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  • Wegeleben, Germany (Then Prussia)
    Sunday Jun 17, 1900

    Born

    Wegeleben, Germany (Then Prussia)
    Sunday Jun 17, 1900

    Born in Wegeleben (now in Saxony-Anhalt) in the Kingdom of Prussia in the German Empire, Bormann was the son of Theodor Bormann (1862–1903), a post office employee, and his second wife, Antonie Bernhardine Mennong.




  • Germany
    Jun, 1918

    He Joined The 55th Field Artillery Regiment

    Germany
    Jun, 1918

    Bormann's studies at an agricultural trade high school were interrupted when he joined the 55th Field Artillery Regiment as a gunner in June 1918, in the last days of World War I.




  • Germany
    Feb, 1919

    Finishing his Service

    Germany
    Feb, 1919

    He never saw action, but served garrison duty until February 1919.




  • Germany
    1922

    Joining The Freikorps Organisation

    Germany
    1922

    Bormann joined the Freikorps organisation headed by Gerhard Roßbach in 1922, acting as section leader and treasurer.




  • Germany
    1927

    Bormann Joined The National Socialist German Workers Party

    Germany
    1927

    In 1927, Bormann joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party; NSDAP). His membership number was 60,508.




  • Germany
    Monday Sep 02, 1929

    Marriage

    Germany
    Monday Sep 02, 1929

    On 2 September 1929, Bormann married 19-year-old Gerda Buch, whose father, Major Walter Buch, served as a chairman of the Untersuchung und Schlichtungs-Ausschuss (USCHLA; Investigation and Settlement Committee), which was responsible for settling disputes within the party. Hitler was a frequent visitor to the Buch house, and it was here that Bormann met him. Hess and Hitler served as witnesses at the wedding.




  • Germany
    1930

    Bormann Set Up The Hilfskasse der NSDAP

    Germany
    1930

    Initially the NSDAP provided coverage through insurance companies for members who were hurt or killed in the frequent violent skirmishes with members of other political parties. As insurance companies were unwilling to pay out claims for such activities, in 1930 Bormann set up the Hilfskasse der NSDAP (NSDAP Auxiliary Fund), a benefits and relief fund directly administered by the party.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Jan, 1933

    The Machtergreifung (NSDAP Seizure of Power)

    Berlin, Germany
    Jan, 1933

    After the Machtergreifung (NSDAP seizure of power) in January 1933, the relief fund was repurposed to provide general accident and property insurance, so Bormann resigned from its administration.


  • Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1933

    The Chief of Staff In The Office of Rudolf Hess

    Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1933

    Bormann applied for a transfer and was accepted as chief of staff in the office of Rudolf Hess, the Deputy Führer, on 1 July 1933.


  • Germany
    Tuesday Jul 04, 1933

    The Personal Secretary to Rudolf Hess

    Germany
    Tuesday Jul 04, 1933

    Bormann served as personal secretary to Hess from 4 July 1933 until May 1941.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 10, 1933

    Hitler named Bormann Reichsleiter

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 10, 1933

    On 10 October 1933 Hitler named Bormann Reichsleiter (national leader – the highest party rank) of the NSDAP.


  • Germany
    Jun, 1934

    Bormann was Gaining Acceptance Into Hitler's Inner Circle

    Germany
    Jun, 1934

    By June 1934, Bormann was gaining acceptance into Hitler's inner circle and accompanied him everywhere, providing briefings and summaries of events and requests.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    1935

    Bormann was appointed as Overseer of Renovations at The Berghof

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    1935

    In 1935, Bormann was appointed as overseer of renovations at the Berghof, Hitler's property at Obersalzberg.


  • Germany
    Friday Jan 01, 1937

    Bormann Joined The Schutzstaffel (SS)

    Germany
    Friday Jan 01, 1937

    He joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) on 1 January 1937 with number 278,267.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Feb, 1937

    Bormann Decreed That Members of The Clergy Should Not be admitted To The NSDAP

    Berlin, Germany
    Feb, 1937

    Bormann was one of the leading proponents of the ongoing persecution of the Christian churches. In February 1937, he decreed that members of the clergy should not be admitted to the NSDAP.


