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  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Jan 01, 1974

    Kosovo was declared a Province

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Jan 01, 1974

    In 1974 Kosovo's political status improved further when a new Yugoslav constitution granted an expanded set of political rights. Along with Vojvodina, Kosovo was declared a province and gained many of the powers of a fully-fledged republic: a seat on the federal presidency and its own assembly, police force and national bank.




  • Serbia
    Sunday May 04, 1980

    Tito's Death

    Serbia
    Sunday May 04, 1980

    Provincial power was still exercised by the Communist Party, but now devolved mainly to ethnic Albanian communists. Tito's death on 4 May 1980 ushered in a long period of political instability, worsened by growing economic crisis and nationalist unrest.




  • Kosovo
    1981

    Open and total war

    Kosovo
    1981

    It paid special attention to Kosovo, arguing that the Kosovo Serbs were being subjected to "physical, political, legal and cultural genocide" in an "open and total war" that had been ongoing since the spring of 1981.




  • Kosovo
    Thursday Jan 01, 1981

    4,000 Serbs moved from Kosovo to central Serbia

    Kosovo
    Thursday Jan 01, 1981

    In 1981 it was reported that some 4,000 Serbs moved from Kosovo to central Serbia after the Kosovo Albanian riots in March that resulted in several Serb deaths and the desecration of Serbian Orthodox architecture and graveyards.




  • Pristina, Kosovo
    Sunday Mar 01, 1981

    The First major outbreak occurred in Kosovo's main city

    Pristina, Kosovo
    Sunday Mar 01, 1981

    The first major outbreak occurred in Kosovo's main city, Pristina, when a protest of University of Pristina students over long queues in their university canteen rapidly escalated and in late March and early April 1981 spread throughout Kosovo, causing mass demonstrations in several towns. The disturbances were quelled by the Presidency of Yugoslavia proclaiming a state of emergency, sending in riot police and the army, which resulted in numerous casualties.




  • Kosovo
    Feb, 1982

    Why the Serbian Church is silent

    Kosovo
    Feb, 1982

    In February 1982 a group of priests from Serbia proper petitioned their bishops to ask "why the Serbian Church is silent" and why it did not campaign against "the destruction, arson and sacrilege of the holy shrines of Kosovo". Such concerns did attract interest in Belgrade. Stories appeared from time to time in the Belgrade media claiming that Serbs and Montenegrins were being persecuted.




  • Serbia
    Sep, 1986

    SANU Memorandum

    Serbia
    Sep, 1986

    The so-called SANU Memorandum, leaked in September 1986, was a draft document that focused on the political difficulties facing Serbs in Yugoslavia, pointing to Tito's deliberate hobbling of Serbia's power and the difficulties faced by Serbs outside Serbia proper.


  • Serbia
    Thursday Sep 03, 1987

    The Paraćin massacre

    Serbia
    Thursday Sep 03, 1987

    In 1987 the growing ethnic tension in Yugoslavia and rising nationalism among Albanians in Kosovo and referred to the Paraćin massacre, where an ethnic Albanian soldier in the JNA killed four fellow soldiers.


  • Kosovo
    Nov, 1988

    Kosovo's head of the provincial committee was arrested

    Kosovo
    Nov, 1988

    In November 1988 Kosovo's head of the provincial committee was arrested.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Nov 17, 1988

    Resignations from the leadership of the League of Communists of Kosovo (LCK)

    Kosovo
    Thursday Nov 17, 1988

    On 17 November 1988, Kaqusha Jashari and Azem Vllasi were forced to resign from the leadership of the League of Communists of Kosovo (LCK).


