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  • Germany
    Monday Sep 09, 1918

    German Empire was dissolved

    Germany
    Monday Sep 09, 1918

    The German Empire was dissolved in the German Revolution 1918-1919, and a Weimer Republic was created.




  • Paris, France
    Saturday Jan 18, 1919

    Paris Peace Conference

    Paris, France
    Saturday Jan 18, 1919

    The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the Allies after the end of world war I to set the peace terms on the defeated Central Powers. The Conference formally opened on 18 January 1919. Five major peace treaties were prepared in Paris Peace Conference: - Treaty of Versailles (28 June 1919) - Treaty of Saint-Germain (10 September 1919) - Treaty on Neuilly (27 November 1919) - Treaty of Trianon (4 June 1920) - Treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920), subsequently revised by the Treaty of Lausanne (24 July 1923).




  • Europe
    Tuesday Nov 11, 1919

    World War I ended

    Europe
    Tuesday Nov 11, 1919

    World War I ended on 11 November 1919.




  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    The League of Nations was the first worldwide international organization whose principle mission to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, and the headquarters was in Geneva, Switzerland.




  • Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, Paris, France
    Monday Jun 28, 1920

    Treaty of Versailles

    Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, Paris, France
    Monday Jun 28, 1920

    Under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost around 13 percent of its home territory and all its overseas possessions, limits were placed on the size and and capability of the country's armed forces.




  • Italy
    1922

    New Roman Empire

    Italy
    1922

    From 1922, the Fascist movement led by Bonito Mussolini controlled power in Italy, with agenda to eradicate representative democracy, Promising to create "New Roman Empire".




  • China
    1930s

    Chinese Civil War

    China
    1930s

    The Kuomintang (KMT) party in China launched a unification campaign against regional warlords and nominally unified China in the mid-1920s, but was soon embroiled in a civil war against its former Chinese Communist Party allies and new regional warlords.


  • Manchuria, China
    Friday Sep 18, 1931

    Mukden Incident

    Manchuria, China
    Friday Sep 18, 1931

    In 1931 Empire of Japan staged the Mukden Incident as a pretext to invade Manchuria.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931

    China appealed to the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931

    China appealed to the League of Nations to stop the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.


  • Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Hitler became the Chancellor

    Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Adolf Hitler, after an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow German government in 1923, he became the Chancellor in 30 January 1933.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after being condemned for its incursion into Manchuria.


  • Tanggu District, Tianjin, China
    Wednesday May 31, 1933

    Tanggu Truce

    Tanggu District, Tianjin, China
    Wednesday May 31, 1933

    The two nations then fought several battles, in Shanghai, Rehe and Hebei, until the Tanggu Truce was signed in 1933.


  • Stresa, Italy
    Sunday Apr 14, 1935

    Stresa Front

    Stresa, Italy
    Sunday Apr 14, 1935

    The United Kingdom, France and Italy formed the Stresa Front in April 1935 to declare the independence of Austria "would continue to inspire there common policy''. The signatories also agreed to resist any future attempt by Germany to change the Treaty of Versailles.


  • Paris, France
    Thursday May 02, 1935

    Franco-Soviet pact

    Paris, France
    Thursday May 02, 1935

    The Soviet Union drafted a treaty of mutual assistance with France. Before taking effect, though, the Franco-Soviet pact was required to go through the bureaucracy of the League of Nations, which rendered it essentially toothless. The Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance was a bilateral treaty between France and the Soviet Union with the aim of enveloping Nazi Germany in 1935 in order to reduce the threat from central Europe. The pact was concluded in Paris on May 2, 1935 and ratified by the French government in February 1936.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1935

    Anglo-German Naval Agreement

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 18, 1935

    United Kingdom made an Anglo-German Naval Agreement regulating the size of Kreigsmarine in to the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Aug 31, 1935

    Neutrality Act 1935

    U.S.
    Saturday Aug 31, 1935

    The United States, concerned with events in Europe and Asia, passed the Neutrality Act at August 1935. The 1935 act, signed on August 31, 1935, imposed a general embargo on trading in arms and war materials with all parties in a war. It also declared that American citizens traveling on warring ships traveled at their own risk.


