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  • Hungary
    Wednesday Mar 19, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungary Received Notification of The New Demarcation Line

    Hungary
    Wednesday Mar 19, 1919

    On 19 March, Hungary received notification of the new demarcation line and demilitarized zone from French Lieutenant Colonel Fernand Vix (the "Vix note"). The Károlyi government would not accept the terms and this was a trigger for the coup d'état by Béla Kun, who formed the Hungarian Soviet Republic.




  • Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Thursday Mar 20, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Releasing Béla Kun

    Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Thursday Mar 20, 1919

    The Károlyi government failed to manage both domestic and military issues and lost popular support. On 20 March 1919, Béla Kun, who had been imprisoned in the Markó Street prison, was released.




  • Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Friday Mar 21, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Successful Communist Coup d'état

    Hungary (then Kingdom of Hungary)
    Friday Mar 21, 1919

    On 21 March, Béla Kun led a successful communist coup d'état. Károlyi was deposed and arrested. Kun formed a social democratic, communist coalition government and proclaimed the Hungarian Soviet Republic. Days later the Communists purged the Social Democrats from the government.




  • Hungary
    Saturday Mar 22, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Beginning The Retreat of The Hungarian Army behind The demilitarized Zone

    Hungary
    Saturday Mar 22, 1919

    A demilitarized zone was to be created, extending from the new demarcation line to 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) beyond the line. The demilitarized zone represented the extent of Romanian territorial requests on Hungary. The retreat of the Hungarian army behind the western border of the demilitarized zone was to begin on 22 March.




  • Hungary
    Friday Apr 4, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Sending South African General Jan Smuts To Hungary

    Hungary
    Friday Apr 4, 1919

    On 4 April, South African General Jan Smuts was sent to Hungary. He carried the proposition that the Hungarian communist government under Kun abide by the conditions previously presented to Károlyi in the Vix note. Smuts' mission also represented official recognition of the Kun communist government by the Allied council.




  • Debrecen, Hungary
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romania occupied Debrecen

    Debrecen, Hungary
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1919

    On 23 April, Debrecen was occupied by Romanian forces.




  • Békéscsaba, Hungary
    Saturday Apr 26, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Békéscsaba Fell To Romanian Forces

    Békéscsaba, Hungary
    Saturday Apr 26, 1919

    The Romanian Army began preparations for an assault on Békéscsaba. On 25–26 April, after some heavy fighting, Békéscsaba fell to Romanian forces.


  • Szolnok, Hungary
    Tuesday Apr 29, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Breaking Through The Tisza River defense Lines

    Szolnok, Hungary
    Tuesday Apr 29, 1919

    The Hungarians retreated to Szolnok and from there across the Tisza River. They established two concentric defense lines extending from the Tisza River around Szolnok. Between 29 April and 1 May, the Romanian Army broke through these lines.


  • Tisza River, Hungary
    Thursday May 1, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romania controled The Entire East bank of The Tisza River

    Tisza River, Hungary
    Thursday May 1, 1919

    On the evening of 1 May the entire east bank of the Tisza River was under the control of the Romanian army.


  • Hungary
    Friday May 2, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungary Sued For Peace

    Hungary
    Friday May 2, 1919

    On 2 May, Hungary sued for peace via a request delivered by his representative, Lieutenant Colonel Henrik Werth. Kun was prepared to recognize all of Romania's territorial demands; requested the cessation of hostilities; and asked for ongoing control of Hungarian internal affairs.


  • Miskolc, Hungary
    Tuesday May 20, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungary Attacked Miskolc

    Miskolc, Hungary
    Tuesday May 20, 1919

    With cessation of hostilities, Kun worked to improve his battered international position. On 20 May 1919, a force under Colonel Aurél Stromfeld attacked and routed Czech troops from Miskolc.


  • Tisza River, Hungary
    Tuesday Jun 3, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romania was Forced Into Further Retreat

    Tisza River, Hungary
    Tuesday Jun 3, 1919

    On 3 June, Romania was forced into further retreat but extended its line of defence along the Tisza River and reinforced its position with the 8th Division, which had been moving forward from Bukovina since 22 May.


  • Hungary
    Monday Jun 23, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungary Signed an armistice With Czechoslovakia

    Hungary
    Monday Jun 23, 1919

    On 23 June, Hungary signed an armistice with Czechoslovakia.


  • Hungary
    Friday Jul 4, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Hungarian Army Had Retreated South of The Hungarian–Czechoslovak demarcation Line

    Hungary
    Friday Jul 4, 1919

    By 4 July, the Hungarian Army had retreated 15 km south of the Hungarian–Czechoslovak demarcation line.


  • Hungary
    Friday Jul 11, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Coordinated Attack against Hungary

    Hungary
    Friday Jul 11, 1919

    The Allied council demanded that Romania leave Tiszántúl and respect the new borders. Romania said it would only do so after the Hungarian Army demobilized. Kun said he would continue to depend on the might of his army. On 11 July, the Allied council ordered Marshal Ferdinand Foch to prepare a coordinated attack against Hungary using Serb, French and Romanian forces. Hungary, in turn, prepared for action along the Tisza River.