  • Kosovo
    Mar, 1989

    Anti-bureaucratic revolution

    Kosovo
    Mar, 1989

    In March 1989 Milošević (Later President of Serbia) announced an "anti-bureaucratic revolution" in Kosovo and Vojvodina, curtailing their autonomy as well as imposing a curfew and a state of emergency in Kosovo due to violent demonstrations, resulting in 24 deaths (including two policemen). Milošević and his government claimed that the constitutional changes were necessary to protect Kosovo's remaining Serbs against harassment from the Albanian majority.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Mar 03, 1989

    The Presidency of Yugoslavia imposed special measures assigning responsibility for public security to the federal government

    Kosovo
    Friday Mar 03, 1989

    On 3 March 1989, the Presidency of Yugoslavia imposed special measures assigning responsibility for public security to the federal government.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Mar 23, 1989

    the Assembly of Kosovo voted to accept the proposed amendments although most Albanian delegates abstained

    Kosovo
    Thursday Mar 23, 1989

    On 23 March, the Assembly of Kosovo voted to accept the proposed amendments although most Albanian delegates abstained.


  • Serbia
    Monday May 08, 1989

    Milošević became President of the Presidency of Serbia

    Serbia
    Monday May 08, 1989

    On 8 May 1989, Milošević became President of the Presidency of Serbia, which was confirmed on 6 December.


  • Serbia (Yugoslavia)
    Jan, 1990

    the Yugoslav government announced it would press ahead with the creation of a multi-party system

    Serbia (Yugoslavia)
    Jan, 1990

    In January 1990, the Yugoslav government announced it would press ahead with the creation of a multi-party system.


  • Kosovo
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1990

    Responsibility for public security was again assigned to Serbia

    Kosovo
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1990

    In early 1990 Kosovar Albanians held mass demonstrations against the special measures, which were lifted on 18 April 1990 and responsibility for public security was again assigned to Serbia.


  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1990

    Serbian authorities closed the Kosovo Assembly

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1990

    On 26 June 1990 Serbian authorities closed the Kosovo Assembly, citing special circumstances.


  • Serbia
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    Serbia approved the new amendments to the Constitution of Serbia

    Serbia
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    On 1 or 2 July 1990, Serbia approved the new amendments to the Constitution of Serbia in a referendum.


  • Kosovo
    Monday Jul 02, 1990

    Kosovo Assembly declared Kosovo an independent republic within Yugoslavia

    Kosovo
    Monday Jul 02, 1990

    On 2 July, 114 ethnic Albanian delegates of the 180-member Kosovo Assembly declared Kosovo an independent republic within Yugoslavia.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Jul 05, 1990

    The Serbian Assembly dissolved the Kosovo Assembly

    Kosovo
    Thursday Jul 05, 1990

    On 5 July, the Serbian Assembly dissolved the Kosovo Assembly.


  • Serbia
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1990

    The Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS)

    Serbia
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1990

    On 16 or 17 July 1990 the League of Communists of Serbia (LCS) combined with the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Serbia to become the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), and Milošević became its first president.


  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Aug 08, 1990

    Several amendments to the federal Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Aug 08, 1990

    On 8 August 1990 several amendments to the federal Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), Constitution were adopted enabling the establishment of a multi-party election system.


  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Sep 04, 1990

    Kosovar Albanians observed a 24-hour general strike

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Sep 04, 1990

    On 4 September 1990 Kosovar Albanians observed a 24-hour general strike, virtually shutting down the province.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Sep 07, 1990

    the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo was promulgated

    Kosovo
    Friday Sep 07, 1990

    On 7 September 1990 the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo was promulgated by the disbanded Assembly of Kosovo.


  • Serbia
    Friday Sep 28, 1990

    The new controversial Serbian Constitution was promulgated

    Serbia
    Friday Sep 28, 1990

    The new controversial Serbian Constitution was promulgated on 28 September 1990.


  • Serbia
    Sunday Dec 09, 1990

    Multi-party elections were held in Serbia

    Serbia
    Sunday Dec 09, 1990

    Multi-party elections were held in Serbia on 9 and 26 December 1990 after which Milošević became President of Serbia.


  • Kosovo
    Sep, 1991

    Kosovar Albanians held an unofficial referendum in which they voted overwhelmingly for independence

    Kosovo
    Sep, 1991

    In September 1991, Kosovar Albanians held an unofficial referendum in which they voted overwhelmingly for independence.