  • Ethiopia
    Thursday Oct 03, 1935

    Second Italo-Ethiopian War

    Ethiopia
    Thursday Oct 03, 1935

    The Second Italo–Ethiopian War was a brief colonial war that began in October 1935 and ended in May 1936. The war began with the invasion of the Ethiopian Empire by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy. The war resulted in the military occupation of Ethiopia and its annexation into the newly created colony of Italian East Africa.


  • Germany
    Mar, 1936

    Re-militarization of the Rhineland

    Germany
    Mar, 1936

    Hitler defied the Versailles and Locarno treaties by re-militarizing the Rhineland in March 1936, encountering little opposition due to appeasement. The re-militarization of the Rhineland began on 7 March 1936 when German military forces entered the Rhineland.


  • Italy
    Oct, 1936

    Rome–Berlin Axis

    Italy
    Oct, 1936

    In October 1936, Germany and Italy formed the Rome–Berlin Axis.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Nov 25, 1936

    Anti-Comintern Pact

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Nov 25, 1936

    Germany and Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact in 25 November 1936.


  • Xi'an, China
    Saturday Dec 12, 1936
    02:52:00 AM

    Xi'an Incident

    Xi'an, China
    Saturday Dec 12, 1936

    After the 1936 Xi'an Incident, the Kuomintang and communist forces agreed on a ceasefire to present a united front to oppose Japan.


  • Beijing, China
    Jul, 1937

    Marco Polo Bridge Incident

    Beijing, China
    Jul, 1937

    Japan captured the former Chinese imperial capital of Peking as a result of Marco Polo Bridge Incident.


  • Nanjing, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    Soviet non-aggression pact with China

    Nanjing, China
    Saturday Aug 21, 1937

    Soviets signed a non-aggression pact with China to lend material support, ending China's co-operation with Germany.


  • Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 26, 1937

    Battle of Shanghai ended

    Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 26, 1937

    Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek deployed his best army to defend Shanghai, but, after three months of fighting, Shanghai fell.


  • Nanjing, China
    Dec, 1937

    Japanese captured Nanjing

    Nanjing, China
    Dec, 1937

    The Japanese continued to push the Chinese forces back, capturing the capital Nanjing in December 1937.


  • Austria
    Saturday Mar 12, 1938

    Germany annexed Austria

    Austria
    Saturday Mar 12, 1938

    In March 1938, Germany annexed Austria.


  • Munich, Germany
    Friday Sep 30, 1938

    Munich Agreement

    Munich, Germany
    Friday Sep 30, 1938

    Hitler began pressing German claims on the Sudetenland, an area of Czechoslovakia with a predominantly ethnic German population. Soon the United Kingdom and France followed the appeasement policy of British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and conceded this territory to Germany in the Munich Agreement, which was made against the wishes of the Czechoslovak government, in exchange for a promise of no further territorial demands.


  • Czechoslovakia (Present Day Czechia and Slovakia)
    Mar, 1939

    Germany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia

    Czechoslovakia (Present Day Czechia and Slovakia)
    Mar, 1939

    In March 1939, Germany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia and subsequently split it into the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and a pro-German client state, the Slovak Republic.


  • Lithuania
    Monday Mar 20, 1939

    1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania

    Lithuania
    Monday Mar 20, 1939

    Hitler also delivered 20 March 1939 ultimatum to Lithuania, forcing the concession of the Klaipėda Region, formerly the German Memelland.


  • Danzig (Present Day Gdańsk, Poland)
    1939

    Free City of Danzig

    Danzig (Present Day Gdańsk, Poland)
    1939

    Greatly alarmed and with Hitler making further demands on the Free City of Danzig, the United Kingdom and France guaranteed their support for Polish independence.


  • Spain
    Saturday Apr 01, 1939
    21 PM

    Spanish Civil War ended

    Spain
    Saturday Apr 01, 1939
    21 PM

    The Nationalists won the Spanish Civil War in April 1939.