  • Germany
    1938

    Bormann was Granted SS Number 555

    Germany
    1938

    By special order of Heinrich Himmler in 1938, Bormann was granted SS number 555 to reflect his Alter Kämpfer (Old Fighter) status.


  • Austria
    1938

    The Trips to Austria

    Austria
    1938

    Bormann travelled everywhere with Hitler, including trips to Austria in 1938 after the Anschluss (the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany), and to the Sudetenland after the signing of the Munich Agreement later that year.


  • Nuremberg, Germany
    1938

    Organizing the 1938 Nuremberg Rally

    Nuremberg, Germany
    1938

    Bormann was placed in charge of organising the 1938 Nuremberg Rally, a major annual party event.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1938

    Bormann ruled that any members of the Clergy Who Were Holding Party Offices should be Dismissed

    Berlin, Germany
    1938

    In 1938, Bormann ruled that any members of the clergy who were holding party offices should be dismissed, and that any party member who was considering entering the clergy had to give up his party membership.


  • Munich, Germany
    Oct, 1938

    Moving To Munich

    Munich, Germany
    Oct, 1938

    He moved to Munich in October 1928, where he worked in the SA insurance office.


  • Münster, Germany
    1941

    The Catholic Bishop of Münster, Publicly Protested against The Persecution and against Action T4

    Münster, Germany
    1941

    In 1941 the Catholic Bishop of Münster, Clemens August Graf von Galen, publicly protested against the persecution and against Action T4, the Nazi involuntary euthanasia programme under which the mentally ill, physically deformed, and incurably sick were to be killed. In a series of sermons that received international attention, he criticised the programme as illegal and immoral. His sermons led to a widespread protest movement among church leaders, the strongest protest against a Nazi policy up until that point.


  • United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    Hess flew Solo to Britain

    United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    Hess was concerned that Germany would face a war on two fronts as plans progressed for Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union scheduled to take place later that year. He flew solo to Britain on 10 May 1941 to seek peace negotiations with the British government. He was arrested on arrival and spent the rest of the war as a British prisoner.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 12, 1941

    Bormann became The Head of The Parteikanzlei (Party Chancellery)

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 12, 1941

    Hitler considered Hess' departure a personal betrayal, and ordered Hess to be shot should he return to Germany and abolished the post of Deputy Führer on 12 May 1941, assigning Hess' former duties to Bormann, with the title of Head of the Parteikanzlei (Party Chancellery). In this position he was responsible for all NSDAP appointments, and was answerable only to Hitler. Associates began to refer to him as the "Brown Eminence", although never to his face.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday May 31, 1941

    Extending The 1935 Nuremberg Laws

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday May 31, 1941

    Bormann was invariably the advocate of extremely harsh, radical measures when it came to the treatment of Jews, the conquered eastern peoples, and prisoners of war. He signed the decree of 31 May 1941 extending the 1935 Nuremberg Laws to the annexed territories of the East.


  • Germany
    Thursday Dec 04, 1941

    The Edict on Criminal Law Practices against Poles and Jews in the Incorporated Eastern Territories

    Germany
    Thursday Dec 04, 1941

    Knowing Hitler viewed Slavic people as inferior, Bormann opposed the introduction of German criminal law into the conquered eastern territories. He lobbied for and eventually achieved a strict separate penal code that implemented martial law for the Polish and Jewish inhabitants of these areas. The "Edict on Criminal Law Practices against Poles and Jews in the Incorporated Eastern Territories", promulgated 4 December 1941, permitted corporal punishment and death sentences for even the most trivial of offences.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Oct 09, 1942

    Bormann Signed The Decree of 9 October 1942

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Oct 09, 1942

    Bormann signed the decree of 9 October 1942 prescribing that the permanent Final Solution in Greater Germany could no longer be solved by emigration, but only by the use of "ruthless force in the special camps of the East", that is, extermination in Nazi death camps.


