburg passing the Reichstag Fire Decree the following day at Hitler's urging.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Mar 5, 1933

    The defeat of the Nazis at the end of the Second World War

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Mar 5, 1933

    On 5 March, yet another Reichstag election took place, the last to be held before the defeat of the Nazis at the end of the Second World War. While the NSDAP increased their number of seats and percentage of the vote.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 14, 1933

    Goebbels appointed head of the newly created Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 14, 1933

    Goebbels finally received Hitler's appointment to the cabinet, officially becoming head of the newly created Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda on 14 March.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1933

    Goebbels organized Potsdam celebration

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1933

    Goebbels' first productions were staging the Day of Potsdam, a ceremonial passing of power from Hindenburg to Hitler, held in Potsdam on 21 March.


  • Germany
    Saturday Apr 1, 1933

    Goebbels composed the text of the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses

    Germany
    Saturday Apr 1, 1933

    He composed the text of Hitler's decree authorizing the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses, held on 1 April.


  • Germany
    Monday May 1, 1933

    Goebbels converted the 1 May holiday from a celebration of workers' rights into a day celebrating the NSDAP

    Germany
    Monday May 1, 1933

    Goebbels converted the 1 May holiday from a celebration of workers' rights (observed as such especially by the communists) into a day celebrating the NSDAP.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 10, 1933

    Goebbels's speech to burning the Nazi book

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 10, 1933

    Less than two weeks later, he gave a speech at the Nazi book burning in Berlin on 10 May.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jun 2, 1933

    Goebbels was appointed the second-highest political rank in the Nazi Party

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jun 2, 1933

    On 2 June 1933, Hitler appointed Goebbels a Reichsleiter, the second-highest political rank in the Nazi Party.


  • Germany
    Jun, 1933

    The NSDAP controlled of the organizations except for the army and the churches

    Germany
    Jun, 1933

    By June 1933, virtually the only organizations not in the control of the NSDAP were the army and the churches.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Jun, 1933

    The Reich Film Chamber was created

    Berlin, Germany
    Jun, 1933

    The Reich Film Chamber, which all members of the film industry were required to join, was created in June 1933.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Oct 4, 1933

    The Nazi Party's control of the popular press

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Oct 4, 1933

    On 4 October 1933 the Schriftleitergesetz (Editor's Law), which became the cornerstone of the Nazi Party's control of the popular press.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Jun, 1934

    Goebbels was present at the arrest of SA leader Ernst Röhm

    Berlin, Germany
    Jun, 1934

    At the end of June 1934, top officials of the SA and opponents of the regime, including Gregor Strasser, were arrested and killed in a purge later called the Night of Long Knives. Goebbels was present at the arrest of SA leader Ernst Röhm in Munich.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Jul, 1934

    Goebbels gained control of radio stations nationwide

    Berlin, Germany
    Jul, 1934

    Goebbels gained control of radio stations nationwide and placed them under the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft (German National Broadcasting Corporation) in July 1934.


  • Germany
    Thursday Aug 2, 1934

    Goebbels announced that the offices of president and chancellor had been combined

    Germany
    Thursday Aug 2, 1934

    On 2 August 1934, President von Hindenburg died. In a radio broadcast, Goebbels announced that the offices of president and chancellor had been combined, and Hitler had been formally named as Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor).


  • Berlin, Germany
    1935

    "Bolshevism is the declaration of war by Jewish-led international subhumans against culture itself"

    Berlin, Germany
    1935

    At the 1935 Nazi party congress rally at Nuremberg, Goebbels declared that "Bolshevism is the declaration of war by Jewish-led international subhumans against culture itself."


  • Berlin, Germany
    1935

    Goebbels declared that Bolshevism is the declaration of war by Jewish-led international subhumans against culture itself

    Berlin, Germany
    1935

    At the 1935 Nazi party congress rally at Nuremberg, Goebbels declared that Bolshevism is the declaration of war by Jewish-led international subhumans against culture itself.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1935

    Goebbels wanted to expulsion Jews from Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    1935

    Goebbels had been pressing for the expulsion of the Berlin Jews since 1935, there were still 62,000 living in the city in 1940.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1936

    Goebbels planned the staging Olympics

    Berlin, Germany
    1936

    Goebbels was involved in planning the staging of the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in Berlin.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Dec 25, 1936
    12:05:00 AM

    Goebbels was involved in planning the staging of the 1936 Summer Olympics

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Dec 25, 1936

    Goebbels was involved in planning the staging of the 1936 Summer Olympics, held in Berlin. It was around this time that he met and started having an affair with the actress Lída Baarová.


  • Germany
    Friday Dec 25, 1936

    Goebbels supported Reoccupation

    Germany
    Friday Dec 25, 1936

    Goebbels was one of the most enthusiastic supporters of Hitler aggressively pursuing Germany's expansionist policies sooner rather than later. At the time of the Reoccupation of the Rhineland in 1936.


