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  • Tampere, Finland
    Friday May 12, 1865

    Establishement

    Tampere, Finland
    Friday May 12, 1865

    Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when Finnish-Swede mining engineer Fredrik Idestam established a pulp mill near the town of Tampere, Finland (then in the Russian Empire).




  • Nokia, Finland
    1868

    Opening The Second pulp mill

    Nokia, Finland
    1868

    A second pulp mill was opened in 1868 near the neighboring town of Nokia, offering better hydropower resources.




  • Finland
    1871

    Forming Nokia Ab

    Finland
    1871

    In 1871, Idestam, together with friend Leo Mechelin, formed a shared company from it and called it Nokia Ab (in Swedish, Nokia Company being the English equivalent), after the site of the second pulp mill. Idestam retired in 1896, making Mechelin the company's chairman.




  • Nokia, Finland
    1904

    Eduard Polón founded rubber business Called Nokia

    Nokia, Finland
    1904

    In 1904 Suomen Gummitehdas (Finnish Rubber Works), a rubber business founded by Eduard Polón, established a factory near the town of Nokia and used its name.




  • Finland
    1922

    The partnership

    Finland
    1922

    In 1922, Nokia Ab entered into a partnership with Finnish Rubber Works and Kaapelitehdas (the Cable Factory), all now jointly under the leadership of Polón. Finnish Rubber Works company grew rapidly when it moved to the Nokia region in the 1930s to take advantage of the electrical power supply, and the cable company soon did too.




  • Finland
    1967

    The Three companies merged creating a new Nokia Corporation

    Finland
    1967

    In 1967, the three companies – Nokia, Kaapelitehdas and Finnish Rubber Works – merged and created a new Nokia Corporation, restructured into four major businesses: forestry, cable, rubber and electronics.




  • Espoo, Finland
    1977

    Kari Kairamo became CEO

    Espoo, Finland
    1977

    In 1977, Kari Kairamo became CEO and he transformed the company's businesses. By this time, Finland was becoming what has been called "Nordic Japan". Under his leadership Nokia acquired many companies including television maker Salora , followed by Swedish electronics and computer maker Luxor AB, and French television maker Oceanic. This made Nokia the third-largest television manufacturer of Europe (behind Philips and Thomson).


  • Finland
    1981

    The world's first international cellular network and The first To allow international roaming.

    Finland
    1981

    Nokia also acquired Mobira, a mobile telephony company, which was the foundation of its future mobile phones business. In 1981, Mobira launched the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) service, the world's first international cellular network and the first to allow international roaming.


  • Finland
    1982

    Nokia's First mobile phone

    Finland
    1982

    In 1982, Mobira launched the Mobira Senator car phone, Nokia's first mobile phone.


  • Finland
    1987

    Nokia's first fully portable mobile phone

    Finland
    1987

    Nokia's first fully portable mobile phone after the Mobira Senator was the Mobira Cityman 900 in 1987.


  • Nokia, Finland
    1988

    Nokian Tyres Split away From Nokia

    Nokia, Finland
    1988

    Following Simo Vuorilehto's appointment as CEO, a major restructuring was planned. With 11 groups within the company, Vuorilehto divested industrial units he deemed as un-strategic. Nokian Tyres (Nokian Renkaat), a tyre producer originally formed as a division of Finnish Rubber Works in 1932, split away from Nokia Corporation in 1988.


  • Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 01, 1988

    Buying The Computer Division of Ericsson's Information Systems

    Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 01, 1988

    On 1 April 1988, Nokia bought the computer division of Ericsson's Information Systems, which originated as a computer division of Swedish aircraft and car manufacturer Saab called Datasaab.


  • Finland
    1990

    Finnish Rubber Works Split away From Nokia

    Finland
    1990

    in 1990, Finnish Rubber Works split away from Nokia.


  • Espoo, Finland
    1991

    Selling its Computer Division

    Espoo, Finland
    1991

    In 1991 Nokia sold its computer division, Nokia Data, to UK-based International Computers Limited (ICL), the precursor of Fujitsu Siemens.