  • Berlin, Germany
    1943

    Hitler Created a Three-man Committee

    Berlin, Germany
    1943

    Bormann's power and effective reach broadened considerably during the war. By early 1943, the war produced a labour crisis for the regime. Hitler created a three-man committee with representatives of the State, the army, and the Party in an attempt to centralise control of the war economy. The committee members were Hans Lammers, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel and Bormann, who controlled the Party.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943

    Hitler Officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to The Führer

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943

    Preoccupied with military matters and spending most of his time at his military headquarters on the eastern front, Hitler came to rely more and more on Bormann to handle the domestic policies of the country. On 12 April 1943, Hitler officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to the Führer. By this time Bormann had de facto control over all domestic matters, and this new appointment gave him the power to act in an official capacity in any matter.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1943

    Giving Adolf Eichmann absolute Powers Over Jews

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1943

    A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo.


  • Germany
    Wednesday Oct 18, 1944

    The Volkssturm

    Germany
    Wednesday Oct 18, 1944

    Bormann and Himmler shared responsibility for the Volkssturm (people's militia), which drafted all remaining able-bodied men aged 16 to 60 into a last-ditch militia founded on 18 October 1944. Poorly equipped and trained, the men were sent to fight on the eastern front, where nearly 175,000 of them were killed without having any discernible impact on the Soviet advance.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1945

    Hitler Transferred His Headquarters To The Führerbunker

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1945

    Hitler transferred his headquarters to the Führerbunker ("Leader's bunker") in Berlin on 16 January 1945, where he (along with Bormann, his secretary Else Krüger, and others) remained until the end of April.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945

    The Battle of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945

    The Battle of Berlin, the final major Soviet offensive of the war, began on 16 April 1945.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 19, 1945

    The Red Army started to Encircle Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 19, 1945

    By 19 April the Red Army started to encircle the city.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    Hitler's 56th Birthday

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    On 20 April, Hitler's 56th birthday, he made his last trip to the surface. In the ruined garden of the Reich Chancellery, he awarded Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth. That afternoon, Berlin was bombarded by Soviet artillery for the first time.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    Albert Bormann Left The Bunker complex and flew to the Obersalzberg

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    On 23 April, Albert Bormann left the bunker complex and flew to the Obersalzberg. He and several others had been ordered by Hitler to leave Berlin.


  • Italy
    Wednesday Apr 25, 1945

    Gerda Bormann and the Children fled Obersalzberg for Italy

    Italy
    Wednesday Apr 25, 1945

    Gerda Bormann and the children fled Obersalzberg for Italy on 25 April 1945 after an Allied air attack.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Bormann was Named Executor of The Estate

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    In the early morning hours of 29 April 1945, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Goebbels, Hans Krebs, and Bormann witnessed and signed Hitler's last will and testament. Bormann was named executor of the estate. That same night, Hitler married Eva Braun in a civil ceremony.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Hitler and Braun Committed Suicide

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    As Soviet forces continued to fight their way into the centre of Berlin, Hitler and Braun committed suicide on the afternoon of 30 April. Braun took cyanide and Hitler shot himself. Pursuant to Hitler's instructions, their bodies were carried up to the Reich Chancellery garden and burned.


  • Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Bormann was named as Party Minister

    Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    In accordance with Hitler's last wishes, Bormann was named as Party Minister, thus officially confirming his top position in the Party. Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz was appointed as the new Reichspräsident (President of Germany) and Goebbels became head of government and Chancellor of Germany. Goebbels and his wife Magda committed suicide later that day.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Tuesday May 01, 1945
    11:00:00 PM

    Bormann left the Führerbunker

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Tuesday May 01, 1945

    At around 11:00 pm on 1 May, Bormann left the Führerbunker with SS doctor Ludwig Stumpfegger, Hitler Youth leader Artur Axmann, and Hitler's pilot Hans Baur as members of one of the groups attempting to break out of the Soviet encirclement. Bormann carried with him a copy of Hitler's last will and testament.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 02, 1945

    The Battle In Berlin Ended

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 02, 1945

    On 2 May, the Battle in Berlin ended when General der Artillerie Helmuth Weidling, the commander of the Berlin Defense Area, unconditionally surrendered the city to General Vasily Chuikov, the commander of the Soviet 8th Guards Army.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 02, 1945

