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  • Mongol Empire (now China)
    Wednesday Sep 27, 1290

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1290 Chihli Earthquake

    Mongol Empire (now China)
    Wednesday Sep 27, 1290

    The 1290 Chihli earthquake occurred on 27 September with an epicenter near Ningcheng, Zhongshu Sheng (Zhili or Chihli), Yuan Empire. The earthquake had an estimated surface wave magnitude of 6.8 and a maximum felt intensity of IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale. One estimate places the death toll at 7,270, while another has it at 100,000.




  • Mongol Empire (now China)
    Tuesday Sep 25, 1303

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1303 Hongdong Earthquake

    Mongol Empire (now China)
    Tuesday Sep 25, 1303

    The 1303 Hongdong earthquake occurred in China, then part of the Mongol Empire, on September 25. The shock was estimated to have a magnitude of 8.0 and it had a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). With catastrophic damage, it was one of the deadliest recorded earthquakes of all time. In Taiyuan and Pingyang, nearly 100,000 houses collapsed and over 200,000 people died from collapsing buildings and loess caves in a similar manner to the situation that would be experienced 253 years later in the 1556 Shaanxi earthquake (陕西).




  • China
    Sunday Jan 22, 1556

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1556 Shaanxi Earthquake

    China
    Sunday Jan 22, 1556

    The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake or Huaxian earthquake is the deadliest earthquake in recorded history: according to imperial records approximately 830,000 people lost their lives. It occurred on the morning of 23 January 1556 in Shaanxi, during the Ming Dynasty. More than 97 counties in the provinces of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Gansu, Hebei, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu and Anhui were affected.




  • Qing Empire (now China)
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1668

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1668 Shandong Earthquake

    Qing Empire (now China)
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1668

    1668 Shandong earthquake occurred on July 25, 1668, in Qing Empire (now China), there were an estimated 42,571 deaths.




  • Qing Empire (now China)
    Sunday Jun 19, 1718

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1718 Gansu Earthquake

    Qing Empire (now China)
    Sunday Jun 19, 1718

    1718 Gansu earthquake occurred on June 19, 1718 in Qing Empire (now China), there were an estimated 73,000 deaths.




  • China
    Monday Aug 29, 1842

    Xinhai Revolution

    The First Opium War

    China
    Monday Aug 29, 1842

    After suffering its first defeat to the West in the First Opium War in 1842, the Qing imperial court struggled to contain foreign intrusions into China. Efforts to adjust and reform the traditional methods of governance were constrained by a deeply conservative court culture that did not want to give away too much authority to reform.




  • China
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1860

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Second Opium War

    China
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1860

    Following defeat in the Second Opium War in 1860, the Qing tried to modernize by adopting certain Western technologies through the Self-Strengthening Movement from 1861.


  • Shaoshan village, Hunan Province, China
    Tuesday Dec 26, 1893

    Mao Zedong

    Birth

    Shaoshan village, Hunan Province, China
    Tuesday Dec 26, 1893

    Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893, in Shaoshan village, Hunan Province, China.


  • Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Mar 28, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The assassination of Kim Ok-gyun

    Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Mar 28, 1894

    On March 28, 1894, a pro-Japanese Korean revolutionary, Kim Ok-gyun, was assassinated in Shanghai. Kim had fled to Japan after his involvement in the 1884 coup and the Japanese had turned down Korean demands that he be extradited.


  • China
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    War was Officially Declared

    China
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1894

    On 1 August, war was officially declared between China and Japan.


  • Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Sep 12, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Transporting Troops to Dalian

    Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Sep 12, 1894

    In early September, Li Hongzhang decided to reinforce the Chinese forces at Pyongyang by employing the Beiyang fleet to escort transports to the mouth of the Taedong River. About 4,500 additional troops stationed in the Zhili were to be redeployed. On September 12, half of the troops embarked at Dagu on five specially chartered transports and headed to Dalian where two days later on September 14, they were joined by another 2,000 soldiers.


  • Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Saturday Sep 15, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Admiral Ding (Chinese fleet) decided To Return To Dalian

    Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Saturday Sep 15, 1894

    The Chinese warships spent the entire day cruising the area, waiting for the Japanese. However, since there was no sighting of the Japanese fleet, Admiral Ding decided to return to Dalian, reaching the port in the morning of September 15.


