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  • Göttingen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1024

    Holy Roman Empire

    Henry II Died

    Göttingen, Germany, Holy Roman Empire
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1024

    Henry II died in 1024 and Conrad II, first of the Salian Dynasty, was elected king only after some debate among dukes and nobles. This group eventually developed into the college of Electors.




  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 13, 1798

    George Washington

    Commanding General

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 13, 1798

    Washington served as the commanding general from July 13, 1798 until his death 17 months later.




  • Shubra Khit, Egypt
    Friday Jul 13, 1798

    Napoleon

    Battle of Shubra Khit

    Shubra Khit, Egypt
    Friday Jul 13, 1798

    Napoleon fought the Battle of Shubra Khit against the Mamluks, Egypt's ruling military caste.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Jul 13, 1878

    Armenian Genocide

    The Treaty of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Jul 13, 1878

    The Treaty of Berlin (formally the Treaty between Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, Italy, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire for the Settlement of Affairs in the East) was signed on 13 July 1878. In the aftermath of the Russian victory against the Ottoman Empire in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, the major powers restructured the map of the Balkan region. They reversed some of the extreme gains claimed by Russia in the preliminary Treaty of San Stefano, but the Ottomans lost their major holdings in Europe. It was one of three major peace agreements in the period after the 1815 Congress of Vienna. It was the final act of the Congress of Berlin (13 June – 13 July 1878) and included Great Britain and Ireland, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman Empire. Germany's Otto von Bismarck was the chairman and dominant personality.




  • Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales, United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 13, 1911

    Edward VIII

    Officially invested as Prince of Wales

    Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales, United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 13, 1911

    Edward was officially invested as Prince of Wales in a special ceremony at Caernarfon Castle on 13 July 1911.




  • Lewiston, Idaho,U.S.
    Monday Jul 13, 1925

    Walt Disney

    Marriage

    Lewiston, Idaho,U.S.
    Monday Jul 13, 1925

    Disney married Lillian Bounds in July 1925, at her brother's house in her hometown of Lewiston, Idaho. The marriage was generally happy, according to Lillian, although according to Disney's biographer Neal Gabler she did not "accept Walt's decisions meekly or his status unquestionably, and she admitted that he was always telling people 'how henpecked he is'." Lillian had little interest in films or the Hollywood social scene and she was, in the words of the historian Steven Watts, "content with household management and providing support for her husband".




  • Uruguay
    Sunday Jul 13, 1930

    FIFA World Cup

    First World Cup

    Uruguay
    Sunday Jul 13, 1930

    In 1930, FIFA made the decision to stage their own international tournament. The 1932 Summer Olympics, held in Los Angeles, did not plan to include football as part of the programme due to the low popularity of the sport in the United States. FIFA and the IOC also disagreed over the status of amateur players, and so football was dropped from the Games. FIFA president Jules Rimet thus set about organizing the inaugural World Cup tournament.


  • Darmstadt, Germany
    Monday Jul 13, 1931

    Great Depression

    Danatbank becomes insolvent

    Darmstadt, Germany
    Monday Jul 13, 1931

    Germany's second largest bank, Danatbank, becomes insolvent on July 13th. Two day bank holiday is declared. Industry suffers a catastrophic collapse.


  • Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Kutuzov

    Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation. It commenced on 12 July 1943, in the Central Russian Upland, against Army Group Center of the German Wehrmacht. The Operation began on 12 July and ended on 18 August 1943 with the capture of Orel and collapse of the Orel bulge.


  • Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland
    Thursday Jul 13, 1944

    World War II

    Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive

    Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland
    Thursday Jul 13, 1944

    The Red Army attacked the German forces in Ukraine and Eastern Poland. The operations started on 13 July 1944, and lasted for 47 days.


  • North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Sunday Jul 13, 1969

    Communist insurgency in Sarawak

    Sarawak Communist Organisation created the North Kalimantan People's Guerrilla Force

    North Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Sunday Jul 13, 1969

    To replace the decimated SPGF, the Sarawak Communist Organisation created the North Kalimantan People's Guerrilla Force at Nonok on 13 July 1969.


  • West Germany
    Monday Jul 13, 1970

    FIFA World Cup

    A New Trophy

    West Germany
    Monday Jul 13, 1970

    A new trophy was created for the 1974 edition, held in West Germany.


  • Spain
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    FIFA World Cup

    First Expansion

    Spain
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    Spain hosted an expanded 1982 World Cup which featured 24 teams, the first expansion since 1934. The teams were divided into six groups of four, with the top two teams in each group advancing to the second round, where they split into four groups of three.


  • Basra, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Ramadan

    Basra, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    The Iranians planned their attack in southern Iraq, near Basra. Called Operation Ramadan, it involved over 180,000 troops from both sides, and was one of the largest land battles since World War II.


  • Bethesda, Maryland, U.S
    Saturday Jul 13, 1985

    Ronald Reagan

    Colon Surgery

    Bethesda, Maryland, U.S
    Saturday Jul 13, 1985

    On July 13, 1985, Reagan underwent surgery at Bethesda Naval Hospital to remove cancerous polyps from his colon.


  • Wembley Stadium, London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 13, 1985

    Freddie Mercury

    Live Aid

    Wembley Stadium, London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 13, 1985

    One of Mercury's most notable performances with Queen took place at Live Aid in 1985.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 13, 2007

    Bin Laden

    Senate voted to double the reward

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 13, 2007

    On July 13, 2007, the Senate voted to double the reward to $50 million though the amount was never changed.


  • Italy
    Friday Jul 13, 2012

    Zlatan Ibrahimović

    Serie A Top Scorer

    Italy
    Friday Jul 13, 2012

    He finished the season as Serie A top scorer with 28 goals in 32 matches.


  • Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asuncion, Paraguay
    Saturday Jul 13, 2013

    Ronaldinho

    Copa Libertadores

    Estadio Defensores del Chaco, Asuncion, Paraguay
    Saturday Jul 13, 2013

    Ronaldinho helped Atlético win the Campeonato Mineiro and led the club to its first title of the Copa Libertadores.


  • Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 13, 2014

    Lionel Messi

    Argentina has Fallen

    Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 13, 2014

    Germany beats Argentina in World Cup Final 1-0


  • England
    Wednesday Jul 13, 2016

    Theresa May

    Second Female British Prime Minister

    England
    Wednesday Jul 13, 2016

    On 13 July 2016, two days after becoming Leader of the Conservative Party, May was appointed Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II, becoming only the second female British Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher.


  • London, England
    Wednesday Jul 13, 2016

    David Cameron

    Cameron submit his resignation to the Queen

    London, England
    Wednesday Jul 13, 2016

    Cameron announced he would hold a final cabinet meeting on 12 July and then following a final Prime Minister's Questions submit his resignation to the Queen on the afternoon of 13 July.


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