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  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Nov 19, 1794

    George Washington

    Jay Treaty

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Nov 19, 1794

    Hamilton formulated the Jay Treaty to normalize trade relations with Great Britain while removing them from western forts, and also to resolve financial debts remaining from the Revolution. Chief Justice John Jay acted as Washington's negotiator and signed the treaty on November 19, 1794; critical Jeffersonians, however, supported France. Washington deliberated, then supported the treaty because it avoided war with Britain, but was disappointed that its provisions favored Britain.




  • Anhui, China
    Thursday Nov 19, 1908

    Xinhai Revolution

    Mapaoying Uprising

    Anhui, China
    Thursday Nov 19, 1908

    On 19 November 1908, the Mapaoying Uprising was launched by revolutionary group Yuewanghui member Xiong Chenggei at Anhui. Yuewanghui, at this time, was a subset of Tongmenghui. This uprising also failed.




  • Spain
    Sunday Nov 19, 1933

    Spanish Civil War

    1933 Spanish general election

    Spain
    Sunday Nov 19, 1933

    In 1933, the parties of the right won the general elections, largely due to the anarchists' abstention from the vote, increased right-wing resentment of the incumbent government caused by a controversial decree implementing land reform, the Casas Viejas incident, and the formation of a right-wing alliance, Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Right-wing Groups (CEDA). Another factor was the recent enfranchisement of women, most of whom voted for centre-right parties.




  • Stalingrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Volgograd, Russia)
    Thursday Nov 19, 1942

    World War II

    Operation Uranus

    Stalingrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Volgograd, Russia)
    Thursday Nov 19, 1942

    The Soviets began their second winter counter-offensive, starting with a successful encirclement of German forces at Stalingrad, the operation lasted from 19 to 23 November 1942.




  • Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Nov 19, 1987

    Samsung

    The Founder's Death

    Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Nov 19, 1987

    After Lee, the founder's death in 1987, Samsung Group was separated into four business groups—Samsung Group, Shinsegae Group, CJ Group and the Hansol Group.




  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Saturday Nov 19, 1988

    Slobodan Milošević

    Belgrade Speech

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Saturday Nov 19, 1988

    Milošević appealed to nationalist and populist passion by speaking of Serbia's importance to the world and in a Belgrade speech on 19 November 1988, he spoke of Serbia as facing battles against both internal and external enemies.




  • Paris, France
    Monday Nov 19, 1990

    NATO Establishment

    The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

    Paris, France
    Monday Nov 19, 1990

    The collapse of the Warsaw Pact in 1989–1991 removed the de facto main adversary of NATO and caused a strategic re-evaluation of NATO's purpose, nature, tasks, and focus on the continent of Europe. This shift started with the 1990 signing in Paris of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe between NATO and the Soviet Union, which mandated specific military reductions across the continent that continued after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 19, 1994

    Bosnian War

    the North Atlantic Council approved the extension of Close Air Support to Croatia

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Nov 19, 1994

    On 19 November 1994, the North Atlantic Council approved the extension of Close Air Support to Croatia for the protection of UN forces in that country.


  • Islamabad, Pakistan
    Sunday Nov 19, 1995

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    The Egyptian Islamic Jihad's first success under Zawahiri's Leadership

    Islamabad, Pakistan
    Sunday Nov 19, 1995

    The 1995 attack on the Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan, was the Egyptian Islamic Jihad's first success under Zawahiri's leadership, but Bin Laden had disapproved of the operation. The bombing alienated Pakistan, which was "the best route into Afghanistan".


  • Newbury, England, U.K.
    Tuesday Nov 19, 1996

    Vodafone

    A Defensive Move

    Newbury, England, U.K.
    Tuesday Nov 19, 1996

    On 19 November 1996, in a defensive move, Vodafone purchased Peoples Phone for £77 million, a 181 store chain whose customers were overwhelmingly using Vodafone's network. In a similar move, the company acquired 80% of Astec Communications that it did not own, a service provider with 21 stores.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    NATO Establishment

    Signing The Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    The changes brought about by the collapse of the Soviet Union on the military balance in Europe were recognized in the Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty, which was signed in 1999.


  • Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum, London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    Penicillin

    The importance of his work has been recognized by the placement of an International Historic Chemical Landmark

    Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum, London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    The importance of his work has been recognized by the placement of an International Historic Chemical Landmark at the Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum in London on November 19, 1999.


  • Tampa, Florida, U.S.
    Sunday Nov 19, 2000

    Dwayne Johnson

    Survivor Series (2000)

    Tampa, Florida, U.S.
    Sunday Nov 19, 2000

    The Rock feuded with Rikishi and defeated him at Survivor Series.


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Monday Nov 19, 2001

    Nokia

    Introducing their First Camera Phone

    Barcelona, Spain
    Monday Nov 19, 2001

    In 2001 Nokia and Symbian Ltd. created the Symbian Series 60 platform, later introducing it with their first camera phone, the Nokia 7650.


  • Madrid, Spain
    Saturday Nov 19, 2005

    Lionel Messi

    First Clásico

    Madrid, Spain
    Saturday Nov 19, 2005

    Messi was in the starting line-up in major matches like his first Clásico against rivals Real Madrid on 19 November. The match ended with a result "3:0" for Barcelona.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Nov 19, 2007

    Amazon

    Amazon launches the Amazon Kindle

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Nov 19, 2007

    Amazon launches the Amazon Kindle.


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