  • Manchuria
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Japanese pushed toward Manchuria

    Manchuria
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1894

    With the defeat at Pyongyang, the Chinese abandoned northern Korea and took up defensive positions in fortifications along their side of the Yalu River near Jiuliancheng. After receiving reinforcements by 10 October, the Japanese quickly pushed north toward Manchuria.


  • Liaodong Peninsula, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Japanese Landed on The Coast Liaodong Peninsula

    Liaodong Peninsula, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1894

    The Japanese 2nd Army Corps under Ōyama Iwao landed on the south coast of Liaodong Peninsula on 24 October.


  • Jinzhou, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Nov 6, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Capturing Jinzhou

    Jinzhou, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Nov 6, 1894

    The Japanese quickly moved to capture Jinzhou and Dalian Bay on 6–7 November. The Japanese laid siege to the strategic port of Lüshunkou (Port Arthur).


  • Lüshunkou District, Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Nov 20, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Port Arthur massacre

    Lüshunkou District, Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Nov 20, 1894

    Describing their motives as having encountered a display of the mutilated remains of Japanese soldiers as they invaded the town, Japanese forces proceeded with the unrestrained killing of civilians during the Port Arthur Massacre with unconfirmed estimates in the thousands. An event which at the time was widely viewed with scepticism as the world at large was still in disbelief that the Japanese were capable of such deeds that seemed more likely to have been exaggerated propagandist fabrications of a Chinese government to discredit Japanese hegemony. In reality, the Chinese government itself was unsure of how to react and initially denied the occurrence of the loss of Port Arthur to the Japanese altogether.


  • Lüshunkou District, Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Nov 21, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Taking the City of Lüshunkou

    Lüshunkou District, Dalian, Liaoning, China
    Wednesday Nov 21, 1894

    By 21 November 1894, the Japanese had taken the city of Lüshunkou (Port Arthur) with minimal resistance and suffering minimal casualties.


  • Gaizhou, Yingkou, Liaoning, China
    Monday Dec 10, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Kaipeng (present-day Gaizhou) Fell to the Japanese

    Gaizhou, Yingkou, Liaoning, China
    Monday Dec 10, 1894

    By 10 December 1894, Kaipeng (present-day Gaizhou) fell to the Japanese 1st Army Corps.


  • Weihai, Shandong, China
    Saturday Jan 12, 1895

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Capturing Weihaiweii

    Weihai, Shandong, China
    Saturday Jan 12, 1895

    The Chinese fleet subsequently retreated behind the Weihaiwei fortifications. However, they were then surprised by Japanese ground forces, who outflanked the harbour's defenses in coordination with the navy. The Battle of Weihaiwei was a 23-day siege with the major land and naval components taking place between 20 January and 12 February 1895. Historian Jonathan Spence notes that "the Chinese admiral retired his fleet behind a protective curtain of contact mines and took no further part in the fighting." The Japanese commander marched his forces over the Shandong peninsula and reached the landward side of Weihaiwei, were the siege was eventually successful for the Japanese.


  • Yingkou, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Mar 5, 1895

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Battle of Yingkou

    Yingkou, Liaoning, China
    Tuesday Mar 5, 1895

    After Weihaiwei's fall on 12 February 1895, and an easing of harsh winter conditions, Japanese troops pressed further into southern Manchuria and northern China. By March 1895 the Japanese had fortified posts that commanded the sea approaches to Beijing. Although this would be the last major battle fought; numerous skirmishes would follow. The Battle of Yinkou was fought outside the port town of Yingkou, Manchuria, on 5 March 1895.


  • China
    Wednesday Apr 17, 1895

    Xinhai Revolution

    The First Sino-Japanese War

    China
    Wednesday Apr 17, 1895

    In the wars against the Taiping (1851–64), Nian (1851–68), Yunnan (1856–68) and the Northwest (1862–77), the traditional imperial troops proved themselves incompetent and the court came to rely on local armies. In 1895, China suffered another defeat during the First Sino-Japanese War. This demonstrated that traditional Chinese feudal society also needed to be modernized if the technological and commercial advancements were to succeed.


  • Guangzhou, China
    Saturday Oct 26, 1895

    Xinhai Revolution

    The First Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, China
    Saturday Oct 26, 1895

    On 26 October 1895, Yeung Ku-wan and Sun Yat-sen led Zheng Shiliang and Lu Haodong to Guangzhou, preparing to capture Guangzhou in one strike. However, the details of their plans were leaked to the Qing government. The government began to arrest revolutionaries, including Lu Haodong, who was later executed. The first Guangzhou uprising was a failure.


