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  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 11, 1936

    Donald Trump

    Fred and Mary were married

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 11, 1936

    Trump's mother Mary Anne MacLeod was born in Scotland. Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens.




  • Sandringham Estate, United Kingdom
    Monday Jan 20, 1936

    Edward VIII

    King George V died

    Sandringham Estate, United Kingdom
    Monday Jan 20, 1936

    King George V died on 20 January 1936, and Edward ascended the throne as King Edward VIII.




  • St James's Palace, Marlborough Road, London, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jan 21, 1936

    Edward VIII

    Edward broke with Custom

    St James's Palace, Marlborough Road, London, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jan 21, 1936

    The next day, accompanied by Simpson, he broke with custom by watching the proclamation of his own accession from a window of St James's Palace.




  • Spain
    Sunday Feb 16, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Spanish general election, 1936

    Spain
    Sunday Feb 16, 1936

    After the ruling centre-right coalition collapsed amid the Straperlo corruption scandal, new elections were scheduled. Two wide coalitions formed: the Popular Front on the left, ranging from Republican Union to Communists, and the Frente Nacional on the right, ranging from the centre radicals to the conservative Carlists. On 16 February 1936, the left won by a narrow margin.




  • Canary Islands, Spain
    Sunday Feb 23, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    To the Canary Islands

    Canary Islands, Spain
    Sunday Feb 23, 1936

    On 23 February Franco was sent to the Canary Islands to serve as the islands' military commander, an appointment perceived by him as a destierro (banishment).




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Wednesday Feb 26, 1936

    Hirohito

    The February 26 Incident

    Tokyo, Japan
    Wednesday Feb 26, 1936

    The assassination of moderate Prime Minister was followed by an attempted military coup in February 1936, the February 26 incident, mounted by junior Army officers of the Kōdōha faction who had the sympathy of many high-ranking officers including Prince Chichibu (Yasuhito), one of the Emperor's brothers. This revolt was occasioned by a loss of political support by the militarist faction in Diet elections. The coup resulted in the murders of a number of high government and Army officials.




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Feb 29, 1936

    Hirohito

    The February 26 Rebellion was Suppressed

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Feb 29, 1936

    When Chief Aide-de-camp Shigeru Honjō informed him of the revolt, the Emperor immediately ordered that it be put down and referred to the officers as "rebels" (bōto). Shortly thereafter, he ordered Army Minister Yoshiyuki Kawashima to suppress the rebellion within the hour, and he asked reports from Honjō every 30 minutes. The next day, when told by Honjō that little progress was being made by the high command in quashing the rebels, the Emperor told him "I Myself, will lead the Konoe Division and subdue them." The rebellion was suppressed following his orders on 29 February.


  • Shibuya Station, Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Mar 8, 1936

    Hachikō

    Annual ceremony

    Shibuya Station, Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Mar 8, 1936

    Each year on March 8, Hachikō's devotion is honored with a solemn ceremony of remembrance at Tokyo's Shibuya railroad station. Hundreds of dog lovers often turn out to honor his memory and loyalty.


  • Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936

    Sepp Blatter

    Born

    Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936

    Blatter was born in Visp in the Swiss canton of Valais with the given name of Josef.


  • Busdongo de Arbás, León, Spain
    Saturday Mar 28, 1936

    Amancio Ortega

    Birth

    Busdongo de Arbás, León, Spain
    Saturday Mar 28, 1936

    on March 28, 1936, Ortega was born in Busdongo de Arbás, León, Spain, to Antonio Ortega Rodríguez and Josefa Gaona Hernández.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 3, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    Arrested

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 3, 1936

    On April 3, Luciano was arrested in Hot Springs on a criminal warrant from New York. The next day in New York, Dewey indicted Luciano and his accomplices on 60 counts of compulsory prostitution. Luciano's lawyers in Arkansas then began a fierce legal battle against extradition.


  • Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
    Monday Apr 6, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    A Bribe

    Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
    Monday Apr 6, 1936

    On April 6, someone offered a $50,000 bribe to Arkansas Attorney General Carl E. Bailey to facilitate Luciano's case. However, Bailey refused the bribe and immediately reported it.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 17, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    Luciano's legal options had been exhausted

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 17, 1936

    On April 17, after all of Luciano's legal options had been exhausted, Arkansas authorities handed him to three NYPD detectives for transport by train back to New York for trial. When the train reached St. Louis, Missouri, the detectives and Luciano changed trains. During this switchover, they were guarded by 20 local policemen to prevent a mob rescue attempt.


  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 18, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    To jail without bail

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 18, 1936

    The men arrived in New York on April 18, and Luciano was sent to jail without bail.


