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  • Varel, Duchy of Oldenburg (Present Day Varel, Germany)
    Friday Aug 20, 1830

    Lothar Meyer

    Birth

    Varel, Duchy of Oldenburg (Present Day Varel, Germany)
    Friday Aug 20, 1830

    Lothar Meyer was born in Varel, Germany (then part of the Duchy of Oldenburg). He was the son of Friedrich August Meyer, a physician, and Anna Biermann.




  • Tokyo, China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1905

    Xinhai Revolution

    Tongmenghui (United League)

    Tokyo, China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1905

    Sun Yat-sen successfully united the Revive China Society, Huaxinghui and Guangfuhui in the summer of 1905, thereby establishing the unified Tongmenghui (United League) in August 1905 in Tokyo.




  • Montana and Idaho, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 20, 1910

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Great Fire of 1910

    Montana and Idaho, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 20, 1910

    The Great Fire of 1910 (also commonly referred to as the Big Blowup, the Big Burn, or the Devil's Broom fire) was a wildfire in the western United States that burned three million acres (4,700 sq mi; 12,100 km2) in North Idaho and Western Montana, with extensions into Eastern Washington and Southeast British Columbia, in the summer of 1910. It killed 87 people, mostly firefighters.




  • Ireland
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1919

    Irish War of Independence

    Oath of Allegiance

    Ireland
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1919

    The Oath of Allegiance to the Irish Republic which the Dáil had instated on 20 August 1919.




  • North China
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1940

    Mao Zedong

    The Hundred Regiments Campaign

    North China
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1940

    In August 1940, the Red Army initiated the Hundred Regiments Campaign, in which 400,000 troops attacked the Japanese simultaneously in five provinces. It was a military success that resulted in the death of 20,000 Japanese, the disruption of railways and the loss of a coal mine.




  • England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill made a statement that created a famous nickname

    England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1940

    On 20 August 1940, at the height of the Battle of Britain, Churchill addressed the Commons to outline the war situation. In the middle of this speech, he made a statement that created a famous nickname for the RAF fighter pilots involved in the battle: The gratitude of every home in our Island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to the British airmen who, undaunted by odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the World War by their prowess and by their devotion. Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.




  • Požarevac, Serbia (Then German-occupied Serbia)
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1941

    Slobodan Milošević

    Born

    Požarevac, Serbia (Then German-occupied Serbia)
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1941

    Milošević was born in Požarevac, four months after the Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and raised during the Axis occupation of World War II.


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle allowed to entered Paris

    Paris, France
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    On 20 August; it allowed him to enter Paris as a liberator in the midst of the general euphoria. After the Germans had forcibly removed members of the Vichy government and taken them to Germany a few days earlier.


  • Romania
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    World War II

    Jassy–Kishinev Offensive

    Romania
    Sunday Aug 20, 1944

    Soviet Red Army's strategic offensive in eastern Romania cut off and destroyed the considerable German troops there, the offensive lasted 9 days after it started on 20 August 1944.


  • Manchuria, China
    Monday Aug 20, 1945

    World War II

    Soviets invaded Japanese-held Manchuria

    Manchuria, China
    Monday Aug 20, 1945

    Soviets invaded Japanese-held Manchuria.


  • China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1950

    Korean War

    China warning

    China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1950

    On 20 August 1950, Premier Zhou Enlai informed the UN that "Korea is China's neighbor ... The Chinese people cannot but be concerned about a solution of the Korean question". Thus, through neutral-country diplomats, China warned that in safeguarding Chinese national security, they would intervene against the UN Command in Korea.


  • Skikda, Algeria
    Saturday Aug 20, 1955

    Algerian War

    The massacre of Pieds-Noirs

    Skikda, Algeria
    Saturday Aug 20, 1955

    The FLN adopted tactics similar to those of nationalist groups in Asia, and the French did not realize the seriousness of the challenge they faced until 1955, when the FLN moved into urbanized areas. "An important watershed in the War of Independence was the massacre of Pieds-Noirs civilians by the FLN near the town of Philippeville (now known as Skikda) in August 1955. Before this operation, FLN policy was to attack only military and government-related targets. The commander of the Constantine wilaya/region, however, decided a drastic escalation was needed. The killing by the FLN and its supporters of 123 people, including 71 French,S including old women and babies, shocked Jacques Soustelle into calling for more repressive measures against the rebels.