  • Finland
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    The World's First GSM Call

    Finland
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Nokia assisted in the development of the GSM mobile standard in the 1980s, and developed the first GSM network with Siemens, the predecessor to Nokia Siemens Network. The world's first GSM call was made by Finnish prime minister Harri Holkeri on 1 July 1991, using Nokia equipment on the 900 MHz band network built by Nokia and operated by Radiolinja.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Jan, 1992

    Jorma Ollila became The CEO

    Espoo, Finland
    Jan, 1992

    Vuorilehto quit in January 1992 and was replaced by Jorma Ollila, who had been the head of the mobile phone business from 1990 and advised against selling that division. Ollila decided to turn Nokia into a 'telecom-oriented' company, and he eventually got rid of divisions like the power business. This strategy proved to be very successful and the company grew rapidly in the following years. Nokia's operating profit went from negative in 1991 to $1 billion in 1995 and almost $4 billion by 1999.


  • Finland
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1992

    The First Commercially available GSM mobile phone

    Finland
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1992

    In November 1992, the Nokia 1011 launched, making it the first commercially available GSM mobile phone.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Apr, 1996

    The First With Stereo Speakers and a Sub-Woofer

    Espoo, Finland
    Apr, 1996

    Nokia claimed in April 1996 its 447Xav and 447K monitors to be the first with stereo speakers and a sub-woofer.


  • Turku, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 12, 1996

    Nokia sold its television business

    Turku, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 12, 1996

    On 12 June 1996, Nokia announced the sale of its television business to Canada/Hong Kong-based Semi-Tech Corporation. The sale included a factory in Turku, and the rights to use the Nokia, Finlux, Luxor, Salora, Schaub-Lorenz and Oceanic brands until the end of 1999.


  • UK
    Mar, 1997

    The First To Launch digital satellite receivers

    UK
    Mar, 1997

    Nokia was the first to launch digital satellite receivers in the UK, announced in March 1997.


  • Finland
    Aug, 1997

    The First Digital Satellite receiver with Common Interface (CI) support

    Finland
    Aug, 1997

    In August 1997 Nokia introduced the first digital satellite receiver with Common Interface (CI) support.


  • Espoo, Finland
    1998

    Producing The World's First digital Terrestrial Television

    Espoo, Finland
    1998

    In 1998 Nokia became the chosen supplier to produce the world's first digital terrestrial television set-top boxes by British Digital Broadcasting (BDB), which was eventually launched as ONdigital.


  • London, England
    1998

    Nokia co-founded Symbian Ltd.

    London, England
    1998

    In 1998, Nokia co-founded Symbian Ltd..


  • Espoo, Finland
    Oct, 1998

    Becoming The Best-Selling Mobile Phone Brand

    Espoo, Finland
    Oct, 1998

    In October 1998, Nokia overtook Motorola to become the best-selling mobile phone brand, and in December manufactured its 100 millionth mobile phone.


  • Espoo, Finland
    May, 1999

    Their First Wireless LAN products

    Espoo, Finland
    May, 1999

    In May 1999 Nokia introduced their first wireless LAN products.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Apr 26, 2001

    Nokia partnered with Telefonica

    Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Apr 26, 2001

    On 26 April 2001 Nokia partnered with Telefonica to supply DSL modems and routers in Spain.


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Monday Nov 19, 2001

    Introducing Their First Camera Phone

    Barcelona, Spain
    Monday Nov 19, 2001

    In 2001 Nokia and Symbian Ltd. created the Symbian Series 60 platform, later introducing it with their first camera phone, the Nokia 7650.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 04, 2002

    Nokia attempted To Break Into The Handheld Gaming Market

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 04, 2002

    Nokia was one of the pioneers of mobile gaming due to the popularity of Snake, which came pre-loaded on many products. In 2002, Nokia attempted to break into the handheld gaming market with the N-Gage. the device was a failure, unable to challenge the dominant market leader Nintendo.


  • Oberkochen, Germany
    Apr, 2005

    Nokia partnered with Carl Zeiss AG

    Oberkochen, Germany
    Apr, 2005

    In April 2005 Nokia partnered with German camera optics maker Carl Zeiss AG.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Jun 01, 2006

    Jorma Ollila retired as CEO

    Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Jun 01, 2006

    On 1 June 2006, Jorma Ollila became the company's chairman and retired as CEO, replaced by Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo.


  • London, England
    Jun, 2008

    Nokia acquired Symbian Ltd.

    London, England
    Jun, 2008

    Nokia acquired the entire company in June 2008 and then formed the Symbian Foundation as its successor.