  • Kosovo
    1995

    The KLA first campaign

    Kosovo
    1995

    The KLA (the Kosovo Liberation Army) , formed in the early 90's to fight against Serbian persecution of Kosovo Albanians, initiated its first campaign in 1995 when it launched attacks targeting Serbian law enforcement in Kosovo.


  • Kosovo
    Jun, 1996

    Acts of sabotage

    Kosovo
    Jun, 1996

    In June 1996 the group claimed responsibility for acts of sabotage targeting Kosovo police stations.


  • Kosovo
    1997

    Large amount of arms

    Kosovo
    1997

    In 1997, the organization acquired a large amount of arms through weapons smuggling from Albania, following a rebellion in which weapons were looted from the country's police and army posts.


  • Kosovo
    1998

    KLA attacks targeting Yugoslav authorities in Kosovo

    Kosovo
    1998

    In early 1998, KLA (Kosovo Liberation Army) attacks targeting Yugoslav authorities in Kosovo resulted in an increased presence of Serb paramilitaries and regular forces who subsequently began pursuing a campaign of retribution targeting KLA sympathizers and political opponents; this campaign killed 1,500 to 2,000 civilians and KLA combatants.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Mar 05, 1998

    A massive firefight at the Jashari compound

    Kosovo
    Thursday Mar 05, 1998

    Despite some accusations of summary executions and killings of civilians, condemnations from Western capitals were not as voluble as they would become later. Serb police began to pursue Jashari (was one of the founders of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)) and his followers in the village of Donje Prekaze. On March 5, 1998, a massive firefight at the Jashari compound led to the massacre of 60 Albanians, of which eighteen were women and ten were under the age of sixteen.


  • Glodjane, Kosovo
    Tuesday Mar 24, 1998

    Yugoslav forces surrounded the village of Glodjane

    Glodjane, Kosovo
    Tuesday Mar 24, 1998

    On March 24, Yugoslav forces surrounded the village of Glodjane and attacked a rebel compound there.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Friday May 15, 1998

    the only meeting between Milošević and Ibrahim Rugova happened on 15 May in Belgrade

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Friday May 15, 1998

    During this time, Yugoslav President Milošević reached an arrangement with Boris Yeltsin of Russia to stop offensive operations and prepare for talks with the Albanians, who refused to talk to the Serbian side throughout the crisis, but would talk with the Yugoslav government. In fact, the only meeting between Milošević and Ibrahim Rugova (first President of the Republic of Kosova) happened on 15 May in Belgrade, two days after Richard Holbrooke announced that it would take place. Holbrooke threatened Milošević that if he did not obey, "what's left of your country will implode". A month later, Holbrooke visited the border areas affected by the fighting in early June, where he was famously photographed with the KLA. The publication of these images sent a signal to the KLA, its supporters and sympathisers, and to observers in general, that the US was decisively backing the KLA and the Albanian population in Kosovo.


  • Serbia
    Sunday May 31, 1998

    An Operation to clear the border of the KLA

    Serbia
    Sunday May 31, 1998

    On May 31, 1998, the Yugoslav army and the Serb Ministry of the Interior police began an operation to clear the border of the KLA. NATO's response to this offensive was mid-June's Operation Determined Falcon, a NATO show of force over the Yugoslav borders.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 09, 1998

    National Emergency

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 09, 1998

    On 9 June 1998, US President Bill Clinton declared a "national emergency" (state of emergency) due to the "unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States" imposed by Yugoslavia and Serbia over the Kosovo War.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Jul 17, 1998

    Villages were captured

    Kosovo
    Friday Jul 17, 1998

    The tide turned in mid-July when the KLA captured Orahovac. On 17 July 1998, two nearby villages, Retimlije and Opteruša, were also captured, while less systematic events took place in the larger Serb-populated village of Velika Hoča.


  • Kosovo
    Aug, 1998

    A new set of KLA attacks in mid-August triggered Yugoslavian operations

    Kosovo
    Aug, 1998

    A new set of KLA attacks in mid-August triggered Yugoslavian operations in south-central Kosovo, south of the Pristina-Peć road. This wound down with the capture of Klečka on August 23 and the discovery of a KLA-run crematorium in which some of their victims were found.


