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  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 07, 1892

    Birth

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 07, 1892

    Josip Broz was born on 7 May 1892 in Kumrovec, a village in the northern Croatian region of Hrvatsko Zagorje, which at that time was part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.




  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Jul, 1900

    Primary school at Kumrovec

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Jul, 1900

    In July 1900, at the age of eight, Broz entered primary school at Kumrovec, but only completed four years of school, failing the 2nd grade then graduating in 1905.




  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 01, 1909

    May day

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 01, 1909

    During his apprenticeship he was encouraged to mark May Day in 1909, and read and sold Slobodna Reč (Free Word), a socialist newspaper.




  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Sep, 1910

    Gain employment in Zagreb

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Sep, 1910

    After completing his apprenticeship in September 1910, Broz used his contacts to gain employment in Zagreb and at the age of 18 joined the Metal Workers' Union and participated in his first labour protest. He also joined the Social Democratic Party of Croatia and Slavonia.




  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Dec, 1910

    He returned home

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Dec, 1910

    He returned home in December 1910.




  • Austria-Hungary
    Jan, 1911

    A series of moves

    Austria-Hungary
    Jan, 1911

    in early 1911 began a series of moves, first seeking work in Ljubljana then Trieste, Kumrovec and Zagreb, where he worked repairing bicycles and joined his first strike action on May Day 1911.




  • Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Oct, 1912

    Stayed with his older brother Martin and his family

    Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Oct, 1912

    By October 1912 he had arrived in Vienna where he stayed with his older brother Martin and his family and worked at the Griedl Works before getting a job at Wiener Neustadt where he worked for Austro-Daimler, and was often asked to drive and test the cars.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    May, 1913

    The Austro-Hungarian Army

    Zagreb, Croatia
    May, 1913

    In May 1913, Broz was conscripted into the Austro-Hungarian Army, for his compulsory two years of service. He successfully requested that he serve with the 25th Croatian Home Guard Regiment garrisoned in Zagreb.


  • Novi Sad, Serbia
    1914

    Broz was arrested

    Novi Sad, Serbia
    1914

    Soon after the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the 25th Croatian Home Guard Regiment marched towards the Serbian border, but Broz was arrested for sedition and imprisoned in the Petrovaradin fortress in present-day Novi Sad.


  • Budapest, Austria-Hungary
    May, 1914

    Went on to come second in the army fencing championships

    Budapest, Austria-Hungary
    May, 1914

    After winning the regimental fencing competition, Broz went on to come second in the army fencing championships in Budapest in May 1914.


  • Bukovina, Romania
    Thursday Mar 25, 1915

    Wounded and taken prisoner

    Bukovina, Romania
    Thursday Mar 25, 1915

    On 25 March 1915, he was wounded in the back by a Circassian cavalryman's lance, and captured during a Russian attack near Bukovina.


  • Samara, Russian Empire
    1916

    The Ardatov POW (Prisenor of War) camp

    Samara, Russian Empire
    1916

    After recuperating, in mid-1916 he was transferred to the Ardatov POW (Prisoner of War) camp in the Samara Governorate, where he used his skills to maintain the nearby village grain mill. At the end of the year, he was again transferred, this time to the Kungur POW camp near Perm where the POWs were used as labor to maintain the newly completed Trans-Siberian Railway.


  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Thursday Mar 08, 1917

    The February Revolution

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Thursday Mar 08, 1917

    During the February Revolution, a crowd broke into the prison and returned Broz to the POW camp. A Bolshevik he had met while working on the railway told Broz that his son was working in an engineering works in Petrograd.


  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jul 03, 1917

    The July Days

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jul 03, 1917

    Less than a month after Broz arrived in Petrograd, the July Days demonstrations broke out, and Broz joined in, coming under fire from government troops.


  • Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Jan, 1920

    The Communist Party of Yugoslavia

    Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Jan, 1920

    Upon his return home, Broz was unable to gain employment as a metalworker in Kumrovec, so he and his wife moved briefly to Zagreb, where he worked as a waiter and took part in a waiter's strike. He also joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY).


  • Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Monday Sep 20, 1920

    Returned to his homeland

    Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Monday Sep 20, 1920

    In the autumn of 1920 he and his pregnant wife returned to his homeland, first by train to Narva, by ship to Stettin, then by train to Vienna, where they arrived on 20 September.


  • Kumrovec, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Oct, 1920

    Home

    Kumrovec, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Oct, 1920

    In early October Broz returned home to Kumrovec in what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to find that his mother had died and his father had moved to Jastrebarsko near Zagreb.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    1921

    Fired from his employment

    Zagreb, Croatia
    1921

    Due to his overt communist links, Broz was fired from his employment.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday Aug 02, 1921

    The assassination of Milorad Drašković

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday Aug 02, 1921

    After the assassination of Milorad Drašković, the Yugoslav Minister of the Interior, by a young communist named Alija Alijagić on 2 August 1921, the CPY was declared illegal under the Yugoslav State Security Act of 1921.


  • Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Jan, 1922

    The arrest of the CPY leadership

    Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    Jan, 1922

    After the arrest of the CPY leadership in January 1922, Stevo Sabić took over control of its operations. Sabić contacted Broz who agreed to work illegally for the party, distributing leaflets and agitating among factory workers. In the contest of ideas between those that wanted to pursue moderate policies and those that advocated violent revolution, Broz sided with the latter.


  • Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    1924

    The CPY district committee

    Zagreb, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
    1924

    In 1924, Broz was elected to the CPY district committee, but after he gave a speech at a comrade's Catholic funeral he was arrested when the priest complained.


  • Kraljevica, Croatia
    1925

    Moved to Kraljevica

    Kraljevica, Croatia
    1925

    In 1925, the now unemployed Broz moved to Kraljevica on the Adriatic coast, where he started working at a shipyard to further the aims of the CPY.


  • Smederevska Palanka, Serbia
    Oct, 1926

    Work in a railway works

    Smederevska Palanka, Serbia
    Oct, 1926

    In October 1926 he obtained work in a railway works in Smederevska Palanka near Belgrade.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Mar, 1927

    He was appointed secretary of the Zagreb branch of the Metal Workers' Union

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Mar, 1927

    In March 1927, he wrote an article complaining about the exploitation of workers in the factory, and after speaking up for a worker he was promptly sacked. Identified by the CPY as worthy of promotion, he was appointed secretary of the Zagreb branch of the Metal Workers' Union, and soon after of the whole Croatian branch of the union.


  • Ogulin, Croatia
    Jul, 1927

    Broz was arrested

    Ogulin, Croatia
    Jul, 1927

    In July 1927 Broz was arrested, along with six other workers, and imprisoned at nearby Ogulin.


  • Croatia
    Feb, 1928

    The conference of the Croatian branch of the CPY

    Croatia
    Feb, 1928

    In February 1928, Broz was one of 32 delegates to the conference of the Croatian branch of the CPY.


  • Croatia
    Nov, 1928

    Sentenced to five years' imprisonment

    Croatia
    Nov, 1928

    He was convicted and sentenced to five years' imprisonment.


  • Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    Released from jail

    Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    After completing the full term of his sentence, he was released, only to be arrested outside the prison gates and taken to Ogulin to serve the four-month sentence he had avoided in 1927. He was finally released from prison on 16 March 1934, but even then he was subject to orders that required him to live in Kumrovec and report to the police daily.


  • Marseille, France
    Tuesday Oct 09, 1934

    The assassination of King Alexander

    Marseille, France
    Tuesday Oct 09, 1934

    During this time Tito wrote articles on the duties of imprisoned communists and on trade unions. He was in Ljubljana when King Alexander was assassinated by the Croatian nationalist Ustaše organisation in Marseille on 9 October 1934.


  • Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time

    Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    On Christmas Day 1934, a secret meeting of the Central Committee of the CPY was held in Ljubljana, and Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time. The Politburo decided to send him to Moscow to report on the situation in Yugoslavia, and in early February 1935 he arrived there as full-time official of the Comintern.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Jul, 1935

    Tito lectured on trade unions to foreign communists

    Moscow, Russia
    Jul, 1935

    Tito lectured on trade unions to foreign communists, and attended a course on military tactics run by the Red Army, and occasionally attended the Bolshoi Theatre. He attended as one of 510 delegates to the Seventh World Congress of the Comintern in July and August 1935, where he briefly saw Joseph Stalin for the first time.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 13, 1936

    Tito married Bauer

    Moscow, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 13, 1936

    Tito married Bauer on 13 October of that year.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 01, 1937

    The new party was inaugurated at a conference

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 01, 1937

    Tito travelled several times between Paris and Zagreb organising the movement of volunteers and creating a separate Communist Party of Croatia. The new party was inaugurated at a conference at Samobor on the outskirts of Zagreb on 1–2 August 1937.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Dec, 1937

    Tito arranged for a demonstration to greet the French foreign minister

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Dec, 1937

    In December 1937, Tito arranged for a demonstration to greet the French foreign minister when he visited Belgrade, expressing solidarity with the French against Nazi Germany.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 06, 1941

    Invasion of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 06, 1941

    On 6 April 1941, German forces, with Hungarian and Italian assistance, launched an invasion of Yugoslavia.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    Independent State of Croatia

    Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    On 10 April 1941, Slavko Kvaternik proclaimed the Independent State of Croatia, and Tito responded by forming a Military Committee within the Central Committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Thursday Apr 17, 1941

    The Government and military met with the German officials in Belgrade

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Thursday Apr 17, 1941

    On 17 April 1941, after King Peter II and other members of the government fled the country, the remaining representatives of the government and military met with the German officials in Belgrade.


  • Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 01, 1941

    Calling on the people to unite in a battle against the occupation

    Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 01, 1941

    On 1 May 1941, Tito issued a pamphlet calling on the people to unite in a battle against the occupation.


  • Yugoslavia
    Friday Jun 27, 1941

    Commander in Chief of all project national liberation military forces

    Yugoslavia
    Friday Jun 27, 1941

    On 27 June 1941, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia appointed Tito Commander in Chief of all project national liberation military forces.


  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1941

    The Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1941

    On 1 July 1941, the Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action.


  • Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 19, 1941

    Tito held talks with Chetnik leader Draža Mihailović

    Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 19, 1941

    Despite conflicts with the rival monarchic Chetnik movement, Tito's Partisans succeeded in liberating territory, notably the "Republic of Užice". During this period, Tito held talks with Chetnik leader Draža Mihailović on 19 September and 27 October 1941.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Dec 21, 1941

    The First Proletarian Brigade

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Dec 21, 1941

    On 21 December 1941, the Partisans created the First Proletarian Brigade (commanded by Koča Popović).


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Mar 01, 1942

    The Second Proletarian Brigade

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Mar 01, 1942

    On 1 March 1942, Tito created the Second Proletarian Brigade.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    In liberated territories, the Partisans organised People's Committees to act as civilian government. The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) convened in Bihać on 26–27 November 1942.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943

    The Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943

    After the Partisans managed to endure and avoid these intense Axis attacks between January and June 1943, and the extent of Chetnik collaboration became evident, Allied leaders switched their support from Draža Mihailović to Tito. King Peter II, American President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill joined Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin in officially recognising Tito and the Partisans at the Tehran Conference.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    Operation Rösselsprung

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    On 25 May 1944, he managed to evade the Germans after the Raid on Drvar (Operation Rösselsprung), an airborne assault outside his Drvar headquarters in Bosnia.