  • Japan
    Nov, 2008

    Nokia Ends Mobile Phone Sales in Japan

    Japan
    Nov, 2008

    In November 2008 Nokia announced it would end mobile phone sales in Japan because of low market share.


  • London, England
    Feb, 2010

    Symbian OS became Open Source

    London, England
    Feb, 2010

    The old Symbian OS became completely open source in February 2010.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 10, 2010

    The First non-Finnish Director in Nokia's History

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 10, 2010

    On 10 September 2010, Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo was fired as CEO and it was announced that Stephen Elop from Microsoft would take Nokia's CEO position, becoming the first non-Finnish director in Nokia's history. Ollila had also announced that he would step down as Nokia chairman by 2012. On 11 March 2011 Nokia announced that it had paid Elop a $6 million signing bonus as "compensation for lost income from his prior employer", on top of his $1.4 million annual salary.


  • London, England
    Nov, 2010

    Closing Symbian Foundation

    London, England
    Nov, 2010

    In November 2010 it was announced that the Symbian Foundation was closing and that Nokia would take back control of the Symbian operating system under closed licensing.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    Strategic Partnership With Microsoft

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    On 11 February 2011, Nokia announced a "strategic partnership" with Microsoft, under which it would adopt Windows Phone 7 as its primary operating system on smartphones, and integrate its services and platforms with its own, including Bing as search engine, and integration of Nokia Maps data into Bing Maps. Elop stated that Nokia chose not to use Android because of an apparent inability to "differentiate" its offerings, with critics also noting that his past ties to Microsoft may have also influenced the decision.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 01, 2011

    Nokia announced That it Would adopt a New Three-digit Naming System

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 01, 2011

    On 1 August 2011, Nokia announced that it would adopt a new three-digit naming system for mobile phone products and stop using letters, effectively ending the Nseries, Eseries, and short-lived Cseries.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Nov, 2011

    Nokia's First Windows Phone Flagship

    Espoo, Finland
    Nov, 2011

    Nokia's first Windows Phone flagship was the Lumia 800, which arrived in November 2011.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday May 04, 2012

    Ollila Stepped down as Chairman

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday May 04, 2012

    Ollila stepped down as chairman on 4 May 2012 and was replaced by Risto Siilasmaa.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Jul, 2013

    Nokia bought Siemens' Stake in The Nokia Siemens Networks Joint Venture

    Espoo, Finland
    Jul, 2013

    In July 2013, Nokia bought Siemens' stake in the Nokia Siemens Networks joint venture for $2.2 billion, turning it into a wholly owned subsidiary called Nokia Solutions and Networks, until being rebranded as Nokia Networks soon after.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Sep, 2013

    Microsoft acquires Nokia's Devices & Services business

    Espoo, Finland
    Sep, 2013

    In September 2013 Nokia announced the sale of its mobile and devices division to Microsoft. The sale was positive for Nokia to avoid further negative financial figures, as well as for Microsoft's CEO Steve Ballmer, who wanted Microsoft to produce more hardware and turn it into a devices and services company.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 17, 2014

    Nokia Planned To Re-enter The Consumer Electronics business

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 17, 2014

    On 17 November 2014, Nokia Technologies head Ramzi Haidamus disclosed that the company planned to re-enter the consumer electronics business as an original design manufacturer, licensing in-house hardware designs and technologies to third-party manufacturers.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Apr 15, 2015

    Nokia announced That It Had agreed To Purchase Alcatel-Lucent

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Apr 15, 2015

    On 14 April 2015, Nokia confirmed that it was in talks with the French telecommunications equipment company Alcatel-Lucent regarding a potential merger. The next day, Nokia announced that it had agreed to purchase Alcatel-Lucent for €15.6 billion in an all-stock deal.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    CEO Confirmed That The Company Would Return To The Mobile Phones Market

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    On 14 July 2015, CEO Rajeev Suri confirmed that the company would make a return to the mobile phones market in 2016.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 03, 2015

    Nokia announced That It Had Reached a Deal To Sell Its Here Digital Maps Division

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 03, 2015

    On 3 August 2015, Nokia announced that it had reached a deal to sell its Here digital maps division to a consortium of BMW, Daimler AG and Volkswagen Group for €2.8 billion. The deal closed on 3 December 2015.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Nov 30, 2015

    Unveiling OZO

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Nov 30, 2015

    On 28 July 2015, Nokia announced OZO, a 360-degrees virtual reality camera, with eight 2K optical image sensors. The division behind the product, Nokia Technologies, claimed that OZO would be the most advanced VR film-making platform. OZO was fully unveiled on 30 November in Los Angeles. The OZO, designed for professional use, was intended for retail for US$60,000.