  • England
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1969

    The Beatles

    The Last Occasion on which all Four Beatles Were Together

    England
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1969

    The completion and mixing of "I Want You (She's So Heavy)" on 20 August 1969 was the last occasion on which all four Beatles were together in the same studio.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1975

    Ted Bundy

    Thompson flew to Seattle with two other detectives to interview Kloepfer

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1975

    Salt Lake City police placed Bundy on 24-hour surveillance, and Thompson flew to Seattle with two other detectives to interview Kloepfer. She told them that in the year prior to Bundy's move to Utah, she had discovered objects that she "couldn't understand" in her house and in Bundy's apartment. These items included crutches, a bag of plaster of Paris that he admitted stealing from a medical supply house, and a meat cleaver that was never used for cooking. Additional objects included surgical gloves, an Oriental knife in a wooden case that he kept in his glove compartment, and a sack full of women's clothing. Bundy was perpetually in debt, and Kloepfer suspected that he had stolen almost everything of significant value that he possessed. When she confronted him over a new TV and stereo, he warned her, "If you tell anyone, I'll break your fucking neck." She said Bundy became "very upset" whenever she considered cutting her hair, which was long and parted in the middle. She would sometimes awaken in the middle of the night to find him under the bed covers with a flashlight, examining her body. He kept a lug wrench, taped halfway up the handle, in the trunk of her car—another Volkswagen Beetle, which he often borrowed—"for protection". The detectives confirmed that Bundy had not been with Kloepfer on any of the nights during which the Pacific Northwest victims had vanished, nor on the day Ott and Naslund were abducted. Shortly thereafter, Kloepfer was interviewed by Seattle homicide detective Kathy McChesney, and learned of the existence of Stephanie Brooks and her brief engagement to Bundy around Christmas 1973.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 1979

    Johan Cruyff

    To Los Angeles

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 1979

    At the age of 32, Cruyff signed a lucrative deal with the Los Angeles Aztecs of the North American Soccer League (NASL).


  • Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1986

    Mass Shootings in the United States

    Edmond Post Office Shooting

    Edmond, Oklahoma, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1986

    The Edmond post office shooting occurred in Edmond, Oklahoma, on August 20, 1986. During a deadly rampage that lasted less than fifteen minutes, postal worker Patrick Sherrill pursued and shot twenty co-workers, killing fourteen of them, before committing suicide. Sherrill's attack inspired the American phrase "going postal".


  • Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Peace

    Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By 20 August 1988, peace with Iran was restored. UN peacekeepers belonging to the UNIIMOG mission took the field, remaining on the Iran–Iraq border until 1991.


  • Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Gulf War

    The ceasefire with Iran

    Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By the time the ceasefire with Iran was signed in August 1988, Iraq was heavily debt-ridden and tensions within society were rising.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1991

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Less centralized state

    Russia
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1991

    Faced with growing separatism, Gorbachev sought to restructure the Soviet Union into a less centralized state. On August 20, 1991, the Russian SFSR was scheduled to sign a New Union Treaty that would have converted the Soviet Union into a federation of independent republics with a common president, foreign policy and military. It was strongly supported by the Central Asian republics, which needed the economic advantages of a common market to prosper.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1991

    Vladimir Putin

    Resignation from KGB

    Russia
    Tuesday Aug 20, 1991

    Putin claims that he resigned with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel on 20 August 1991


  • Thailand
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1997

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    Bailout package

    Thailand
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1997

    The IMF approved on 20 August 1997, another bailout package of $2.9 billion.


  • U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 2012

    Apple Inc.

    World record

    U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 2012

    On August 20, 2012, Apple's rising stock price increased the company's market capitalization to a world-record $624 billion.


  • Bombay House, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    Thursday Aug 20, 2015

    Uber

    Uber raises $100 million in private equity from the Tata Opportunities Fund

    Bombay House, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
    Thursday Aug 20, 2015

    Uber raises $100 million in private equity from the Tata Opportunities Fund, a fund of the Tata Group in India, with the goal of using the money to help it double down on its India operations.


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