  • Yugoslavia
    Jun, 1944

    The Balkan Air Force was formed

    Yugoslavia
    Jun, 1944

    The Balkan Air Force was formed in June 1944 to control operations that were mainly aimed at aiding his forces.


  • the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    The Treaty of Vis

    the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    On 17 June 1944, on the Dalmatian island of Vis, the Treaty of Vis was signed in an attempt to merge Tito's government (the AVNOJ) with the government in exile of King Peter II.


  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Sep 12, 1944

    the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, in addition to commander-in-chief of the Yugoslav forces

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Sep 12, 1944

    On 12 September 1944, King Peter II called on all Yugoslavs to come together under Tito's leadership and stated that those who did not were "traitors", by which time Tito was recognized by all Allied authorities (including the government-in-exile) as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, in addition to commander-in-chief of the Yugoslav forces.


  • Yugoslavia
    Thursday Sep 28, 1944

    Tito signed an agreement with the Soviet Union allowing "temporary entry" of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory

    Yugoslavia
    Thursday Sep 28, 1944

    On 28 September 1944, the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) reported that Tito signed an agreement with the Soviet Union allowing "temporary entry" of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory, which allowed the Red Army to assist in operations in the northeastern areas of Yugoslavia.


  • Serbia (Yugoslavia)
    Wednesday Mar 07, 1945

    The provisional government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (Demokratska Federativna Jugoslavija, DFY) was assembled in Belgrade

    Serbia (Yugoslavia)
    Wednesday Mar 07, 1945

    On 7 March 1945, the provisional government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (Demokratska Federativna Jugoslavija, DFY) was assembled in Belgrade by Josip Broz Tito, while the provisional name allowed for either a republic or monarchy.


  • Yugoslavia
    May, 1945

    Units of the Partisans were responsible for atrocities after the repatriations of Bleiburg

    Yugoslavia
    May, 1945

    In the final days of World War II in Yugoslavia, units of the Partisans were responsible for atrocities after the repatriations of Bleiburg, and accusations of culpability were later raised at the Yugoslav leadership under Tito.


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 14, 1945

    Tito dispatched a telegram to the supreme headquarters Slovene Partisan Army prohibiting the execution of prisoners of war

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 14, 1945

    On 14 May, he dispatched a telegram to the supreme headquarters Slovene Partisan Army prohibiting the execution of prisoners of war and commanding the transfer of the possible suspects to a military court.


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 04, 1945

    Tito met with the president of the Bishops' Conference of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 04, 1945

    Prime Minister Josip Broz Tito met with the president of the Bishops' Conference of Yugoslavia, Aloysius Stepinac on 4 June 1945, two days after his release from imprisonment. The two could not reach an agreement on the state of the Catholic Church. Under Stepinac's leadership, the bishops' conference released a letter condemning alleged Partisan war crimes in September 1945.


  • Yugoslavia
    Nov, 1945

    Tito's pro-republican People's Front, led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia won the elections with an overwhelming majority

    Yugoslavia
    Nov, 1945

    In November 1945, Tito's pro-republican People's Front, led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, won the elections with an overwhelming majority, the vote having been boycotted by monarchists.


  • Yugoslavia
    Thursday Nov 29, 1945

    King Peter II was formally deposed by the Yugoslav Constituent Assembly

    Yugoslavia
    Thursday Nov 29, 1945

    On 29 November 1945, King Peter II was formally deposed by the Yugoslav Constituent Assembly. The Assembly drafted a new republican constitution soon afterward.


  • Yugoslavia
    Jul, 1946

    Yugoslav intelligence was charged with imprisoning and bringing to trial large numbers of Nazi collaborators

    Yugoslavia
    Jul, 1946

    Yugoslav intelligence was charged with imprisoning and bringing to trial large numbers of Nazi collaborators; controversially, this included Catholic clergymen due to the widespread involvement of Croatian Catholic clergy with the Ustaša regime. Draža Mihailović was found guilty of collaboration, high treason, and war crimes and was subsequently executed by firing squad on July 1946.