  • Albania
    Wednesday Apr 12, 1939

    Italy conquered Albania

    Albania
    Wednesday Apr 12, 1939

    Italy conquered Albania in April 1939.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 22, 1939

    Pact of Steel

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 22, 1939

    After the Franco-British pledge to Poland, Germany and Italy formalized their own alliance with the Pact of Steel.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Wednesday Aug 23, 1939

    Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

    Moscow, Russia
    Wednesday Aug 23, 1939

    The situation reached a general crisis in late August as German troops continued to mobilize against the Polish border. On 23 August, when tripartite negotiations about a military alliance between France, the United Kingdom and Soviet Union stalled, the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Germany. The Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was a non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled those two powers to divide-up Poland between them.


  • Germany
    Wednesday Aug 23, 1939

    Delayed attack

    Germany
    Wednesday Aug 23, 1939

    Hitler ordered the attack to proceed on 26 August, but upon hearing that the United Kingdom had concluded a formal mutual assistance pact with Poland, and that Italy would maintain neutrality, he decided to delay it.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Aug 30, 1939

    Hitler demanded that a Polish plenipotentiary immediately travel to Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Aug 30, 1939

    On 29 August, Hitler demanded that a Polish plenipotentiary immediately travel to Berlin to negotiate the handover of Danzig, and to allow a plebiscite in the Polish Corridor in which the German minority would vote on secession.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Aug 31, 1939

    Stormy meeting

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Aug 31, 1939

    The Poles refused to comply with the German demands, and on the night of 30–31 August in a stormy meeting with the British ambassador Neville Henderson, Ribbentrop declared that Germany considered its claims rejected.


  • Poland
    Friday Sep 01, 1939

    World War II Begins

    Poland
    Friday Sep 01, 1939

    On 1 September 1939, Germany invaded Poland after having staged several false flag border incidents as a pretext to initiate the attack.


  • Westerplatte, Poland
    Saturday Sep 02, 1939

    First battle of the war

    Westerplatte, Poland
    Saturday Sep 02, 1939

    The Battle of Westerplatte is often described as the first battle of the war. Beginning from 1 August till 7 August.


  • France and United Kingdom
    Monday Sep 04, 1939

    France and Britain declared war on Germany

    France and United Kingdom
    Monday Sep 04, 1939

    The United Kingdom responded with an ultimatum to Germany to cease military operations, and on 3 September, after the ultimatum was ignored, France and Britain, along with their empires, declared war on Germany. The alliance provided no direct military support to Poland, outside of a cautious French probe into the Saarland.


  • Warsaw, Poland
    Friday Sep 08, 1939

    German troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw

    Warsaw, Poland
    Friday Sep 08, 1939

    On 8 September, German troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw. Sight of Warsaw lasted from 8 to 28 September, Germany occupied Warsaw until 1945.


  • Kutno, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland
    Saturday Sep 09, 1939

    Battle of the Bzura

    Kutno, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland
    Saturday Sep 09, 1939

    The Polish counter offensive to the west halted the German advance for several days, but it was outflanked and encircled by the Wehrmacht. The Battle of the Bzura fought between 9 and 19 September 1939, It began as a Polish counter-offensive, but ended with German victory, German forces took all of western Poland.


  • Russia (U.S.S.R.)
    Sep, 1939

    Ceasefire with Japan

    Russia (U.S.S.R.)
    Sep, 1939

    Soviets signed ceasefire with Japan.


  • Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    Soviets invaded Poland

    Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    Soviets invaded Poland from the east. The military operations lasted from 17 September to 6 October. Parting Poland to two divisions, division is ruled by Nazi Germany and the other by the Soviets.


  • Changsha, China
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    First Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, China
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    Japan launched its first attack against Changsha, a strategically important Chinese city, but was repulsed by late September.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Sep 21, 1939

    Cash and Carry

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Sep 21, 1939

    In November 1939, the United States was taking measures to assist China and the Western Allies, and amended the Neutrality Act to allow "cash and carry" purchases by the Allies. Cash and carry was a policy by US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt announced at a joint session of the United States Congress on September 21, 1939, subsequent to the outbreak of war in Europe. It replaced the Neutrality Acts of 1937, by which belligerents could purchase only nonmilitary goods from the United States as long as the recipients paid immediately in cash and assumed all risk in transportation using their own ships.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Sep, 1939

    Mutual assistance pacts

    Moscow, Russia
    Sep, 1939

    The Soviet Union forced the Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the states that were in the Soviet "sphere of influence" under the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact—to sign "mutual assistance pacts" that stipulated stationing Soviet troops in these countries.


