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  • Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Friday Jan 4, 1918

    Vladimir Lenin

    Unsuccessful assassination

    Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Friday Jan 4, 1918

    In January 1918, he survived an assassination attempt in Petrograd; Fritz Platten, who was with Lenin at the time, shielded him and was injured by a bullet.




  • Brest-Litovsk, Belarus
    Sunday Mar 3, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Brest-Litovsk, Belarus
    Sunday Mar 3, 1918

    In 1918, after the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks signed a separate peace with the Central Powers in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.




  • Kansas, U.S.
    Friday Apr 5, 1918

    Spanish Flu

    First public Health Report

    Kansas, U.S.
    Friday Apr 5, 1918

    The first mention of influenza was reported in a weekly public health report. The report had 18 severe cases and death tally of three in Haskell, Kansas.




  • Ireland
    Monday Apr 8, 1918

    Irish War of Independence

    The Report of the Irish Convention

    Ireland
    Monday Apr 8, 1918

    In April 1918, the British Cabinet, in the face of the crisis caused by the German Spring Offensive, attempted with a dual policy to simultaneously link the enactment of conscription into Ireland with the implementation of Home Rule, as outlined in the report of the Irish Convention of 8 April 1918.




  • Moldova (Then Bessarabia)
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Signing The Union of Bessarabia with Romania

    Moldova (Then Bessarabia)
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1918

    The Union of Bessarabia with Romania was signed on 9 April 1918. The unification act that brought these lands within the modern Romanian state was not recognized by Bolshevik Soviet Russia, but it was occupied with fighting the White movement, Poland and the Ukraine in its war for independence, and resources were not available to challenge Romania.




  • Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Monday May 6, 1918

    Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

    Born

    Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
    Monday May 6, 1918

    Zayed was born in Abu Dhabi in 1918, he was the youngest of four sons of Sheikh Sultan bin Khalifa Al Nahyan. His father was the ruler of Abu Dhabi from 1922 until his assassination in 1926.




  • Buftea, Romania
    Tuesday May 7, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Treaty of Bucharest

    Buftea, Romania
    Tuesday May 7, 1918

    Romania was alone on the Eastern Front, a situation that far surpassed its military capabilities. Therefore, on 7 May 1918, Romania sued for peace. The prime minister of Romania, Alexandru Marghiloman, signed the Treaty of Bucharest (1918) with the Central Powers. However, this treaty was never signed by King Ferdinand of Romania.


  • Brazil
    Sunday May 12, 1918

    Mother's Day

    The First Mother's Day in Brazil

    Brazil
    Sunday May 12, 1918

    The first Mother's Day in Brazil was promoted by Associação Cristã de Moços de Porto Alegre (Young Men's Christian Association of Porto Alegre) on 12 May 1918.


  • Germany
    Saturday May 18, 1918

    Adolf Hitler

    Black Wound Badge

    Germany
    Saturday May 18, 1918

    He received the Black Wound Badge on 18 May 1918.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Jul 12, 1918

    Pablo Picasso

    Marriage

    Paris, France
    Friday Jul 12, 1918

    In the summer of 1918, Picasso married Olga Khokhlova, a ballerina with Sergei Diaghilev's troupe


  • Mvezo, Cape Province, South Africa
    Thursday Jul 18, 1918

    Nelson Mandela

    Born

    Mvezo, Cape Province, South Africa
    Thursday Jul 18, 1918

    Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtata, then part of South Africa's Cape Province.Given the forename Rolihlahla,


  • Germany
    Sunday Aug 4, 1918

    Adolf Hitler

    Iron Cross

    Germany
    Sunday Aug 4, 1918

    On a recommendation by Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann, Hitler's Jewish superior, he received the Iron Cross, First Class on 4 August 1918, a decoration rarely awarded to one of Hitler's Gefreiter rank.


  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Sunday Sep 1, 1918

    Louis Armstrong

    An Excursion boat

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Sunday Sep 1, 1918

    Armstrong played in brass bands and riverboats in New Orleans, first on an excursion boat in September 1918.