  • China
    Thursday Aug 23, 1900

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Independence Army Uprising

    China
    Thursday Aug 23, 1900

    In 1901, after the Boxer Rebellion started, Tang Caichang and Tan Sitong of the previous Foot Emancipation Society organised the Independence Army. The Independence Army Uprising was planned to occur on 23 August 1900. Their goal was to overthrow Empress Dowager Cixi to establish a constitutional monarchy under the Guangxu Emperor. Their plot was discovered by the governor general of Hunan and Hubei. About twenty conspirators were arrested and executed.


  • Huizhou, Guangdong, China
    Monday Oct 8, 1900

    Xinhai Revolution

    Sun Yat-sen Ordered The Launch of The Huizhou Uprising

    Huizhou, Guangdong, China
    Monday Oct 8, 1900

    On 8 October 1900, Sun Yat-sen ordered the launch of the Huizhou Uprising. The revolutionary army was led by Zheng Shiliang and initially included 20,000 men, who fought for half a month. However, after the Japanese Prime Minister prohibited Sun Yat-sen from carrying out revolutionary activities on Taiwan, Zheng Shiliang had no choice but to order the army to disperse. This uprising therefore also failed. British soldier Rowland J. Mulkern participated in this uprising.


  • China
    Sunday Jan 25, 1903

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Great Ming Uprising

    China
    Sunday Jan 25, 1903

    A very short uprising occurred from 25 to 28 January 1903, to establish a "Great Ming Heavenly kingdom". This involved Tse Tsan-tai, Li Jitang, Liang Muguang and Hong Quanfu, who formerly took part in the Jintian uprising during the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom era.


  • Hunan, China
    Monday Feb 15, 1904

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Huaxinghui (China Revival Society)

    Hunan, China
    Monday Feb 15, 1904

    The Huaxinghui (China Revival Society) was founded in 1904 with notables like Huang Xing, Zhang Shizhao, Chen Tianhua and Song Jiaoren, along with 100 others. Their motto was "Take one province by force, and inspire the other provinces to rise up".


  • Port Arthur, China
    Monday Jan 2, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Port Arthur was lost

    Port Arthur, China
    Monday Jan 2, 1905

    With the unsuccessful and bloody Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) there was unrest in army reserve units. On 2 January 1905, Port Arthur was lost.


  • Beijing, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Xinhai Revolution

    Beijing Zhengyangmen East Railway Assassination Attempt

    Beijing, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Wu Yue of Guangfuhui carried out an assassination attempt at the Beijing Zhengyangmen East Railway station in an attack on five Qing officials on 24 September 1905.


  • Chaozhou, Guangdong, China
    Wednesday May 22, 1907

    Xinhai Revolution

    Huanggang Uprising

    Chaozhou, Guangdong, China
    Wednesday May 22, 1907

    The Huanggang Uprising was launched on 22 May 1907, in Chaozhou. The Revolutionary party, along with Xu Xueqiu , Chen Yongpo and Yu Tongshi, launched the uprising and captured Huanggang city. Other Japanese that followed include and. After the uprising began, the Qing government quickly and forcefully suppressed it. Around 200 revolutionaries were killed.


  • Huizhou, Guangdong, China
    Sunday Jun 2, 1907

    Xinhai Revolution

    Huizhou Qinühu Uprising

    Huizhou, Guangdong, China
    Sunday Jun 2, 1907

    On 2 June, Deng Zhiyu and Chen Chuan gathered some followers, and together, they seized Qing arms in the lake, 20 km (12 mi) from Huizhou. They killed several Qing soldiers and attacked Taiwei on 5 June. The Qing army fled in disorder, and the revolutionaries exploited the opportunity, capturing several towns. They defeated the Qing army once again in Bazhiyie. Many organizations voiced their support after the uprising, and the number of revolutionary forces increased to two hundred men at its height. The uprising, however, ultimately failed.


  • Anqing, Anhui, China
    Saturday Jul 6, 1907

    Xinhai Revolution

    Anqing Uprising

    Anqing, Anhui, China
    Saturday Jul 6, 1907

    On 6 July 1907, Xu Xilin of Guangfuhui led an uprising in Anqing, Anhui, which became known as the Anqing Uprising. Xu Xilin at the time was the police commissioner as well as the supervisor of the police academy. He led an uprising that was to assassinate the provincial governor of Anhui, En Ming. They were defeated after four hours of fighting. Xu was captured, and En Ming's bodyguards cut out his heart and liver and ate them. His cousin Qiu Jin was executed a few days later.


