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  • China
    Thursday Apr 7, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Chiang and several other KMT leaders held a meeting during which they proposed that Communist activities

    China
    Thursday Apr 7, 1927

    On April 7, Chiang and several other KMT leaders held a meeting, during which they proposed that Communist activities were socially and economically disruptive and had to be undone for the Nationalist revolution to proceed.




  • Wuhan, China
    Wednesday Apr 27, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    The CPC's Fifth Congress

    Wuhan, China
    Wednesday Apr 27, 1927

    The CPC continued supporting the Wuhan KMT government, a position Mao initially supported, but by the time of the CPC's Fifth Congress he had changed his mind, deciding to stake all hope on the peasant militia.




  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    The Nanchang Uprising

    Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    The CPC founded the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army of China, better known as the "Red Army", to battle Chiang. A battalion led by General Zhu De was ordered to take the city of Nanchang on August 1, 1927, in what became known as the Nanchang Uprising.




  • Nanchang, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    The Communist Party launched an uprising in Nanchang

    Nanchang, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    On 1 August 1927, the Communist Party launched an uprising in Nanchang against the Nationalist government in Wuhan. This conflict led to the creation of the Red Army.




  • China
    Sunday Aug 7, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    CPC meeting confirmed the objective of the party was to seize the political power by force

    China
    Sunday Aug 7, 1927

    A CPC (Communist Party of China) meeting on August 7 confirmed the objective of the party was to seize the political power by force, but the CPC was quickly suppressed the next day on August 8 by the Nationalist government in Wuhan led by Wang Jingwei.




  • China
    Sunday Aug 14, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Chiang Kai-shek announced his temporary retirement

    China
    Sunday Aug 14, 1927

    On August 14, Chiang Kai-shek announced his temporary retirement, as the Wuhan faction and Nanjing faction of the Kuomintang were allied once again with common goal of suppressing the Communist Party after the earlier split.




  • Nanchang, China
    Sunday Sep 4, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Nationalist forces quickly reoccupied Nanchang

    Nanchang, China
    Sunday Sep 4, 1927

    On August 4, the main forces of the Red Army left Nanchang and headed southwards for an assault on Guangdong. Nationalist forces quickly reoccupied Nanchang while the remaining members of the CPC in Nanchang went into hiding.


  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Thursday Sep 15, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    Mao's defeat at Changsha

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Thursday Sep 15, 1927

    Mao was appointed commander-in-chief of the Red Army and led four regiments against Changsha in the Autumn Harvest Uprising, in the hope of sparking peasant uprisings across Hunan. On the eve of the attack, Mao composed a poem—the earliest of his to survive—titled "Changsha". His plan was to attack the KMT-held city from three directions on September 9, but the Fourth Regiment deserted to the KMT cause, attacking the Third Regiment. Mao's army made it to Changsha, but could not take it; by September 15, he accepted defeat and with 1000 survivors marched east to the Jinggang Mountains of Jiangxi.


  • Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    On December 11, the CPC started the Guangzhou Uprising, establishing a soviet there the next day, but lost the city by December 13 to a counter-attack under the orders of General Zhang Fakui.


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