  • Kosovo
    Wednesday Sep 23, 1998

    The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1199

    Kosovo
    Wednesday Sep 23, 1998

    On 23 September 1998, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1199. This expressed 'grave concern' at reports reaching the Secretary General that over 230,000 people had been displaced from their homes by 'the excessive and indiscriminate use of force by Serbian security forces and the Yugoslav Army', demanding that all parties in Kosovo and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia cease hostilities and maintain a ceasefire.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Sep 24, 1998

    NATO issued an "activation warning"

    Kosovo
    Thursday Sep 24, 1998

    On 24 September the North Atlantic Council (NAC) of NATO issued an "activation warning" taking NATO to an increased level of military preparedness for both a limited air option and a phased air campaign in Kosovo.


  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Oct 13, 1998

    The North Atlantic Council issued activation orders

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Oct 13, 1998

    On 13 October 1998, the North Atlantic Council issued activation orders for the execution of both limited air strikes and a phased air campaign in Yugoslavia which would begin in approximately 96 hours.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Oct 15, 1998

    The NATO Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM)

    Kosovo
    Thursday Oct 15, 1998

    On 15 October the NATO Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) Agreement for a ceasefire was signed, and the deadline for withdrawal was extended to 27 October.


  • Kosovo
    Sunday Oct 25, 1998

    The Serbian withdrawal commenced

    Kosovo
    Sunday Oct 25, 1998

    The Serbian withdrawal commenced on or around 25 October 1998.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Oct 30, 1998

    Operation Eagle Eye

    Kosovo
    Friday Oct 30, 1998

    Operation Eagle Eye commenced on 30 October. Operation Eagle Eye was part of the Kosovo Verification Mission during the Kosovo War using aircraft were contributed by France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, the UK, and the USA.


  • Kosovo
    Jan, 1999

    Increasing insecurity in urban areas

    Kosovo
    Jan, 1999

    The January to March 1999 phase of the war brought increasing insecurity in urban areas, including bombings and murders. Such attacks took place during the Rambouillet talks in February and as the Kosovo Verification Agreement unraveled in March.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Jan 15, 1999

    Račak Killings

    Kosovo
    Friday Jan 15, 1999

    On 15 January 1999 the Račak Killings occurred when "45 Kosovan Albanian farmers were rounded up, led up a hill and massacred".


  • Kosovo
    Saturday Jan 30, 1999

    Status Quo Plus

    Kosovo
    Saturday Jan 30, 1999

    Also on 30 January 1999 the Contact Group issued a set of "non-negotiable principles" which made up a package known as "Status Quo Plus"—effectively the restoration of Kosovo's pre-1990 autonomy within Serbia, plus the introduction of democracy and supervision by international organisations.


  • Kosovo
    Saturday Jan 30, 1999

    the NATO Secretary General may authorize air strikes against targets on FRY territory

    Kosovo
    Saturday Jan 30, 1999

    On 30 January 1999 NATO issued a statement announcing that the North Atlantic Council had agreed that "the NATO Secretary General may authorize air strikes against targets on FRY territory" to "[compel] compliance with the demands of the international community and [to achieve] a political settlement".


  • Château de Rambouillet, France
    Feb, 1999

    A peace conference

    Château de Rambouillet, France
    Feb, 1999

    It also called for a peace conference to be held in February 1999 at the Château de Rambouillet, outside Paris.


  • Château de Rambouillet, France
    Saturday Feb 06, 1999

    The Rambouillet talks began

    Château de Rambouillet, France
    Saturday Feb 06, 1999

    The Rambouillet talks began on 6 February 1999, with NATO Secretary-General Javier Solana negotiating with both sides. They were intended to conclude by 19 February.


  • Château de Rambouillet, France
    Thursday Mar 18, 1999

    Rambouillet Accords

    Château de Rambouillet, France
    Thursday Mar 18, 1999

    On 18 March 1999, the Albanian, US, and British delegations signed what became known as the Rambouillet Accords, while the Yugoslav and Russian delegations refused.


