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  • U.S.
    Friday Aug 19, 1791

    Benjamin Banneker

    Banneker wrote a letter to Thomas Jefferson

    U.S.
    Friday Aug 19, 1791

    On August 19, 1791, after departing the federal capital area, Banneker wrote a letter to Thomas Jefferson, who in 1776 had drafted the United States Declaration of Independence and in 1791 was serving as the United States Secretary of State.




  • Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 19, 1871

    The Wright brothers

    Orville Birth

    Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 19, 1871

    Orville in Dayton, Ohio, in 1871.




  • Germany
    Sunday Aug 19, 1934

    Adolf Hitler

    The Merger was approved

    Germany
    Sunday Aug 19, 1934

    On 19 August, the merger of the presidency with the chancellorship was approved by 88 per cent of the electorate voting in a plebiscite.




  • Dieppe, France
    Wednesday Aug 19, 1942

    World War II

    Dieppe Raid

    Dieppe, France
    Wednesday Aug 19, 1942

    Operation Jubilee, more commonly referred to as the Dieppe Raid, was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France, on 19 August 1942. The main assault lasted less than six hours until strong German defenses and mounting Allied losses forced its commanders to call a retreat.




  • Belarus, Baltic states, Ukraine, and eastern Poland
    Saturday Aug 19, 1944

    World War II

    Operation Bagration - Great defeat

    Belarus, Baltic states, Ukraine, and eastern Poland
    Saturday Aug 19, 1944

    On 22 June, the Soviets launched a strategic offensive in Belarus ("Operation Bagration") that destroyed the German Army Group Centre almost completely. The Soviet Union inflicted the biggest defeat in German military history by destroying 28 out of 34 divisions of Army Group Centre and completely shattered the German front line. The Battle ended on 19 August 1944.




  • Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Sunday Aug 19, 1973

    Johan Cruyff

    Last match with Ajax

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Sunday Aug 19, 1973

    On 19 August 1973, he played his last match for Ajax where they defeated FC Amsterdam 6–1, the second match of the 1973–74 season.




  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Aug 19, 1977

    Rosa Parks

    Her Husband's Death

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Aug 19, 1977

    Her husband died of throat cancer on August 19, 1977, and her brother, her only sibling, died of cancer that November. Her personal ordeals caused her to become removed from the civil rights movement.


  • Riyadh, Saudia Arabia
    Tuesday Aug 19, 1980

    Plane Accidents

    Saudia Flight 163

    Riyadh, Saudia Arabia
    Tuesday Aug 19, 1980

    Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011, became the world's deadliest aviation accident that did not involve a crash. On August 19, 1980, The crew performed an emergency landing at Riyadh after a fire broke out in an aft baggage compartment. The fire burned through the ceiling of the compartment and into the passenger cabin. While the crew managed to land the plane safely, the captain did not stop immediately and order an evacuation. He taxied off the runway instead, by which time everyone in the cabin had become unconscious due to fumes and unable to open any doors or evacuate. All 301 passengers and crew died of suffocation before rescue ground crews could open any door, after which the aircraft burst into flames and was consumed by fire.


  • Azerbaijan
    Saturday Aug 19, 1989

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Demand the release of political prisoners

    Azerbaijan
    Saturday Aug 19, 1989

    On August 19, 600,000 protesters jammed Baku's Lenin Square (now Azadliq Square) to demand the release of political prisoners.


  • Ukraine
    Saturday Aug 19, 1989

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church

    Ukraine
    Saturday Aug 19, 1989

    On August 19, 1989, the Russian Orthodox Parish of Saints Peter and Paul announced it would be switching to the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.