  • Chahar, China
    Tuesday May 12, 1936

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Forming The Mongol Military Government

    Chahar, China
    Tuesday May 12, 1936

    There in the empty space of Chahar the Mongol Military Government was formed on May 12, 1936. Japan provided all the necessary military and economic aid.


  • New York, U.S.
    Wednesday May 13, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    Pandering trial began

    New York, U.S.
    Wednesday May 13, 1936

    On May 13, 1936, Luciano's pandering trial began. Dewey prosecuted the case that Carter built against Luciano. He accused Luciano of being part of a massive prostitution ring known as "the Combination". During the trial, Dewey exposed Luciano for lying on the witness stand through direct quizzing and records of telephonecalls; Luciano also had no explanation for why his federal income tax records claimed he made only $22,000 a year, while he was obviously a wealthy man. Dewey ruthlessly pressed Luciano on his long arrest record and his relationships with well-known gangsters such as Masseria, Ciro Terranova, and Louis Buchalter.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jun 7, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    62 counts of compulsory prostitution

    U.S.
    Sunday Jun 7, 1936

    On June 7, Luciano was convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.


  • Spain
    Friday Jun 12, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Prime Minister Casares Quiroga met General Juan Yagüe

    Spain
    Friday Jun 12, 1936

    On 12 June, Prime Minister Casares Quiroga met General Juan Yagüe, who falsely convinced Casares of his loyalty to the republic. Mola began serious planning in the spring. Franco was a key player because of his prestige as a former director of the military academy and as the man who suppressed the Asturian miners' strike of 1934. He was respected in the Army of Africa, the Army's toughest troops. He wrote a cryptic letter to Casares on 23 June, suggesting that the military was disloyal, but could be restrained if he were put in charge. Casares did nothing, failing to arrest or buy off Franco.


  • Spain
    Tuesday Jun 23, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Offering to quell the discontent in the Spanish Republican Army

    Spain
    Tuesday Jun 23, 1936

    On 23 June 1936, he wrote to the head of the government, Casares Quiroga, offering to quell the discontent in the Spanish Republican Army, but received no reply.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1936

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Arkansas

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1936

    The flag was changed to have 25 stars. (for Arkansas)


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 11, 1936

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Fatal Car Accident

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 11, 1936

    On July 11, 1936, Hughes struck and killed a pedestrian named Gabriel S. Meyer with his car at the corner of 3rd Street and Lorraine in Los Angeles. After the crash, Hughes was taken to the hospital and certified as sober, but an attending doctor made a note that Hughes had been drinking. A witness to the crash told police that Hughes was driving erratically and too fast and that Meyer had been standing in the safety zone of a streetcar stop. Hughes was booked on suspicion of negligent homicide and held overnight in jail until his attorney, Neil S. McCarthy, obtained a writ of habeas corpus for his release pending a coroner's inquest. By the time of the coroner's inquiry, however, the witness had changed his story and claimed that Meyer had moved directly in front of Hughes' car. Nancy Bayly (Watts), who was in the car with Hughes at the time of the crash, corroborated this version of the story. On July 16, 1936, Hughes was held blameless by a coroner's jury at the inquest into Meyer's death. Hughes told reporters outside the inquiry, "I was driving slowly and a man stepped out of the darkness in front of me."


  • Canary Islands, Spain
    Saturday Jul 11, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    From the Canary Islands to Spanish Morocco

    Canary Islands, Spain
    Saturday Jul 11, 1936

    With the help of the British Secret Intelligence Service agents Cecil Bebb and Major Hugh Pollard, the rebels chartered a Dragon Rapide aircraft (paid for with help from Juan March, the wealthiest man in Spain at the time) to transport Franco from the Canary Islands to Spanish Morocco. The plane flew to the Canaries on 11 July, and Franco arrived in Morocco on 19 July.


  • Madrid, Spain
    Sunday Jul 12, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Falangists in Madrid killed police officer Lieutenant José Castillo of the Guardia de Asalto

    Madrid, Spain
    Sunday Jul 12, 1936

    On 12 July 1936, Falangists in Madrid killed police officer Lieutenant José Castillo of the Guardia de Asalto (Assault Guard). Castillo was a Socialist party member who, among other activities, was giving military training to the UGT youth. Castillo had led the Assault Guards that violently suppressed the riots after the funeral of Guardia Civil lieutenant Anastasio de los Reyes. (Los Reyes had been shot by anarchists during 14 April military parade commemorating the five years of the Republic.)


  • Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1936

    Edward VIII

    An Irish Fraudster

    Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace, London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1936

    On 16 July 1936, an Irish fraudster called Jerome Bannigan, alias George Andrew McMahon, produced a loaded revolver as Edward rode on horseback at Constitution Hill, near Buckingham Palace. Police spotted the gun and pounced on him; he was quickly arrested. At Bannigan's trial, he alleged that "a foreign power" had approached him to kill Edward, that he had informed MI5 of the plan, and that he was merely seeing the plan through to help MI5 catch the real culprits. The court rejected the claims and sent him to jail for a year for "intent to alarm".


  • Spain
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Spanish Civil War

    Spain
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    The Spanish Civil War began in July 1936 and officially ended with Franco's victory in April 1939, leaving 190,000 to 500,000 dead.


  • Morocco
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Control over Spanish Morocco was all but certain

    Morocco
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Control over Spanish Morocco was all but certain. The plan was discovered in Morocco on 17 July, which prompted the conspirators to enact it immediately. Little resistance was encountered. The rebels shot 189 people. Goded and Franco immediately took control of the islands to which they were assigned.


  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 18, 1936

    Lucky Luciano

    Sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 18, 1936

    On July 18, he was sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison, along with Betillo and others.


  • Spain and Morocco
    Saturday Jul 18, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    The first days of the insurgency

    Spain and Morocco
    Saturday Jul 18, 1936

    Following 18 July 1936 pronunciamiento, Franco assumed the leadership of the 30,000 soldiers of the Spanish Army of Africa. The first days of the insurgency were marked with a serious need to secure control over the Spanish Moroccan Protectorate. On one side, Franco had to win the support of the natives and their (nominal) authorities, and, on the other, had to ensure his control over the army.


  • Estoril, Portugal
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    A plane crash

    Estoril, Portugal
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    The designated leader of the uprising, General José Sanjurjo, died on 20 July 1936, in a plane crash.


  • Seville, Spain
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Air bridge to Seville

    Seville, Spain
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    From 20 July onward Franco was able, with a small group of 22 mainly German Junkers Ju 52 aircraft, to initiate an air bridge to Seville, where his troops helped to ensure the rebel control of the city.


  • Estoril, Portugal
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Coup leader Sanjurjo was killed

    Estoril, Portugal
    Monday Jul 20, 1936

    A large air and sealift of Nationalist troops in Spanish Morocco was organised to the southwest of Spain. Coup leader Sanjurjo was killed in a plane crash on 20 July, leaving an effective command split between Mola in the North and Franco in the South. This period also saw the worst actions of the so-called "Red" and "White Terrors" in Spain.


  • Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Nationalists captured the central Spanish naval base

    Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1936

    On 21 July, the fifth day of the rebellion, the Nationalists captured the central Spanish naval base, located in Ferrol, Galicia.


  • Burgos, Spain
    Friday Jul 24, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Coordinating junta was established

    Burgos, Spain
    Friday Jul 24, 1936

    From 24 July a coordinating junta was established, based at Burgos. Nominally led by Cabanellas, as the most senior general, it initially included Mola, three other generals, and two colonels; Franco was later added in early August.


  • Spain
    Saturday Jul 25, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Negotiate with the for more military support

    Spain
    Saturday Jul 25, 1936

    Through representatives, he started to negotiate with the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy for more military support, and above all for more aircraft. Negotiations were successful with the last two on 25 July.


  • Spain
    Monday Jul 27, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    French government declared that it would not send military aid

    Spain
    Monday Jul 27, 1936

    In July 1936, British officials convinced Blum (the prime minister) not to send arms to the Republicans and, on 27 July, the French government declared that it would not send military aid, technology or forces to assist the Republican forces. However, Blum made clear that France reserved the right to provide aid should it wish to the Republic: "We could have delivered arms to the Spanish Government [Republicans], a legitimate government... We have not done so, in order not to give an excuse to those who would be tempted to send arms to the rebels [Nationalists]."


  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Aug 1, 1936

    Adidas

    The 1936 Summer Olympics

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday Aug 1, 1936

    Dassler assisted in the development of spiked running shoes (spikes) for multiple athletic events. To enhance the quality of spiked athletic footwear, he transitioned from a previous model of heavy metal spikes to utilising canvas and rubber. In 1936, Dassler persuaded U.S. sprinter Jesse Owens to use his hand made spikes at the 1936 Summer Olympics.


  • Spain
    Saturday Aug 1, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Pro-Republican rally of 20,000 people confronted Blum

    Spain
    Saturday Aug 1, 1936

    On 1 August 1936, a pro-Republican rally of 20,000 people confronted Blum, demanding that he send aircraft to the Republicans, at the same time as right-wing politicians attacked Blum for supporting the Republic and being responsible for provoking Italian intervention on the side of Franco.