  • Kock, Poland
    Monday Oct 02, 1939

    Battle of Kock

    Kock, Poland
    Monday Oct 02, 1939

    The Battle of Kock was the final battle in the invasion of Poland by the German at the beginning of World War II in Europe. It took place between 2–5 October 1939, near the town of Kock, in Poland.


  • Germany
    Friday Oct 06, 1939

    Public peace overture

    Germany
    Friday Oct 06, 1939

    On 6 October, Hitler made a public peace overture to the United Kingdom and France but said that the future of Poland was to be determined exclusively by Germany and the Soviet Union. The proposal was rejected, and Hitler ordered an immediate offensive against France, which would be postponed until the spring of 1940 due to bad weather.


  • Kock, Poland
    Friday Oct 06, 1939

    Polesie surrendered

    Kock, Poland
    Friday Oct 06, 1939

    The last large operational unit of the Polish Army (Independent Operational Group Polesie) surrendered on 6 October, after the battle of Kock. Germany annexed the western and occupied the central part of Poland, and the Soviet Union annexed its eastern part; small shares of Polish territory were transferred to Lithuania and Slovakia.


  • Anhui, Guangdong, Hubei, Henan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Suiyuan
    Nov, 1939

    1939–40 Winter Offensive

    Anhui, Guangdong, Hubei, Henan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Shandong, Suiyuan
    Nov, 1939

    Chinese nationalist forces launched a large-scale counter-offensive in November 1939. The 1939–40 Winter Offensive was one of the major engagements between the National Revolutionary Army and Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War, in which Chinese forces launched their first major counter-offensive on multiple fronts. Although this offensive failed to achieve its original objectives, some studies have shown that it came as a heavy blow to the Japanese forces, as well as a massive shock to the Japanese military command, which did not expect the Chinese forces to be able to launch an offensive operation on such a large scale.


  • Finland (Eastern Finland)
    Thursday Nov 30, 1939

    Winter War

    Finland (Eastern Finland)
    Thursday Nov 30, 1939

    Finland refused to sign a similar pact and rejected ceding part of its territory to the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union invaded Finland in 30 November 1939, and the war ended 13 March 1940.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations.


  • Greece
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    Greco-Italian War

    Greece
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    In October Italy attacked Greece, but the attack was repulsed with heavy Italian casualties; the campaign ended within months with minor territorial changes. The Greco-Italian War took place between Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941. This local war began the Balkans Campaign of World War II between the Axis powers and the Allies. It turned into the Battle of Greece when British and German ground forces intervened early in 1941.


  • Cyrenaica, Libya
    Tuesday Feb 06, 1940

    Operation Sonnenblaume

    Cyrenaica, Libya
    Tuesday Feb 06, 1940

    Italian defeats prompted Germany to deploy an expeditionary force to North Africa. Operation Sonnenblaume (6 February - 25 May) was the name given to the dispatch of German troops to North Africa in February 1941, The Italian 10th Army had been destroyed by the British and Allied Western Desert Force attacks during Operation Compass (9 December 1940 – 9 February 1941). Sonnenblume succeeded because the ability of the Germans to mount an offensive was underestimated by General Archbald Wavell, the Commander in Chief Middle East, the War Office and by Winston Churchill.


  • Norway
    Monday Apr 08, 1940

    Operation Wilfred

    Norway
    Monday Apr 08, 1940

    Operation Wilfred was a British naval operation during the Second World War that involved the mining of the channel between Norway and her offshore islands to prevent the transport of Swedish iron ore through neutral Norwegian waters to be used to sustain the German war effort. The Allies assumed that Wilfred would provoke a German response in Norway and prepared a separate operation known as Plan R 4 to occupy Narvik and other important locations. On 8 April 1940, the operation was partly carried out, but was overtaken by events as a result of the following day′s German invasion of Norway and Denmark (Operation Weserübung), which began the Norwegian Campaign.


