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  • U.S.S.R.
    Thursday Jan 4, 1923

    Vladimir Lenin

    Retirement

    U.S.S.R.
    Thursday Jan 4, 1923

    Despite suffering from semi-paralysis, Lenin dictates a series of articles and his political "Testament" to his secretary, finishing on January 4, 1923. The "Testament" describes his fear that the party will destabilize under the leadership of Trotsky and Joseph Stalin, who is rapidly consolidating power as general secretary.




  • China
    Friday Jan 26, 1923

    Chinese Civil War

    Joint statement by Sun and Soviet representative Adolph Joffe in Shanghai pledged Soviet assistance to China's unification

    China
    Friday Jan 26, 1923

    In 1923, a joint statement by Sun and Soviet representative Adolph Joffe in Shanghai pledged Soviet assistance to China's unification. The Sun-Joffe Manifesto was a declaration of cooperation among the Comintern, KMT and CPC. Comintern agent Mikhail Borodin arrived in China in 1923 to aid in the reorganization and consolidation of the KMT along the lines of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The CPC joined the KMT to form the First United Front.




  • Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 5, 1923

    Louis Armstrong

    His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5–6, 1923.

    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 5, 1923

    His first studio recordings were with Oliver for Gennett Records on April 5–6, 1923.




  • Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Tuesday Jun 12, 1923

    Mao Zedong

    The Third Congress of the Communist Party

    Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Tuesday Jun 12, 1923

    At the Third Congress of the Communist Party in Shanghai in June 1923, the delegates reaffirmed their commitment to working with the KMT. Supporting this position, Mao was elected to the Party Committee, taking up residence in Shanghai.




  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jun 18, 1923

    Marcus Garvey

    The jurors found Garvey himself guilty

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jun 18, 1923

    On 18 June, the jurors retired to deliberate on the verdict, returning after ten hours. They found Garvey himself guilty, but his three co-defendants not guilty. Garvey was furious with the verdict, shouting abuse in the courtroom and calling both the judge and district attorney "damned dirty Jews". Imprisoned in The Tombs jail while awaiting sentencing, he continued to blame a Jewish cabal for the verdict; in contrast, prior to this he had never expressed anti-semitic sentiment and was supportive of Zionism.




  • Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico
    Friday Jul 20, 1923

    Mexican Revolution

    Villa's Assassination

    Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico
    Friday Jul 20, 1923

    Villa was assassinated in July 1923.




  • Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus)
    Thursday Aug 2, 1923

    Shimon Peres

    Birth

    Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus)
    Thursday Aug 2, 1923

    Shimon Peres was born Szymon Perski, on 2 August 1923, in Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus).


  • Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Aug 13, 1923

    Gustav Stresemann

    Becoming Chancellor and Foreign Minister

    Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Aug 13, 1923

    On 13 August 1923, Stresemann was appointed Chancellor and Foreign Minister of a grand coalition government in the so-called year of crises (1923). In social policy, a new system of binding arbitration was introduced in October 1923 in which an outside arbitrator had the final say in industrial disputes.


  • Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1923

    Gustav Stresemann

    The passive resistance against the Occupation

    Wiemar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1923

    On the 26 September 1923, Stresemann announced the end to the passive resistance against the Occupation of the Ruhr by the French and Belgians, in tandem with an Article 48 (of the Weimar Constitution) state of emergency proclamation by President Ebert that lasted until February 1924.


  • 500 South Buena Vista Street, Burbank, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Oct 16, 1923

    Walt Disney

    Founding the Disney Brothers Studio‍

    500 South Buena Vista Street, Burbank, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Oct 16, 1923

    Disney and his brother Roy formed the Disney Brothers Studio‍—‌which later became The Walt Disney Company‍—‌to produce the films; they persuaded Davis and her family to relocate to Hollywood to continue production, with Davis on contract at $100 a month.In July 1924, Disney also hired Iwerks, persuading him to relocate to Hollywood from Kansas City.


  • Spain
    Monday Oct 22, 1923

    Francisco Franco

    Marriage

    Spain
    Monday Oct 22, 1923

    On 22 October 1923, Franco married María del Carmen Polo y Martínez-Valdès.


  • Weimar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Oct 29, 1923

    Gustav Stresemann

    Removing SPD/KPD governments

    Weimar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Monday Oct 29, 1923

    In October 1923, the Stresemann government used Article 48 to replace the legally elected SPD-Communist coalition government of Saxony on 29 October, and that of Thuringia on 6 November, by commissioners. By this time, Stresemann was convinced that accepting the republic and reaching an understanding with the Allies on the reparations issue was the only way for Germany to gain the breathing room it needed to rebuild its battered economy.


  • Munich, Germany
    Thursday Nov 8, 1923

    Adolf Hitler

    Bürgerbräukeller

    Munich, Germany
    Thursday Nov 8, 1923

    On 8 November 1923 Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3,000 people organised by Kahr in the Bürgerbräukeller, a beer hall in Munich.


  • Ōdate, Akita Prefecture, Japan
    Saturday Nov 10, 1923

    Hachikō

    Birth

    Ōdate, Akita Prefecture, Japan
    Saturday Nov 10, 1923

    Hachiko, a golden brown Akita, was born on November 10, 1923, at a farm located in Ōdate, Akita Prefecture, Japan.


  • Germany
    Sunday Nov 11, 1923

    Adolf Hitler

    Arrested

    Germany
    Sunday Nov 11, 1923

    He was depressed but calm when arrested on 11 November 1923 for high treason.


  • Weimar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Friday Nov 30, 1923

    Gustav Stresemann

    Assuming the position as Foreign Minister

    Weimar Republic (Present Day Germany)
    Friday Nov 30, 1923

    Stresemann remained as Foreign Minister in the government of his successor, Centrist Wilhelm Marx. He remained foreign minister for the rest of his life in eight successive governments ranging from the centre-right to the centre-left.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 27, 1923

    Hirohito

    Daisuke Namba attempted To assassinate Hirohito

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 27, 1923

    On 27 December 1923, Daisuke Namba attempted to assassinate Hirohito in the Toranomon Incident but his attempt failed. During interrogation, he claimed to be a communist and was executed, but some have suggested that he was in contact with the Nagacho faction in the Army.


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