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  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 31, 1793

    George Washington

    Jefferson submitted his resignation from Washington's cabinet

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 31, 1793

    On July 31, 1793 Jefferson submitted his resignation from Washington's cabinet. Washington signed the Naval Act of 1794 and commissioned the first six federal frigates to combat Barbary pirates.




  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungarian Army retreated Towards Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    On 31 July the Hungarian army retreated towards Budapest.




  • Syracuse, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    Red Summer

    Syracuse riot

    Syracuse, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    The Syracuse riot of 1919 were a violent racial riot, on July 31, 1919, between white and black workers of the Globe Malleable Iron Works in Syracuse, New York.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Jul 31, 1932

    Great Depression

    German federal election (July 1932)

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Jul 31, 1932

    The German federal election, July 1932 is held, and the Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, becomes the largest party in the Reichstag.




  • South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951

    First Indochina War

    French General Charles Chanson was assassinated

    South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951

    On July 31, French General Charles Chanson was assassinated during a propaganda suicide attack at Sa Đéc in South Vietnam that was blamed on the Việt Minh although it was argued in some quarters that Cao Đài nationalist Trình Minh Thế could have been involved in its planning.




  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa's wife called the police

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975

    On July 31, 1975, Hoffa's wife called the police, who later arrived at the scene. State police were brought in and the FBI was alerted.




  • Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1990

    Gulf War

    Discussions

    Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1990

    Discussions in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, mediated on the Arab League's behalf by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, were held on 31 July and led Mubarak to believe that a peaceful course could be established.


  • Israel
    Monday Jul 31, 2000

    Shimon Peres

    2000 Israeli presidential election

    Israel
    Monday Jul 31, 2000

    In 2000, Peres ran for a seven-year term as Israel's President, a ceremonial head of state position which usually authorizes the selection of Prime Minister. However, he lost to Likud candidate Moshe Katsav.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    Raúl Castro

    Temporary Control Over The Presidency

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    On 31 July 2006, Fidel Castro's personal secretary, Carlos Valenciaga, announced on state-run television that Fidel Castro would provisionally hand over the duties of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (party chief), President of the Council of State of Cuba (head of state), President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba (prime minister), and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces to Raúl Castro while Fidel underwent and recovered from intestinal surgery to repair gastrointestinal bleeding.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    Fidel Castro

    Delegated his Presidential

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    Castro underwent surgery for intestinal bleeding, and on 31 July 2006, delegated his presidential duties to Raúl Castro.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    Michael Ballack

    Ballack's debut for Chelsea

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Jul 31, 2006

    Ballack's debut for Chelsea came on 31 July 2006, during a practice match at UCLA's intramural football pitch. Chelsea presented him to the media the following day where the club also gave him his favoured number 13 shirt, worn throughout his career.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 2008

    Financial crisis of 2007–2008

    IndyMac Bancorp filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 2008

    IndyMac Bancorp filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy on July 31, 2008.


  • Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2012

    Microsoft

    Outlook.com

    Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2012

    On July 31, they launched the Outlook.com webmail service to compete with Gmail.


  • Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2018

    BMW

    BMW announced to build 1 billion euro car factory in Hungary

    Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2018

    On 31 July 2018, BMW announced to build 1 billion euro car factory in Hungary. The plant, to be built near Debrecen, will have a production capacity of 150,000 cars a year.


  • Menlo Park, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2018

    Facebook, Inc.

    Facebook Deleted 17 accounts Related To The 2018 American Elections

    Menlo Park, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 31, 2018

    On July 31, Facebook said that the company had deleted 17 accounts related to the 2018 American elections.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 31, 2019

    Andrew Yang

    Second Debate

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 31, 2019

    During the second debate in Detroit on July 31, Yang answered questions on topics including civil rights, healthcare, immigration, party strategy, climate, and the economy. He spoke for a total of 8.7 minutes, which was again the least of any candidate on either night. He was the only second-night candidate who did not spend any time in "back-and-forths" with other candidates. Yang drew attention for his decision to not wear a necktie in either debate. In his closing statement, Yang called out the media and the debate formats a September interview with Politico, Yang further clarified his stance on candidates attacking each other at the debates. According to Yang, there "is this sense of manufactured outrage and rehearsed attack lines", and as "a proxy for the American public", he finds "the process to be very false and somewhat misdirected" "It's not left, it's not right, it's forward" has been compared to a similar slogan used by the Green Party of Canada. On August 8, Yang received 2% support in the fourth qualifying poll, thus meeting both qualification criteria for the third debate


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