    Death

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday May 02, 1945

    Bormann's group left the Führerbunker and travelled on foot via a U-Bahn tunnel to the Friedrichstraße station, where they surfaced. Several members of the party attempted to cross the Spree River at the Weidendammer Bridge while crouching behind a Tiger tank. The tank was hit by Soviet artillery and destroyed, and Bormann and Stumpfegger were knocked to the ground. Bormann, Stumpfegger, and several others eventually crossed the river on their third attempt. Bormann, Stumpfegger, and Axmann walked along the railway tracks to Lehrter station, where Axmann decided to leave the others and go in the opposite direction. When he encountered a Red Army patrol, Axmann doubled back. He saw two bodies, which he later identified as Bormann and Stumpfegger, on a bridge near the railway switching yard. He did not have time to check thoroughly, so he did not know how they died. Since the Soviets never admitted to finding Bormann's body, his fate remained in doubt for many years.


  • Nuremberg, Germany
    Tuesday Nov 20, 1945

    The Trial

    Nuremberg, Germany
    Tuesday Nov 20, 1945

    The trial got underway on 20 November 1945. Lacking evidence confirming Bormann's death, the International Military Tribunal tried him in absentia, as permitted under article 12 of their charter. He was charged with three counts: conspiracy to wage a war of aggression, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.


  • Merano, Italy
    Friday Apr 26, 1946

    Gerda Bormann's Death

    Merano, Italy
    Friday Apr 26, 1946

    Gerda Bormann died of cancer on 26 April 1946, in Merano, Italy. Bormann's children survived the war, and were cared for in foster homes.


  • Nuremberg, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1946

    Bormann Was Sentenced To Death by Hanging

    Nuremberg, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1946

    On 15 October 1946 he was sentenced to death by hanging, with the provision that if he were later found alive, any new facts brought to light at that time could be taken into consideration to reduce the sentence or overturn it.


  • West Germany
    1963

    Albert Krumno's Testimony To The Police

    West Germany
    1963

    In 1963, a retired postal worker named Albert Krumnow told police that around 8 May 1945 the Soviets had ordered him and his colleagues to bury two bodies found near the railway bridge near Lehrter station. One was dressed in a Wehrmacht uniform and the other was clad only in his underwear.


  • West Germany
    1964

    The West German Government offered a reward for information leading to Bormann's Capture

    West Germany
    1964

    In 1964, the West German government offered a reward of 100,000 Deutsche Marks for information leading to Bormann's capture.


  • West Berlin, West Germany
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1965

    Excavations Failed To Locate The Bodies

    West Berlin, West Germany
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1965

    Excavations on 20-21 July 1965 at the site specified by Axmann and Krumnow failed to locate the bodies.


  • West Germany
    1971

    The West German Government Declared That Its Hunt For Bormann Was Over

    West Germany
    1971

    The West German government declared that its hunt for Bormann was over in 1971.


  • West Berlin, West Germany
    Thursday Dec 07, 1972

    Construction workers uncovered Human Remains near Lehrter Station

    West Berlin, West Germany
    Thursday Dec 07, 1972

    On 7 December 1972, construction workers uncovered human remains near Lehrter station in West Berlin just 12 m (39 ft) from the spot where Krumnow claimed he had buried them. Forensic examiners determined that the size of the skeleton and the shape of the skull were identical to Bormann's. Likewise, the second skeleton was deemed to be Stumpfegger's, since it was of similar height to his last known proportions. Composite photographs, where images of the skulls were overlaid on photographs of the men's faces, were completely congruent.


  • West Germany
    1973

    Facial Reconstruction was Undertaken on both Skulls

    West Germany
    1973

    Facial reconstruction was undertaken in early 1973 on both skulls to confirm the identities of the bodies. Soon after, the West German government declared Bormann dead. The family was not allowed to cremate the body, in case further forensic examination later provided necessary.


  • Germany
    1998

    The Remains were conclusively identified as Bormann's

    Germany
    1998

    The remains were conclusively identified as Bormann's in 1998 when German authorities ordered genetic testing on fragments of the skull. The testing was led by Wolfgang Eisenmenger, Professor of Forensic Science at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Tests using DNA from one of his relatives identified the skull as that of Bormann.


  • Baltic Sea
    Monday Aug 16, 1999

    Bormann's Remains were Cremated

    Baltic Sea
    Monday Aug 16, 1999

    Bormann's remains were cremated and his ashes were scattered in the Baltic Sea on 16 August 1999.


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