  • Germany
    Feb, 1937

    Goebbels wanted to eliminate the Protestant church

    Germany
    Feb, 1937

    Goebbels to intensify his work on the issue in February 1937 he stated he wanted to eliminate the Protestant church.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday May 28, 1937

    Goebbels's speeches attacked the Catholic church as morally corrupt

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday May 28, 1937

    Goebbels's speech of 28 May in Berlin in front of 20,000 party members, which was also broadcast on the radio, attacked the Catholic church as morally corrupt.


  • Germany
    Nov, 1937

    Goebbels organized the Degenerate Art Exhibition

    Germany
    Nov, 1937

    A major project in 1937 was the Degenerate Art Exhibition, organized by Goebbels, which ran in Munich. The exhibition proved wildly popular, attracting over two million visitors.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Oct 29, 1938

    Goebbels were distributed Free radios

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Oct 29, 1938

    Free radios were distributed in Berlin on Goebbels' birthday in 1938.


  • Germany
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1938

    Goebbels instigated the murder of Jews

    Germany
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1938

    The situation was further inflamed by a speech Goebbels gave at a party meeting on the night of 8 November, where he obliquely called for party members to incite further violence against Jews while making it appear to be a spontaneous series of acts by the German people.


  • Germany
    1938

    Goebbels urged to produce inexpensive home receivers, called Volksempfänger

    Germany
    1938

    Manufacturers were urged by Goebbels to produce inexpensive home receivers, called Volksempfänger (people's receiver), and by 1938 nearly ten million sets had been sold.


  • Germany
    1938

    Goebbels redirected his propaganda machine against Poland

    Germany
    1938

    In 1938, Goebbels soon redirected his propaganda machine against Poland. From May onwards, he orchestrated a campaign against Poland, fabricating stories about atrocities against ethnic Germans in Danzig and other cities. Even so, he was unable to persuade the majority of Germans to welcome the prospect of war.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1939

    Goebbels continued his intensive antisemitic

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1939

    Goebbels continued his intensive antisemitic propaganda campaign that culminated in Hitler's 30 January 1939 Reichstag speech.


  • Germany
    Saturday Sep 2, 1939

    Goebbels proclaimed it illegal to listen to foreign radio stations

    Germany
    Saturday Sep 2, 1939

    On 2 September 1939 (the day after the start of the war), Goebbels and the Council of Ministers proclaimed it illegal to listen to foreign radio stations. Disseminating news from foreign broadcasts could result in the death penalty.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1939

    Schools converted to public facilities

    Berlin, Germany
    1939

    By 1939 all such schools were disbanded or converted to public facilities.


  • Poland
    1939

    Goebbels used his propaganda ministry access to information domestically in Poland

    Poland
    1939

    After the Invasion of Poland in 1939, Goebbels used his propaganda ministry and the Reich chambers to control access to information domestically.


  • Katyn, Russia (Then U.S.S.R.)
    May, 1940

    Goebbels used Polish officers accident "Katyn massacre"

    Katyn, Russia (Then U.S.S.R.)
    May, 1940

    Goebbels used Polish officers that had been killed in the Katyn massacre was by the Red Army in 1940 attempted to drive a wedge between the Soviets and the other western allies.


  • Germany
    1940

    Joseph Goebbels wrote 14 books

    Germany
    1940

    By 1940, he had written 14 books.


  • Cologne, Germany
    May, 1942

    The German city of Cologne was bombed

    Cologne, Germany
    May, 1942

    The German city of Cologne was bombed in 262 separate air raids by the Allies during World War II, all by the Royal Air Force.


  • Egypt
    Wednesday Nov 11, 1942

    The Allied victory at the Second Battle of El Alamein

    Egypt
    Wednesday Nov 11, 1942

    The thousand-bomber raid on Cologne (May 1942), the Allied victory at the Second Battle of El Alamein.


  • Germany
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    Goebbels appointed the Reich Defense Commissioner for his Gau

    Germany
    Monday Nov 16, 1942

    On 16 November 1942 Goebbels, like all Gauleiters, was appointed the Reich Defense Commissioner for his Gau. This enabled him to issue direct instructions to authorities within his jurisdiction in matters concerning the civilian war effort.


  • Germany
    1942

    Goebbels decreed that 20 per cent of the films should be propaganda and 80 per cent light entertainment

    Germany
    1942

    Goebbels decreed in late 1942 that 20 percent of the films should be propaganda and 80 percent light entertainment during World War II.


  • Germany
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1943

    Goebbels pressured Hitler to announce "total war"

    Germany
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1943

    Goebbels pressured Hitler to introduce measures that would produce "total war", including closing businesses not essential to the war effort, conscripting women into the labor force, and enlisting men in previously exempt occupations into the Wehrmacht.


  • Germany
    Friday Jan 15, 1943

    Goebbels appointed newly created Air Raid Damage committee

    Germany
    Friday Jan 15, 1943

    On 15 January 1943, Hitler appointed Goebbels as head of the newly created Air Raid Damage committee, which meant Goebbels was nominally in charge of nationwide civil air defenses and shelters as well as the assessment and repair of damaged buildings.