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    Cominform

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    On 17 May Tito suggested that the matter be settled at the meeting of the Cominform to be held that June. However, Tito did not attend the second meeting of the Cominform, fearing that Yugoslavia was to be openly attacked.


  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jun 28, 1949

    The other member countries of the Cominform expelled Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jun 28, 1949

    On 28 June, the other member countries of the Cominform expelled Yugoslavia, citing "nationalist elements" that had "managed in the course of the past five or six months to reach a dominant position in the leadership" of the CPY.


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 26, 1950

    The National Assembly supported a crucial bill written by Milovan Đilas

    Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 26, 1950

    On 26 June 1950, the National Assembly supported a crucial bill written by Milovan Đilas and Tito regarding "self-management", a type of cooperative independent socialist experiment that introduced profit sharing and workplace democracy in previously state-run enterprises, which then became the direct social ownership of the employees.


  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    The law on self-management

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    On 13 January 1953, they established that the law on self-management was the basis of the entire social order in Yugoslavia.


  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Jan 14, 1953

    A President

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Jan 14, 1953

    Tito also succeeded Ivan Ribar as the President of Yugoslavia on 14 January 1953.


  • India
    Tuesday Dec 21, 1954

    Tito visited India

    India
    Tuesday Dec 21, 1954

    Tito visited India from 22 December 1954 through 8 January 1955.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1956

    Tito visited the USSR

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    1956

    Tito visited the USSR in 1956, which signaled to the world that animosity between Yugoslavia and USSR was easing.


  • U.S.
    1960

    Tito met President Dwight D. Eisenhower

    U.S.
    1960

    In the autumn of 1960 Tito met President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the United Nations General Assembly meeting.


  • Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 01, 1961

    The First Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement

    Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 01, 1961

    On 1 September 1961, Josip Broz Tito became the first Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 07, 1963

    The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 07, 1963

    On 7 April 1963, the country changed its official name to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.


  • Yugoslavia
    1967

    Tito became active in promoting a peaceful resolution of the Arab–Israeli conflict

    Yugoslavia
    1967

    In the same year, Tito became active in promoting a peaceful resolution of the Arab–Israeli conflict. His plan called for Arabs to recognize the state of Israel in exchange for territories Israel gained.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Jan 01, 1967

    Yugoslavia was the first communist country to open its borders to all foreign visitors

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Jan 01, 1967

    On 1 January 1967, Yugoslavia was the first communist country to open its borders to all foreign visitors and abolish visa requirements.


  • Prague, Czechslovak
    1968

    Tito offered to fly to Prague

    Prague, Czechslovak
    1968

    In 1968, Tito offered to fly to Prague on three hours notice, if Czechoslovak leader Alexander Dubček needed help in facing down the Soviets.


  • Yugoslavia
    Apr, 1969

    Tito removed generals Ivan Gošnjak and Rade Hamović in the aftermath of the invasion of Czechoslovakia

    Yugoslavia
    Apr, 1969

    In April 1969, Tito removed generals Ivan Gošnjak and Rade Hamović in the aftermath of the invasion of Czechoslovakia due to the unpreparedness of the Yugoslav army to respond to a similar invasion of Yugoslavia.


  • Yugoslavia
    1971

    Re-elected as President of Yugoslavia by the Federal Assembly for the sixth time

    Yugoslavia
    1971

    In 1971, Tito was re-elected as President of Yugoslavia by the Federal Assembly for the sixth time.


  • Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 16, 1974

    The new Constitution was passed

    Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 16, 1974

    On 16 May 1974, the new Constitution was passed, and the 82-year old Tito was named president for life, a status that he would enjoy for the rest of his life.


  • Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
    Sunday May 04, 1980

    Death

    Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
    Sunday May 04, 1980

    Tito died at the Medical Centre of Ljubljana on 4 May 1980, three days short of his 88th birthday.


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