  • Norway
    Monday Apr 08, 1940

    Norwegian campaign

    Norway
    Monday Apr 08, 1940

    The Norwegian campaign was an attempted Allied occupation of northern Norway, during the early stages of World War II. Resulted evacuation of the Norwegian government and the royal family, establishment of the Norwegian armed forces from the exile. The 62 days of fighting made Norway the nation that withstood a German land invasion for the second longest period of time, after the Soviet Union.


  • Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 09, 1940

    Operation Weserübung

    Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 09, 1940

    In April 1940, Germany invaded Denmark and Norway to protect shipments of iron ore from Sweden, which the Allies were attempting to cut off. The operation lasted from 9 April to 10 June 1940.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 07, 1940

    The Norway Debate

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 07, 1940

    The Norway Debate, sometimes called the Narvik Debate, was a momentous debate in the British House of Commons during the Second World War from 7 to 9 May 1940. It has been called the most far-reaching parliamentary debate of the twentieth century. At the end of the second day, the members held a vote of no confidence which was won by the government, but with a drastically reduced majority.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Neville Chamberlain resignation

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    On 10 May, Neville Chamberlain resigned as prime minister.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Churchill in the office

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Winston Churchill appointed the prime minster of the United Kingdom.


  • France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Fall of France

    France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Germany launched an offensive against France. To circumvent the strong Maginot Line fortifications on the Franco-German border, Germany directed its attack at the neutral nations of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.


  • Greece
    May, 1940

    Germany invaded Greece

    Greece
    May, 1940

    Germany invaded Greece in May 1940, to join the Italian forces in Battle of Greece (28 October 1940 – 1 June 1941), resulting Axis occupation of Greece.


  • Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    Battle of Alps

    Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    On 10 June, Italy invaded France, declaring war on both France and the United Kingdom. It was the first major engagement of the World War II.


  • Malta
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Siege of Malta

    Malta
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    In early June 1940 the Italian Royal Air Forces attacked and besieged Malta, a British possession. The siege lasted from June 1940 to November 1942, the fight for the control of the strategically important island of the British Crown Colony of Malta, which pitted the air forces and navies of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany against the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Royal Navy. By May 1943, the Allied forces had sunk 230 Axis ships in 164 days, the highest Allied sinking rate of the war. The Allied victory in Malta played a major role in the eventual Allied success in North Africa.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    Surrender of Paris

    Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    German soldiers marched past the Arch de Triomphe after the surrender of Paris.


  • Compiègne, France
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    Second Armistice at Compiègne

    Compiègne, France
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    On 22 June, the Second Armistice at Compiègne was signed by France and Germany. The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:35 near Compiègne, France, by officials of Nazi Germany and the French Third Republic. It did not come into effect until after midnight on 25 June.


  • Bessarabia; northern Bukovina (Present Day Moldova)
    Friday Jun 28, 1940

    The Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina

    Bessarabia; northern Bukovina (Present Day Moldova)
    Friday Jun 28, 1940

    Romania and Hungary would make major contributions to the Axis war against the Soviet Union, in Romania's case partially to recapture territory ceded to the Soviet Union. The Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina took place during June, 28–July 4, 1940 as a result of the Soviet Union ultimatum given to Romania on June 26, 1940, under the threat of the use of force.


  • Mers El Kébir, French Algeria, North Africa (Present Day Algeria)
    Wednesday Jul 03, 1940

    Attack on Mers-el-Kébir

    Mers El Kébir, French Algeria, North Africa (Present Day Algeria)
    Wednesday Jul 03, 1940

    France kept its fleet, which the United Kingdom attacked on 3 July in an attempt to prevent its seizure by Germany.


  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 10, 1940

    Britain is under attack

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 10, 1940

    The Battle of Britain began in early July with Luftwaffe attacks on shipping and harbors. The United Kingdom rejected Hitler's ultimatum, and the German air superiority campaign started in August but failed to defeat RAF Fighter Command, forcing the indefinite postponement of the proposed German invasion of Britain. The Battle lasted from 10 July to 31 October.


