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  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Friday Feb 4, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Baden sent two democrats to the pre parliament

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Friday Feb 4, 1848

    Baden sent two democrats, Friedrich Karl Franz Hecker and Gustav von Struve, to the pre parliament. In the minority and frustrated with the lack of progress, Hecker and Struve walked out in protest on April 2, 1848.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Bavaria, Germany)
    Wednesday Feb 9, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Demonstration in Bavaria

    Central Europe (Present-Day Bavaria, Germany)
    Wednesday Feb 9, 1848

    On February 9, conservatives came out onto the streets in protest.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Sunday Feb 27, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    An assembly of people from Baden adopted a resolution demanding a bill of rights

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Sunday Feb 27, 1848

    On February 27, 1848, in Mannheim, an assembly of people from Baden adopted a resolution demanding a bill of rights. Similar resolutions were adopted in Württemberg, Hesse-Darmstadt, Nassau, and other German states.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany)
    Monday Mar 6, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    A group of German liberals began to make plans for an election to a German national assembly

    Central Europe (Present-Day Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany)
    Monday Mar 6, 1848

    In Heidelberg, in the state of Baden, on March 6, 1848, a group of German liberals began to make plans for an election to a German national assembly. This prototype Parliament met on March 31, in Frankfurt's St. Paul's Church.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Tiergarten, Berlin, Germany)
    Monday Mar 13, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Warnings by the police against public demonstrations

    Central Europe (Present-Day Tiergarten, Berlin, Germany)
    Monday Mar 13, 1848

    On March 13, after warnings by the police against public demonstrations went unheeded, the army charged a group of people returning from a meeting in the Tiergarten, leaving one person dead and many injured.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Bavaria, Germany)
    Thursday Mar 16, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Ludwig I abdicated in favor of his eldest son Maximilian II

    Central Europe (Present-Day Bavaria, Germany)
    Thursday Mar 16, 1848

    Ludwig tried to institute a few minor reforms but they proved insufficient to quell the storm of protests. On March 16, 1848, Ludwig I abdicated in favor of his eldest son Maximilian II. Ludwig complained that "I could not rule any longer, and I did not want to give up my powers".




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Saturday Mar 18, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    A large demonstration occurred in Germany

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Saturday Mar 18, 1848

    On March 18, a large demonstration occurred. After two shots were fired, fearing that some of the 20,000 soldiers would be used against them, demonstrators erected barricades, and a battle ensued until troops were ordered 13 hours later to retreat, leaving hundreds dead.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Friedrichshain cemetery, Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    The King proceeded through the streets of Berlin to attend a mass funeral at the Friedrichshain cemetery for the civilian victims of the uprising

    Central Europe (Present-Day Friedrichshain cemetery, Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1848

    On March 21, the King proceeded through the streets of Berlin to attend a mass funeral at the Friedrichshain cemetery for the civilian victims of the uprising. He and his ministers and generals wore the revolutionary tricolor of black, red, and gold. Polish prisoners, who had been jailed for planning a rebellion in formerly Polish territories now ruled by Prussia, were liberated and paraded through the city to the acclaim of the people.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Saturday Apr 8, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    A law allowing universal suffrage

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Saturday Apr 8, 1848

    On April 8, 1848, a law allowing universal suffrage and an indirect (two-stage) voting system was agreed to by the assembly.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Paulsplatz, Paulsplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Hesse 60311, Germany)
    Monday May 1, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    A Constituent National Assembly was elected in late April and early May

    Central Europe (Present-Day Paulsplatz, Paulsplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Hesse 60311, Germany)
    Monday May 1, 1848

    A Constituent National Assembly was elected from various German states in late April and early May 1848 and gathered in St. Paul's Church in Frankfurt am Main on May 18, 1848.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Baden and the Palatinate,Germany)
    Wednesday May 10, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Frederick Engels took part in the uprising in Baden and the Palatinate

    Central Europe (Present-Day Baden and the Palatinate,Germany)
    Wednesday May 10, 1848

    Frederick Engels took part in the uprising in Baden and the Palatinate. On May 10, 1848, he and Karl Marx traveled from Cologne, Germany, to observe the events of the region.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Frankfurt, Germany)
    Thursday May 18, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Frankfurt National Assembly was convened

    Central Europe (Present-Day Frankfurt, Germany)
    Thursday May 18, 1848

    On May 18, 1848, 809 delegates (585 of whom were elected) were seated at St. Paul's Church in Frankfurt to convene the Frankfurt National Assembly. Karl Mathy, a right-center journalist, was among those elected as a deputy to the Frankfurt National Assembly.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Monday May 22, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Another elected assembly sat for the first time in Berlin

    Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Monday May 22, 1848

    On May 22, 1848, another elected assembly sat for the first time in Berlin. They were elected under the law of April 8, 1848, which allowed for universal suffrage and a two-stage voting system.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Hermann von Natzmer refused to shoot the insurgent forces

    Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1848

    Hermann von Natzmer was the former Prussian officer who had been in charge of the arsenal of Berlin. Refusing to shoot insurgent forces who stormed the arsenal on June 14, 1848, Natzmer became a hero to insurgents across Germany.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Monday Oct 30, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    D'Ester had been elected to the Central committee of the German Democrats

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Monday Oct 30, 1848

    D'Ester had been elected to the Central Committee of the German Democrats, together with Reichenbach and Hexamer, at the Second Democratic Congress held in Berlin from October 26 through October 30, 1848.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    A constitution took effect on December

    Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1848

    King Frederick William IV of Prussia unilaterally imposed a monarchist constitution to undercut the democratic forces. This constitution took effect on December 5, 1848.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    The Berlin Assembly was dissolved

    Central Europe (Present-Day Berlin, Germany)
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1848

    On December 5, 1848, the Berlin Assembly was dissolved and replaced with the bicameral legislature allowed under the monarchist Constitution. This legislature was composed of a Herrenhaus and a Landtag.


  • Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Thursday Dec 28, 1848
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    The Prussian aristocrats and generals had regained power in Berlin

    Central Europe (Present-Day Germany)
    Thursday Dec 28, 1848

    By late 1848, the Prussian aristocrats and generals had regained power in Berlin. They had not been defeated permanently during the incidents of March but had only retreated temporarily.


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