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  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    1921

    The Mongolian People's Party Took Power

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    1921

    There were pro-independence movements in 1911 against the colonization policy of the late Qing dynasty. Finally, the Mongolian People's Party took power in Mongolia in 1921 with the help of the Soviet Union, after White Russian and Chinese forces had been expelled.




  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    1924

    The Party Renamed Itself The Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    1924

    In 1924, the party renamed itself the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. Over the following decades, Mongolia was always very closely aligned with the Soviet Union.




  • Mongolia
    Tuesday Nov 28, 1989

    Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj's Speech at The Young Artists' Second National Congress

    Mongolia
    Tuesday Nov 28, 1989

    On 28 November 1989, at the end of a speech at the Young Artists' Second National Congress, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj said that Mongolia needed democracy and appealed for youth to collaborate to create democracy in Mongolia.




  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Dec, 1989

    The Demonstrations Increased

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Dec, 1989

    In late December, demonstrations increased when news came of Garry Kasparov's interview to Playboy, suggesting that the Soviet Union could improve its economic health by selling Mongolia to China.




  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Dec 10, 1989

    The First Open pro-democracy Public Demonstration

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Dec 10, 1989

    On the morning of 10 December 1989, the first open pro-democracy public demonstration occurred in front of the Youth Cultural Center in Ulaanbaatar. There, Elbegdorj announced the creation of the Mongolian Democratic Union. There the Democratic Union-first pro-democracy movement in Mongolia was born.




  • Mongolia
    Tuesday Jan 02, 1990

    Mongolian Democratic Union began distributing Leaflets

    Mongolia
    Tuesday Jan 02, 1990

    On 2 January 1990, Mongolian Democratic Union began distributing leaflets calling for a democratic revolution. When the government did not comply with this and later, more aggressive demands, demonstrations occurred.




  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Jan 14, 1990

    The Protesters Met on Square In Front of Lenin Museum

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Jan 14, 1990

    On 14 January 1990, the protesters, having grown from three hundred to some 1,000, met on square in front of Lenin Museum which was named as Freedom Square since then in Ulaanbaatar.


  • Sukhbaatar Square, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Jan 21, 1990

    Sükhbaatar Square demonstration

    Sukhbaatar Square, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Jan 21, 1990

    A demonstration on Sükhbaatar Square on 21 January (in weather of -30 C) followed the Freedom Square demonstration.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Mar 04, 1990

    The MDU and Three Other Reform Organizations Held a Joint Outdoor Mass Meeting

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Sunday Mar 04, 1990

    After numerous demonstrations of many thousands of people in the capital city as well as provincial centers, on 4 March 1990, the MDU and three other reform organizations held a joint outdoor mass meeting, inviting the government to attend. The government sent no representative to what became a demonstration of over 100,000 people demanding democratic change.


  • Sükhbaatar Square, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Wednesday Mar 07, 1990

    Democratic Union Launched a Hunger Strike

    Sükhbaatar Square, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Wednesday Mar 07, 1990

    On March 7, 1990, on Sükhbaatar Square, Democratic Union launched a hunger strike of ten urging that the communists to resign. Hunger strikers number increased and thousands supported them. Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party(MPRP) (present Mongolian People's Party)'s Politburo – the authority of the government eventually gave way to the pressure and entered into negotiations with the leaders of the democratic movement Mongolian Democratic Union.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Friday Mar 09, 1990

    Jambyn Batmönkh Decided to Dissolve The Politburo and To Resign

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Friday Mar 09, 1990

    Jambyn Batmönkh, chairman of Politburo of MPRP's Central Committee decided to dissolve the Politburo and to resign on 9 March 1990. Behind the scenes, however, the MPRP had seriously considered cracking down on the protesters, writing a decree that was left to be signed by the party leader Jambyn Batmönkh.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Friday Mar 09, 1990
    10:00:00 PM

    Elbegdorj announced The News of Politburo Resignation

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Friday Mar 09, 1990

    Elbegdorj announced the news of Politburo resignation to the hunger strikers and to people who'd gathered on Sükhbaatar Square at 10 PM after the negotiations between leaders of MPRP and Mongolian Democratic Union. The hunger strike stopped.


  • Mongolia
    Sunday Jul 29, 1990

    Mongolia's first free multi-party elections

    Mongolia
    Sunday Jul 29, 1990

    Following the 1990 Democratic Revolution in Mongolia, Mongolia's first free, multi-party elections for a bicameral parliament were held on 29 July 1990.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Monday Sep 03, 1990

    The People's Great Khural (upper house) First Met

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Monday Sep 03, 1990

    The People's Great Khural (upper house) first met on 3 September and elected a president (MPRP), vice president (Social Democrat), prime minister (MPRP), and 50 members to the Baga Hural (lower house). The vice president was also chairman of the Baga Khural.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Nov, 1991

    Beginning Discussion on a New Constitution

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Nov, 1991

    In November 1991, the People's Great Khural (Parliament) began discussion on a new constitution.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Wednesday Feb 12, 1992

    The New Constitution Entered Into Force

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Wednesday Feb 12, 1992

    The new constitution entered into force on 12 February 1992. In addition to establishing Mongolia as an independent, sovereign republic and guaranteeing a number of rights and freedoms, the new constitution restructured the legislative branch of government, creating a unicameral legislature, the State Great Khural (SGK).


  • Mongolia
    Sunday Jun 06, 1993

    The First Election Win For The Democrats

    Mongolia
    Sunday Jun 06, 1993

    The constitution was amended in 1992. The first election win for the democrats was the presidential election of 1993, when the opposition candidate Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat won.


  • Mongolia
    Sunday Jun 30, 1996

    A Democratic Union Coalition For The First Time Succeeded In Winning The Majority

    Mongolia
    Sunday Jun 30, 1996

    A Democratic Union Coalition co-led by Democratic Party chairman Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj for the first time succeeded in winning the majority in the 1996 parliamentary elections.


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