  • Kosovo
    Monday Mar 22, 1999

    the OSCE withdrew

    Kosovo
    Monday Mar 22, 1999

    After the failure at Rambouillet and the alternative Yugoslav proposal, international monitors from the OSCE withdrew on 22 March, to ensure their safety ahead of the anticipated NATO bombing campaign.


  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Mar 23, 1999

    The Serbian assembly accepted the principle of autonomy for Kosovo

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Mar 23, 1999

    On 23 March, the Serbian assembly accepted the principle of autonomy for Kosovo, as well as the non-military aspects of the agreement, but rejected a NATO troop presence.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Tuesday Mar 23, 1999
    09:30:00 PM

    Peace talks had failed

    Brussels, Belgium
    Tuesday Mar 23, 1999

    On 23 March 1999 at 21:30 UTC, Richard Holbrooke returned to Brussels and announced that peace talks had failed and formally handed the matter to NATO for military action.


  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999

    Aerial bombardment of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999

    This precipitated a mass expulsion of Kosovar Albanians as the Yugoslav forces continued to fight during the aerial bombardment of Yugoslavia (March–June 1999)


  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999
    07:00:00 PM

    NATO started its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999

    On 24 March at 19:00 UTC, NATO started its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Friday May 07, 1999

    NATO bombs hit the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Friday May 07, 1999

    On May 7, NATO bombs hit the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, killing three Chinese journalists and outraging Chinese public opinion. The United States and NATO later apologised for the bombing, saying that it occurred because of an outdated map provided by the CIA.


  • Serbia
    Thursday Jun 03, 1999

    Milošević accepted the terms of an international peace plan

    Serbia
    Thursday Jun 03, 1999

    On 3 June 1999, Milošević accepted the terms of an international peace plan to end the fighting, with the national parliament adopting the proposal amid contentious debate with delegates coming close to fistfights at some points.


  • Serbia
    Thursday Jun 10, 1999

    the North Atlantic Council ratified the agreement and suspended air operations

    Serbia
    Thursday Jun 10, 1999

    On 10 June, the North Atlantic Council ratified the agreement and suspended air operations.


  • Pristina, Kosovo
    Saturday Jun 12, 1999

    The First NATO troops to enter Pristina

    Pristina, Kosovo
    Saturday Jun 12, 1999

    The first NATO troops to enter Pristina on the 12th of June 1999 were Norwegian special forces from Forsvarets Spesialkommando (FSK) and soldiers from the British Special Air Service 22 S.A.S., although to NATO's diplomatic embarrassment Russian troops arrived first at the airport.


  • Kosovo
    Saturday Jun 12, 1999

    The NATO-led peacekeeping Kosovo Force (KFOR) began entering Kosovo

    Kosovo
    Saturday Jun 12, 1999

    On 12 June, after Milošević accepted the conditions, the NATO-led peacekeeping Kosovo Force (KFOR) began entering Kosovo. KFOR had been preparing to conduct combat operations, but in the end, its mission was only peacekeeping. It was based upon the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps headquarters commanded by then Lieutenant General Mike Jackson of the British Army.


  • Serbia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Operation Rapid Guardian

    Serbia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    On 1 October 1999, approximately 150 paratroopers from Alpha Company, 1/508th Airborne Battalion Combat Team from Vicenza, Italy parachuted into Uroševac as part of Operation Rapid Guardian.


  • Kosovo
    Wednesday Dec 15, 1999

    Staff Sergeant Joseph Suponcic of 3rd Battalion/10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) was killed

    Kosovo
    Wednesday Dec 15, 1999

    On 15 December 1999, Staff Sergeant Joseph Suponcic of 3rd Battalion/10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) was killed, when the HMMWV in which he was a passenger struck an anti-tank mine planted by Albanians and meant for the Russian contingent with which SSG Suponcic's team was patrolling in Kosovska Kamenica.


  • Serbia
    Jun, 2000

    Arms trading relations between Russia and Yugoslavia were exposed

    Serbia
    Jun, 2000

    In June 2000, arms trading relations between Russia and Yugoslavia were exposed, which led to retaliation and bombings of Russian checkpoints and area police stations.


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