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  • Algeria
    Friday Jul 14, 1865

    Algerian War

    Code de l'indigénat

    Algeria
    Friday Jul 14, 1865

    Under the Second Empire (1852–1871), the Code de l'indigénat (Indigenous Code) was implemented by the Sénatus-consulte of July 14, 1865. It allowed Muslims to apply for full French citizenship, a measure that few took, since it involved renouncing the right to be governed by sharia law in personal matters and was considered a kind of apostasy.




  • Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904

    Second Boer War

    President Kruger Death

    Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904

    President Kruger first went to Marseille and then on to the Netherlands, where he stayed for a while before moving finally to Clarens, Switzerland, where he died in exile on 14 July 1904.




  • Garfield Park, Indianapolis, U.S.
    Monday Jul 14, 1919

    Red Summer

    Garfield Park riot

    Garfield Park, Indianapolis, U.S.
    Monday Jul 14, 1919

    On July 14, 1919, hundreds of white boys 16 to 19 years old converged on Garfield Park. There they used bricks and clubs to beat any blacks they came across. When a group of African-Americans took shelter in the house of Nathan Weather, a local black man, the white mob followed them and surrounded the house. Weather fired into the crowd in hopes of dispersing the mob. A seven-year-old onlooker, Charlotte Pieper, received a flesh wound from stray buckshot. Another youth, Paul Karbwitz, 18, was also hit. Police were eventually able to disperse the mob and quell the riot.




  • Germany
    Friday Jul 14, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    The Only legal political party in Germany

    Germany
    Friday Jul 14, 1933

    On 14 July 1933, the NSDAP was declared the only legal political party in Germany.




  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 14, 1938

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Around the world record

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 14, 1938

    On July 14, 1938, Hughes set another record by completing a flight around the world in just 91 hours (three days, 19 hours, 17 minutes), beating the previous record set in 1933 by Wiley Post in a single-engine Lockheed Vega by almost four days. Hughes returned home ahead of photographs of his flight. Taking off from New York City, Hughes continued to Paris, Moscow, Omsk, Yakutsk, Fairbanks, Minneapolis, then returning to New York City. For this flight, he flew a Lockheed 14 Super Electra (NX18973, a twin engine transport with a four-man crew) fitted with the latest radio and navigational equipment. Harry Connor was the co-pilot, Thomas Thurlow the navigator, Richard Stoddart the engineer, and Ed Lund the mechanic. Hughes wanted the flight to be a triumph of American aviation technology, illustrating that safe, long-distance air travel was possible. Albert Lodwick of Mystic, Iowa provided organizational skills as the flight operations manager. While he had previously been relatively obscure despite his wealth, being better known for dating Katharine Hepburn, New York City now gave Hughes a ticker-tape parade in the Canyon of Heroes.




  • Congo
    Thursday Jul 14, 1960

    United Nations

    UN established United Nations Operation in the Congo

    Congo
    Thursday Jul 14, 1960

    On 14 July 1960, the UN established United Nations Operation in the Congo (UNOC), the largest military force of its early decades, to bring order to the breakaway State of Katanga, restoring it to the control of the Democratic Republic of the Congo by 11 May 1964.




  • Cambridge, England
    Wednesday Jul 14, 1965

    Stephen Hawking

    Marriage

    Cambridge, England
    Wednesday Jul 14, 1965

    When Hawking was a graduate student at Cambridge, his relationship with Jane Wilde, a friend of his sister whom he had met shortly before his late 1963 diagnosis with motor neurone disease, continued to develop. The couple became engaged in October 1964 – Hawking later said that the engagement gave him "something to live for" – and the two were married on 14 July 1965.


  • Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran retreat From Haj Omran

    Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Under the threat of a new and even more powerful invasion, Commander-in-Chief Rafsanjani ordered the Iranians to retreat from Haj Omran, Kurdistan on 14 July. The Iranians did not publicly describe this as a retreat, instead calling it a "temporary withdrawal".


  • Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 14, 2004

    Shaquille O'Neal

    O'Neal was traded to the Miami Heat

    Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 14, 2004

    On July 14, 2004, O'Neal was traded to the Miami Heat for Caron Butler, Lamar Odom, Brian Grant, and a future first-round draft choice (who would turn into Jordan Farmar in the 2006 draft).


  • Kempfenhausen, Berg, Germany
    Monday Jul 14, 2008

    Michael Ballack

    Marriage

    Kempfenhausen, Berg, Germany
    Monday Jul 14, 2008

    On 14 July 2008, Ballack married his long-time girlfriend Simone Lambe.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 14, 2011

    Shaquille O'Neal

    O'Neal announced that he would join Turner Network Television (TNT) as an analyst on its NBA basketball games

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 14, 2011

    On July 14, 2011, O'Neal announced that he would join Turner Network Television (TNT) as an analyst on its NBA basketball games, joining Ernie Johnson, Kenny Smith, and Charles Barkley.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    Nokia

    CEO Confirmed That The Company Would Return To The Mobile Phones Market

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    On 14 July 2015, CEO Rajeev Suri confirmed that the company would make a return to the mobile phones market in 2016.


  • China
    Friday Jul 14, 2017

    Hong Kong independence

    The four legislators were unseated by the court

    China
    Friday Jul 14, 2017

    After the disqualification of the two legislators, the government launched the second wave of legal challenge against four more pro-democracy legislators who used the oath-taking ceremony, including Demosistō's Nathan Law as well as Lau Siu-lai, who ran their campaigns with the "self-determination" slogan. On 14 July 2017, the four legislators were unseated by the court.


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