  • Issy-les-Moulineaux, France
    Tuesday Apr 26, 2016

    Nokia announced Its Intent to acquire Withings

    Issy-les-Moulineaux, France
    Tuesday Apr 26, 2016

    On 26 April 2016, Nokia announced its intent to acquire French connected health device maker Withings for US$191 million. The company was integrated into a new Digital Health unit of Nokia Technologies. Nokia later wrote off the cost of the acquisition and in May 2018 the health unit was sold back to Éric Carreel, a Withings co-founder and former CEO.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday May 18, 2016

    Microsoft Mobile Sold Its Nokia-branded Feature Phone business To HMD Global

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday May 18, 2016

    On 18 May 2016, Microsoft Mobile sold its Nokia-branded feature phone business to HMD Global, a new company founded by former Nokia executive Jean-Francois Baril, and an associated factory in Vietnam to Foxconn's FIH Mobile subsidiary. Nokia subsequently entered into a long-term licensing deal to make HMD the exclusive manufacturer of Nokia-branded phones and tablets outside Japan, operating in conjunction with Foxconn. The deal also granted HMD the right to essential patents and featurephone software.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jun 28, 2016

    The First 5G-Ready Network

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jun 28, 2016

    On 28 June 2016 Nokia demonstrated for the first time a 5G-ready network.


  • Boulogne-Billancourt, France
    Thursday Nov 03, 2016

    Nokia's Merger on Alcatel-Lucent Was Completed

    Boulogne-Billancourt, France
    Thursday Nov 03, 2016

    In October 2015, following approval of the deal by China's Ministry of Commerce, the merger awaited approval by French regulators. The merger closed on 14 January 2016, but was not complete until 3 November 2016.


  • Oulu, Finland
    Feb, 2017

    Nokia Carried out The First 5G Connection

    Oulu, Finland
    Feb, 2017

    In February 2017 Nokia carried out a 5G connection in Oulu, Finland using the 5GTF standard, backed by Verizon, on Intel architecture-based equipment.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Jun 30, 2017

    Gregory Lee became Nokia Technologies CEO and President

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Jun 30, 2017

    On 30 June 2017, Gregory Lee, previously CEO of Samsung Electronics in North America, was appointed Nokia Technologies CEO and president.


  • Beijing, China
    Wednesday Jul 05, 2017

    Nokia and Xiaomi Have Signed a Business Collaboration agreement and a Multi-year Patent agreement

    Beijing, China
    Wednesday Jul 05, 2017

    On 5 July 2017, Nokia and Xiaomi announced that they have signed a business collaboration agreement and a multi-year patent agreement, including a cross license to each company's cellular standard essential patents. 5GTF


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Jan 19, 2018

    Nokia Signed a Deal With NTT Docomo

    Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Jan 19, 2018

    On 19 January 2018, Nokia signed a deal with NTT Docomo, Japan's largest mobile operator, to provide 5G wireless radio base stations in the country by 2020.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Jan 29, 2018

    Nokia Introduced The ReefShark Line of 5G Chipsets

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Jan 29, 2018

    On 29 January 2018, Nokia introduced the ReefShark line of 5G chipsets, claiming that it triples bandwidth to 84 Gbit/s. It will be released by Q3 2018. It also incorporates artificial intelligence technologies from Bell Labs.


  • Finland
    Tuesday Mar 13, 2018

    Solidium Purchased a 3.3% Stake In Nokia

    Finland
    Tuesday Mar 13, 2018

    On 13 March 2018, Solidium, the investment arm of the Finnish government, purchased a 3.3% stake in Nokia valued at €844 million.


  • California, U.S.
    Monday May 07, 2018

    Nokia announced That It Has acquired SpaceTime Insight

    California, U.S.
    Monday May 07, 2018

    On 7 May 2018, Nokia announced that it has acquired a California-based IoT startup, SpaceTime Insight.


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