  • British Somaliland (Present Day Somaliland)
    Saturday Aug 03, 1940

    Italian conquest of British Somaliland

    British Somaliland (Present Day Somaliland)
    Saturday Aug 03, 1940

    In late summer through early autumn Italy conquered British Somaliland from 3 to 19 August 1940.


  • Central China
    Wednesday Aug 21, 1940

    Hundred Regiments Offensive

    Central China
    Wednesday Aug 21, 1940

    In August, Chinese communists launched an offensive in Central China. The Hundred Regiments Offensive took place between 20 August to 5 December 1941, was a major campaign of the Communist Party of China's National Revolutionary Army divisions commanded by Peng Dehuai against the Imperial Japanese Army in Central China. The battle had long been the focus of propaganda in the history of Chinese Communist Party but had become Peng Dehuai's "crime" during the Cultural Revolution. Certain issues regarding its launching and consequences are still controversial.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 03, 1940

    American destroyers for British bases

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 03, 1940

    In 1940, following the German capture of Paris, the size of the United States Navy was significantly increased. In September the United States further agreed to a trade of American destroyers for British bases.


  • Libya and Efypt
    Monday Sep 09, 1940

    Italian invasion of Egypt

    Libya and Efypt
    Monday Sep 09, 1940

    The Italian invasion of Egypt (Operazione E) was an offensive in the Second World War, against British, Commonwealth and Free French forces in Egypt. The invasion by the Italian 10th Army (10ª Armata) ended border skirmishing on the frontier and began the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) proper. The goal of the Italian forces in Libya was to seize the Suez Canal by advancing along the Egyptian coast. After numerous delays, the scope of the offensive was reduced to an advance as far as Sidi Barrani, with attacks on British forces in the area. It lasted from 9 September to 16 September.


  • Indochina (Present Day Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos)
    Monday Sep 23, 1940

    Japan invaded northern Indochina

    Indochina (Present Day Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos)
    Monday Sep 23, 1940

    To increase pressure on China by blocking supply routes, and to better position Japanese forces in the event of a war with the Western powers, Japan invaded and occupied northern Indochina. Afterwards, the United States embargoed iron, steel and mechanical parts against Japan.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Sep 28, 1940

    Tripartite Pact

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Sep 28, 1940

    At the end of September 1940, the Tripartite Pact formally united Japan, Italy, and Germany as the Axis Powers.


  • Taranto, Italy
    Monday Nov 11, 1940

    Battle of Taranto

    Taranto, Italy
    Monday Nov 11, 1940

    The Royal Navy launched the first all-aircraft ship-to-ship naval attack in history, employing 21 Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bombers from the aircraft carrier HMS Illustrious in the Mediterranean Sea. The attack struck the battle fleet of the Regia Marina (Italian Military Navy) at anchor in the harbor of Taranto, using aerial torpedoes despite the shallowness of the water. The Battle took place in the night of 11-12 November 1940.


  • Germany
    Nov, 1940

    The Axis expanded

    Germany
    Nov, 1940

    The Axis expanded in November 1940 when Hungary, Slovakia and Romania joined. Romania and Hungary would make major contributions to the Axis war against the Soviet Union, in Romania's case partially to recapture territory ceded to the Soviet Union.


  • Japan
    Wednesday Nov 20, 1940

    Final offer

    Japan
    Wednesday Nov 20, 1940

    On 20 November, a new government under Hideki Tojo presented an interim proposal as its final offer. It called for the end of American aid to China and for lifting the embargo on the supply of oil and other resources to Japan. In exchange, Japan promised not to launch any attacks in Southeast Asia and to withdraw its forces from southern Indochina.


  • U.S.S.R (Present Day Russia)
    Nov, 1940

    Soviet Union would join the Tripartite Pact

    U.S.S.R (Present Day Russia)
    Nov, 1940

    In November 1940, negotiations took place to determine if the Soviet Union would join the Tripartite Pact. The Soviets showed some interest but asked for concessions from Finland, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Japan that Germany considered unacceptable.