  • Germany
    Monday Sep 9, 1918

    World War II

    German Empire was dissolved

    Germany
    Monday Sep 9, 1918

    The German Empire was dissolved in the German Revolution 1918-1919, and a Weimer Republic was created.


  • France
    Thursday Sep 26, 1918

    Harry S. Truman

    Meuse-Argonne Offensive

    France
    Thursday Sep 26, 1918

    Truman's unit joined in a massive prearranged assault barrage on September 26, 1918, at the opening of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918

    Igor Stravinsky

    Reinhart Sponsored and Largely Underwrote The First Performance of L'Histoire du soldat

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918

    Stravinsky struggled financially during this period. Russia (and its successor, the USSR) did not adhere to the Berne Convention and this created problems for Stravinsky when collecting royalties for the performances of all his Ballets Russes compositions. Stravinsky blamed Diaghilev for his financial troubles, accusing him of failing to live up to the terms of a contract they had signed. He approached the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart for financial assistance while he was writing L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale). Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote its first performance, conducted by Ernest Ansermet on 28 September 1918 at the Théâtre Municipal de Lausanne. In gratitude, Stravinsky dedicated the work to Reinhart and gave him the original manuscript.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 31, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Aster Revolution in Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 31, 1918

    On 31 October 1918, the Aster Revolution in Budapest brought Hungarian liberal aristocrat Mihály Károlyi, a supporter of the Allied Powers, to power. The Hungarian Royal Honvéd army still had more than 1.400.000 soldiers when Mihály Károlyi was announced as prime minister of Hungary. Károlyi yielded to U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's demand for pacifism by ordering the disarmament of the Hungarian army. This happened under the direction of Béla Linder, minister of war in the Károlyi government. Due to the full disarmament of its army, Hungary remained without a national defence at a time of particular vulnerability.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Nov 2, 1918

    Armenian Genocide

    The Three Pashas fled the Ottoman Empire

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Nov 2, 1918

    On the night of 2–3 November 1918 and with the aid of Ahmed Izzet Pasha, the Three Pashas (which include Mehmet Talaat Pasha and Ismail Enver Pasha, the main perpetrators of the Genocide) fled the Ottoman Empire.


  • Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Tuesday Nov 5, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Serbian Army Attack

    Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Tuesday Nov 5, 1918

    On 5 November 1918, the Serbian army, with the help of the French army, crossed southern borders.


  • Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Friday Nov 8, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Czechoslovak Army Attack

    Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Friday Nov 8, 1918

    On 8 November, the Czechoslovak Army crossed the northern borders.


  • Romania
    Sunday Nov 10, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romania Re-entered The War on The Side of The Allied Forces

    Romania
    Sunday Nov 10, 1918

    On 10 November 1918, taking advantage of the Central Powers' precarious situation, Romania re-entered the war on the side of the Allied forces, with similar objectives to those of 1916. King Ferdinand called for the mobilization of the Romanian army and ordered it to attack by crossing the Carpathian Mountains into Transylvania. The end of World War I that soon followed did not bring an end to fighting for the Romanian army. Its action continued into 1918 and 1919 in the Hungarian–Romanian war.


  • France
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    Harry S. Truman

    WWI ends

    France
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    In other action during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Truman's battery provided support for George S. Patton's tank brigade, and fired some of the last shots of the war on November 11, 1918. Battery D did not lose any men while under Truman's command in France.


  • Germany
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    Adolf Hitler

    World War I Ended

    Germany
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    World War I Ended.


  • U.S.
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    Spanish Flu

    WW1 End

    U.S.
    Monday Nov 11, 1918

    After the end of WW1, soldiers began to demobilize, this enabled a resurgence of influenza as people celebrate Armistice Day.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Károlyi Signed an Armistice With The Allied Nations

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    On 13 November, Károlyi signed an armistice with the Allied nations in Belgrade. It limited the size of the Hungarian army to six infantry and two cavalry divisions. Demarcation lines defining the territory to remain under Hungarian control were made.


  • Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Army Attack

    Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    On 13 November, the Romanian army crossed the eastern borders of the Kingdom of Hungary.


  • Prisăcani River, Romania
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The 7th Entered Transylvania

    Prisăcani River, Romania
    Wednesday Nov 13, 1918

    Following the 1918 Treaty of Bucharest, the bulk of the Romanian Army was demobilized. Only the 9th and 10th infantry divisions and the 1st and 2nd cavalry divisions were at full strength. However, those units were engaged in the protection of Bessarabia against the Bolshevik Soviet Russians. The 1st, 7th and 8th Vânători divisions, stationed in Moldavia, were the first units to be mobilized. The 8th was sent to Bukovina and the other two were sent to Transylvania. On 13 November, the 7th entered Transylvania at the Prisăcani River in the eastern Carpathians. The 1st then entered Transylvania at Palanca, Bacău.


  • Pécs, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 14, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Serbia Occupied Pécs

    Pécs, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 14, 1918

    The lines would apply until definitive borders could be established. Under the terms of the armistice, Serbian and French troops advanced from the south, taking control of the Banat and Croatia. Czechoslovakia took control of Upper Hungary and Carpathian Ruthenia. Romanian forces were permitted to advance to the River Maros (Mureș) . However, on 14 November, Serbia occupied Pécs.


  • Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Sunday Nov 24, 1918

    Gustav Stresemann

    Forming the German People's Party

    Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Sunday Nov 24, 1918

    Stresemann then gathered the main body of the old National Liberal Party—including most of its center and right factions—into the German People's Party, with himself as chairman. Most of its support came from the middle class and upper-class Protestants.


  • Alba Iulia, Romania
    Sunday Dec 1, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Union of Transylvania With Romania

    Alba Iulia, Romania
    Sunday Dec 1, 1918

    On 1 December, the Union of Transylvania with Romania was officiated by the elected representatives of the Romanian people of Transylvania, who proclaimed a union with Romania. Later the Transylvanian Saxons and Banat Swabians also supported the union.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 5, 1918

    Armenian Genocide

    Lt. Hasan Maruf

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 5, 1918

    Lt. Hasan Maruf of the Ottoman army describes how a population of a village were taken all together and then burned. The Commander of the Third Army Vehib's 12-page affidavit, which was dated 5 December 1918, was presented in the Trebizond (Trabzon) trial series (29 March 1919) included in the Key Indictment, reporting such a mass burning of the population of an entire village near Muş: "The shortest method for disposing of the women and children concentrated in the various camps was to burn them".


  • Stockholm, Swedan
    Tuesday Dec 10, 1918

    Max Planck

    The Nobel Prize

    Stockholm, Swedan
    Tuesday Dec 10, 1918

    The discovery of Planck's constant enabled him to define a new universal set of physical units (such as the Planck length and the Planck mass), all based on fundamental physical constants upon which much of quantum theory is based. In recognition of Planck's fundamental contribution to a new branch of physics, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for 1918 (he actually received the award in 1919).


  • Ireland
    Saturday Dec 14, 1918

    Irish War of Independence

    The Republican party Sinn Féin won a landslide victory in Ireland

    Ireland
    Saturday Dec 14, 1918

    In the December 1918 election, the republican party Sinn Féin won a landslide victory in Ireland.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Dec 21, 1918

    Armenian Genocide

    Trabzon

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Dec 21, 1918

    Trabzon was the main city in Trabzon province; Oscar S. Heizer, the American consul at Trabzon, reported: "This plan did not suit Nail Bey ... Many of the children were loaded into boats and taken out to sea and thrown overboard". Hafiz Mehmet, a Turkish deputy serving Trabzon, testified during a 21 December 1918 parliamentary session of the Chamber of Deputies that "the district's governor loaded the Armenians into barges and had them thrown overboard".


  • Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár), Romania
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Entering Kolozsvár

    Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár), Romania
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1918

    On 24 December, units of the Romanian Army entered Kolozsvár.


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