  • Germany
    Saturday Jan 30, 1943

    Goebbels believed he had the support of the German people in his call for total war

    Germany
    Saturday Jan 30, 1943

    After receiving an enthusiastic response to his speech of 30 January 1943 on the topic, Goebbels believed he had the support of the German people in his call for total war.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Feb 2, 1943

    The catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad

    Russia
    Tuesday Feb 2, 1943

    The catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad (February 1943) – was difficult matters to present to the German public, who were increasingly weary of the war and skeptical that it could be won.


  • Germany
    Thursday Feb 18, 1943

    Goebbels's next speech was a passionate demand for his audience to commit to total war

    Germany
    Thursday Feb 18, 1943

    Goebbels's next speech, the Sportpalast speech of 18 February 1943, was a passionate demand for his audience to commit to total war, which he presented as the only way to stop the Bolshevik onslaught and save the German people from destruction. The speech also had a strong antisemitic element and hinted at the extermination of the Jewish people that was already underway.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 1, 1943

    Goebbels was named Stadtpräsident of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 1, 1943

    On 1 April 1943, Goebbels was named Stadtpräsident of Berlin, thus uniting under his control the city's highest party and governmental offices.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Jul, 1944

    Goebbels continued to press Hitler to bring the economy to a total war footing

    Berlin, Germany
    Jul, 1944

    Goebbels and Speer continued to press Hitler to bring the economy to a total war footing.


  • Germany
    Sunday Jul 23, 1944

    Goebbels appointed as Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War

    Germany
    Sunday Jul 23, 1944

    Goebbels was appointed on 23 July as Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War, charged with maximizing the manpower for the Wehrmacht and the armaments industry at the expense of sectors of the economy not critical to the war effort.


  • Germany
    Sunday Jan 21, 1945

    Goebbels noted in his diary millions of Germans were fleeing westward

    Germany
    Sunday Jan 21, 1945

    Goebbels noted in his diary on 21 January that millions of Germans were fleeing westward.


  • Germany
    Saturday Jan 27, 1945

    Goebbels and his wife discussed suicide

    Germany
    Saturday Jan 27, 1945

    He and Magda may have discussed suicide and the fate of their young children in a long meeting on the night of 27 January.


  • Germany
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945

    Goebbels knew how to play on Hitler's fantasies

    Germany
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945

    Goebbels knew how to play on Hitler's fantasies, encouraging him to see the hand of providence in the death of the United States, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, on 12 April.


  • Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945

    Goebbels burned his private papers

    Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945

    He knew how the outside world would view the criminal acts committed by the regime, and had no desire to subject himself to the "debacle" of a trial. He burned his private papers on the night of 18 April.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    Most of Hitler's inner circle to leave Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    Most of Hitler's inner circle, including Göring, Himmler, Ribbentrop, and Speer, prepared to leave Berlin immediately after Hitler's birthday celebration on 20 April.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    Goebbels made the last proclamation to the people of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    On 23 April, Goebbels made the following proclamation to the people of Berlin: I call on you to fight for your city. Fight with everything you have got, for the sake of your wives and your children, your mothers, and your parents. Your arms are defending everything we have ever held dear, and all the generations that will come after us. Be proud and courageous! Be inventive and cunning! Your Gauleiter is amongst you. He and his colleagues will remain in your midst. His wife and children are here as well. He, who once captured the city with 200 men, will now use every means to galvanize the defense of the capital. The battle for Berlin must become the signal for the whole nation to rise up in battle ...".


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Goebbels and Bormann were witnesses to Hitlers

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Hitler then took secretary Traudl Junge to another room and dictated his last will and testament. Goebbels and Bormann were two of the witnesses.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Hitler married Eva Braun before his suicide

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    After midnight on 29 April, with the Soviets advancing ever closer to the bunker complex, Hitler married Eva Braun in a small civil ceremony within the Führerbunker.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Goebbels was depressed

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Goebbels was depressed and stated that he would walk around the Chancellery garden until he was killed by the Russian.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Vice-Admiral Voss saw Goebbels for the last time

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Later on 1 May, Vice-Admiral Voss saw Goebbels for the last time: "... While saying goodbye I asked Goebbels to join us. But he replied: 'The captain must not leave his sinking ship. I have thought about it all and decided to stay here. I have nowhere to go because with little children I will not be able to make it, especially with a leg like mine.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Goebbels' letter informed Chuikov of Hitler's death

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Goebbels carried out his sole official act as Chancellor. He dictated a letter to General Vasily Chuikov and ordered German General Hans Krebs to deliver it under a white flag. Goebbels' letter informed Chuikov of Hitler's death and requested a ceasefire. After this was rejected, Goebbels decided that further efforts were futile.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Goebbels arranged to eliminate his children by injected morphine

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    On the evening of 1 May, Goebbels arranged for an SS dentist, Helmut Kunz, to inject his six children with morphine so that when they were unconscious, an ampule of cyanide could be then crushed in each of their mouths.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Goebbels killed himself

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday May 1, 1945

    Goebbels and Magda left the bunker and walked up to the garden of the Chancellery, where they killed themselves.


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