  • Rakamaz, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 20, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Hungarians Army took Rakamaz

    Rakamaz, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 20, 1919

    On 20 July, in the northern arena, the Hungarians army took Rakamaz and some nearby villages. Troops of the Romanian 16th and 2nd Vânători divisions took back the villages shortly and regained Rakamaz the next day. The Hungarians renewed their efforts and, supported by artillery fire, retook Rakamaz and two nearby villages but could not break out of the Rakamaz bridgehead.


  • Szolnok, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 20, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungarian Forces Established a Solid Bridgehead at Szolnok

    Szolnok, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 20, 1919

    On 20 July, Hungarian forces established a solid bridgehead on the east bank of the Tisza at Szolnok, opposed by the Romanian 91st Regiment of the 18th Infantry Division. The Hungarian army moved the 6th and 7th divisions across the Tisza River, formed up within the bridgehead, then attacked the Romanians in the first line of defense. The Hungarian 6th Infantry Division took Törökszentmiklós; the 7th Division advanced towards Mezőtúr and the 5th Division advanced towards Túrkeve.


  • Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 22, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungarian Forces Crossed The Tisza River and Took Kunhegyes

    Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 22, 1919

    On 22 July, Hungarian forces crossed the Tisza River at a point 20 kilometres (12 mi) north of Szolnok and took Kunhegyes from the Romanian 18th Vânători Regiment.


  • Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 23, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romanian Forces reoccupied Hódmezővásárhely

    Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 23, 1919

    On 21–22 July, Hódmezővásárhely changed hands several times between Hungarian and Romanian troops of the 90th Infantry Regiment supported by the 1st Vânători Brigade. On 23 July, Romanian forces reoccupied Hódmezővásárhely, Szentes and Mindszent.


  • Túrkeve, Hungary - Mezőtúr, Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 23, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Hungarian Took Túrkeve and Mezőtúr

    Túrkeve, Hungary - Mezőtúr, Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 23, 1919

    On 23 July, Hungarian forces took Túrkeve and Mezőtúr.


  • Tiszafüred, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian 20th Infantry Division Cleared The bridgehead at Tiszafüred

    Tiszafüred, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    On 24 July, the Romanian 20th Infantry Division, brought in as reinforcements, cleared the bridgehead at Tiszafüred. Not being able to break out of Rakamaz, Hungarian forces fortified their positions and redeployed some troops. There was a lull in fighting in the north, as the Romanian troops did the same.


  • Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Took Kunhegyes

    Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    On 24 July, the Romanian Army's northern maneuver group attacked. Elements of the 2nd Cavalry Division, supported by troops of the 18th Infantry Division, took Kunhegyes. The Romanian 1st Infantry Division attacked the Hungarian 6th Infantry Division and took Fegyvernek. The Romanian 6th Ddivision was less successful, being counterattacked on the left flank by the Hungarian reserve formations. Altogether, the attack pushed back the Hungarian army 20 kilometres (12 mi). Romanian forces were supported by the 2nd Vânători Division and some cavalry units when they became available.


  • Fegyvernek, Hungary
    Friday Jul 25, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungarian Forces Counterattacked at Fegyvernek

    Fegyvernek, Hungary
    Friday Jul 25, 1919

    On 25 July, fighting continued. Hungarian forces counterattacked at Fegyvernek, engaging the Romanian 1st Infantry Division. With their lines breaking, Hungarian troops began a retreat towards the Tisza River bridge at Szolnok.


  • Hungary
    Sunday Jul 27, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Army Tested The Strength of The Hungarian Defense

    Hungary
    Sunday Jul 27, 1919

    After repelling the Hungarian attack, the Romanian army prepared to cross the Tisza River. From 27–29 July, the Romanian Army tested the strength of the Hungarian defense with small attacks. A plan was made to cross the Tisza River near Fegyvernek, where it makes a turn.


  • Tisza River, Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 29, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Army crossed the Tisza River

    Tisza River, Hungary
    Tuesday Jul 29, 1919

    On the night of 29–30 July, the Romanian Army crossed the Tisza River. Decoy operations were mounted at other points along the river, bringing intense artillery duels. Romanian forces held the element of surprise.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Hungarian Army retreated Towards Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 31, 1919

    On 31 July the Hungarian army retreated towards Budapest.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Sunday Aug 3, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Entering Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Sunday Aug 3, 1919

    Romanian forces continued their advance towards Budapest. On 3 August, under the command of General Rusescu, three squadrons of the 6th Cavalry Regiment of the 4th Brigade entered Budapest.


  • Győr, Hungary
    Monday Aug 4, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Forces Continued Their advance Into Hungary and Stopped at Győr

    Győr, Hungary
    Monday Aug 4, 1919

    Until midday on 4 August, 400 Romanian soldiers with two artillery guns held Budapest. Then the bulk of the Romanian troops arrived in the city and a parade was held through the city center in front of the commander, General Moşoiu. Romanian forces continued their advance into Hungary and stopped at Győr. As of 8 August, the Romanians had captured 1,235 Hungarian officers and 40,000 soldiers, seized 350 guns—including two with a caliber of 305 mm—332 machine guns, 52,000 rifles and 87 airplanes.


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