  • Guangxi, China
    Sunday Dec 1, 1907

    Xinhai Revolution

    Zhennanguan Uprising

    Guangxi, China
    Sunday Dec 1, 1907

    On 1 December 1907, the Zhennanguan Uprising took place at Zhennanguan, a pass on the Chinese-Vietnamese border. Sun Yat-sen sent Huang Mintang to monitor the pass, which was guarded by a fort. With the assistance of supporters among the fort's defenders, the revolutionaries captured the cannon tower in Zhennanguan. Sun Yat-sen, Huang Xing and Hu Hanmin personally went to the tower to command the battle. The Qing government sent troops led by Long Jiguang and Lu Rongting to counterattack, and the revolutionaries were forced to retreat into the mountainous areas. After the failure of this uprising, Sun was forced to move to Singapore due to anti-Sun sentiments within the revolutionary groups. He would not return to the mainland until after the Wuchang Uprising.


  • Qinzhou, Guangxi, China
    Friday Mar 27, 1908

    Xinhai Revolution

    Qin-lian Uprising

    Qinzhou, Guangxi, China
    Friday Mar 27, 1908

    On 27 March 1908, Huang Xing launched a raid, later known as the Qin-lian Uprising, from a base in Vietnam and attacked the cities of Qinzhou and Lianzhou in Guangdong. The struggle continued for fourteen days but was forced to terminate after the revolutionaries ran out of supplies.


  • Hekou, Honghe, Yunnan, China
    Thursday Apr 30, 1908

    Xinhai Revolution

    Hekou Uprising

    Hekou, Honghe, Yunnan, China
    Thursday Apr 30, 1908

    In April 1908, another uprising was launched in Yunnan, Hekou, called the Hekou Uprising. Huang Mingtang led two hundred men from Vietnam and attacked Hekou on 30 April. Other revolutionaries who participated include Wang Heshun and Guan Renfu. They were outnumbered and defeated by government troops, however, and the uprising failed.


  • Anhui, China
    Thursday Nov 19, 1908

    Xinhai Revolution

    Mapaoying Uprising

    Anhui, China
    Thursday Nov 19, 1908

    On 19 November 1908, the Mapaoying Uprising was launched by revolutionary group Yuewanghui member Xiong Chenggei at Anhui. Yuewanghui, at this time, was a subset of Tongmenghui. This uprising also failed.


  • Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Thursday Apr 27, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Second Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Thursday Apr 27, 1911

    On 27 April 1911, an uprising occurred in Guangzhou, known as the Second Guangzhou Uprising or Yellow Flower Mound Revolt. It ended in disaster, as 86 bodies were found (only 72 could be identified). The 72 revolutionaries were remembered as martyrs. Revolutionary Lin Juemin was one of the 72. On the eve of battle, he wrote the legendary "A Letter to My Wife", later to be considered as a masterpiece in Chinese literature.


  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Literary Society and Progressive Association Convened a Conference In Wuchang

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1911

    On 24 September, the Literary Society and Progressive Association convened a conference in Wuchang, along with sixty representatives from local New Army units. During the conference, they established a headquarters for the uprising. The leaders of the two organizations, Jiang Yiwu and Sun Wu, were elected as commander and chief of staff. Initially, the date of the uprising was to be 6 October 1911. It was postponed to a later date due to insufficient preparations.


  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Monday Oct 9, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    One of The Bombs accidentally Exploded

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Monday Oct 9, 1911

    Revolutionaries intent on overthrowing the Qing dynasty had built bombs, and on 9 October, one accidentally exploded. Sun Yat-sen himself had no direct part in the uprising and was traveling in the United States at the time in an effort to recruit more support from among overseas Chinese. The Qing Viceroy of Huguang, Rui Cheng , tried to track down and arrest the revolutionaries.


  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Wednesday Oct 11, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Revolutionaries Captured The Entire City of Wuchang

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Wednesday Oct 11, 1911

    The revolt was a success; the entire city of Wuchang was captured by the revolutionaries on the morning of 11 October. That evening, they established a tactical headquarters and announced the establishment of the "Military Government of Hubei of Republic of China". The conference chose Li Yuanhong as the governor of the temporary government. Qing officers like the bannermen Duanfang and Zhao Erfeng were killed by the revolutionary forces.


  • Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Shaanxi Uprising

    Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    On 22 October 1911, Shaanxi's Tongmenghui, led by Jing Dingcheng and Qian ding as well as Jing Wumu and others including Gelaohui, launched an uprising and captured Xi'an after two days of struggle.


  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Changsha Restoration

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    On 22 October 1911, the Hunan Tongmenghui were led by Jiao Dafeng and Chen Zuoxin. They headed an armed group, consisting partly of revolutionaries from Hongjiang and partly of defecting New Army units, in a campaign to extend the uprising into Changsha. They captured the city and killed the local Imperial general. Then they announced the establishment of the Hunan Military Government of the Republic of China and announced their opposition to the Qing Empire.


  • Jiangxi, China
    Monday Oct 23, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Jiujiang Uprising

    Jiangxi, China
    Monday Oct 23, 1911

    On 23 October, Lin Sen, Jiang Qun, Cai Hui and other members of the Tongmenghui in the province of Jiangxi plotted a revolt of New Army units. After they achieved victory, they announced their independence. The Jiujiang Military Government was then established.


  • Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 24, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Capturing Xi'an

    Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 24, 1911

    After the Xi'an Manchu quarter fell on 24 October, Xinhai forces killed all of the Manchus in the city, about 20,000 manchus were killed in the mass massacre. Many of its Manchu defenders committed suicide, including Qing general Wenrui , who threw himself down a well.


  • Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 29, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Shanxi Taiyuan Uprising

    Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 29, 1911

    On 29 October, Yan Xishan of the New Army led an uprising in Taiyuan, the capital city of the province of Shanxi, along with Yao Yijie, Huang Guoliang, Wen Shouquan, Li Chenglin, Zhang Shuzhi and Qiao Xi. The Xinhai rebels in Taiyuan bombarded the streets where banner people resided and killed all the Manchu. They managed to kill the Qing Governor of Shanxi, Lu Zhongqi. They then announced the establishment of Shanxi Military Government with Yan Xishan as the military governor. Yan Xishan would later become one of the warlords that plagued China during what was known as "the warlord era".


  • Kunming, Yunnan, China
    Monday Oct 30, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Kunming Double Ninth Uprising

    Kunming, Yunnan, China
    Monday Oct 30, 1911

    On 30 October, Li Genyuan of the Tongmenghui in Yunnan joined with Cai E, Luo Peijin, Tang Jiyao, and other officers of the New Army to launch the Double Ninth Uprising. They captured Kunming the next day and established the Yunnan Military Government, electing Cai E as the military governor.


  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Nanchang Restoration

    Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    On 31 October, the Nanchang branch of the Tongmenghui led New Army units in a successful uprising. They established the Jiangxi Military Government. Li Liejun was elected as the military governor. Li declared Jiangxi as independent and launched an expedition against Qing official Yuan Shikai.


  • China
    Wednesday Nov 1, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Appointing Yuan Shikai as The Prime Minister of The Imperial Cabinet

    China
    Wednesday Nov 1, 1911

    On 1 November 1911, the Qing government appointed Yuan Shikai as the prime minister of the imperial cabinet, replacing Prince Qing.


  • China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Turning The Qing to a Constitutional Monarchy

    China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    On 3 November, after a proposition by Cen Chunxuan from the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, in 1903, the Qing court passed the Nineteen Articles, which turned the Qing from an autocratic system with the emperor having unlimited power to a constitutional monarchy.


  • Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Launching Shanghai Armed Uprising

    Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    On 3 November, Shanghai's Tongmenghui, Guangfuhui and merchants led by Chen Qimei, Li Pingsu, Zhang Chengyou, Li Yingshi, Li Xiehe and Song Jiaoren organized an armed rebellion in Shanghai. They received the support of local police officers.


  • Shanghai, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Capturing The Jiangnan Workshop

    Shanghai, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    The rebels captured the Jiangnan Workshop on the 4th and captured Shanghai soon after.


  • Guizhou, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Guizhou Uprising

    Guizhou, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    On 4 November, Zhang Bailin of the revolutionary party in Guizhou led an uprising along with New Army units and students from the military academy. They immediately captured Guiyang and established the Great Han Guizhou Military Government, electing Yang Jincheng and Zhao Dequan as the chief and vice governor.


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