  • Foros, Crimea
    Monday Aug 19, 1991

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Holiday in Foros

    Foros, Crimea
    Monday Aug 19, 1991

    On August 19, 1991, Gorbachev's vice president, Gennady Yanayev, Prime Minister Valentin Pavlov, Defense Minister Dmitry Yazov, KGB chief Vladimir Kryuchkov and other senior officials acted to prevent the union treaty from being signed by forming the "General Committee on the State Emergency", which put Gorbachev – on holiday in Foros, Crimea – under house arrest and cut off his communications.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Monday Aug 19, 1996

    First Chechen War

    Ultimatum for Chechen fighters to leave the city within 48 hours

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Monday Aug 19, 1996

    On 19 August, despite the presence of 50,000 to 200,000 Chechen civilians and thousands of federal servicemen in Grozny, the Russian commander Konstantin Pulikovsky gave an ultimatum for Chechen fighters to leave the city within 48 hours, or else it would be leveled in a massive aerial and artillery bombardment. He stated that federal forces would use strategic bombers (not used in Chechnya up to this point) and ballistic missiles. This announcement was followed by chaotic scenes of panic as civilians tried to flee before the army carried out its threat, with parts of the city ablaze and falling shells scattering refugee columns.


  • Rome, Italy
    Sunday Aug 19, 2001

    Francesco Totti

    First Supercoppa Italiana

    Rome, Italy
    Sunday Aug 19, 2001

    On 19 August 2001 Totti won his first Supercoppa Italiana, scoring and assisting in the 3–0 win against Fiorentina.


  • San Jose, California, U.S.
    Sunday Aug 19, 2001

    Dwayne Johnson

    SummerSlam (2001)

    San Jose, California, U.S.
    Sunday Aug 19, 2001

    The Rock defeated Booker T, at SummerSlam, to win the WCW Championship for the first time.


  • Mountain View, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 19, 2004

    Google LLC

    Google's Initial Public Offering (IPO)

    Mountain View, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 19, 2004

    Google's initial public offering (IPO) took place five years later, on August 19, 2004. At that time Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Eric Schmidt agreed to work together at Google for 20 years, until the year 2024. At IPO, the company offered 19,605,052 shares at a price of $85 per share. Shares were sold in an online auction format using a system built by Morgan Stanley and Credit Suisse, underwriters for the deal. The sale of $1.67 billion gave Google a market capitalization of more than $23 billion.


  • China
    Thursday Aug 19, 2004

    Amazon

    Amazon acquires Joyo

    China
    Thursday Aug 19, 2004

    Amazon acquires Joyo, an online bookstore in China, for $75 million, which then becomes the 7th regional website of Amazon.com. joyo later becomes Amazon China.


  • Milan, Italy
    Sunday Aug 19, 2007

    Francesco Totti

    The 2007 Supercoppa Italiana

    Milan, Italy
    Sunday Aug 19, 2007

    On 19 August 2007, Totti contributed to Roma's 1–0 victory over Inter in the 2007 Supercoppa Italiana, winning a penalty which was subsequently converted by Daniele De Rossi.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 19, 2008

    Bart Millard

    Hymned Again

    U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 19, 2008

    Millard did the second of his two hymn albums because he realized that the church he was attending did not sing hymns, and he wanted his children to have hymns as a part of their lives.


  • Madrid, Spain
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2009

    Kaká

    First goal for Madrid

    Madrid, Spain
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2009

    He scored his first goal for Madrid during a pre-season match on 19 August 2009, in a 5–0 victory against Borussia Dortmund.


  • U.S.
    Monday Aug 19, 2013

    Mark Zuckerberg

    Hacked

    U.S.
    Monday Aug 19, 2013

    On August 19, 2013, The Washington Post reported that Zuckerberg's Facebook profile was hacked by an unemployed web developer.


  • Roanoke, Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 19, 2014

    Samsung

    Acquiring Quietside LLC

    Roanoke, Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 19, 2014

    On 19 August 2014, Samsung said it had acquired U.S. air conditioner distributor Quietside LLC as part of its push to strengthen its "smart home" business. A Samsung Electronics spokesman said the South Korean company acquired 100 percent of Quietside, but declined to elaborate on the price or other details.


  • Pula, Croatia
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2015

    Garry Kasparov

    He played and won the 19 games of a simultaneous exhibition

    Pula, Croatia
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2015

    On Wednesday 19 August 2015 he played and won the 19 games of a simultaneous exhibition in Pula, Croatia.


  • Worldwide
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2020

    Lothar Meyer

    Google celebrated his 190th birthday

    Worldwide
    Wednesday Aug 19, 2020

    On 19 August 2020, Google celebrated his 190th birthday with a Google Doodle.


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