  • Meshchyora, Ryazan Oblast, Russia
    Monday Aug 3, 1936

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Kursha-2 Fire

    Meshchyora, Ryazan Oblast, Russia
    Monday Aug 3, 1936

    Kursha-2 , named so after a road sign, was an industrial community in the Central Meshchyora, Ryazan Oblast, Russia. It was built soon after the October Revolution for the exploitation of the local forests, and was annihilated by a firestorm on 3 August 1936. The disaster caused 1200 human deaths, making it one of the world's deadliest wildfires.


  • Spain
    Friday Aug 7, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Blum government provided aircraft to the Republicans

    Spain
    Friday Aug 7, 1936

    However, the Blum government provided aircraft to the Republicans covertly with Potez 540 bomber aircraft (nicknamed the "Flying Coffin" by Spanish Republican pilots), Dewoitine aircraft, and Loire 46 fighter aircraft being sent from 7 August 1936 to December of that year to Republican forces.


  • France
    Saturday Aug 8, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Aircraft could freely pass from France into Spain if they were bought in other countries

    France
    Saturday Aug 8, 1936

    The French also sent pilots and engineers to the Republicans. Also, until 8 September 1936, aircraft could freely pass from France into Spain if they were bought in other countries.


  • Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Aug 10, 1936

    Shep (American dog)

    Hopeful greeting

    Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Aug 10, 1936

    He would greet every train that arrived each day after that, expecting his master to return. It took station employees some time to realize that the body in the casket was probably the dog's master, and it was showing up for each incoming train to see if his master would be getting off.


  • Germany
    Thursday Aug 13, 1936

    FIFA World Cup

    No World Cup Due WWII

    Germany
    Thursday Aug 13, 1936

    The FIFA World Cup was planned to take place in 1942. Germany officially applied to host the 1942 FIFA World Cup at the 23rd FIFA Congress on 13 August 1936 in Berlin. In June 1939, Brazil also applied to host the tournament. The beginning of European hostilities in September 1939 prompted further plans for the 1942 World Cup to be cancelled, before a host country was selected. The FIFA tournament did not take place.


  • France
    Friday Aug 21, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    France signed the Non-Intervention Agreement

    France
    Friday Aug 21, 1936

    On 21 August 1936, France signed the Non-Intervention Agreement.


  • Spain
    Friday Sep 4, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    The Republican government under Giral resigned

    Spain
    Friday Sep 4, 1936

    The Republic proved ineffective militarily, relying on disorganised revolutionary militias. The Republican government under Giral resigned on 4 September, unable to cope with the situation, and was replaced by a mostly Socialist organisation under Francisco Largo Caballero. The new leadership began to unify central command in the republican zone.


  • Gipuzkoa, Spain
    Saturday Sep 5, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Nationalists closed the French border to the Republicans

    Gipuzkoa, Spain
    Saturday Sep 5, 1936

    On 5 September, the Nationalists closed the French border to the Republicans in the battle of Irún.


  • San Sebastián, Spain
    Tuesday Sep 15, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    San Sebastián was taken by Nationalist soldiers

    San Sebastián, Spain
    Tuesday Sep 15, 1936

    On 15 September, San Sebastian, home to a divided Republican force of anarchists and Basque nationalists, was taken by Nationalist soldiers.


  • Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Commander-in-chief and head of government

    Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    On 21 September it was decided that Franco was to be commander-in-chief (this unified command was opposed only by Cabanellas), and, after some discussion, with no more than a lukewarm agreement from Queipo de Llano and from Mola, also head of government. Emilio Mola y Vidal, 1st Duke of Mola, Grandee of Spain was one of the three leaders of the Nationalist coup of July 1936, which started the Spanish Civil War.


  • Toledo, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    A Detour to free the besieged garrison at the Alcázar of Toledo

    Toledo, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    On 21 September, with the head of the column at the town of Maqueda (some 80 km away from Madrid), Franco ordered a detour to free the besieged garrison at the Alcázar of Toledo, which was achieved on 27 September.


  • Salamanca, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Franco was chosen as chief military commander at a meeting of ranking generals

    Salamanca, Spain
    Monday Sep 21, 1936

    On the Nationalist side, Franco was chosen as chief military commander at a meeting of ranking generals at Salamanca on 21 September, now called by the title Generalísimo.


  • Bowling Green, Ohio, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 24, 1936

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Marriage

    Bowling Green, Ohio, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 24, 1936

    Hoffa married Josephine Poszywak, an 18-year-old Detroit laundry worker of Polish heritage, in Bowling Green, Ohio, on September 24, 1936; the couple had met during a non-unionized laundry workers' strike action six months earlier.


  • Toledo, Spain
    Sunday Sep 27, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Siege of the Alcázar

    Toledo, Spain
    Sunday Sep 27, 1936

    Franco won another victory on 27 September when his troops relieved the siege of the Alcázar in Toledo.


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