  • Sidi Barrani, Egypt to Eastern Libya
    Monday Dec 09, 1940

    Operation Compass

    Sidi Barrani, Egypt to Eastern Libya
    Monday Dec 09, 1940

    In December 1940, British Empire forces began counter-offensives against Italian forces in Egypt and Italian East Africa. The offensives were highly successful. Operation Compass was the first large British military operation of the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) during the Second World War, and took place between 9 December 1940 to 9 February 1941.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 18, 1940

    Hitler issued the directive to prepare for an invasion of the Soviet Union

    Berlin, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 18, 1940

    On 18 December 1940, Hitler issued the directive to prepare for an invasion of the Soviet Union.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Dec 29, 1940

    Arsenal of Democracy

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Dec 29, 1940

    In December 1940 Roosevelt accused Hitler of planning world conquest and ruled out any negotiations as useless, calling for the United States to become an "arsenal of democracy".


  • Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 08, 1941

    New Fourth Army incident

    Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 08, 1941

    Continued antipathy between Chinese communist and nationalist forces culminated in armed clashes in January 1941, effectively ending their co-operation. New Fourth Army incident was argued as a punishment of Communist insubordination and Nationalist treachery.


  • U.S. and Japan
    1941

    United States and Japan had been engaged in negotiations

    U.S. and Japan
    1941

    Since early 1941 the United States and Japan had been engaged in negotiations in an attempt to improve their strained relations and end the war in China. During these negotiations, Japan advanced a number of proposals which were dismissed by the Americans as inadequate. At the same time the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands engaged in secret discussions for the joint defence of their territories, in the event of a Japanese attack against any of them.


  • (Present Day Vienna, Austria)
    Mar, 1941

    Bulgaria and Yugoslavia signed the Tripartite Pact

    (Present Day Vienna, Austria)
    Mar, 1941

    By March 1941, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia signed the Tripartite Pact.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1941

    Lend-Lease

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1941

    Roosevelt promoted Lend-Lease programmes of aid to support the British war effort.


  • Shanggao, Jiangxi, China
    Saturday Mar 15, 1941

    Battle of Shanggao

    Shanggao, Jiangxi, China
    Saturday Mar 15, 1941

    In March, the Japanese 11th army attacked the headquarters of the Chinese 19th army but was repulsed during Battle of Shanggao.


  • Mediterranean Sea off Cape Matapan, Greece
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    Battle of Cape Matapan

    Mediterranean Sea off Cape Matapan, Greece
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    Ships of the Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy, intercepted and sank or severely damaged several ships of the Italian Regia Marina under Squadron-Vice-Admiral Angelo Iachino. The Battle of Cape Matapan fought from 27 to 29 March 1941.


  • Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Present Day Belgrade, Serbia)
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    Yugoslav coup d'état

    Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Present Day Belgrade, Serbia)
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    The Yugoslav government was overthrown two days later (Tripartite Pact Signature) by nationalists. The Yugoslav coup d'état of 27 March 1941 in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, replaced the regency led by Prince Paul and installed King Peter II.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 06, 1941

    Invasion of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 06, 1941

    Germany responded with simultaneous invasion of Yugoslavia. It was Known as the April War or Operation 25, which occurred between 6 to 18 April. The attack led to German occupation to Yugoslavia.


  • Yugoslavia
    Apr, 1941

    Guerrilla liberation war in Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Apr, 1941

    Although the Axis victory was swift, bitter and large-scale partisan warfare subsequently broke out against the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia, which continued until the end of the war (6 April 1941 – 25 May 1945).


  • Tobruk, Libya
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    The Siege of Tobruk

    Tobruk, Libya
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War. The siege diverted Axis troops from the frontier and the Tobruk garrison repulsed several Axis attacks.


  • Moscow, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Moscow, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact

    Moscow, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Moscow, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    With the Soviets wary of mounting tensions with Germany and the Japanese planning to take advantage of the European War by seizing resource-rich European possessions in Southeast Asia, the two powers signed the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact in April 1941.


  • Iraq
    Friday May 02, 1941

    Anglo–Iraqi War

    Iraq